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IN introducing the first Number of our Miscellany to the world, we flatter ourselves that we are laying the foundation of a Iork, which, in the comprehensiveness of its instruction, the variety .f ils amusements, and the elegance of its embellishment, has had no parallel in the history of periodical publications. By referring to our Prospectus, our readers will be enabled to compare our promise with our performance, and, though in'erery first work numerous imperfections must occur, and unaroiduble deviations froin the origin?! plın, we trust that a careful reri'w of our preliminary Advertisement will satisfy them, that the difference between the proposed design and erecution has sprung from a desire to consolidate and improve the separate parts of the work, to heighten its general effect, and comprehend greater varieties of pleasure and instruction.

It will naturally suggest itself to our Readers, that a Periodical Work derives an additional interest by being made the channel of those Public Communications, Correspondences, Queries, Answers, &c. which such as honour it with their Patronage may choose to engage in, or put to each other.

In proposing this work, therefore, as a vehicle for these Miscellaneous Communications, we are doing no more than what our Cotemporaries do; but, in providing a classification and order for whatever correspondence, suitable to the nature of the Work, our Readers may honour us with, we flatter ourselves that we have introduced a material improvement, so far as method, arrangement, and elegance of display, may be considered as enticements to Writers in Periodical Publications.

Communications and Correspondence, therefore, are ardently invited. The plan and the different heads under which they may choose to contribute, are before our Readers.

In the present Number we have to return our thanks to many of the early patrons of our plan.

To the Author of “ Letters to a Young Lady;" to Modestus upon the Dress of Ladies; and to the several contributors in our Poetical Department, &c. &c.

Many favours have been deferred; but will appear in a future number.

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For FEBRUARY, 1806.




The First Number.


THE laws of this kingdom, which have || Again, should the Prince resort to a conforbidden the marriage of any of the Princes nexion in the more inferior ranks of the of the blood royal with subjects, have fre- state, the jealousy of the rest of his subquently been censured as severe and unna- ||jects, from natural causes, would be more tural. A prohibition of this kind, it was inflamed and unappeasable. If these infethought, could scarcely be founded in good rences be true, as they respect the marriage policy, which interfered with the natural of the Sovereign, they are equally so as right of Princes, and in respect to their ex- they regard the marriages of his issue, or ercise on the material point of domestic any of his family. It is the wisdom of happiness, reduced them below the stand-laws to be occupied in long and compreard of their fellow-subjects, and made their hensive views, and not only to suit their exaltation a matter of compassion. To this remedies to cases immediately before it may be replied, that the most difficult, them, but to all that are contingent and but necessary task of Princes, is that of a in the scope of possibility. Since, theredevotion to the state; they are the crea-fore, the issue of a Monarch, and comtures of its interest and safety. The mar-monly every branch of his family, is in the riage of a Prince'with a subject, in the reign line of succession, and it would be difficult of Edward IV. was the cause of much pub- to say which of them might not eventually lic calamity. If such marriages were al- be called to the crown, the law has provided lowed, it would be reasonable to conclude that the restriction should extend to all, that the selection would be made from and that none, who had a probability of some of the daughters of the nobles of the inheriting, should, under any circumkingdom. The consequence would be that stances, or at any time of life, form a conof a natural preference in the Sovereign of nexion incompatible with the safety and the family and connexions of his wife; and honour of the kingdom, as declared by the hence a fruitful source of jealousy and laws of the realm. discord among the rest of the nobility: These observations, we flatter ourselves,

No. I. Vol. I.


will not be deemed superfluous, when the || and preserved its title and dignity till 1169, conclusion we mean to draw, that of the when the Monarch, Pribislaus the Second, preference of a foreign connexion, is con was compelled to embrace the Christian firmed by the tranquillity, happiness, and religion by Henry Lyon, Duke of Saxony gratitude which the nation has ever felt || and Bavaria. At this period the title of and expressed from the marriage of his King of the Vandals was extinguished, and gracious Majesty George the Third with that of the Princes of Mecklenburgh subthe Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburgh || stituted, who became a vacsal to the Duke Sirelitz.

of Bavaria. In 1349, the Prince of MeckHer Majesty, Sophia Charlotte, or Caro- || lenburgh was created a Duke, and made a line of Mecklenburgh Strelitz, was born Prince of the Empire. The remnant of the May 16, 1744. She was the youngest | Vandals united with the Mecklenburghers daughter of Charles Lewis, brother to Fre- || about the year 1749, and from that period derick the Third, Duke of Mechlenburgh. || they have been divided into three branches, Her father, however, though in the imme- that of Gustrom, Swerin, and Strelit:; but diate line of inheritance, as his brother the the extinction of the branch of Gustrow feigning Duke bad no issue, and was un in 1638, excited some differences with remarried, did not succeed to the principa- spect to the succession, which continued lity: he died before his brother, and thus, | till 1701, when a treaty of partition was upon the death of Frederick, the succession made at Hamburgh, and ratified by the Emdevolved upon his nephew, Adolphus Frede peror in the following manner: That the rick the Fourth, brother to her present Ma- || duchy of Gustrow should be given to the jesty, and son of the above-mentioned Duke of Swerin; and that the Duke of Charles Lewis.

Strelit: should have the bishopric of RatThe issue of Charles Lewis were:

zelburgh secularized, and a voice in the 1. Christina Sophia Albertina, born De-Diet of the Empire. The Duke of Swerin's cember 6, 1735.

annual revenue amounts to 55,0001. and 2. Adolphus Frederick the Fourth, born || that of the Duke of Strelitz to 22,0001. beMay 5, 1788. Deceased.

sides his domain. The country is fruitful, 3. Charles Lewis Frederick (the present but unhealthy, and intensely cold in winDuke of Mecklenburgh), born Oct. 10,1741. ter. It has often been the scene of war,

4. Ernest Gottlob Albert, born August || particularly between Sweden and the Em27, 1742.

pire. To be thus visited with the effects of a 5. Sophia Charlotte, or Caroline (her pre- | quarrel which they have not provoked, is the sent Majesty the Queen of Great Britain), || lot of many of the smaller principalities of born May 16, 1744.

Germany. The country is able to raise a 6. George Augustus, born Aug. 3, 1748. considerable body of troops, but they have

The mother of this illustrious family, || never been strong enough to resist an inwho died so far back as the year 1761, was vader. The established religion of the the Princess Albertina Elizabeth, born || country is Lutheran; but there is toleraAugust 13, 1713, the daughter of Ernest | tion for sectaries. Imhoff, in his Notitia Frederick, Duke of Sare-Hildburghausen. Princeps Germania, gives a laboured acThe obligations which we owe to the

count of the genealogy of the family of native country of her gracious Majesty, Sirelit:, which he says is lineally descended require us to give a brief account of the from the kings or leaders of the Vandals. duchy and family of Mecklenburgh. Hubner, in his Genealogy of the German

This country, which is about 120 miles || Princes, says, this family, if not the most in length, and so in breadth, is bounded on ancient in Europe, is one of the most noble the north by the Black Sca; by Branden- || in Germany. The branch of Sirelitz is the burgh on the east; by Luneburgh and Bran- || second branch of the House of Mecklendenburgh on the south; and by Holstein on burgh; but its Duke is one of the secular the west. Its ancient inhabitants were the Princes of the Empire, and takes his seat Vandals, who had settled in this country in the Diet. many centuries before the birth of Christ.

Thus much we have judged necessary to They formed it into a powerful kingdom, state of the country and family of her Ma

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