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that the attraction of these amiable sis- that increase of fortune which has since ters made an equal impression upon the made their domestic arrangements, not English and the Irish Courts. If we mis- only comfortable, but splendid. take not, Sir Joshua Reynolds has exhi Among those whose friendship and adbited them in a picture, as the three Graces miration the Marchioness had attracted crowning the statue of Hymen.

by her virtues and amiable qualities, we Upon the first introduction of the Mar- think it but justice to mention Mr. Dechioness into the splendid circle of the vaynes, who bequeathed her a consideraEnglish Court, she was no less admired, ble legacy, and expressed in his will, that for the graces of her person, than forl he left it as “ a token of his esteem, and those many amiable qualities of the heart, a mark of his admiration of her exemby which she gave dignity to her rank,plary conduct, both as a wife and a mother, and diffused happiness around her. Being in superior station." of an enlarged and liberal mind, and of an Upon the marriage of her Royal Higheducation which had given her the strong-ness the Princess of Wales, the Marchioest sense of religious and domestic duties, ness of Townshend was appointed Mistress she was not qualified for that dissipation of the Robes, a situation which she still and pursuit of pleasure which is so cun holds. spicuous in the rest of our nobility, and Her Ladyship has a numerous and most more particularly in those who are unex- | beautiful family; Anne, the eldest, was pectedly elevated to high rank and digni- born Feb. 1, 1775, married to Harrington fied station.

Hudson, Esq.; Charlotte, born March 17, Her discretion, equally with her taste, 1776, married August 9, 1797, to his Grace led her to prefer a life of retirement, which the Duke of Leeds; Honoria Maria, born at this time was peculiarly suited to the July 6, 1777; William, born September 5, fortune of the Marquis. They lived at bis 1778; Harriet, born April 20, 1789; James Lordship's seat, at Raynham, in Norfolk, Nugent Boyle Bernardo, born September for many years, in the enjoyment of a 11, 1785. most pure domestic felicity. But at this Her Ladyship, though from her partitime we are sorry to add that the scene cular office frequently called to attend the was somewhat overclouded by an extraor- Court, is still devoted to a life of domestic dinary depression of spirits which took retirement and seclusion. Her time is place in the Marquis, arising from a chiefly occupied in the most tender and straitness of circumstances and the en-affectionate solicitudes for the health and creasing demands of a very young and nu-comforts of the Marquis, who is now con. merous family. At this period, however, siderably declined in the vale of years. Providence seemed to smile upon their Raynham Hall, however, is still the seat of conjugal virtues and endearments by be an elegant and dignified hospitality; and stowing a considerable accession of fortune the poor and distressed of a most pofrom the death of numerous relatives and pulous neighbourhood are liberally supplifriends. It will not be deemed Aattery to ed by the kind and extensive charities observe, that the adınirable conduct of the of the Marchioness. We shall conclude Marchioness had secured her several strong this slight sketch by observing, that a and powerful attachments among many more brilliant and perfect example of who were not within the cirele of her own virtue in high life, cannot be proposed immediate connections. It was to these to our female readers. that the Marquis was chiefly indebted for

No.l. Vol. I.





cumstances of life will dissipate; but I write I HAVE often heard that life is a succes. from the present preference, and I will hug it to sion of sacrifices; that every good we possess me till another comes, who is to make such a must be obtained at a price, that pleasure and revolution in my heart, as to turn all its former pain share the influence of every hour; and that tenants out of it, or at least to become a Lord such a disposition of things is necessarily suited Paramount in it. You cannot forget the mirth to, as it originates from, the wisdom which orders which was once occasioned by the naiveté of our all things aright.

observations, on the consolations given to the Such is the picture which has again and again Queen, in Dr. Boyce's Bridal Anthem, on her been held forth to my unmatured understanding. marriage. “ Instead of thy fathers thou shalt Occasional glimpses of it I have caught and for have children.” How this may be, I know not, gotten, but now I feel the truth of it, forcibly but the greater evil which I have experienced and irresistibly for the first time. I am now has been to quit home? or, as is the present case, sensible, and in no small degree, of those sen- || by your departure, to have half my home quit sations, when great pleasure is sacrificed for the me, enjoyment of great good. If I lose the society Our last year's visit to London, with our aunt of my sister, I am become the companion, W did not satisfy us as we expected, may I not add the consolation of my father. It though it was the unremitting study of that exis your absence that occasions this affecting, but cellent relation to render our abode in the metroI presume useful experience. In losing you,|| polis as pleasant as the metropolis could be, and what do I not lose-ihe sweetest companion, she possessed all the means of doing so. The the kindest friend, the most affectionate sister in novelty pleased us at first, but we soon languishthe world. From infancy to the present hour,ed for home, and sought our native mansion how seldom have we been separated a day from with all the eagerness of children returning from each other. As there is little more than the school. Indeed, that was your own pleasant difference of a year in our respective ages, we idea of our feelings on the occasion, and our may be said almost to have been rocked together hearts told us it was true. Whether another in the same cradle, and to have known the year will have made any change in your mind, early attachment that twins have been said by I shall not pretend to conjecture. We are cer. some, as it were instinctively, to possess for eachtainly of an age, when, as we have been told, other. In short, the same hand appeared to strange metamorphoses will take place in the feguide our first steps, as the same care has super male character, and it is not for us to suppose, intended the formation of our minds, and been that we are to be exempt from the progressive thus far in our coutse, the rudder of our under- changes incident to our state and nature. standings. How this circumstance, among others,

C'est ce que nous verrons. has strengthened our natural union to each other, We are, however, separated for the first time. the same studies the same amusements, the This refection forces a deep sigh from my breast, same pursuits, the same inclinations, in short, and I am disposed to believe, that when your what happiness! the same mind, have ever en Eyes reach this part of my letter, your bosom gaged and directed us,

Never did I feel the jea will feel an equal sensation, and be responsive to Jousy of a moment at your superiority. My that of your sister's. inost anxious ambition has been, as far as nature You, my dearest Caroline, are gone to pass a would allow it, to resemble you, and never was winter's apprenticeship, in the great, the gay, I so flattered, as when it has been observed, the faslijonable world, to learn the geography of that Eliza grew up like her ellest sister. I set at the country in which you are to live, to inform d-fance tlie recollection of a moment, when any yourself of the manners of its inhabitants, to bedispute has arisen between us, but in the con coine acquainted with its langage and its custest of good offices. Nor has my mind hi-toms, and to inform yourself of its dangers; so therio acknowledged the probability, that any that, while you fit yourself for your right conduct future settlement, though titles, wealth and all in all the various duties of your station and cha. that is held out as composing the charms of || racter, you may be enabled to communicate life, to youthful, and particularly to female your experience to me, and be my protectress in fancy; were to grace and decorate it, would the science of duty and the arts of life. It is compensate my final absence from you. This, this consideration which, in some measure, re. perhaps, may be a dream, which the future cir- 1 conciles me to your absence,

I look to your

letters as forming a preparatory course of lec It would be an idle waste of words and of tures to prepare me for that instruction, which time, to enlarge upon my duties to you, wlo your conversation, when you return to us will have set me the example of performing them, fully complete. I have heard of a system being and who must now aid me in following that exadopted in a gentleman's family, where the chil ample You will, of course, enrich your letdren were very numerous, and the cost of a ge ters with every topic that can relieve my duties, neral education too great for its finances, which

ard enable me to embellish them. This, my was to indulge in every expence to give the dear Caroline, was the subject of our last convereldest daughter the most finished education, that sation, and I wish to supply a very material defishe might communicate the advantages of it to ciency in it. I allude to our cousin Henry, all his younger sisters, at no expence at all. who ought to have been a principal feature of Now, though money is not an object with us, it. He might add very much, indeed, to our time is; and I come at length to the great object father's amusement, if he would write an occaof my letter, not with the view to address it to sional letter to him, or to me if he should like your heart, for I well know how that is directed, it better, on the transactions which must pass but to ease my own.

under his observation. He lives much in the Pardon me, my dearest sister, in repeating world, possesses no common share or discerile what we have often said, that one of us must ment, and could tell a great deal that would constantly remain at home. The situation of our never reach our distant woods, but by such a incomparable father would demand such a sacri communication. Ask him to employ a couple fice, if it were possible, which, thank heaven, it of hours every week (am 1 unreasonable)? is not, to be a sacrifice. His decaying sight, to this object. As he will inherit my father's added to his other bodily infirmities, renders it estate and title, he ought to consider himan indisputable duty that one of his children self as in the place of a son to him, and a brosshould be ever with him. He who has never ther to us. Not that we have hither o had any ceased 10 lament the loss of our mother, now a reason to complain of him. His wife, with all saint in heaven, since she was laid in the tomb, her civilities does not like us: but let that pass. must not be left alone to feel that loss, embit He will, I doubt not, instantly feel the force tered and aggravated by comforiless solitude.

of a suggestion of this sort, and act as becomes Our aunt Sarah, who, in the direction of family him. affairs and domestic economy, cannot be surpass Having been advanced to the post of Prime ed, and who loves him and us ten times more Minister at , I appoint you and Henry, than she ever loved any thing or any body, does ll without any other descriprion, 10 be Ambassadors not possess the gentle disposition and soothing || from that Court to the World of Fashion, Science, manners; in short, she is incapable of those and Politics, and shall expect frequent dispatches graduating attentions which his peculiar sitna from you both. tion, and the fine wrought web of his mind re

Adieu, my dear Caroline, quires. He undersiands no signs but words, and YO ever fond and affectionate Sister, has no more idea of preventing an unexpressed want, than she has of refusing to gratify it,

[To be continued ] when good plain English has discovered it to .her.



As I believe it to be part of the interesting Publication you are about to introduce to the world, to consider the Science of Costume not merely as subsidiary to female vanity, but likewise to the morals and chastiiy of the female mind, I have ventured to send you some observation on the dress of Women, which, though probably too serere for the present taste, I can trust to your canılour to admit.

It would be easy to write the history of the

Among the Romans the women wore dresses of manners of a people by tracing its costumes; a kind of stuff so transparent that the body might and it has been remarked that, at the periods be seen through it as if entirely naked. This when morals were most corrupt, the taste for stuff was made of silk, so extremely fine that it the naked fashion was carried to the greatest was dyed a purple colour before it was made up; excess.

for when this species of gauze was manufactured,

D 2

it was so delicate that it could not possibly have draws it tightly round the body, so as to exhibit admitted the dye. The shell-fish which furnished all the forms still more distinctly. the precious material for this colour, was found More than four hundred years ago, the women near the island of Cos, whence writers have deno. of France went, as at present, with iheir shoulders minated this stuff the dress of Cos. It is further and bosoms uncovered. Historical monuments curious tu remark, that it was a woman who in teach us, that ibus Queen [subel of Bararin, the vented this transparent stuff, which inclosed the wife of Charles VI. was dresseit. We are told, it female body, as were, in a case of glass; she was she who introduced this fishion, was most assuredly well acquainted with the taste During the reign of Henry ll. and Charles IX. of her sex.

The name of the woman was Pam the ambitious and voluptuous Catherine de Mephilia. Pliny has recorded her name : “ This | dicis, who wished to enervate by pleasure all woman,” says he, “ought not to be deprived of the French, that she might afterwards govern the glory which is due to her, that of having in them, intruduced a new indecency of dress vented a dress which exhibi's like women per It appear; that this fashion continued under fectly naked.

Henry lll. Seneca speaks of these habiliments in the fol

It again made its appearance under Louis XIV. lowing words : “Do you see those transparent disappeared at the conclusion of his reign, and rehabits, if, however, they may be called habits. turned in the first year of that of Louis XV. But at What do you there discover that is capable of de no period, and in no civilized country, was excess fending the person or preserving modesty ? Dare in this particular carried to such a height as those who wear them venture to swear that they || during the years of the French Revolution. are not naked ?"

Before that tine women had been the slaves of l'arro calls these habits dresses of glass. Ano- || silly customs and of ridiculous and Gothic father author denominates them woven wind, and shions; they suddenly burst asunder all the feta silken vapour.

“ Is it decorous,” says he, “in ters which bad tasie had imposed upon them, and a virtuous woman, to wear a habit of wind, and taking as models the Grecian women, so celebe clothed in a silken vapeur?"

brated for their beauty, they exhibited, together It would appear that in those days, as at pre with the perfection of taste, a complete neglect sent, the females, whose superannuated charms of decency. In this, I nust confess, they decalled for the prudent aid of a discreet veil, sa viated from their models; but such is the usual crificed iheir self-love to the fashion, in gene- || practice of the human mind; it is incessantly rously arloping a costume which publicly re running into extremes. Accordingly, women vealed the progress of age and the inroads of exchanged a barbarous for a cynical costume. time. Horace ridicules Lyce, one of his former A dress too prudish conceals beauty; a cosmistresses, who, though on the wane, wore, tume too free prostitutes it. A Latin poet has like young females, transparent habits of gauze observed : “ I do not like Diana when dressed, of Cos.

or Cytherca quite naked; one is desitute of voThis mole prevailed during a very long period. || luptuousness, the other has too much.” It was at first adopted by courtezans, and soon If the sex intended to imitate the Grecian fefollowed by females who imitated them in more males, they however deviated widely from their than one particular; and it continued till the decency and their morals. The Grecian women uime of St. Jerome, who declaims against these lived extremely retired, in impenetrable apart. garments.

ments; their costume set off their charms withWe learn from Isaiah, that the women and

out exposing them.

The example of the young maidens of Jerusalem wore dresses of a similar | girls of Sparta was not followed in other parts of nature.

Greece, and the costumes handed down to us I know not how far back it is necessary :o go, were those of courtezans; besides which, it may to discover the origin of this mode, which con easily be conceived, that the artist has allowed sisis in wearing a dress so fine ihat the wearer himself con: iderable liberties. Are we enabled might as well go naked. I have found models at the present day, to judge of the dress of our of it in the most remote ages. In Montfaucon's handsone women by the fancy portr its delilearned work, entitled, “ Antiquity explained by neated by our painiers? And will our descendants Figures,” I have seen a representation of an say, that our wonen went naked, beause MaEgyptian female, dressed in a tunic so fine as to dame ***, Madame ***, and Marlame ***, shew the shape in the most perfect manner; and caused themselves to be painted in that manner. what appeared io me the most remarkable is, Not only was ihe costume of the Grecian fethat this woman holds her robe exactly in the males extremely ausiere, but they were seldoin same manner as the Parisien females of the pre

permitted to appear before men; and Plutarch sent day are represented to hold it, that is, she

relaies, that Elpinice becanie an object of unis

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