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utmost part of the camp. ? And the people cried out unto Moses, and Moses prayed unto Jehovah, and the fire sunk down. And he called the name of that place Taberah, because the fire of Jehovah burnt among them. And the mixed multitude that was among them lusted with lust, and the sons of Israel also returned and wept ; and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat?
5 We remember the fish which we did eat in Egypt for nought : the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick. • But now our soul is dried away, there is nothing at all, only our
VER. 2.-SUNK DOWN,] That is, went out, they had .for nought,' without price, getting or, was quenched; in Gr. ceased. Their them out of the rivers freely; or, for nought, seeking to the Lord in their afflictions, and that is, for very little, very cheap; as nothing his mercies towards them, are mentioned in is used for very little, Acts xxvii. 33; John Psal. lxxviii. 34-38.
xviii. 20, none for very few, Jer. viii. 6; 1 Ver. 3.-HE CALLED,] That is, Moses Cor. ii. 8. It may also have reference to called: or, as the Gr. translateth, the name the former, we remember for nought, that is, of that place was called : see the notes ou in vain: so the Heb. chinnam, and Gr. do Gen. xvi. 14. TABERAH,] That is, burn. rean, sometimes signifieth a thing done or ing : which name was given to imprint a spoken in vain and without effect, as Prov. memorial of their sin and of God's judg- i. 17; Ezek. vi. 10; Gal. ii. 21. Garlic,] ments in their hearts, as Moses after men- These gross meats used to be eaten by the tioneth them, in Deut. ix. 7, 22, 24.
poorer sort in Egypt, and by the Israelites Ver. 4.- THE MIXED MULTITUDE,] Or, when they were slaves there, they now rethe gathered multitude; so called in Hleb, of member, (forgetting their slavery;) and pregathering; in Gr. and Chald. of mixture: fer before the manna which God gave them and in the Chald. said to be Jonathans, they from heaven, which was both pleasant and are called, the strangers that were gathered wholesome. Of the things here spoken of,
These were that 'mixed peo- and other the like, the Hebs. themselves say: ple' that came up with Israel out of Egypt, “Some meats are exceeding evil, and it is mentioned in Exod. xii. 38. LUSTED WITH not meet that a man should ever eat of them, Lust,] That is, lusted greatly and greedily. as great fishes that are salted and old, &c. RETURNED AND WEPT,] That is, again wept, and some meats are evil, but not so bad; the Gr. saith, they sat and wept. The Is- therefore it is not meet for a man to eat of raelites that a little before complained, were them, save a little and very seldom; and he punished, and repented; now again, by the may not use to make them his meat, or to example of the strangers among them, return eat them with his meat continually, as great to their sinful course. Cbazkuni here saith, fishes, cheese, &c. and leeks, and onions, and “ After that (the sons of Israel) had mur. garlic, &c. these meats are naught, which a mured already themselves alone, (ver. 1,) man should eat of but a very little, and in they turned and murmured with the mixed winter days; but in summer not at all,” multitude, and wept for desire of flesh.” So Maim. in Misn. tom. i. in Degnoth, chap. this was another mutiny, differing from that iv. sect. 9. forespoken of; though in time and place near VER. 6.-OUR SOOL IS DRIED,] The soul together, Who SHALL GIVE,] A wish, is often put for the body, or whole man, and meaning, O that some would give us flesh: for the appetite or desire of meat, drink, and and a tentation, as not believing that God other things: so here they complain that they could do it. This their lusting is rehearsed, had no nourishment by the wheat of heaven' in Psal. cvi. 14; Ixxviii. 18-20, they (as manna is called, Psal. lxxviii, 24,) nei. tempted God in their heart, asking meat for ther was their appetite satisfied: and heretheir soul (or lust:) and they spake against upon it is said, they asked meat for their God, they said, Can God furnish a table in souls,' Psal. lxxviii. 18, to satisfy their fleshly the wilderness? Behold he smote the rock, lust. OUR EYES ARE,] Or, our eyes behold and the waters gushed out, and streams over- only the manna; that is, we see no other flowed: can he give bread also ? or can he food; neither can we expect for any other, prepare flesh for his people?
but depend upon manna only. For 'the VER. 5.—WE REMEMBER,] They stirred eyes unto' any, signify hope and expectation, and inflamed their lust with remembrance of as Psal. xxv. 15; cxli. 8. Manna was unto their former Egyptian diet. FOR NOUGHT,] them both a corporal food, and a spiritual. This may be referred to the fish' which figuring Christ himself, with his word and
eyes are unto the manna. And the manna was as coriander seed, and the colour of it as the colour of bdellium. The people went about and gathered it, and ground it in mills; or beat it in a mortar; and baked it in pans, and made cakes of it; and the taste of it was, as the taste of the best moisture of oil. 9 And when the dew fell down upon the camp in the night, the manna fell down
10 And Moses heard the people weeping throughout their families; every man in the door of his tent; and the anger of Jehovah was kindled greatly, and in the eyes of Moses it was evil.
" And Moses said unto Jehovah, Wherefore hast thou done evil to thy servant ? and wherefore have I not found grace in thine eyes, that thou layest the burden of all this people upon me?
grace, John vi. 31-33; 1 Cor. x. 3. So 8, though usually it signifieth to boil. The the loathing of manna, and longing for the BEST MOISTURE OF oil,] Fresh oil, which meats of Egypt, figured the rejecting of hath no rank favour. The Heb. leshad, is Christ and his graces, for to have nourish- the best oily moisture in man's body, Ps. ment and life by the works and righteousness xxxii. 4, so here it is the best sweet moisof men, Gal. iii. 3, 10; iv. 9. Such men's ture of oil, which is the uppermost part. It eyes' cannot see the 'manna which is hid,' had also the taste of .wafers with honey,' Rev. ii. 17.
Exod. xvi. 31. And here the Gr, translatetb VER. 7.--MANNA,] In Heb. man: the it wafers of oil,' and the Chald. paste, (or reason of this name, see in the notes on cakes) with oil.' So it was both pleasant and Exod. xvi. 14. Chazkuni on that place wholesome food, and the taste of oil and saith, “Man, in the Egyptian tongue, is as honey' figured the sweetness of grace, mah, (that is, what) in the Heb.: and they which we by faith perceive in Christ the true asked one of another, man, that is, what is manna, Ps. cxix. 103; Song v. 16; 1 Pet. this?" CORIANDER,] Of it, see Exod. xvi. ii. 3. 31. These are the words of Moses, con- Ver. 9.–FELL DOWN UPON IT,1 And demning the people's ingratitude, by the de. upou the manna fell dew again, which when scription of manna, which they disdained. it was drawn up by the sun, then the manThe colour,] Heb. the eye, that is, the col- na appeared, Exod. xvi. 13, 14, so the manour, or appearance, as the Gr. and Chald. na lay as it were hidden between two dews. explain it: so eye is used for colour, &c. in But after was manisested, and given them of Lev. xiii. 55; Ezek. i. 16; viii. 2; x. 9. God freely every day, a wheat which they BDELLIOM,] In Heb.bdolach, in Gr. (and by sowed not, nor laboured for, but had for the Sol. Jarchi’s exposition) crystal: which is taking up, a meat which they knew not, white and transparent: so manna is said to neither had their fathers known it: whereby be 'white,' Exod. xvi. 31. Of bdellium, see they were taught, that man liveth not by Gen. ii. 12.
bread only, but by every word that proceedVER. 8.--WENT ABOUT, ] Or, went to and eth out of the mouth of the Lord, Deut. fro, to search, find, espy, as in Jer. v. 1; viii, 3. Amos viii. 12; Dan. xii. 4, therefore this Ver. 10.-THROUGHOUT,] Or, by their fa. word is applied sometimes to the eye, as in milies; so the sin was generally spread among 2 Chron. xvi. 9. It figured the labour and the people. IN THE DOOR,] That is, openly; diligence that men should use to get the and sioned not in secret only, but as it were meat which endureth unto eternal life,' John proclaimed their iniquity, and stirred up vi. 27. GROUND IT,] The grinding and themselves, and one another, to follow their beating of it, &c. figured also the afflictions lusts, of Christ, whereby he was prepared to be for Ver. 11.-DONE EVIL TO THE SERVANT, us the bread of life, John vi. 48–51; Heb. That is, afflicted me; for evil when it cometh ii. 9, 10; 1 Pet. iii. 18. But though the from God, meaneth trouble and affliction manna was thus hard as wheat to be ground, wherewith he chastiseth his servants, and yet it used to melt as it lay on the earth, exerciseth their faith and patience; as Jer. with the heat of the sun, that they gathered xviii. 8; Is. xlv. 7; Amos iii. 6. THAT THOU it only in the morning, Exod. xvi. 21. LAYEST,] Heb. for to lay, or to put: so it BAKED,] Or, boiled, cooked; the word is hath reference to the former part of the sometimes used for baking, as in 2 Sam. xiii. speech, Sce the notes on Gen, vi. 19. The 4
12 Have I conceived all this people ? have I begotten them, that thou shouldest say unto me, Bear them in thy bosom, as a nursing father beareth the sucking child, unto the land which thou swarest unto their fathers ? 13 Whence should I have flesh to give unto all this people ? for they weep unto me, saying, Give us flesh that we may eat. M I am not able myself alone to bear all this people, for it is too heavy for me. And if thou do thus unto me, kill BURDEN,] The weighty care and charge: so therefore fear him; he respecteth not any in Deut. i. 12. The Gr. here translateth it that are wise of heart.' And so it is not anger; but after in ver. 17, violence, or as. lawful for him to govern them with contempsault. This showeth the great charge that tuous carriage ; although they be the (com. lieth upon governors: so Paul mentioneth mon) people of the land: neither may he *the care of all the churches,' which came tread upon the heads of the holy people, alupon him daily, 2 Cor. xi. 28.
though they be unlearned and base, they are VER. 12.-HAVE I CONCEIVED,] So also the sons of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and the Gr. translateth it; but the Chald. saith, the armies of the Lord that brought them out “ Am I the father of all this people ? are of the land of Egypt by great might, and by they my sons?” BEGOTTEN THEM,] Heb. strong hand; but he must bear the toil of the begotten it; or, brought it forth; speaking of congregation, and their burden ; as Moses the people, as of one man, begotten, as by a our master, of whom it is said, “ As a nursing father; or brought forth, as by a mother. So father beareth the sucking child,'" &c. Maim. the apostle applieth both similes to himself, in Misn. tom. 4, in Sanhedrin, chap. xxv. saying to the Corinthians, Ye have not sect. 1, 2. That which Moses speaketh of a many fathers; for in Christ Jesus I have be- nursing father,' the Chald. that goeth in the gotten you through the gospel,' I Cor. iv. name of Jonathan, and Targum Jerusalemy, 15, and to the Gal. • My children of whom calleth pedagoga, which word Pauluseth, I travel in birth again, until Christ be formed when he saith, 'the law was our pedagogue in you,' Gal. iv. 19. In this complaint of (or schoolmaster) unto Christ,' Gal. iii. 24, Moses, the weakness of the law is signified, whose graces were figured by that "land' which begetteth no children to God, Rom. whither Moses now was to lead them; as is vii. 4, 5, &c.; viii, 3, but by the word of showed in the annot. on Gen. xii. 5. truth, the gospel, and by belief in Christ, we Ver. 13.-FLESH TO GIVE,] By these are born of God, Jam. i. 18; 1 Pet. i. 23 complaints Moses showeth his insufficiency -25; 1 John v. 1. IN THY BOSOM,] That to govern this people, and to supply their is, lovingly, tenderly, carefully: which Moses wants: neither indeed could he bring them the lawgiver could not do as is done by Christ, into the promised land, but died ere they of whom it is said, “He shall feed his flock came thither, Deut. xxxiv. whereby the im. like a shepherd, he shall gather his lambs possibility of the law was signified, that it with his arm, and bear them in his bosom, could not bring men unto God, or satisfy, or he shall gently lead those that are with restrain the lusts that reign in our members, young,' Is. xl. ll. A NORSING FATHER,] though the law itself is holy,' Rom. vii. 5 This showeth the love, mildness, gentleness -12. But what the law could not do, in which should be in governors ; and so it is that it was weak through the flesh, God (hath said unto the church, Kings sha!l be thy done) sending his own Son,' Rom. viii. 3, nursing fathers,' &c. Is. xlix. 23. And the who giveth us not flesh to satisfy our carnal apostle saith, “We were gentle among you, lusts, but his own flesh to be the food of our even as a nurse cherisheth her children: we souls, which he hath given for the life of exhorted, and comforted, and charged every the world,' and which whoso eateth, hath one of you, as a father doth his children,' 1 eternal life,' Joho vi. 51, 54. Thes. ii. 7, 11. Accordingly the Hebs. VER. 15.-IF THOU DO Thus,] To leave have this rule for all governors of the church, the whole burden upon me still. Here the “ It is unlawful for a man to govern with word thou, spoken to God, is of the feminine stateliness over the congregation, and with gender, contrary to common rule of speech, haughtiness of spirit, but with meekness and at, for attah: which some think doth intimate fear. And every pastor that bringeth more Moses' trouble of mind, as if he could not terror upon the congregation than is for the perfectly utter his words: and the like is in name of God, he shall be punished, and shall Deut. v. 27, where the people, terrified with not see bimself to have a learned wise son: the majesty of God when he gave his law, as it is said, (in Job xxxvii, 24,) . Men do said unto Moses, Speak thou (at) unto us.'
me I pray thee, kill me, if I have found grace in thine eyes, and let me not see mine evil.
And Jehovah said unto Moses, Gather unto me seventy men So!. Jarchi here saith, “The strength of the temple. And in every city of Israel Moses became feeble as a woman, when the wherein were 120, (fathers of families) or holy blessed (God) showed him the punish- more, they set a lesser Synedrion, which sat rents that he would bring upon them (the in the gate of the city, as it is written, ' And people) for this he said before him, “If thus, establish judgment in the gate,' (Amos v. kill me first.'"
KILL ME,] Or, killing me: 15.) And their number was twenty-three that is, kill me quite, and out of hand; the judges, and the wisest among them was head word is doubled, for more vehemency and of them; and the residue sat in a round-like speed. SEE MINE EVIL,] That is, my misery half a circle, that he which was head might and affliction. By seeing evil,' is meant see them all. If it were a city which had the feeling or suffering of misery; as to see not 120 men in it, they set therein three death,' is to die, Luke ii, 26; Ps. Ixxxix. judges, for there is no judgment hall of less 49, and as on the contrary, 'to see the salva- than three, that there might be more or tion of God,' meaneth the fruition or enjoy- fewer, if there happened to be among them ing thereof, Ps. 1. 23; xci. 16. Com- dissension in judgment. But every city pare with this, Elijah's speech, 1 Kings xix. which had not in it two wise men, the one 4.
fit to teach the whole law, and the other VER. 16.–GATHER UNTO ME, ] In Chald. skilful to hear, and skilful to demand and gather before me; and Thargum Jonathan ex- make answer; they set no synedrion therein, plaineth it, gather in my name seventy worthy although it had in it two thousand Israelites," men. This is answerable to the number of &c. THE OFFICERS,] In Gr, the scribes ; the seventy souls of the house of Israel, and Thargum Jonathan addeth,“ in Egypt:" which went down into Egypt, Gen. xlvi. 27; as if these were such as are mentioned in Exod. i. 5; Deut. x. 22, and to the seventy Exod. v. 14, and of them Sol, Jarchi also elders which went up unto the Lord at mount understandeth it. What these officers' were Sinai, Exod. xxiv. 1, 9. From hence the after in the commonwealth of Israel, is noted Hebs, in their commonwealth, continued on Deut. xvi. 18. Here it seemeth to be their chiefest senate in Jerusalem of seventy- meant of such elders and officers as wore one elders, as here there were seventy, and well known and had approved themselves for Moses the prince. So they record in Tal- wisdom and good carriage, for which they mud Bab. in Sanhedrin, chap. i. and Maim. might with comfort be preferred to this high in Sanhedrin, chap. i. sect. 3-5, explaineth senate: 'fur they that have ministered well, it thus ; "there was in Israel, first a great (as the apostle saith,) purchase to themselves court (or judgment hall) in the sanctuary ; a good degree,' 1 Tim. iii. 13. Afterwards and that was called the great Synedrion, and io Israel about the choice of these chief ma. their number was seventy-one, as it is writ- gistrates, it is thus recorded; “ Our wise ten, 'Gather to me seventy men,' &c. and men have said, that from the great synedrion Moses was chief over them, as it is said, they sent into all the land of Israel, and And let them stand there with thee,' Num. made diligent inquiry; whomsoever they xi. 16, lo here are seventy-one. The great- found to be wise, and afraid to sin, and est in wisdom among them all, they set him meek, &c. they made him a judge in his for head over them, and he was called Nasi city. And from thence they preferred him (the prince) in every place, and he stood in- to the gate of the mountain of the house (of stead of Moses our master. And they placed the Lord:) and from thence they promoted the greatest among the seventy, next unto him to the gate of the court (of the sancthe head, and he sat on his right hand, and tuary,) and from thence they advanced him was called Abbethdin (the father of the to the great judgment-hall," Maim. in San. judgment hall.) And the residue of the hedrin, chap. ii. sect. 8. STAND THERE,] seventy sat before him, according to their Or, present themselves there with thee. They years and according to their dignity: whoso- were to stand before the tabernacle, to present ever was in wisdom greater than his fellow, themselves unto God, and to receive authority was Dearer unto the prince on his left hand. from him; and with Moses, who was to be And they sat as in the form of an half circle chief over them. The Hebs. from the word round, so that the prioce, with the father of with, gather a likeness unto Moses, saying, the court, might see them all. Moreover “ They constitute none in the synedrion but they set two judgment halls, each of twenty- priests, Levites and Israelites whose genethree judges, the one at the door of the court alogy is known, &c. as it is said (in Num. (uf the sanctuary,) the other at the door of xi. 16,) with thee;' which aru like thee ili
of the elders of Israel, whom thou knowest, that they are the elders of the people and the officers of them, and take them unto the tent of the congregation, that they may stand there with thee.
" And I will come down and will speak with thee there, and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon tliem, and they shall bear with thee the burden of the people, and thou shalt not bear it thyself alone." And say thou unto the people, sanctify yourselves against to-morrow, and ye shall eat flesh; for ye have wept in the ears of Jehovah, saying, Who shall give us flesh to eat? for it was well with us in Egypt; therefore Jehovah will give you flesh, and ye shall eat. 19 Ye shall not eat one day, nor two days, nor five days, nor ten days, nor twenty days. "Until a month of days, until it come out at your nostrils, and it be unto you loathsome, because that you have despised Jehovah who is among you, and have wept before him, saying, Wherefore now came we forth out of Egypt?And Moses said, The people amongst whom I am, are six hundred thousand footmen; and thou hast said, I will give them flesh, and they shall eat it a month of days. 22 Shall the flocks and the herds be slain for them to suffice wisdom, religion, and genealogy,” Maim. in transgresseth,” &r Maim. in Sanhedrin, Sanhedrin, chap. ii. sect. 1.
chap, iii. sect. 8. VER, 17.-I WILL COME down,] To wit, Ver. 18.-Sanctify,] In Chald. prepare in sign or apparition; as the Chald. translat- yourselves: so to ó sanctify war,' is to prepare eth, I will reveal myself ; and Thargum therefore, Jer. vi. 4; li, 28. It meaneth an Jonathan addeth, “I will reveal myself in holy preparation to receive the gifts that they the glory of my majesty ;' this was in the desired. Sol. Jarchi expoundeth it, " Prepare cloud, ver. 25. I WILL TAKE,] Or, will se- yourselves for vengeance; and so he saith parate ; in Chald, will increase of the spirit (in Jer. xii. 3,) Sanctify (that is, prepare) that is on thee ; meaning, the gifts of the them for the day of slaughter:" the twentieth Spirit, as prophecy,' ver. 25, and other verse showeth that this may be implied. meet for their charge: for there are diversi. WEPT IN THE EARS,] In ver. 20, 'wept beties of gists, but the same Spirit,' I Cor. xii. fore' the Lord; and so the Chald, turneth it 4. So spirits' are named for spiritual here. It meaneth, that the Lord had seen gifts,' I Cor. xiv. 12, 32, and the “ Holy and heard their complaint: for weeping is Spirit,' for the gifts of the Holy Spirit, John often joined with lifting up the voice, or cry. vii. 39 ; Acts xix. 2,6. Thus the spirit of ing out; as Gen. xxvii. 39; Judg. ii. 4; Elijah rested on Elisha,' 2 Kings ii. 15, xxi. 2; 1 Sam, xi. 4 ; xxiv. 16 ; xxx. 4. when he had the same gifts and power of Ver. 20.-UNTIL A MONTH OP DAYS,] To prophecy, miracles, &c. Neither was Moses' wit, ye shall eat, as the Gr. expresseth. spirit hereby diminished; for as Sol. Jarchi Meaning a ó whole month ;' as a 'year of saith, “ Moses in that hour was like unto the days’ is an whole year, 2 Sam. xiv. 28. So lamp that was left (burning) on the candle- in Gen. xxix. 14. LOATHOME,] Heb. to stick, (in the sanctuary) from which all the loathsomeness or alienation; which the Gr. other lamps were lighted, yet the light there- translateth to choler; the Chald. to offence, of was not lessened any whit.” God showed that is, offensive. HAVE DESPISED,] Or, hereby, that none without gifts of his Spirit, contemptuously refused, set at nought; which are fit for office and government, Exod. xviii. the Gr. translateth, disobeyed the Lord; the 21; Deut. i, 13; Acts vi. 3. The Hebs. Chald, rejected the word of the Lord. Who have this rule, “ Any synedrion, king, or is,] The Chald. saith, whose majesty (or di. governor, that shall set up a judge for Israel, vine presence) remaineth among you. that is not fit, and is not wise in the wisdom VER. 22.-To SUFFICE THEM,] So the of the law, and meet to be a judge; although Gr. and Chald. expound the Heb. mutsa, be be wholly amiable, and have in him other which usually signifieth to find ; but here is good things, yet lie that setteth him up, used for obtaining that which is sufficient: so