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6 Account of some late Proceedings in the Jan. thren by the toleration act. Many who voted became zealous advocates for it. Neither the for the application little suspected that the strong opposition the bill met with in the gewords “ to take of the subscription,” impli- neral body of ministers, and from other quared, or authorized the committee to put in a ters, nor its deserved fate in the House of human subscription, in the new act they Lords, so far awakened them, as to see and adSought, and to be enforced with every penal vance to the old, strong, and only tenable poft. law as the former. But the committee hap- A second application was renewed in 1773, pened to have different ideas, and, accord. on the former ill chosen and very exceptioningly, after a month's deliberation, they of. able ground ; but that the committee might fered to the legislature, without once con. have less opposition, they now included the Solting their constituents, such a declaration old test with the new one, in their bill, that of faith as suited themselves (the judi- ministers who oame to the magistrate to quacious Dr. Price excepted.) This declaration lify might have the alternative of subscribing was proposed, however, in the name of all which they pleased. This mode of proceeding their brethren; and in a circular letter thro® they christened, ebe common principle of liberty, the kingdom they proceeded so far, as to tell and seriously said to thcir country brethren, the country ministers, that if the magistrate "this is thought to be something more expresive required them to subscribe this new religious of our great principle.t". A large part of the teft, “ebey ougbe to do it."

general body still opposed the crimmittee's Numbers wondered at the infatuation, plan, and the more it was examined, che precipitancy, and domination of the leaders weakness of its friends became more exposed. in this momentous affair. The reft necessarily It was demonstrated that the first principles of divided the body of ministers. Some secretly Protestant Diffenters, and of Christianity, were lamented, others openly opposed, the mea. abandoned by them; and that they were seek. sures and the bill. The toleration sought was ing the enlargement of their own legal recuevidently partial.—The terms on which rity, though no terror was near them, at the 'twas asked, dishonourable to Protestant Dis. imminent peril of numbers of their brethren. senters, – It 'threw them into the hands A church adversary acknowledged, “ it was of the magiftrate, and tended to keep up too little to ak." | The very same principles the obnoxious distinction of subscribers and by which the committee justified a confor. non-fabscribers-It Aill preserved in full force mity to their new religious subscription, were the cruel laws against the last and thus many proved to be equally decisiye for chat already were left helpless and hopeless, exposed, by established, and which they werc chosen to their own brethren, to poverty, imprisonment remove; and the same arguments which jufand ruin, at every informier's and magistrate's tified punishing the disobedient in one case, pleasure. Other ministers condemned the were equally cogent in the other. Several mode adopted by the committee, thinking it ministers who were for the first applicato be levelled at the truth of the doctrines of tion, their honour nobly declared the former teft ; and if a test must be efta. against the second ; and befides the great blished, they were for the old one.

numbers through the kingdom, most of the The unhappy controversy among the body Effex minifters were firmly united in the great in 1719, 1720, &c. seemed to be quite for- common principle of religious liberty, and gotten; when, manyof the most eminent mie declared againf any application for relief nifters refused to iubscribe what they verily clogged with a religious test. The second believed to be important truths, judging the bill was thrown out of the House of Lords, demand to be injurious to the rights of con- according to its desert, and the general expecScience, and an act of treason against Christ, cation. the only head of the Christian Church. Mr. March 23, 1774, the general body again Pierce, of Exeter (who well understood the met, when it was agreed that the great object of subject of religious liberty, and suffered much the late applications to Parliament should not for it) told the chief subscribers to his fup: be given up--the opposers of the former port, (how much more would he the magi. modes hoping that if the body were infustrate from whom he received nothing) “ if enced to again apply, it would be for an efthey made it a religious teft that ebree and two fectual relief of all, and not as before, to made five, I would refuse to subscribe to it. *" leave hundreds of brethren, who under. The reasons he gave for his fiffness, the pre- stood, and conscientiously adhered to their rent subscription committee will do well to con- principles, exposed to penal laws by an act of fider- refute them they cannot; nor shew their seeking : by a vote, the committee were where Christ hath prescribed any fuch course also then reftrained from proceeding in an apas they took. They proposed a religious teft plication, till the body had determined on to be imposed by the magiArate on themselves the mode. The “taking off the religious suband their brethren ; and some of them, who scription, required by the coleration a&t," was had evenwritten again his authority in facris, now not thought fufficiently explicit, espe.

cially Case of tbe minifters ejected at Excn.p 13. + Mr. Pickard's Circular Letter of Feb, 1773

| Letter to sbe difencing minifters,

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1774.
Body of London Difsenting Ministers.

7 Cjally as, in the face of that resolution, the ed by some, but the great pains which they committee had proposed another subscrip- themselves had been atsiho' happilyunsuccess. tion, as the condition of preaching the Gospel ful) tw prejudice the characters of their brechren of Christ, with security from fines and im- who acted on principle, and to inflame their prisonment. The budy met again, Nov. 30, friends against them, were forgotten. At to determine what should be the mode of laft, a question to this purport was moved for proceeding in a future application, and after by the chairman of the committee,a debate of three hours, adjourned to Dec. That the committee renew cheir application 7; or which

day, after another three hours to Parliament the finit favourable opportunity, debate about the common principle of liberty, on the former ground, PROVIDED it thali not having yet discovered it, they adjourned appear to bem that there is no probability of to the rith of January, 1775.

success without a declaration. The question was now acknowledged by Another of the committee seconded it, and even the Secretary of the subscription come the brethren who had argued against the for. sittu, in a pompous circular letter to the mer ground, were now charged with doing it body, “ to involve in it the safety of the merely for the sake of opposition ; and that present generation, and of generations yet while they objected to one plan, they did not unborn," and ibre days, with all the inter- intend to propole another. Dr. Mayo proved vening time of adjournments, were scarcely this charge to be groundless, as he had defufficient to determine wbat was first resolved fred a senior minifter to open the third day's on in about an bour, and to serve a mode, debate with the following motion : which the committee thought themselves en- “ That the mode of proceeding in a future titled to without their conftituents. Aithe application to Parliament for the relief of opening of the first of these three days debate, Protestant Difkenting ministers, tutors, and one of the confiftent friends of religious lic schoolmasters, be for a total repeal of the berty moved,

penal laws now exifting against them." “That any country brethren, who fall The gentleman declined the requeft, fearbe willing to attend any meeting of the ge- ing it might be construed as seeking to haneral body on the business of an application ften on a decisive resolution, before the moto Parliament, be permitted to attend to speak mentous affair was thoroughly difcufled. and wore on chat business."

Thus, the other motion was first made, which But although the minifters in the country Dr. Mấo wished might be withdrawn, for were equally interested in the affair with those his, which was then rend. He urged, that of London, the previous question was infifted the former mode of proceeding was unfavouron by some of the committee, whether that able to the caule of religious liberty, and the question should be put or not; when, by the ground had been proved untenable and danvote of a majority, the impartial and reason. gerous; that an application for the repeal of able motion was dismified, and all the country the penal laws againt them, would prevent brethren could obtain was, admission, but be any fariber debate on the authurity of the mute.

magistrate in facris, or respecting religious Tbe two first days debate were cool and

doctrines and opinions; that it plainly appeared Solid; Dr. Price and Ms. John Palmer dir- to be the only mode in which the body of city singuished themselves, and did great ho- and country minifters could possibly unite; pour to the cause of religious liberty: they a mode that would also produce a fair trial of lathed round and sound the miserable circle of our friends in Parliament, and of the good their opponents occasional arguments and will of adminiftration towards Protestant Dir. temporary expedients: invention was ex. senting minifters, with the affurance of which haufted, reason fasigued, and experience, it from cwo regium donum men, the first minute might bave been expected, would have given for the late applications was whered into the judgment; but predilection and self-will were body, not to be conquered. The leaders of the late As the last motion could not obtain ad. applications would not face about, nor stop mittance, the proviso in the chairman of the thort and do no more. The disgrace of yield committee's motion was ftrongly objected to, ing, of retreatinge was too much : they as useless, and calculated for à decoy : the chole to continue in their swamp, and mover honourably declared, that he did not the poor pretence of “ getting what they thinks himself or the conmittee obliged by could,” made them continue the fight, for a is to carry in a bill to Parliament to try phantom to themselves, but a real Trojan the probability of success without a declaberse to all their non-subscribing brethren. ration; besides, the budy must know, that he 'The third and last day's debate was very

had in a circular letter, dated May 22d, 1773, unlike the two former ; so that some present informed all the country minifters, in the concluded, that the preceding calmness was a juist names of the commimee, “ that so apfinefje to soothe those who were against a reli- ply without a declaration would not only be gious subscription ; but they adhered to their ineffe &tual, but difta: the quhole design." principles, whether men frowned or smiled : What the committees whole cfg" was, Liny personal complaints and reproaches were uttere can 5:At ex lain; but the who.c design of inte

budy

8

Description of the River Thames. Jan, body of minifters should be “ to obtain effec-, upon the former ground, a cage is prepared

T tual relief for ALL," and not countenance to be given to each member of the legiflafome to seek the enlargement of their ture, which will be figned by a few of the ve own security, and emoluments, at the peril of ministers, praying, on behalf of themselves, their brethren. This wbole and only con- and a large number besides, for that relief and fiftent design is entirely defeated, by applying legal security, which their own brethren with a declaration; surely, they who build their would not seek for them. It will certainly be own toleration on what is subversive of the too late, when sufferings come on the conrights of human nature, the headship of scientious non-subscribers, for them to say to Chrift, and the peace and safety of the magistrate that " they were not included their Christian brethren, ought to consider in the new toleration act," and the sufferers whether they are confident Protestant Dir- might then be justly reproached with not de. Senters, or do love their neighbour as them- claring their melancholy fituation while the selves.

bill was depending. All the world allows Not being able to expunge the useless pro. men to justify themselves, and, if poffible, to vifo, the words 10 tbemwere strongly ob- save their character, liberty, property, and jected to, as devolving the whole on the consciences from oppression, tho' in doing it committee, and precluding the body from ex- they lay open the conduct of those who would ercising any wildom, judgment, or authority so expose them. in the affair. The following amendment was The Apostle Peter, because he was to be proposed, “ Provided it shall appear to the ge blamed, was withstood to the face, exposed neral body, &c." inftead of “loibera" (the and reproved, by committee). But numbers are oftentimes

PAUL, superior to arguments; the first quction P.S. Please to record the names of the was repeatedly called for, and on a divifion respectable fixteen in the minority. Those thirty-three were for, fixteen against it. The with a * 1poke in the debate. interesting affair was thus decided, with only Drs. Fleming, Mell. Olding, half ibe body of ministers present; of those

Price,

S. Palmers who were absent, some of the most aged and

Priestly,

Bulkely, respectable were against the partial mode; and

Mayo,

Baillie, several who did attend met with luch treat

Calder,

Clarke, ment, that it is expected they will no more * Meff, White,

Kello, give their opinion, advice, or prelence.

J. Palmer, Reynolds, Should the committee, however, apply

Towle,

Skelton.

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For the LONDON MA GAZINE,
A DESCRIPTION of the RIVER THAMES.
HE THAMES (the rise and source tion of St. Paul's church, after the fire of

of which are so accurately delineated London, it appears that the current of the in the annexed, expensive en raving) is the river originally extended where now the hiil principal river in Great Britain, and the is on which the cathedral stands : and Chrift, it is not to be compared for the length of Wien was of opinion, that the whole counits course to the Danube and Rhine, yet try between Camberwell hill, and the hills for its various windings it equals them in of Effex might have been a great frith, or beauty, and for the excellency of its water, finus of the sea, leaving a large plain of fand its navigableness for ships of large burihen, at low water through which the river found and the vast riches constantly passing upon its way. The Aat sands on each side of the it, conveyed from all parts of the world, it river above and below London, now good far exceeds all rivers of the universe.

meadows, were gained by large banks, raised Its name is derived from the Thame and probably by the Romans, and that Aill reIlis which join in one stream at Dorchester main, which reduced the river into its prein Oxfordshire ; from thence the united sent channel. Atream continues its course, and is joined by The first mention of a bridge over the feveral other rivers--and waters Wallingford, Thames at London, is in the year 2017, Reading, Marlow, Windsor, Scaines, Kinga when Canute king of Denmark came to befon, where the tide reaches it, and other siege the city. King Richard I. anno 1197 places, in its way to Westminster and London. granted the city of London a charter, by Below the old bridge, it is covered for miles which the city claims the conservancy of the with vast numbers of thips, of all burthens river from its junction with the fea eastward, and from all nations - and continuing its so far westward as it is known by the course to the sea, it increases to a great breadth Thames. The jurisdiction hath been often at Gravelend, and receives the Medway contested. However, for a long series of not far from its mouth.

time, the extent hath been admitted from Its magnitude about London was formerly Colne-ditch a little westward of Staines-bridge much beyond what it is at present. As fea to Jendale eart, by the Medway, including fieds were formed in digging for a suunda. part of that river and the Lea.

DEBATES

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