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own mouth. He writes down every planted churches, and thereby thing with his steel pen which is to brought many souls to salvation, be translated into the Malabar lap- and noticing some other points, he guage. He is a youth of a good thus concludes. disposition, and who, by the quick- “ The divine oracles give us just ness of his genius, comprehends ground to believe, the time is comthings easily, and communicates ing, when all the nations of the them to others again, by a lively earth shall bow to Christ's sceptre, way of speaking and writing in his and with one heart, and one voice, native language. I hope this voy- glorify the God of heaven. Why age will give an addition to the qua- should we not hope, that this may Jities of his mind, and that he will be accomplished in our days? Let be able, after his return to India, us do those things which conduce to describe the spiritual happiness to so great a happiness, and leave of Europe to the men of his own the mighty event to God, who hath nation, and to sow the seeds of true promised, and is faithful. Go on wisdom among the unwise.” ihen, worthy sir, to deserve well of

Ziegenbalgh having reached Ham- your own country, of us, and the burgh, writes thence to the society, whole world, firmly hoping, that soliciting their attention to a va. you will find the great and good riety of points connected with the God a plentiful rewarder of all the propagation of the Gospel in the labours you sustain, for the enlargeEast, but observing, that, after all, ment of bis church and kingdom “ his greatest hope is in the semi- ou earth.” nary or college of missionaries, de- The answer of Ziegenbalgh was signed to be erected in India itself.” also in Latin. I give it entire, as it This work, I need not say, remains was translated by direction of the still to be accomplished. Froin society. Hamburgh he went to Copenhagen, " Rev. and honoured Gentlemen, where he states himself to have suc- “ All praise and glory to Alceeded better than he could have mighty God, who, of bis infiniro expected, the Danish East-India mercy, bath raised up, in divers Company having sent ample and parts, and daily stirs up among pressing instructions to the gover-Christians, men, who are not only nor at Tranquebar, to see the mis- solicitous in promoting the practice sion set on a better foundation, and of true piety in The Christian to remove the difficulties wbich had

world, but employ also much of hitherto obstructed its progress. their labour, study, diligence, and He then visited Hall in Saxony, care, in planting and propagating where he printed his Tamul gram- Christianity in heathen countries, mar, and some narratives respect- that the worsbippers of idols may be ing the mission. He came to Eng. invited, by the preaching of the land in December 1715, and on the Gospel

, to adore the true God, and 29th of that mouth he was receive so, as the great apostle of the Gened by an assembly of the Society tiles teacheth, be turned from for pronoting Christian Knowledge; darkness unto light.' on which occasion the Rev. Wil. “ lo the number of these persons liam Nicols, rector of Stockport in I rank you in a particular manner, Cheshire, addressed him in the name most worthy patrons: for when it of the society in a Latin speech, in became known in Europe (some which, after congratulating him on years ago), that the light of the having so “ fervently and happily Gospel began to shine out to the performed the work of an evange. Indian heathen in the east, you, nolist, brought light to them that sat ble sirs, excited by the divine Spiin darkness, mightily promoted the rit, did, by your counsel and assistkingdom of Christ, erected schools, ance, greatly furtber the propagation of it. You did not only invite to life eternal, will for ever thank us, most unworthy teachers of the you for it in that happy state. pagans, to a friendly correspond- « If we consider the success of ence with you by letters; you did this mission from its first beginning; not only testify to us by several emi- it hath not yet indeed been answerDent instances, your singular good able to our desires. The iniquity will and favour; not only vouchsafe of the times, fewness of the la us many helps for the increase of bourers, the perverse lives of some ear church and schools; not only Christians among us, the rudeness procure us many other contributors of the pagans, the dignity of the emto this design in Great Britain: bul ployment itself, and our own insufalso, of your own free will, you ge- ficiency for it; the want still of Derously furnished ns with a print- more necessary helps, together with ing press, for publishing the divine other impediments, have been the oracles in the Malabarick tongue, cause, why this work hath hitherto for the benefit of that nation: made no greater advances. The

"Hence it is, that you have not seed of the word sown here and only his most serene majesty, Fre- there, would have seemed as dead derick IV. king of Denmark (the to us, unless we had believed in first and great promoter of this mis- hope even against hope,' that after sion) very much your friend; but so many tempests and commotions, also gained to yourselves the wishes, it would in time spring up, and and prayers, and congratulations of bring forth fruit abundantly. Alall good men, by supplying the in- mighty God, who is never wanting habitants of the coast of Coroman- either to the planter or to the wadel, their children and latest poste- terer, can give that increase to us, ity, with the happy means of being or to those who may come after us instructed from their infancy in the in this arduous affair, as was hardly way to eternal life. Add to this, to be expected from so small bethat the calumnies of our adversa. ginnings. ries, with which they have plenti- “ I was at the Cape of Good Hope Folly loaded the endeavours used for last January, when an English ship the conversion of the heathen (stu- arriving there, first brought advice dying thereby, to put a stop to the of king George's peaceable and course of the Gospel), have not happy accession to the throne of been able to alienate your minds Great Britain. Now that the Difrom us, nor from the whole design vine Provideoce hath raised up this of this mission.

great and good prince to sway the "Wherefore, I give you most British sceptre, and opened to him bumble thanks, illustrious gentle a large field both in the eastern and men, for the many benefits you western world, for spreading of the have so readily and abundantly con- Christian faith under his royal faferred on us, and on the members rour and protection, we justly conof oor church. And since neither gratulate you, and other nations on myself, nor my fellow-labourers, this mighty event, which nothing nor yet the pagans who have been but the finger of God could have partakers of these benefits, can ren- accomplished. der you in this world deserveď ac- In the mean time, I condole with knowledgments; we implore Al- you the death of the most reverend mighty God, the rewarder (as well archbishop Tenison, your friend, as author) of every good work, to and ours, whom I always embraced Fecornpence your beneficence to us with a most filial affection, even an bundred fold in the next; not in the distant Indies; whose favour. desbling but those pagans, pre- able opinion of, and good wishes to served through your kind assistance this mission (whereof he hath left

behind him the surest testimonies), by your painful labours and endeagave us reason to hope the best vours bring many souls, both in the things from his paternal counsel Christian and Pagan world, to eterand support: but since his most nal happiness, and at length crown worthy successor stands completely you all with an everlasting reward blessed and adorned with all the in heaven!” virtues and advantages of bis great

(To be continued.) predecessor, why should we doubt but he will abundantly make up the loss we have sustained ; and by his ghostly counsels, and pastoral Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. admonitions and encouragements, feed and cherish our little Indian

(Continued from p. 12.) church in this her infant state. II. In reply to the second pam.

“For my own part, I must ac- phlet of Anonymous, I shall notice knowledge, from a lively experi- such passages in it as appear to me ence and an inward conviction to require an answer *. It is written founded on the promises of God, with the same liberal and excellent that to me there is an appearance of spirit as the former one, and there a mighty harvest amongst these pa- fore on that account alone would gans, and that great numbers of deserve attention, even if the author them might, even in our days, be could not claim it on the score of gained over to a true conversion by his talents, which is far from being the ministry of the word, if Chris- the case: yet his second pamphlet tians, who have the means of salya, is in a considerable degree a repeti. tion put into their bands, would use tion of his former one. their best endeavours, and exert 1. Anonymous thinks with me, that diligence, that zeal and vigour, that the 1260 years have not yet that is necessary for bringing about expired; but he adopts Mr. Mede's 80 glorious, so desirable an end. I arrangeinent of the vials, by which have wholly devoted myself to this the seventh vial is made exclusively work, and will, by the divine grace to synchronize with the seventh strengthening me, go on still to de- trumpet, and consequently the six vote myself.

former vials to precede the seventh “ In this sure hope of the conver, trumpet. By this arrangement he sion of the Gentiles, I leave Europe, is enabled, without rejecting my to return to the Indies again, im. proposed dates, to consider the ploring the Divine Majesty, that he slaughter of the witnesses and the fall would be graciously pleased to con- of the tenth part of the city as yet duct me safe thither, through all the future. With respect to my own perils of the deep, and to direct and arrangement, which makes the blast prosper my endeavours of guiding of the

seventh trumpet usher in all many souls to salvation. I promise the seven vials, I had in part argued myself, gentlemen, your prayers and as follows: “ The temple of God is assistance in this work, commend opened in consequence of the sounding myself and fellow-labourers to ing of the seventh trumpet: the your wonted favour and protection temple of God is said, in precisely May Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the the same phraseology, to be opened whole world (the knowledge of immediately before the effusion of whom you study to diffuse through the vialst: no other opening of the out the universe), assist you always temple is mentioned, 'nor is there by his Spirit, strengthen your minds

* A Supplement to Remarks on some Parts by his divine power, unite you by of Mr. Faber's Dissertation. Hatchard. the bond of mutual charity, render

+ Compare Rev. xi. 15, 19, witla Rev. sv. all your deliberations effectua), and 5, 6, 7, 8. xvi. 1.

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any intimation given that it was is not the case. Anonymous main-
shot and opened again: therefore, tains, that St. John, under the terms
since this one and the same opening heaven and the temple, speaks of only
succeeds the first blast of the seventh one and the same object as being
trumpet, and precedes the effusion of presented to his imagination; be-
all the vials, the seventh trumpet cause the cherubim, the seven-
must begin to sound before any one branched candlestick, and the altar
of the vials is poured out; whence of incense, which were placed in
the seventh trumpet cannot be pos- the interior of the temple, are said to
terior to six of the vials, synchro- be likewise in the interior of heuven.
nizing only with the seventh.” In Whatever value this argument may
reply to this, Anonymous urges, that be of, it is one of those which will
various openings of the temple are equally prove either side of the ques-
mentioned in the Revelation as oc- tion. For example, St. John tells us,
eurriog at various times: whence that the sea of glass, which Anony-
the two openings, which I deem one mous rightly judges to be the brazen
and the same, may be different and sea of Solomon, was in the interior of
not synchronical. On turning to his heaven, immediately before the
his references, I do not find, that in throne, the cherubim, and the can-
any one of them mention is made of dlestick : but the brazen sea was
the temple being opened: the only not in the interior of the temple:
two passages where that is specified, therefore neither can the throne, the
are those which I had cited, and cherubim, and the candlestick, which
which I considered (and, I think, St. John evidently fixes to the same
justly) as relating to one and the same place as the sea, be in the interior of
opening. In all the places to which his temple: consequently the heaven,
Anonymous refers, an internal view which he saw, must have been a dif-
of heaven, not of the temple, is pre- ferent object from the temple which
sented to the imagination of St. he saw. If Anonymous claims to
John*. “Yes,” but says Anony- argue, that the visionary heaven of St.
mous, “ the temple and heaven are John must be the same object as his
synonymous terms ;” and he quotes visionary temple, because cach con.
the authority of Sir I. Newton for tained the cherubim, the candlestick,
his opinion. He argues, that, since and the altar of incense; I have just
such things as were placed within as good a right to argue, that they
the temple were seen by the pro- are not the same object, because the
phet when heaven was opened to his sea which occupies the interior of.
view-namely, the cherubim, the his heaven, did not occupy the inte-
altar of incense, and the candle- rior of Solomon's temple. The ar-
stick--the opening of heaven must guments of Anonymous, which I
have been the opening of the temple : have wondered to see used by Sir
therefore the opening of the temple is I. Newton, does in fact prove neither
mentioned elsewhere than in Rev. side of the question.' What St.

. 19, and xv. 5. That heaven is John did really see in his vision
described by St. John with imagery must be gathered by another pro-
drawn from the temple, after the cess, for it assuredly cannot by this

. manner of Isaiah and Ezekiel, is suf. My own idea of the matter is, that ficiently clear: bot this is very far he first bebeld an aperture in the from proving the point which Ano- sky, through which he was suddennymous would establish. Had the lyrapt by the Spirit. Having passdesign of the prophet been such as ed the 'aperture, he saw heaven this writer ascribes to him, he would spread before him, exhibiting most have arranged the temple-furniture probably the appearance of a conin the interior of his visionary hea- volution of clouds, as painters usuVea with perfect accuracy: but this ally depict it*. Immediately at · See Rev. iv, and viji.

• Compare Rev. xiv. 6, 14—18.

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bis feet flowed the sea of glass; tively, as the prophet classes them, and, beyond the sea, the throne, the are not the last plagues. In his archerubim, the candlestick, and the rangement, the last trumpet and the altar, were presented to his imagina- last vial are the only last plagues. tion: while in the back-ground arose The six former vials cannot be call. the shadowy fabrick of the temple. ed the last with respect to any colThat such was the perspective, is, I lection of plagues already mentionthink, sufficiently clear from the ed, because they precede the seventh language used by the prophet, which trumpet. Anonymous separates the can in no wise be reconciled with seventh vial from the six : but the theory of Anonymous. Each John classes them together as formtime, when he speaks of the opening ing one series. In short, instead of of the temple, he calls it the temple taking septenary by septenary, and of in heaven. Now, supposing heaven following in the case of the vials the and the temple to be different objects analogy of the allowed arrangement presented to his view, such language of the trunipets, the series is sodis perfectly intelligible: but, if they denly and violently dislocated. The be one and the same object, as Ano- seventh seal introduces the scden trumnymous maintains, I confess myself pets. What then? Why, the seventh quite unable to understand the pro- trumpet similarly introduces the seven phet's phraseology. According to vials, would any person naturally my interpretation, I can form a clear suppose. No, says Anonymous, noidea of St. John's view of the temple thing of the sort : the seventh seal may in heaven : but, what he can mean introduce the seven trumpets ; but as by the temple in heaven accord- surediy the six first vials are poured ing to the gloss of Anonymous, that out before the sounding of the seventh is to say, the temple in the temple, I trumpet, and then the seventh trumpet must devolve to that writer the task and the seventh vial commence togeof explaining. The prophet tells ther.. I see no reason to give up us, that he saw the throne, the che- one tittle of my original opinion. rubim, the altar, the candlestick, 2. Anonymous further objects to the elders, and the temple, all equals the mode, in which I interpret the Jy in heaven: now, why one of these death of the witnesses : partly, bevisionary objects should be identi- cause that death must (he contends) fied with the heaven, wbich alike be the universal death of the whole contains them all, rather than an- collective body designated by the other, I cannot conceive. On the term witnesses ; partly because they whole, I shall be bold to say, that could not be deemed to be about to my argument for arranging all the finish their testimony at the period seven vials under the seventh trum- to which I assign their figurative pet still remains in full force. But, death ; and partly, because they were jt otherwise, Anonymous would did not ascend to heaven by obtainstill have another difficulty to en- ing an establishment, but were only counter. St. John expressly calls tolerated. the seven vials, taken collectively, by (1.) Under the first objection lie the name of the seven last plagues *. urges, that at the very time when I Such being the case, they must be suppose them to be slain in Gerlast with respect to certain other many, they obtained an establishplagues likewise taken collectively. ment in England. This would But the only plagues, to which they doubtless be an objection, if I had can be thus referred, are the sepies ever maintained the death of the nary of the trumpets. Now, accord. witnesses to be the unidersal death ing to the arrangement of Anony- of the body: but this is the very mous, the seven vials, taken collec- point in question, which yet is pal

pably begged by him. He does not seem to be aware that his objection

* Rev, xv. 1.

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