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1807 be bad baptized four children, and A strict order had been given, by a late exo three aduits: the communicants were ninety- cellent collector, that no Christian should be eight. In 1808 he had baptized fourteen obliged to work on Sundays; but this order, children and nine converts : the communi- it seemds, is not enforced. cants were 102. He had dispersed books Buddaloor was the very place where the and tracts in great aumbers.

late Mr. Swartz was robbed of his gold stuckThe Rev. Mr. Pohle writes from Trichina- buckle. At that time there was not a single pely, expressing his great satisfaction in Christian there, but now there is a great the appointment of Mr. Horst one of the number, as may be seen by the account of Society's missionaries. He observes, that in this mission for 1794. casequence of the age and infirmities of the The increase of the Tanjore congregation mary priest, Sattianaden, and of the state is stated to be 35, viz. 2 Hindoos of high cast, e the southern congregation, ideas were en- 4 persons of the Kalla cast, 5 of the Palla kertained of ordaininig, according to the rites cast, 15 Pariars, and 9 Papists. The comei tbe Lutheran church, two or three of the reunicants wete 253. fities catechists, that they may administer to The Danish Missionaries at 'Tranquebat the Teajore and southern congregations. had been put to great inconvenience by the

The Rev. Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst, the interraption of their usual supplies from nasionaries at Tanjore, speak of a Brahmin Copenhagen, and had applied to the gna of whose conversion to Christianity they had vernment of Madras for protection and saad hopes. This Brahmin was willing to support, their pecuniary difficulties baving be employed in any situation in the mission, obliged them to lessen the number of their but the income of the Tanjore mission being children and to post pone many urgent ote ziready inadequate to ibeir most necessary jects. Their congregation, however, in the esburgements, the missionaries were under midst of these disadvantages, bad enjoyed le painful necessity of directing him to the means of grace, and had had an increase hok out for assistance from the missions on of sixty-four children, born of Christian pathe coast. A great part of the revenues of rents, and fourteen adults, who had quitted the country were formerly allotted, by the heathenism, and accepted the saving Gospel Hindse kings, to the support of heathen of Christ; among these was a Mahrattian temples and Brahmins ; and this appropria- Brahmin, who spoke the Telinga language, but is continued by the British government, and who had become, not only a theoretical, When a Brahmin, therefore, resolves 10 em- but a real and practical Christian, in whicha trace Cliristianity, he not only draws on character he continued to persevere. Their låmself the indignation of his order, and of communicants were 1048. Mr. John, the other Hindoos, but forfeits all the privi- missionary, bad lost his sight so as to be leges and emoluments he formerly enjoyed. unable to read and write; as had the assisOí coorze he has none to look up to, for assis. tant, Mr Schreyfogel. In this state of alictance in obtaining a livelihood, but to Chris- tion, the faithful senior catechist Saroiragen, tians.

and the other catechists in the Tranquebar The eative fellow-labourers had continued district, had afforded them much comfort to assist Messrs. Kolhoff and Horst in preach. and assistance. The government of Madras ing the word of God to Christians and hea- had advanced, for the use of the mission, 200 thers, and had visited the country congrega- pagodas a month, which was, however, much tieus in a variety of places, exhurting them less than its necessities required. a live as became Christians. Satriana- From the letters of Messrs. Kolhoff and den had been employed in dispensing the Horst is given a long extract, in which these Sacraments in various places. They com- gentlemen comment with much feeling on stain mach of the want of more Malabar Bi- certain passages in the fitieenth number of bles and Testaments in all the congregations; the transactions of the London Missionary and they state that great pains had been Society, which they understaud to reflect ou taken to inure the children under their care their conduct and that of their predecessors to habits of profitable industry. They men. in the mission, more particularly as having tiva the real shewn by several members of made an unwarrantable compromise of prinie de congregation at Buddaloor to act accord- ciple, in the judulgence shewn to their cons date to their Christian engagements. The veris on the subject of Cast. Messrs. Crain Cheistiaus

, it appears, have been often pre- and Desgranges, in their Journal of the oth tetted, by the heathen civil servants of the of March 1805, soon after they had arrived Campany

, from attending public worship on in India, observe, “ Our two lads” (ChrisSundayi

, being called to work on that day, rian lads, we presuine) “ are sick, but they

will eat nothing which our cook dresses, as unscriptural surrender of their birthrigh he is of the Pariar cast. Is it not the duty which no nobleman or gentleman in our of Missionaries to adopt some plan for abo- country, would ever submit. lishing the cast among their converts? If “ As we presume that the equity of su we were to tolerate it, we should soon have demand cannot be proved by any precep wonderful accounts to transmit to our friends the sacred oracles, nor from the practic in Europe of our success: but the Scriptures the apostles and primitive Christians, an must be our guide." The defence of Messrs. besides such a demand might be produc Kolhoff and Horst, to the charge which they of fatal consequences, we have taken car conceive to be insinuated in this passage, is follow the same mode of acting as our pre as follows.

cessors have done, with regard to this Bri “ From the commencement of the mission min. We were, lowever, much pleased on this coast, it has been the uniform prac- learning that he had made no objecti tice of all the Missionaries to instruct the against vegetable food, prepared at his converts from heathenism in the truths of quest by a Wellaler, who, though of a h Christianity, to insist upon their leading an cast, are inferior to that of the Braming.holy life, and shewing that they are Chris- Messrs. Kolloff and Horst likewise adve tians, by loving God above all things, by to two other passages in the same number considering all men of whatever denomina- the Missionary Transactions, wbich they co tion, religion, or cast, as their neighbours; sider as leveiled both at them and at t to entertain a hearty good will towards them, chaplains of the East India Company. " IL and to do them all the good in their power; have reason to believe," say Messrs. Cra but, never did they insist on any person who and Desgranges, " that there are man wished to embrace Christianity, to renounce friends in this place who will gladly assi his cast.

and protect missionaries who are truly devot “ To desire a man to renounce his casted to the work.” May God incline the signifies, to require (for example) a man of heart of one of our directors,” they say i the high Seyva, or Wellaler cast, who is ac- another place, " or of sone experienced mi customed from bis infancy to live only upon nister” (we copy their Italics) “ to come and vegetables, to eat meat, to enter into a close preach in English, and erect the Gospel connection, or to level bimself, with the lower standard here." classes, and to intermarry with one another Now we thiuk that the first and the last (e. g.) with the Pariars, a cast, whn, from of these remarks (we see nothing objectiontime immemorial, have made themselves dis- able in the second) are very silly, and, pergustful to all other classes of the natives, by haps, a little “ conceited ;" but they might their inattention to, and disregard of cleanli. have passed in a private communication. ness, and particularly by feeding upon car- We think it much more inexcusable in rion. And although our Protestant Pariars the Directors of the Missionary Society are not allowed to use such detestable food; to have published them to the world. At yet as their heathen and Romish relations the same time we think that no one who are not debarred the use of it in like man- reads them will think that they deserved a ner, the aversion of well-bred persons to en

grave and scrious refutation from Messrs. ter into the closest connections with such a Kolhoff and Horst, or that it was consistent class of people, (at least until every vestige with the accustomed reserve and dignity of of such filthy propensities shall have been

the Society for promoting Christian Knoweffaced) is founded upon reason and de- ledge to niake tbem selves a party in the disa cency; and we do not feel ourselves war.

pute. ranted to require of the biglier ranks such an

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. No action has as yet taken place in Por

tugal. The hostile armies occupy the same Our limits impose upon us the necessity of position which they did at the close of the being very concise in our view of public last month. Massena is said to have reaffairs. We can do no more than hastilyceived reinforcements to the amount of 16 glauce at the occurrences of the mouth. or 17 thousand men, which proves his comia

from this country.

munication with Spain to be open at least and the proclamation which the President for large bodies of troops. Lord Wellington had issued in consequence, and of which we has also received suine additional troops bave already spoken. The message notices

the growing prosperity of the United States, la Spain the French are evidently gain- and recommends the revisal of their laws reing ground. It is said to be the intention of lative to trade and navigation. It recom. Baaparte to azider that country to France. mends also the institution of a national uni

The Hanse Towns have at length been versity. We were particularly pleased to formally annered to France. We may ex. observe that the President strongly depace shortly to bear of some change in Den. nounces the African slave trade still carried mart. The confiscation of ships and care

on by American citizens, and recommends it gues from this country, and of British pro- to Congress to take farther steps for repressdoo and manufactures, proceeds with great

ing the evil. rigour.

The papers laid before Congress, as well Brusparte, in addition to his demands on

as some documents from France of a later the Hanse Towis, and on Sweden and Nor date, prove that America has been far too way, for seamen to man his fleets, has issued precipitate in supposing that Bonaparte had a decree for organizing a marine conscrip

any serious intention of altering his comtion to be raised in the maritime depart- mercial poliey. He seems still determined ents, which are therefore to be exempted to retain all the American property he has from the military conscription. The number already seized, and to seize as much more te be raised is 40,000, and they are to coll

as he can, without any regard to the remonBest of youths from 13 to 16 years of age. A strances of America. America now demands faller military conscription is likewise or

of England not only the revocation of the

Orders in Council of Nov. 1807 and April Another decree announces Bonaparte's 1809, but also those of May 1806, blockpurpose of joining the Baltic to France by ading the coast from the Elbe to Brest, and means of inland canals. The thing is withi- of January 1807, prohibiting neutral vessels se debe practicable, the greatest part of fron carrying on trade between hostile ports

. the distance being already navigable by This shews that their complaints are directed

full as much against Lord Grenville's admiA dreadful insurrection of the Janissaries nistration as the present, task place lately at Constantinople; but

Mr. Pinckney, tbe American Ambassador, they appear to have been subdued,' alter has been ordered to suspend

his functions at reumitting great excesses, by the troops of our court, and to commit the management

of any affairs which may require the interThe message of the American President vention of a minister, to a Chargé d'Affaires

. o the opening of Congress, gives that This is done avowedly because we have at view of the foreign relations of the United present in America no minister of Mr. sites Pinckney's rank ; no step having yet been of all the belligerents, but announces the Itocation of the Milan and Berlin decrees,

taken to replace Mr. Jackson,

dered.

Beans either of rivers or canals.

kle Grand Seignior.

terlous, is not

GREAT BRITAIN. Tue present state of political affairs, though Oppositionists generally become more calm in the whole peculiarly cloudy and por- and measured in their language when they

altogether without its brighter approach the threshold of office. They na. The ilness of our beloved Monarch rurally reflect, that conciliation will soon behas called forth the atfectionate sympathy

come their leading interest ; and that they, belt of his immediate servants and of the like the King or Regent whom they serve, people, and the yet untried political cla- must tay aside the colours oi a party, if they Wales, has led persons of very different Mr. Perceval is generally allowed to have het of his Royal Highness the Prince of hope successtully to govern a great nation, parties to entertain favourable hopes re

risen in general credit by the very able and eing him; hopes in which we cordially mauly manner in which he has contended participate

, and which are much encou- in favour of his own views on the subject of aged by the dignified silence, as to the the regency; and it he hus erred on this de las maintained up to the present period. of Mr. Pitt; and he has also erred in comution who shall be his ministers, which point, he has erred by following the example The violence of party has a little abatedmon with Lord Grenville. His lordslrip has

maintained his consistency on the great con- Houses waited on the Prince of Wales, stitutional doctrine at issue, and this unques- read to him these joint resolutions. The tionably bas been the clief matter. He swer of the Prince signifies his acceptance has evidently magnified in an undue degree the Regency under the limitations propos the smaller points of difference between him- but feelingly regrets that, by the imposit self and Mr. Perceval

of such limitations, he was prevented fr Rumour says that Earl Grey is to be the manifesting towards his father that affecti Premier under the Regent, and that his and reverential delicacy which he shou lordship's party, and that of Lord Grenville, have rejoiced to have shown him.

T without any addition, are to constitute the Queen likewise accepted the trust repos new ministry. In the mean time, the com- in her, with the aid of a council, of the ca. mercial dificulties of the country are great; and custody of the royal person. A } and our inanufacturing interests more and having been brought in, founded on the b more declining. The burning decrees of sis of the Resolations, it has passed throng Bonaparte appear effectual for the present. the House of Commons and also through the America is returning tu her former ill-hour House of Lords, without undergoing alı mour wille os, and France is urging her to very material alterations, though by very direct hostility. Affinirs in Spain and Porr small majorities. tugal are in a very doubtful state. A vast French navy is preparing; and the coasts of

NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. Europe are almost all under the power of Farther accounts from the East Indies anour enemy. How important is it, iu these nounce the re-capture of the Isle de Passe, circonstances, to be at peace at least amoug by the French. The Iphigenia frigate fell ourselves: and if we cannot now unite the into their hands at the same time. Another discordant parties in the state, let us hope frigate, the Africaine. Captain Corbet, has at least that the more respectable members since been taken by the sanie squadron, but of each body soay in some degree approx. was afterwards abandoned by the French, imale, and that the difficulties which they and has been retaken. severally experience may prepare for some

Severe losses have been experienced at future and truly patriotic union.

sea, in consequence of the severity of the The whole of this month has been con- weather. A British seventy-four, the Misumed in Parliament in debating the dif- notaur, was wrecked on the coast of Holferent stages of the proceedings respecting land, and of her crew, consisting of 590 the appointinent of a Regency. Resolutions men, only 110 were saved. The Elizabeth having passed both Houses relative to the Indiaman was also wrecked on the French resi sictions under which a Regent should coast, near Dunkirk. The crew consisted be appointed, differing little in their import, of 100, besides 250 Lascars, and 30 passenexcept in what regarded the royal house- gers. The whole perished, except the cap hold, from the outline given in our last tain and his two inates, three passengers, number (p. 794), a deputation from both and 16 Lascars.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

K. S.'s Hymn contains lines of good promise ; but we recommend it to him to read and

write much more before he ventures before the public. We are much obliged to Clericus for his manuscript of the Consecration Service. We should think it right for E. W. to read the book to which he relers before he publicy

discusses the subject of it, W.; Monialis; Hand; PHILEMON ; have been received, J. A. B. bas told us to return his paper, but he lias not stated to whom it is to be returned T. Y.; THEOLOGvS; A BAXTERIAN; will appear, We agree with Dino Beßros, but think the discussion which he proposes inexpedient. We are much obliged to E. S. for the correction of a mistake into which we were led in

our review of Bishop Horsley's Sermons, by not consulting original authorities on the point.

We shall take an opportunity of publishing his letter.
We do not recollect to have seen the Sermon mentioned by L. B. S.

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.

No. 110.]

FEBRUARY, 1811.

[No. 2. Vol. X.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

begun.”

EXTRACTS FROM THE CORRESPOND- naging the whole so far as to keep

ENCE OF THE FIRST PROTESTANT up things, not only in the state MISSIONARIES TO INDIA.

wherein they are at present, but (Continued from p. 6.)

also, through his unwearied applica

tion and care, under Divine Provi. TOWARDS the close of the dence, more and more to advance

year 1714, Ziegenbalgh left them. And that particularly, our India in order to visit Europe. A printing press might not be unemletter from him to the Society for ployed with books of the Malabar promoting Christian Knowledge, character, I committed into the dated at the Cape of Good Hope, hands of my fellow-labourer one January 15, 1715, explains the rea- part of the New Testament, revised: sons for this step to have been, the likewise a book of hymns, and one hindrances they bad hitherto met treating on doctrinal divinity, with with in carrying on their work, and several others, composed for the use their desire to see such obstacles of our schools; and I do not quesremoved as had hitherto lain in tion, but he will take all possible their way, and obstructed the con- care to see them exactly printed, version of the Gentiles, so happily since he very much applies himself

to the study of the Malabar tongue. "My departure from India” (he His assistant has also solemnly prosays)

was, for divers reasons, not mised, faithfully to discbarge all only oneasy to myself, but also to such things as relate to the books many others, both Christians and to be printed in the Portuguese heathens. The members of our language. As to my labour on board church did particularly express a the ship, I beg leave to acquaint deep concern at this voyage: but you, that I have discharged híthernevertheless we judged it very ne- to my pastoral duty, with respect to cessary in respect of their future ad- those that travel with me. I have Tantage, which we hope will cer- also begun to translate part of the ainly ensue, some fair prospect of. Old Testament into the Malabar fering itself to our view. Every one tongue. Besides this, I hope to of our young and old men have get time for composing a small DaWet even my hands and feet with mulian grammar, to be printed in their tears, and would not consent Germany, for the service of those to my departure, till I had solemnly who desire to learn this language engaged my word, that, with God's in Europe *. But lest this tongue, leave, I would most cerlainly re- during so long a voyage, should be turn to India. I have undertaken this come less familiar to me, I have voyage with the greater confidence, brought with me a young man out (and without wbich indeed it would of our Malabar school, in order to have been jvery grievous to me), converse with him in this tongue, that I know that my beloved fellow and constantly to hear it from his labourer, Mr. Grundler, is capable, * This grauimar he completed, during the in my two years' absence, of ma- voyage, i the Latin tongue. Canut. OBSERV. No. 110.

K

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