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tefused to condescend to any explanation, for its interference. The Catholic Commitand insisted, rather whimsically, on his tee, formed at firsi expressly and exclusively tight, as a representative of the people, for the purpose of petitioning parliament, to suspend the man's punishment without had of late assumed a very different characassigning his reasons.

ter; and seemed to aim at different objects. 6. Mr. Whitbread brouglıt forward his They had begun to erect themselves into promised motion for inquiry into the con- protectors of the Catholic soldiery, and had duct of the servants of the crown in the actually appointed a Sub-Committee to ida year 1804, when he alleged that many quire generally into the grievances of the acts of state had been done in the king's Catholic body. They had, in short, been narne when the king was incompetent to allowed to proceed much farther than ang signify his pleasure upon ihen, and was un- Protestant association would have been alder the entire controul of his physicians. He lowed to do, merely lest the government grounded his assertions on the evidence of Dr. should incur the imputation of intolerance. Heberden, who had stated that his majesty's 'The necessity at length became urgent, and indisposition lasted from the 14th of Febru- it was determined by the lord lieutenant, ary, to the 23d of April in that year. During with the entire concurrence of the lord the whole of the month of March, the king's chancellor and the attorney and solicitor genea name had been used, acts passed and mes- ral, that while the utmost latitude of liberty sages delivered, and other things done; al. should be allowed to the Catholics in respect though he was then, according to Dr. He: to petitioning, they should be restrained berden's evidence, in umsound mind. The from transgressing the bounds of law. defence made by those who had then been 9. The number of seamen voted by the iu office, was that they had taken no step House, for the service of the present year, without the opinions, and full consent, and including marines, is 145,000.' Various imconcurrence of the physicians in attendance provements have been introduced by Mr. bn bis majesty; and that his majesty was Yorke; into the mode of voting the estimates never called 10 transact business, but when of the navy, wbich have given general satisall the physicians declared him fully compe- faction. do so. Mr. Whitbread's molion was 10. The restriction whicla existed last negatived on a division, by 198 to 81.

year on the distillation of barley, has been 7. On the suggestion of the lord chan- removed ; and it is now left to the option of bellos, a committee has been appointed the distiller; whether he shall use sugar or by the house of lords, to take into consi- grain. The duties are so regulated, as lo deration the case of suitors in Chancery, and make the pecuniary advantages equal, in in the House of Lords as a high court of both cases. appeal, and to provide some remedy for the 11. A very great defalcation appears to delays, which, in consequence of the vast have taken place in the Irish revenue accumulation of business, have unavoidably during the last year. The net revenue of arisen, in the decision of suits iu both these 1810, was near 800,0001. less than in 1807, courts. lp the common law courts it ap- although additional taxes, calculated to pro pears that delays have not arisen, except 'duce 862,000l. had since been imposed. turough the negligence or dishonesty of law The revenue of last year was considerably agents. These courts almost always clear less than the interest of the public debt. A uff in every term the whole of the business conmittee is to be appointed to investigate which comes before them in that term, unless the matter. when they are induced to grant a delay, 12: Lurd Holland has brought before the from a wish to suit the couvenience of the House of Lords, a shocking case, of a man parties, or to forward the ends of justice. who died lately in the Marshalsea prison,

8. A discussion has taken place in the and who, it appears, was literally starved to bouse of commons, with respect to the death. It is likely to lead to some proSteps taken by the Irish government, as spective measure, which will prevent the Rated in our last number, to check the un possibility of the recurrence of sc cruel and lawful proceedings of the Catholic Commit- disgraceful a transaction. ter. The explanations of Mr. Wellesley 13. A subsidy of two millions has been Pole , the chief secretary of Ireland, appeared voted to Portugal

, which is double the to give general satisfaction, both as evincing amount of last year's subsidy, to enable the habitual moderation and forbearance of that power to maintain troops, and defray the Irish government towards the Catholics; other expenses of the war. nad the necessity which had at length arisen 14. A variety of papers have been moved Christ. OBSERV. No. 111.


for, with a view to elucidate the late disas- amount of goods, particularly cotton goods, trous occurrences at Madras. The conduct exported to South America and elsewhere, of Sir G. Barlow was severely censured by for which little or no return had been made, some members, and as warmly defended by and from the want at present of a vent for others. We could perceive, however, that our manufactures: and recommended the the approbation which he obtained from his issue of exchequer bills for the relief of majesty's ministers, was by no means an un- such as could give adequate security for their measured approbation. They defended his repayment at periods to be fixed, in the same administration generally, þut expressed manner as had been done iu 1793. Ac. themselves adverse to that principle on cordingly' a yote has passed the house of which the Madras government liad acted, of cominons, to enable his majesty to issue six giving to inferior officers a right to delibe- millions of exchequer bills for this purpose. rate on the orders of their superiors. Where We are certainly very far from anticipating the legality of the order was so plainly con- from this issue the advantages which matrary to law as to produce an impression of its ny are disposed to expect from it. In 1793, illegality at first sight, there the inferior might the issue of exchequer bills was a wise mea. be justified in hesitating to obcy; but where sure, because it was a measure, exactly the illegality was constructive merely, and adapted to meet the evil which then existed, not obvious and palpable, there the interior and which was not either the failure of comcould not be considered as having a choice, mercial speculations, or the want of good and and the responsibility of the act must rest tangible securities, but such a want of citwholly with his superior. This we under- culating medium, that even the best securistood to be the general colour of the opinion ties could not command a sufficient portion expressed by Mr. Dundas, the president of of it to carry on the ordinary transactions of the board of control. ' lu consistency with commerce. At present there exists no such this principle, it appeared in the course of want; on the contrary, money may be raised, the debate, that Colonel Boles, whose sus- if the merchant's securities are unexceptionpension by Sir G. Barlow for having pub- able, with the utmost ease, at the legal intefished, in his capacity of deputy adjutant rest, and even for less. If, therefore, the general, an offensive and highly reprehen- present" applicants for parliamentary aid sible order of his commanding officer, Gé- possess those securities which will justify tie neral M‘Dowal, had greatly contributed to commissioners in granting them an issue of the discontents of the army, had recently exchequer' bills

, they' might easily at this been restored to his rank in the Company's moment obtain, by the ordinary channels, the service, and had received the arrears of pay, accommodation which they want. If they which had accumulated from the period of cannot obtain it, it can only be, because the his suspension. This decision, though it may 'securities they propose are not satisfactory: inculpate the propriety of Sir G. Barlow's We admit that it might be a measure of conduct in that particular case, yet of course good policy, as well as beneyolence, to grant does not involve ihe propriety of his con- some relief to the working manufacturers of duct in the dispute withi General M.Dowal, Manchester and Glasgow, whose distress is neither does it form the smallest justification certainly great; but bevond tliis we greatly for those most unwarrantable acts of insub. doubt whether the bounty of parliament ordination and violence, to which some of ought to extend. The present embarrass. the officers of the Madras arıny afterwards ments are allowed to have been produced had recourse.

partly by wild speculations, which have led 15. The only parliamentary proceeding to heavy losses. It never can be wise to ex. which we have still to notice is that wiich cite an expectation in those who are prone jespects the state of commercial credit, and to engage in such speculations, that they the means adopted for its reliet.

In conse

may look to the national purse to deliver quence of numerous representations made to thein from the effect of their own imprugovernment of the distresses existing in the dence. As for those who can find no iparcoinmercial, but more especially in the ma- ket for the manufactures which fill their nufacturing, classes of the community, and warehouses, it cannot be expected, nor is it chiefly in Glasgow, Paisley, and Manchester; to be wished, that they should increase a committee was appointed to investigare their stuck of unsaleable commodities, the the causes of these distresses, and to report only way in which relief can descend from their opinion to the House. The report of them to the working manufacturers. They the committee stated the distress to be may be enabled, it is true, by a loan, to pay considerable, and to arise from the large their bills as they becomie due, but still this

will not produce benefit to that class of the price was 14 or 15 per cent. above the mint community, who are chiefly to be commise- price of silver, bas served to confirm the rated; we mean, the labouring class. We reviews which we are disposed to take of cur, however, to our doubt, whether even the state of our paper currency as labourthat relief which is here supposed will acerue ing under a depreciation. There appears to from the measure, and for this reason, that be no reason for raising the price of a dolin the present state of the nioney market no lar to 5s. 6d. which would not be as strong person possessing such securities as will avail a reason for raising the price of the guinea to procure for him a luan of exchequer to 26 or 27s. ; this being in fact its intrinsic bills, would find any difficulty in raising value, when measured by paper at the money by the ordinary means. He must present moment. But our limits will not have exhausted all his good tangible securi. allow us to pursue the subject. Lias, before he could find it no longer possi- We mentioned in a former number that ble to obtain the necessary accommodation, Mr. Finperty, who had been prosccuted for --Io another point of view, the 'inconve- a libel on Lord Castlereagh, had pleaded nience of the present measure strikes us as guilty to the charge. He has been sentenced very great. One of the chief evils which to eighteen months imprisonment for his ofwe have to contend withi, at present, ap- fence, and at the end of that time to give pears to us to be an excess of circulating surety for his good behaviour for five years, medium. It is to this excess that we thinks himself in five hundred pounds, and two suremay principally be referred, the increas. ties in two hundred and fifty pounds eache ing tate of foreign exchanges, amounting The affidavits which he produced in mitigaHow to from 30 to 35 per cent. against this tion of punishment were so ofiensively ex. country, the advance of about 25 per cent. pressed that Lord Ellenborough with great which has taken place in the market-price forbearance allowed him time to amend then, of gold and silver above the mint price, and on their reproduction, however, they were ibe consequent disappearance of our coig. still deemed by the court to be rather an agThe evil, in fact, as it appears to us, is nei- gravation than an alleviation of bis offence; ther more nor less than this, that the circu. and in the speech which he made for himdating medium of the country, in other words self, it became necessary for the judges frebank-notes, are depreciated in value, not quently to interfere in order to repress liis from any doubt of the solvency and sta irregularity and to confine him to the point bility of the bank, but simply from their in hand, which was simply to produce such exces. The present measure of issuing ex- circumstances as might operate to mitigate chequer bills to the merchants, we fear, will punishnient. Mr. Finnerty's cause bas since only serve to aggravate the evil. We have been taken up by Sir Francis Burdett and no intention, however, of entering further his friends, who have held a meeting for the jatq this question than merely to give our purpose of raising a subscription to indemreaders a cursory view of our impressions re- nify him from the expenses of his prosecuspecting it.

ţion, and to support him while in confige

ment. In the Baronel's speech on täis ocPOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.

casion at the Crown and Anchor Tavern, We are concerned to state, that the king's, where he presided, he represented Lord bealth has not improved su rapidly during Ellenborough's adherence to the customary the present month as was expecied, and that rules of the court, in preventing Mr. Finnerty during the last fortnight, he has rather lost from wandering from the point at issue into than gained ground. The alteration, how- the wide field of unsupported assertion, as ever, we understand to be extremely slight; an arbitrary and unauthorized violation of and that there is still every reason to look the liberty of the subject. This is in the forward at no distant period to his complete true spirit of Jacobinisin, whose object it is,

per fus et nefas, to degrade thc constituted au. Sir John Cradock is appointed governor, thorities of the state. and commander in chief at the Cape of

The selfish and mercenary spirit which Good Hope, in the room of Lord Caledon. actuales some of the journalists of the preMr. Farquhar is appointed governor of

sent day was curiously exemplified in an

other recent trial for a libel, wbich was pubnotice, issued by the directors of the lished in the newspaper called the Day. In bank, that dollars

, which have hitherto pass the course of the proceedings in this case, ed at 51, will in future be received at 55. 6d., it was given in evidence, that during the being a rise of 10 per ceut, though the former discussions which preceded the commitinent


the Isle of France.

of Sir F. Burdett to the Tower, a general dividnal might act from such a motive ; * meeting of the proprietors of this paper, (the that two or three individuals might combine whole number of whom is said to be three on such terms, but we could hardly have hundred) was held to determine what should imagined beforehand that a considerable be their line of conduct as to Sir. F. Burdett, body of men, some of them moving in reand it was resolved to adopt the popular side spectable lines of life, could have been found of the question ; not, as it would appear in this nietropolis who would unblushingly from a conviction that it was the side of avow to each other, at a public meeting, that truth and justice, but because such a course they meant to pursue a line of condaet, so was likely to increase the sale of the paper. little consonant to honesty and fair dealing, We could casily have supposed that an in- to say nothing of patriotism.


pleasure and delight in attending on public to the great grief of her parents

, died on worship, and at the Lord's table ; and though the 25th of October 1810, Jane Norton always fully employed, she generally conRayley, aged 23 years, daughter of the Rev. trived to devote some time for attending the Dr. Bayley of St. James's church, Manches. daily public prayers at the church. From tør. This amiable young person obtained, her earliest years she had heen remarkable in very early life, a deep acquaintance with for an affectionate and unreserved submisthe most important truths of Christianity.- sion to parental authority, and during her the necessity of repentance towards God, last tedious affliction, she evinced the most and faith in onr Lord Jesus Christ, of the exemplary patience; and suffered the paintfruits of the Spirit, and holiness of heart and ful sensations incident to it with such pious life. She also felt the power of them in resignation, that many of her acquaintances her own soul, and adorned them by an hum: were scarcely apprized of her illness, before ble and faithful conduct. Her modest, re they were astonished at her death: she died, tired, and unobtrusive turn of mind, tended as she lived, in the love of God. After reto conceal many of lier most valuable qua- ceiving thie holy sacrament from the bands lities. While others were seeking their hapi of her beloved father, and intimating the piness in worldly amusements, her delighit pieace and consolation which she enjoyed, was in devotional exercises, and in searching it might trily be said she fell asleep in Jesus : the Scriptures in the original tongues. with a smile expressive of the most exalted She was considered by those who knew her affection and delight directed towards het well, as a critic in Hebrew, and could read father, she gently reclined on her sister's the Greek Testament with ease and fluency. arw, and, apparently in a tranquil slumber; At all times she manifested a bigh regard expired almost imperceptibly. for divine ordinances, and had a peculiar


MANITA; OMMA; T. A. M.; THEOGNIS; and Anti-JULIANUS, are under consi

deration. We have received Tatil's letter, which we shall defer inserting, until he shall have an op:

portunity of considering Mr. Faber's paper in the present number. We were aware of the difficulties which T. W. R. has pointed out, as standing in the

way of the ordination of Missionaries by our Bishops. But what we complain of is, that the difficulties are not removed, even by a legislative provision, if that be neces: sary. Why could not men be ordained for foreign service, without deriving from such ordination any legal title to exercise their ministerial functions in the United

kingdom? H. N.; T. S.; H. T.; the account of the Spitalfields Benevolent Society; and An Execu

TOR, will appear. On the subject of T. Y'si two communications, we shall take the liberty of addressing

him privately. We do not conceive that the passage nuentioned by DisciřULUS, is liable to the misconi

ception which he supposes. We would advise A DISTRESSED READER to state her case to some pious Minister.


No. 112.]

APRIL, 1811.

[No. 4. Vol.x.



For the Christian Observer.

lish church of the honour which

some have assigned it, of an Apos. ON THE INTRODUCTION OF CHRIST1

tolic foundation, we may truly apANITY INTο GREAT BRITAIN, BY

propriate the words of an author*, THE PREACHING OF ST. PAUL. whom I shall hereafter have occaNimia et incerta vetustate obscuras, non a sion to quote: “ Our church has no coævis et antiquis scriptoribus, sed fallaci- necessity for surreptitious claims to bus conjectaris erutas rerum gentiumque distinction and antiquity. Tradia origines respuo: figmenta, ut ridiculus tionary honours are valuable, only suspiciones odi: denique onnis, nisi indu. when founded upon truth; which, bitatis atque incorruptis fulta documentis, facessat Historia.--BARTUOLINUS.

as Tertullian observes, neither the

lapse of time nor the influence of In perusing, some time since, a value authority can destroy." able work*, written by a most re

As it may be proper to exhibit a spectable minister, I was a little general view of the subject, I cannot surprised to meet with an unquali- do it better than in the words of fied assertion, that ... St. Paul first Bishop Gibsont; who, it will be planted the tree of life on our own perceived, espoused the affirmative shores, t." The same assertion, side.—~ Many have been the opithough somewhat restricted in its nions concerning the first plantation force, recurs in some of the subse of Christianity in Britain, and quent essays

great the differences of learned m Having been accustomed to consi- concerning them. The latter end der the fact as extremely doublful, of Tiberius Cæsar, i.e. about thirtyif not improbable, I was induced to

seven years after the nativity of our examine such sources of informa. Lord, is the time which several of tion as were within my reach (and our writers have fixed on (Stillingwhich, perhaps, include as many as fleet. Orig. Brit. p. 2.), upon the may be necessary), in order to ob- authority of a passage in Gildas, lain further satisfaction.

who was a Briton, and therefore to sult of my inquiry has been the

be credited in British affairs. "In. confirmation of my original opinion, the mean time, Christ, the true which I have found sanctioned by Sun, displaying his glorious rays the best authorities. To the con- upon the whole world, in the latter necting of these authorities, and the end of Tiberius Cæsar (as we are opposing of them to those on the assured), did first vouchsafe his rays contrary side, my remarks will be to this cold frozen island, situated chiefly confined. And although at so vast a distance from the visithey may tend to deprive the Eng. ble sun.' But, not to observe that Practical Essays on the Collects, &c.

this disagrees with the account By the Rev. T. T. Biddulph.

which Scripture gives us of the + Essay on the second Collect for Good

** M. De Chiniac. Collects for Whitsuoday and the Con.

+ Camden's Britannia, by Gibson. Introd. Fusion of St. Paul.

Christ. Obsery. No. 112.

The re


p. 84. 2d edit,

2 E

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