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with them as to determine not correspondent, who is respectfully to buy the remaining ones, which yours, is the case with your present



&c. &c.


carbon, and some of the metals; and that Is the press :-A Poem, entitled the World he believed, that future discoveries would before the Flood, by Mr. James Montgo- prove that bydrogen formed a constituent mery ;-Babylon and other Poems, by the part of all inflammable substances. He exHon. Arabella Hawke;--A stereotyped edi. hibited the fusion of platina in vacuo, by a tion of the Bible, in French ;-A view of powerful voltaic pile of two thousaud plates, the present state of Sicily by a British offi- which is the first time the experiment bad cer;-Account of Mr. Kirkpatrick's embassy been shewn. During the fusion, intense to the kingdom of Nepaul;—The authorized light and heat were produced, and very version of the Book of Psalms improved, vivid scintillations were emitted from the with Notes by the late Bishop. Horsley;- platina, which Dr. Davy supposed, were ocTopographical Researches in Wales, by Mr. casioned by the separation of an elastic gas, N. Carlisle ;-and Missionary Anecdotes: propably hydrogen. The fact of the sepacontaining remarkable instances of the con- ration of hydrogen from carbon and the version of the Heathen; with an account metals is highly important: if Dr. Davy's of the superstitions of Pagan Nations, by conclusion be established, it may lead to the the Rev. G. Burder.

revival of that part of the phlogistic system

which considered hydrogen as the base of So large a part of the edition of the late metals and other inflammable substances. Mr. Cecil's works, now in the press, has The voltaic battery, made use of in these been bespoke, that no copies will be adver- experiments, is the most powerful instrument tised for public sale. Names may yet be of the kind which has yet been constructed. sent to the Editos, the Rev. J. Pratt, Dough. The striking distance of the discharge was ty street.

more than one inch in vacuo. All the metals Mr, Pond is appointed to the situation of which were acted on by it, immediately astronomer royal, vacant by the death of fused; oil, water, and spirit of wine, were the Rev. Dr. Maskelyne.

rapidly decomposed, and vivid sparks given Dr Smith's two prizes, of 251 each, for out from the wires, which were immersed in the two best proficients in 'mathematics and the Auids, and connected with the two exnatural philosophy, are adjudged to Mr. tremities of the plates. Dr. Davy stated, Thomas Edward Dicey of Trinity college, that he believed the full shock from it would and Mr. William French of Caius college, occasion instantaneous death.

He once, the first and second wranglers.

by accident, received a shock from a thouThe following are the quantities of rain sand plates ; but, the discharge being made which have fallen at Bristol during the last upon the dry cuticle of the hand, which is seven years : in 1804, 29.77 inches; in an imperfect conductor, the force of the 1805, 26.1 inches; in 1806, 34.33 inches; in shock was much weakened, and though it 1807, 31.31 inches; in 1808, 32.8 inches; was extremely painful he did not receive in 1809, 29.51 inches, in 1810, 35.1 inches. any permanent injury. On examining his

The governors of Bethlem hospital have hands, he found the skin burned in that adjudged the first premium, for a design of part where the discharge had been made. a new lunatic asylum, to be erected in St. George's fields, to Messrs. Good and Loch

FRANCE. Det of Hatton Garden. There were nearly The emperor Napoleon, in order to give sizly competitors.

its proper weight to the French language, It has been announced by Dr. Davy, that and to simplify the acquirement of useful he has, by the action of the voltaic battery, knowledge, has ordered that all exercises produced hydrogen or infammable air, from and theses in the universities throughout

France, shall be performed and written in appears to contain globules of iron, pretty
French; and that a knowledge of Latin and large and brilliant.
Greek shall, in no department of his go-

AUSTRIA. vernment. be deemed a qualification for A prodigy has appeared in Germany, in degrees, ranks, or offices, either political, the person of John Spitzler, a youth only medical, legal, or clerical. The prescriptions thirteen years of age, who is said to be well of physicians are to be in French, and the acquainted with ten different languages, service of the church is no longer to be per most of the mathematical sciences, and to be formed except in the vernacular tongue. a proficient in music. He is a native of A ball of fire appeared in the commune

Lower Austria, and the son of a reduced of Chargouville, on the 23d of November, clergy man: for the last six monthis he has which, bursting with a tremendous explosion, been blind. The Emperor Francis has setlet fall three large stunes, accoinpanied with tled a pension on him. smoke, and darted with such force, that they The base of the Carpathian mountains, entered the earth to the depth of nearly near Makonitza, fell on the 6th of Novem80 centimeters. One of the stones is co- ber, with a report so loud that it was heard vered with a crust of greyish black, while at the distance of twelve miles. Six villages the inside is more clear. It is very com- have been destroyed by this precipitation, pact, and hard enough to cut glass. It and thirty-four lives lost.



sonné des Livres François, Latins, Italiens, Practical Piety, or the Influence of the Espagnols, Portugais, &c. qui se trouvent Religion of the Heart on the Conduct of chez B. Dulau, et Co. Soho-square, avec des Life. By Hannah More. 2 vols. 108. 6d. Notes Bibliographiques, et les Vrais Noms

Sacred Hours, chiefly designed to illus- des principaux Anonymes et Pseudonymes. trate the Offices and Doctrines of the Church

3 s. of England. By J. Grant, M.A. 12mo. 7s. Memoirs of Prince Eugene of Savoy, writ

A Sermon, occasioned by the Death of ten by himself, translated from the genuine Dirs. Trimnier, preached at New Brentford, Edition, containing all the Passages omitted Aliddlesex, on Sunday, January 6, 1811. in that of Paris. With a Portrait and Fac---By the Rev. Thomas Haverfield, A. M. simile of the Author's Hand-writing. 8vo. 75. 1s, 6d.

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2 C

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Hebrew language, 88 a necessary part of a Our readers have already been informed, minister's professional knowledge, has been that the excellent Bishop of St. David's has adjudged to the Rev. Thomas Thomas, recformed a Society in his diocese, for pro- tor of Aberperth, Cardiganshire. The premoting Christian Knowledge and Church mium for the best essay on the question, Union. This society has various objects. What are the impediments which hinder Its main objects seem to be, to institute a professing Christians, who believe the clerical seminary, or college, to form a fund doctrines of the church of England, froin for exbibitions to divinity scholars, and to uning with the established church? has establish a college library, by means of be- becn adjudged to the Rev. Jolinson Grant, nefactions for these specific purposes. Ano- A. M. of St. John's College, Oxon. ther object is, to raise a fund to enable cu- The following are the premiums proposed Tates who are superannuated to retire from for the year 1811, viz. duties to which they are incompetent, to the “ A premium of ten pounds for the best relief, not only of the infirm curate, but of Essay on the Qualifications, Literary and the incumbent and the parish : applicants. Moral, of the Clerical Profession. to this jund must have contributed to it at " A premium of ten pounds for the best least five shillings a year for two years pre- Essay on the Origin and present State of ceding their application. Annual subscrip- Religious Sects in Wales, especially in the tions are also received for the purpose of Diocese of St. David's, with an account of distributing moral and religious tracts ; es.

all differences in the names, constitutions, tablisbing deanery libraries; and giving pre- ysages, and doctrines of such sects which miuns for dissertations on subjects relativeto have taken place since their origin, and the objects of the society, for superior pro. which prevail at present. llie exan inations of the licensed “The Essays are to be sent to the Rev. grammar schools in the diocese, and for W. H. Parker, Vicarage, Carmarthen, un or sermons to be preached on specified sube before the 1st of May 1811, with the name jects*. by referring to our volume for 1808, of the writer inclosed in a sealed paper, p. 202, our readers will learn what is the marked on the outside with the motto which nature of the proposed college, and the is prefixed to the Essay.' course of education to be given to the stu- Small premiums are likewise proposed for dents. The subscriptions hitherto received, the proficients, at the different grammar however, are noi adequate to the execution schouls, in Hebrew and Hebrew writing, in of the plan ; the whole amount, to the end Latin contposition in prose and verse, in of last year, being 5,2461 14s. In the Psalmody, in the recitation and abridgment nean time, this sum is yested in the public of sermons, &c. &c. &c. funds, and the interest of it applied in the Besides these," a premiuni of ten pounds way of premiums apd exhibitions. The pre- will be given by n friend to thie society, for mium for the best essay on the study of the the best Essay on Conversion, and on the

three following questions : Whether a mi. Ten pounds for eight sermons, to be mister of the Church can be an unconverted preached on the cight Sundays șubsequent professor of Christianity? What are the to Easter-day, on the principles and duties of marks of unconversion in a minister of the church union, on errors arising from unsei- church? What are the means most likely to iled notions in religion, and on the excel excite in the mind of such a niinister (if such lence of the liturgy of the church of Eng. can be) a sense of his unconverted stale? land; and eight guineas for each of eight ---The Essay to be sent as before direcied. courses, of sixteen lectures, to be preached “ A friend of the society has also emon week d.:ys, in iwo principal places of the powored the Committee to offer to the mas. fuur arch-deaconries, for the benefit of the ters of the licensed grammar schools of St. poor who cannot read,

David's, Penib:oke, llaverfordvest, Breçon.


Cardigan, Lampeter, and Swansea, the fol- the Highlands and Islands continue in a lowing premiuins, viz.

state of great ignorance; and ouly a sinall "Fifty pounds to the best of at least five proportion of the inhabitants can read in competitors;

any language. The informalion from which • Forty pounds to the best of four compe- this statement is drawn is very interesting,

and leaves no doubt of its accuracy. We " Thirty pounds to the best of three com- give, as a specimen of it, the following extract petitors;

froin a letter of the Rev. Dr. Ross, miuister • Twenty pounds to the best of two com. of Lochbrooin, to the society. petitors;

“ The parish of Lochbroom comprehends “ Ten pounds to any one without a com

a tract of country, the roughest and most petitor;

difficult in Scotland, as extensive as the who shall write, and deliver to the Bishop of whole synod of Ross, which employs the laSt. David's, on or before the last Thursday bours of twenty-three ministers, besides innu. in June 1811, the best transcript of the book werable schoolmasters, catechists, &c. : it of Genesis in Hebrew and English, and shall lias seven preaching places, separated by pass the best exainination in the same book. large arms of the sea, rapid rivers, extensive The examination and decision to be left

moors, and tremendous rycks; some of thein sulely to the Bishop.—The competitors must twenty, some thirty miles from the parisha exhibit, on the day of examination, their church, and without a single place of wor, licences to their respective schools.

ship capable of containing the congregation “ The master of Carmarthen school, who in the whole parish. There are nine bury, has long tiught Hebrew, and the second ing grounds. According to an enumeration master of Ystradmeirig school, who obtained taken the year before last, it contains near the first premiun for Hebrew at the ordina- four thousand inhabitants, of whom perhaps tion of 1809, will readily perceive why the hardly seven bundred possess even a sunatpremiums are not extended to Carmarthen tering of book knowledge, and comparatively and Ystradmeirig."

few speak any English. In this extensive We perceive will pleasure that the college district there can hardly be said to exist any library has been enlarged by benefactious and

means of religious or moral instruction, but bequests of books, as well as by donations of what results from my personal labours money. We feel chiefly solicitous, however, alone.” “ After such a detail, it is unnefor the erection of the college itself, which cessary to say, that the state of the people is will necessarily require a mucli larger sum deplorable-in a tract of ten or twelve miles, than his yet been procured, and we would well peopled, there may not be a single indipress it upon those members of the Church vidual found capable of reading the Scrip. of England who are blessed with atfluence, tures in Englisis or Gaelic, and these, perand wlw are attached to the interests of re- haps, from courteen to twenty five miles from ligion, lo sbew their liberality on an occa- the parish church!" sion which is in every way worthy of it.. “ Above three thousand precious souls in

Subscriptions are received by Messrs. this parish alone, are excluded from the Ilvares, Bankers, Fleet Street ; and by the word of life, excepting by the ear only. Res. 1. Pryce, Carmarthen.

Many of these cannot hear a sermon preached above iwice or thrice in the year; and many are not within ien miles of one who can read the Scriptures in any language !

What can I say more lo slew the importance A society has lately been formed at Edin. of your institutivu ? I will add, that the burgh for the express purpose of instituting people are deeply impressed with a sense of and supporting circulating schools, in which their own deplorable staie, and feel an arthe inbabitants of the Highlands and Islands deut desire after improvement : that they of Scotland shall be taught to read the Gae- travel ten, twelve, sometimes twenty miles, hy lic, which is the vernacular language. sea and land, to preaching. I will furthe.

The necessity for such au institution is add, that in this parisi alone there are seve!. grounded on this fact; that, botwithstanding different stations, in every one of which I the beneficial effects produced by the la- lave reason to think (a particular inquiry is besurs of the Society in Scotland for propagat- making) that 150 persons would gladly as. ing Christian Knowledge, for a century semble for instruction.” past, in promoting civilization and Christian The means to be employed for remedying kiuwledge in the Highlands and Islands this deplorable state of things are detailea (see our last volurse, p. 815), many parts of in the following regulations,



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