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den's laboprs to the love of fame. mend you to insert it, by way of or to other mean motives ? Even if rendering its publicity more permaI had no information on the subject, nent; and in order to record what, what I have learned from his labours I trust, will be the last act of irre, would induce me to ascribe his in- ligious outrage committed in the defatigable diligence to his love of United Kingilom. the Holy Scriptures, and to the love
COURT OF KING'S BENCH, of souls. I must consider him as a
Monday, Feb. 11, 1811. man, in that respect at least, of a very enlarged as well as pious and
THE KING D. CHURHYARD AND OTHERS. benevolent mind; who selected the
Mr. Garrow moved for leave to best possible means of being ex.
file a criminal information against tensively and permanently useful, fourteen persons out of a much which Providence had placed with greater number, for what he had ha in his reach, and who exerted him. hesitation in calling, the most outself most diligently and success• rageous conduct the court ever refully in accomplishing his object. membered. A dissenting minister
Were I disposed, with the Papists, regularly authorised by the law to canonize any persons, William Cru- had hired two rooms of a cottage is den, and the inventor of spectacles, Wickham Market, in the county o would be selected by me: without Soffolk, and announced his intention the latter, during many past years, of preaching there on Sunday, the I could hardly have studied at all; 2d of September last. Upon the and without the former I should have Saturday preceding, the crier wa studied with far inferior advantage. employed by certain persons, wh
were averse to the minister's coming Yours, respectfully, among them, to warn the parish ti
take care of their houses and per suns, for a bad set of people wa
coming among them. There wa To the Editor of the Christian Observer. an idea in the county of Suffolk
which the learned counsel hope I ĦAD scarcely noticed your inser- would be corrected by the Bench tion of my paper on tbe subject of that as long as dissenting places persecution, when a relation of some worship were insulted and disturbe extraordinary circumstances, which
without their walls, they might b took place last year at Wickham insulted and disturbed with impu Market, in Suffolk, appeared in the nity, and that the penalties of th public prints, under the form of a act were confined to disturbance Law Report. As the case is now before within the walls of the meeting the proper judges, to them it may houses. Upon the minister's arriva be safely contided ; and I will only at the meeting-house in question, o observe upon it, that should only the 2d of September, be found one half of the facts, detailed in Mr. besieged by upwards of one thou Garrow's address, be substantiated, sand persous, some in disguises, al the defendants will be criminated fecting attitudes of adoration, other by every person wbo regards the beating drums and a large gode sacredness- I will not say of re
and blowing trumpets, and a ligion, but even-of property; and the offending party will surely be making an uproar; the obviou
of which was, the preven subjected to a very serious punish- tion of every thing that might be ment. Below is the report*. I recome heard. These outrages were aftea
said in the meeting-house froin beja The enclosed report is more minute wards repeated on the 16th of Sep than what is contained in some of the news, tember, and on various subsequer papers.
Sundays, the crowd of riate
amounting in number sometimes them; upon which one of the rioters to two or three thousand. On called out of the window, “a che occasiou was brought before Pogram, seize him!” and fired a the door of the meeting-house a gun, It was also threatened, ibat Faggoa, in which was placed a man if the congregation should attempt dressed out in a full suit of black, to meet again, an engine would be a wig, and a cocked bat, who dis- prepared to play upon them. The tribated bread to the mob, certainly affidavit, which stated all these cirfor no other purpose than to disturb cumstances, concluded with saying, the dissenting congregation; for that there was no other place in the the orator gare out separately the parish for the congregation to meet dames of the persons who were to in; and that if they were to attempt receive this bread, upon which there to build one, what they should erect was a general shout; and the wbole in the day would be inevitably concluded with a scramble for the pulled down in the night. Against bares which remained. Upon some every one of the persons who were occasions, the minister was met by the subject of Mr. Garrow's motion, a concourse of these persons, and the affidavit swore overt acts of this was jostled by one of those against conspiracy to prevent the congrega, whom the motion was made, and tion from exercising their religion, who was on horseback. Fireworks The first was a former, of the name and stones were also tbrown into the of James Churchyard, of whom it meeting-house, and at the horse and was sworn, that be entered the chaise in which the minister de- meeting-house on the 14th of Non parted. At one time a procession vember, when he talked loud, and was formed by the mob, who carried afterwards joined Mr. Thompson, the a gallows jo their front. At ano- olliciating minister, bome, telling ther time rotten eggs were thrown bim, that if he were to come for. into the meeting; and two of the seven years to preach there, that rioters, who were professed masks, would be the way in which he stationed themselves among the cons would be served. Mr. Garrow had gregation, saying that they came omitted to mention, tbat these rioters there to hear ibe word of God, and, wore cockades of their order, and by, tbey would hear it. At in short presented an happy edition beagth the rioters broke all the win- of an 0. P. riot at a dissenting dess of the meeting-house, One meetiog-bouse. The next person man kept open bouse during the against whom the learned counsel time of this riot, and gave wine to moved, was Benjamin Garrard, the all those wbo opposed ibe Pograms, distributor of the bread, and the
the dissenters were nick-named person wbo rode at the bead of the li fras openly stated too, at the vese cavalcade, who threw stones and try of the parish, that there was a fireworks. The third was William gentleman ready with one hundred Hewitt, a collar-maker, who wore a pounds, to support the Anti-pograms. cockade, and was the mask wha The owner of ibe cottage where the had been before described to dissenters assembled was forcibly have mocked the attitude of adoraturned out of his house, and his tion. It was he that procured the wife was threatened, tbat he and his drum and drummer. The next was
broeber, who had interfered in the Philip Dykes, not one of the most business
, should be pressed and sent vulgar of the rioters, but a man more la sta, if they did not turn the Po- criminal tban perhaps they; for he Fons out of their house. Of this was in a superior station of life to use the rioters had gotten possese them, and supported and encouraged tion, and were tearing it to pieces them. He was described yeoman, and felbe nigbi, when the brother of was the churchwarden of the parish. tks oftet endeavoured to prevent Oo_the 22 of December, which was the last day of preaching at the sons, who had assisted in the dis meeting-house, the minister went turbance, and against whom no with the tenant of the house, to the proceedings were depending, viz. churchwarden, in order to endea. — Churchyard, Benton, Garrard vour to repossess themselves of the Willian Hewitt, Culpeck, Tuffield, house; when the church warden told and Clow. them that there should be no preach. Mr. Garrow made it understood ing there, and that murder would be to the court, that there had been at committed if it were ever attempted tempts to proceed in the ordinary again. The next
course of justice, by indictment, Moore, a farmer in the neigh- against all these persons, but the bourhood, who encouraged the mob grand jury had thrown out the bills. by cries of “ burn them ;” and was the person who threatened a press- Since the violent opposition to the gang. The next was John Culpeck, early Methodists, I do not recollect a shoemaker, living next door to that a tumult connected with relithe meeting-bouse, who wore a gion, in any degree so systemacockade, who was the performer tically and perseveringly conducted upon the gong, and the person who as the above, has been heard of cried from the window of the meet- throughout the empire. You may ing-house, “a Pogram," &c. indeed remind me of the riots in The next two were James Shel- 1780. I look upon themi, however, and drake and William Gurling, who upon some subsequent disturbances, entered the meeting-house, and as having been the consequences of being afterwards taken by the a politico-religious question, first constables in the act of rioting, ef- agitated among men in power, and fected their escape, with the assist. then brought down to the concepance of William Benton and Charles tions of the vulgar, in the shape of Bunn, who were the next two watchwords, and popular aphorisms, moved against; but as a bill of in- (which, in all great convulsions, are dictment had been found against expressly made for the occasion, these first two for the disturbance, and are well known-Mirabeau though not for the conspiracy, their would support me--to be most popames were, at the recommendation
tent engines of sedition), and issuing of the court, struck out. Benton in acts of sensuality and cruelty. was a wheelwright, who disguised Such acts are perpetrated in any himself as a butcher: he struck at the insurrection whatever, when the ineering-house door, and offered to passions of the populace get the betfight the constables. Bunn (yeo- ter of their fears; no matter wheman) followed one of the ministers ther they cry No Popery, or No Po on the road, and assaulted him, grams. shouting “ No Pogram.” Edmund In the Suffolk case, as in most cases, Hewitt, who was the next, assisted which in my judgment, with some in the rescue and disturbance. The correctness, come now under the denext two were Tuffield and Clow, scription of persecution, the object who came into the meeting-house of resentment is an individual, or inwith the insignia of the riot, bearing dividuals, personally known to the with-them à basket of stinking assailant; whose enmity is excited sprats, which they threw over the by actually seeing and hearing the congregation. The last was Wil. man who exhorts him to forsake a liam Cooke (yeoman), who struck wicked life. As he hates the light the constable, and assisted in Shel- which shews him his own character, drake and Gurling's rescue by he hates the bearer of the light, knocking him down.
Hatred soon kindles into practical The court granted a rule to shew revenge, and is specifically directed cause against the following six per- against the supposed injurer. Now
whatever insults and formal acts. of rified conscience, and which our abresentment follow, solely from this ject nature hates in exact propora feeling of hatred, I deem to be tion to the advantages we might properly persecution, and nothing otherwise receive. better.
TUUM EST. As far as we are yet informed, the proceedings in Suffolk certainly were of a peculiarly offensive cha. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. racter. That a mob, consisting of from one to three thousand, regy. I UNDERSTAND that Mr. Faber thinks larly organized, led on by men in the subversion of Popery will synmasquerade, encouraged by the chronize with the downfall of Mogratuitous distribution of bread, sup- hammedanism; and that when he ported by promises of pecuniary discerns the evident approach of the aid at a vestry, inflamed even to latter event, he will be able to asacts of bouse-breaking, -all this certain certain dates most intimately for three months and finally receive connected with the general fulfil. ing the virtual countenance of a ment of prophecy. He also expects grand jury ;-that such an elabo- that Mohammedanism will sink grafate and steady course of opposition dually. ta religious society, under the pro- The Wahabees entered Mecca on tection of the law, should be pursu- the 27th of April, 1803; levelled ed
, is really astonishing. When the eighty of the tombs belonging to toatter is farther investigated, I have the descendants of Mohammed, and no doubt but that the delinquents, the tomb also of his wife Kadiza ; in case of their being unable to plundered the holy places; but left meet so serious a charge, will be ihe Caaba. Mecca, however, was convinced, that the laws of this afterwards repossessed by its shercountry are eminently favourable to riffe. In 1804, Medina, the second religious liberty, and are designed city in Arabia, was taken by the lo cut off from ill-disposed men the Wahabees; who plundered all the opportunity of oftending.
treasures, which had been accumu. With regard to myself, I feel a lating there for ages, by the contripeculiar degree of interest in the re- butions of the faithful. The tomb sult of the trial, on account of hav- of the prophet himself was destroying pleaded, in my last paper, that, ed. The Arabs will soon be united in the present state of the world, under one master. Arabia is for "there is properly no persecution.” ever lost to the Sultaun ; who, conShould, however, the clients of Mr. sequently, is no longer head of the Garrow prove their point, and should Mohammedan religion. Mecca the court refuse their protection cannot again be visited by pilgrims, I am supposing the very worst-my according to the order of the Proplea must be reversed. On the con- phet. The mighty fabric of Islatrary, should the court grant their mism must be considered as having protection, and punish the defend- passed away when Suad entered auts, the sentiments I have advanced Mecca in 1803. will be strengthened. The matter The facts and inferences in the may be decided before this address above paragraph, are taken from teacho3 its destination. Whatever the second volume of Lord Va. the decision be, it may be advisable lentia's Travels. There is some into record the above report in your consistency in what the noble auFaluable miscellany; as a striking thors says aftewards ; namely, that instance of the energy and perse. he met some pilgrims on their road Terance with which the buman mind to Mecca. This perhaps may be opposes a fact, or a person, connect- explained. ed with the expostulations of a ter
I have nothing farther to add
except a wish, that Mr. Faber, or duty to watch more particularly any other competent investigator of the publications on these sa'jects, the difficulties of prophecy, would proceeding from what is called the compare with them these facts and religious world, and to warn that inferences; and, with your permis- class of our timid, but often wellsion, oblige your readers with the meaning countrymen, in the esta. result.
blished church and amongst the OROZO. various denominations of dissenters,
who are too apt to resign their judg
ments to the direction of priests, or To the Editor of the Christian Observer. to men of a priestly disposition, Verily, Mr. Observer, I wish that against the fatal errors,--that an inyou and your brother reviewers difference to the rights given them would keep a sharp look out after by the great Creator, and confirmed your publishers, and not allow them to them by the constitution of their to undo on the outside of your works country, is to be considered a mark all the good you are so laudably of vital Christianity,---that servility, trying to do within. Your pub- corruption, bribery, the love of war, Jisher, I grant, is more discreet in pillage, conflagration, and wholesale this way than many of his brethren; massacre, are to be apologised for, but I sometimes catch him inserting under the wretched pretence that an advertisement in the blue cover our common parent has created us of your work, which is not quite the all radically, and to ibe heart's core, thing. However, as I said before, he utterly vitiated; and that an iudulis so comparatively innocent in this gence of public vices at least, may respect, that I have very little fault be allowed, pleaded for, and coverto find with him. He never inserts ed, under the cloak of an evangelical any thing about Dr. Solomon, or the profession." lottery. But there is another reli- And again : “ Such is the state of gious publication, which I forbear to degeneracy, in which the majority name: what does the publisher do of all parties in the state and in the this month, but stitch at the end of church appear to be sunk, that we it Ben Flower's Address to the Pub. have very slender hopes that peace lic, in recommendation of his " Poc able reformation will be the happy litical Review and Monthly Mis- lot of this country.” cellany.” Lest this address should I am a plain man, and do not have escaped your notice, I send it well understand how such mischiere you, having indignantly torn it out ous trash can be even indirectly proof the place where the publisher pagated by any one, much more by had stitched it, inadvertently I hope, a work, which challenges to be be., and not as a substitute for the Address neficially committed into the hands of his employers. That your read- of youth, and which the wise and ers may not think my displeasure good are to recommend without to have been misplaced, I beg you scruple. will favour them with the following My advice to you reviewers, specimens:-" The parliamentary Mr. Observer, is to look to your debates, unhappily, on account of outposts as well as to your citadel. the low estimation in which the For be your citadel ever so well public characters of the majority of guarded at present, if you suffer the debaters in administration and your out-posts to be quietly occuopposition are held by the public, pied by the enemy, your citadel exciting, comparatively speaking, too will soon be in his possession. but little interest, will therefore be
PARMER BLUNT. discontinued.” Again: "We frank- Feb. 15, 1811. ly inform our readers, that we shall deem it an im" nt part of our