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people is not the Jews, but those whom ning or its ending. In the year 533, 8. Join speaks of collectively under no universal ecclesiastical monarchy the name of witnesses. Such an opi- was erected (at least in the judg. nion, however, is at once evidenily ment of Pope Gregory and Dr. advanced to serve a turn, and will Brett); no establishment of idolatry by no means accord with the phra- took place, whence Gibbon tells us seology of the prophet. Daniel (as an historian) that even at the speaks of the scattering of this holy end of the sixth century the worship people; and, to describe their scat- of images had never been authorilaring, he uses the very same word tatively decreed ; and no separation thu Moses employs to describe the of pious Christians from the commujudicial scattering of the Jews *. nion of the church occurred: thereThe holy people, therefore, spoken of fore the 1260 years cannot have wast be some people that is scat- commenced in the year 533. So tered in the same manner as the again : in the year 1793, the cap

: otherwise they do not cor- tivity and scattering of Judah did respond with the prophetic descrip- not terminate ; on the contrary, at tion wbich is given of them. More- the end of nineteen years they are orer, their scattering is not to be as much a dispersed people as ever conined to the period of the three they were, and their restoration has times and a half : for, althougb Da. plainly not hitherto commenced : tiel tells us that it will come to, an therefore the three times and a half, or end at their termination, he gives us the times of the Gentiles, cannot have to reason to suppose that it commences expired in the year 1793. Very with their commencement. But possibly I may be quite wrong in what people is there whom a Jew my conjecture; that however must would call the holy people, that has be determined by the event; but I been scattered in the same manner have as yet seen no arguments to as the Jews? I know of none. The convince me, that Talib is right. If persecution of the witnesses is never my guess be well founded, the Jews described by John as a scattering: will be put in motion in the year ner, except occasional emigrations 1860: whence the conversion of one ! escape the fury of their enemies, branch of them by some great mari. does their history present us with time nation will commence, and be ay thing that at all resembles the gradually effected, at some indefiscattering of the Jews. Hence, with nite time before the year 1866. I Mede and other commentators, I am much inclined to think, that it think it clear, that the scattered peo- has already commenced, and that ple mentioned by Daniel can only be thereby the maritime nation of Isaiah the Jeos. But, in that case, we ar- is ascertained : and I further think rive at the same conclusion as be- it probable, as I thought two years fore; that the restoration of the ago, that the determined opposition Jews commences precisely at the end of Spain will produce a retardation of the times of the Gentiles, or of the of the great catastrophe which at three times and a half, which is the one time seemed to be so rapidly opinion of Mede and our best com- approaching. I am not unwilling

to conjecture, as I then conjectured. WII. Thus, as far as I am able to that the fifth vial is now pouring jedge, the system of Talib is alto- out upon the throne of the repregether untenable: because his sup- sentative of the Roman beast. But, posed period of 1260 years, com- though his kingdom may be darkmencing in 533 and ending in 1793, eved by this pertinacious and almost does not correspond with the pro- interminable resistance to his usurphetic notation either in its begin- Pations, I see no warrant for believ.* Compare Deut . xxvii. 64, and xxx. s, ing that his authority will thereby

be overturnede When the appoint


with Dan, wä. 7, in the original.

ed time of retardation is past, and ix. 12. From the Septuagint, which when the Ottoman empire is over- agrees

with the Hebrew (Ger. xxv. thrown, he will then appear with 23). undiminished power at the head of - 13. Nearly from the Septua. the vassal kings of the Roman world; gint, which agrees with the Hebrew yet that will only be the prelude to (Mal. i. 2, 3,) his own destruction in Palestine. -. 15. As the above (Ex.xxxiii.19. When he commences his expedition 17, Εις αυτο τοτο εξηγειρα σε into that country, then, and not till RWS evdsığwu. BY_COL TYY duvame then, may we look out for the resto- fle, &c. Sept. Er, ix. 16. Ka ration of the Jews. The same time EVEXEY 58T8 diety P7,995, 1V? Eyosičuof the end is the chronological nota- μαι εν σοι την ισχυν με, &c.

“ Aod tion of both.

because of this thou hast been preI am, &c.

served, &c." The apostle's words G. S. FABER, are a more exact translation of the

Hebrew, than the Septuagint is.

-. 25. Καλεσω τον 8 λαον με, QUOTATIONS FROM THE OLD TESTA

λαον με» και την εκ ηγαπημένη MENT IN THE NEW, COLLATED WITH

ηχαπημένην. . Sept. Hos. ii. 23. TAE SEPTUAGINT.

Και αγαπησω την ηγαπημεντί, (Continued from Vol. IX, p. 740.)

και ερω τω 8 λαω με, λαος με ει συ. Rom. iv. 3. The quotation is, for " And I will love her who was nol substance, from the Septuagint (Gen. beloved ; and I will say to that xv. 6.) which does not at all vary which was not my people, Thou from the Hebrew. ETISEVCE & art my people." The apostle's (Rom.) — Ka ET45EUGEY (Sept.)- words are neither a quotation of the Alpaaj (Rom.) Aspare (Sept.)-The Septuagint, nör a translation of the name is not found in the Hebrew. Hebrew: but the general meaning

-- 7,8. The quotation exactly of the passage is clearly expressed. from the Septuagint (Ps. xxxii. i, The Septuagint is nearer to a trans2.) which gives the evident meaning lation of the Hebrew; yet it varies of the Hebrew.

from it in words, though pot in 17. In like manner from the meaning. Septuagint (Gen. xvii. 5.)

- 26. This quotatiou nearly 18. The same (Gen. xv. 5.) agrees with the Septuagint (Hos. i. viii. 36. Exactly from the Sep. 10.) spp, Sn. (Rom.) sofe$t. (Sept.) tuagint (Ps. xliv. 22), which does εκει κληθησονται. (Romm.) κληθησονpot vary from the Hebrew.

TAL XOI AUTO1. (Sept.) It accords exix. 7. Verbatim from the Sep- actly with the Alexandrian edition. tuagint (Gen. xxi. 12), which ex- Both give a correct translation of actly renders the Hebrew.

the Hebrew ; except that instead of 9. This quotation is not taken “ It shall be said unto them," they from the Septuagint, from which, in bave, "They shall be called, &c." words, it greatly differs : yet it re. 27, 28. Εαν η ο αριθμός των tains one particular, in which the vwv lopara, &c.- Sept. Is. x. 22, Septuagint varies from the Hebrew. 23. Και εαν γενηται ο λαος Ισραελ Instead of “according to the time -artwy (Sept. not Rom.) ETI 775 YES of life, &c.” it has καια τον καιρον (Rom.)-εν τη οικεμενη ολη, «in the T8709, “ according to this time, &c.” whole world.” (Sept.) This last is a huze instead of chayah (Gen. xviii. most material variation; and to 10.) Εις τον καιρόν τατον occurs in have quoted the Septuagint in this the Septuagint on Gen. xvii. 21, place would have been wholly inwhich accords to the Hebrew; consistent with the apostle's argy. though the word is different from ment. He was proving, that, accordthat used in the eighteenthi, mognad, ing to the prophets, only a remnant Tot gneck.

of Israel would be saved, in the days

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of the Messiah : but a quotation of of holiness. I am now to apply the the passage from the Septuagint subject to ourselves. would have gone to prove this, not In doing this, I shall consider of Israel, but of the whole human I. The argument which the apostle's race. While; therefore, he nearly example affords us for growth in quotes that version, in other re- grace. spects be, evidently by design, va- II. The confirmation of this arguries from it in this particular. Nei- ment from various scriptural consia ther the apostle, nor the Septuagint, derations. gives an exact translation of the He- I. The argument itself is very brew; but only the general mean- plain. The spirit and conduct of ing. For the words " the Lord Je- ihe apostle are set forth in the HOVAH of hosts;" they relain merely Bible as examples for us. He is a K32195, “the Lord.”

pattern of a real Christian. I do ix. 29. Exactly from the Septua- not mean that he is our pattern as an giot (Is. j. 9,) which well translates apostle, as an inspired writer, or as the Hebrew, except as “a seed,” is one possessing miraculous powers. sabstituted for “ a very small rem- But he is our example as a believer tart.”

in Jesus Christ. As he repented, so - 33. In this verse, the apostle we must repent. ' As he was justitakes from two passages of Isaiah, aśfied by faith in the righteousness of mnach as was needful for his argų- Christ, so we must be justified. As ment. The former agrees with the be was renewed and enlightened by Hebrew (Is. xiv. 8), but is quite difi the Holy Ghost, so we must be. ferent from the Septuagint. The And, as his whole sout was then set latter is more consonant to the Sep- on growing in grace, our souls must tuagiot, (Is. xxviii. 16): but it be the same. We must be conagrees with the Hebrew ; except stantly engaged in labouring after that , from the Septuagint, it takes further measures of grace.

Our reshall not be ashamed," instead of maining imperfection must be grieshall not make haste.” The same vous unto us; and our eye niust be word is used again by the apostle fixed on the inheritance of heaven as (*. 11.); and by St. Peter (i Pel. our glorious prize. This is the life 11.6.) Some think that they read of a Christian. yabesh, instead of yachish. It is, The case, indeed, is so plain, that however, evident, that the apostle it might seem useless to dwell-upon merely gave the general meaning, it. But the fact is, that few points rein bis own words, as an inspired quire more to be pressed. A conwriter, without either quoting or

stant progress in holiness is so hard translating with studied accuracy.' to human nature, that there is not

thing where we are more apt to fail.

We are all ready to acknowledge PAMILY SERMONS, No. XXVII.

the importance of growth in grace:

but how little is our spirit like that Philippians iii. 12.- Not as though I of the apostle! Our auairments fall kad already attained, either were far, very far short of his; and yet

how far are we from feeling our im(Second Sermon on this Text.)

perfection as deeply as he did! It

is true, we may make general conly nay last discourse, I considered fessions of sin; but how little are the state and attainments of the

we thoroughly convinced that we apostle Paul, when he used the are nothing, and have done nothing, words of the text; his sense of re- compared with what we ought to be, maining imperfection; and, his ar- and ought to do! We talk of rundent pursuit after farther measures ning the race set before us; but Cukist. OBSERv. No. 111.


already perfect.

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where is our watchfulness, our fer- had but one thing at heart; and this vour, our exertion, our thirst after he pursued with persevering labour growth in holiness?

and exertion. On the contrary, inIt is important, therefore, to dwell stead of being ardent and active, we on the argument which arises from are often dull and heavy and luke. the apostle's example, that our con- warm : we become weary in wellsciences may be awakened and our doing: we relax in our first love diligence roused.

and our first works. Growth in grace The object, then, which St. Paul is no easy matter : it is indeed the pursued, and whigh we must pursue most difficult thing in the world. as believers in Jesus Christ, is con- It demands constant watchfulness stantly to grow in all the parts of the and prayer. It requires a simple Christian character. We are to aim dependance on the grace which is daily at a greater knowledge of God in Christ Jesus. It calls for laboin Christ Jesus, a greater insight into rious diligence, for painful conflicts, the glorious plan of redemption, for habitual mortification of sit, more holy contemplation of the per- denial of self, examination of the fections and love of God in that stu- heart, and sacrifices to duty. And pendous work, more sincere re- this course is 10 be continued till we pentance, more living faith, more “ awake up after God's likeness. spiritual communion, more abiding Then, and not till then, the bath hope, more heavenly joy, more sta- will be over, the victory secured ble peace in the Holy Ghost. We the race finished, and the gloriou are to advance in abborrence of sin prize obtained. and love of holiness ; in watchful- If this then be the nature of tha ness and prayer; in lowliness and constant progress in holiness whic resignation of heart; in patience, the apostle's example enforces upo contentment, forgiveness of injuries, us, let us go on to consider, benevolence, gentleness, purity, and II. Some scriptural consideration truth. We are to grow in separation which may confirm the argument. from the pleasures and spirit of the 1. Consider that far higher altain world; in holy tempers and dispo- ments are possible. - Whatever or sitions ; in attention to every thing advances in the knowledge of Chri which is becoming the Christian may be, there is still a vast field by character ; in a conscientious dis

fore us.

And the same grace whic charge of every relative duty ; in made St. Paul what he was, is read a uniformly consistent conduct. lo and sufficient for us.

There i a word, the Christian is a new crea- therefore, no difficulty in our wa ture ; let him advance to the perfect which we may not overcome. man, He is placed on Christ, the 2. The word of God lays a great stre sure foundation ; let the building be on growth in grace.

Many are til scared. He is planted in the garden of eramples we there find of emine God; let the tree flourish and bear boliness. How remarkable was tl fruit. He is a candidate for heaven; grace of Enoch and Abraham, let bim become more and more meet Moses and Job, of Joshua and S for the inheritance of it.

muel! What a saint was David, ti In pursuing this object, he is 10 man after God's own heart, and Joh imitate the apostle's astonishing the beloved disciple! Especial! ardour of soul.-Here lies the great what a pattern was the apostle Pay difficulty. A few faint efforts are whose character has been alrea: not enough. Some attendance on described ! the means of grace, sone sincerity The exhortations of Scripture, in prayer, some desires after fure this point, are very numerous. The ther advances in religion, are insuf- are various duties commanded in ! ficient. St. Paul was eager as the Bible, and we judge of their i: racer in the Olympic games. He portance according as they are e

forced earnestly and frequently. the road to destruction, on purpose Now the exhortations to a progress that he may have life; that he may in godliness make up a large portion run the race to heaven, and at length of the whole Scripture. Every part seize the prize of a glorious resurof it tends to this point, that the rection. Indeed, Christ “ gave himChristian, having received the prin- self for us, that he might redeem us ciples of the oracles of God, is to go from all iniquity, and purify unto op unto perfection.

himself a peculiar people, zealous The promises of God are given of good works." Titus ii. 14. with the same design. There are 5. This also is the design of the promises to encourage the Christian work of the Holy Spirit.-He under all the dangers and difficulties strengthens us with all might, that of his heavenly race. God engages we may run and not be weary in to bear prayer, to give wisdom and our course. He assists us in prayer. strength, to bestow power on the He comforts us in trouble. He enfaint, to fill the hungry with good lightens us in darkness. He sheds things, to console the sorrowful, to the love of God abroad in our deliver the tempted. He has made hearts. He enables us to mortify Christ unto us “ wisdom, righteous- sin, and overcome ihe world. Thus, Dess, sanctification and redemption.” he becomes the earnest, and pledge, He grants bis Holy Spirit to all that and foretaste of the heavenly kingask him. He “ works in us to will dom, which we strive to attain; and and to do.” He " withholds no good seals us to the day of redemption. thing from them that walk up-. 6. Consider, in the next place, rightly."

that growth in spiritual religion 3. Consider further, that every enables us to honour God in every blessing we receive from God binds relation of life.-—" Herein is my 23 to press forward in the ways of Father glorified,” said our Lord, miration. It is our highest duty, as “ that ye bring forth much fruit.” Creatures, to love the Lord our God The active Christian glorifies God with all our heart. This duty is in- in his family. As for him and his tinitely increased by the mercies of house, he serves the Lord.”

“ He redemption. By nature, we were walks in his house with a perfect "children of wrath even as others.” heart.” By religious instruction, If then God has visited us with his by daily prayer, by kind admonigrace; if he has pardoned and jus- tions, by a holy example, he directs tified us; if he has adopted us into his household in the way to heaven. his family; if he has given us un- To do this, a man must be alive and Dambered blessings, and set before active, and humble and spiritual. us an eternal inheritance; if he has Perhaps there is no part of our duty borne so often with our unpro- more difficult than family piety ; fitableness and rebellion;-surely because there we are most seen, our hearts must be harder than a there we are most off our guard, rock, if we do not say, with the there our real frame of soul most Psalmist,“ What shall I render shews itself. Accordingly the de. into the Lord for all bis benefits?” clining Christian dishonours God

4. Again : Constant growth in holi- greatly in his family by evil reas is the very object for which we tempers, coldness in religious duty, we " apprehended of Christ.”-St. and inconsistency in his whole spirit Paul tells us, that he followed after and conduct. He has little heart to greater degrees of grace, that he speak for God, or to act for him. might apprehend, or lay hold of, He is a worse man in his family that glorious prize, for which also than he is any where else. And his he was apprehended, i.e. laid hold household differs but little from that of and converted, by Christ Jesus. of the ungodly. So that the Christian is stopped in

He honours God in the church.

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