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the authority of his own see: yet apostle does not scruple to call the ke derives to it from the grant of blood of the man Jesus the blood of Jestinian no such universal monar.' God*, be thereby authorizes us to cby, as Talib discovers in the em- call the mother of the man Jesus peror's edict. Is Gregory of Talib' the mother of God. We only employ ibe best interpreter of that' edict? the very same figure of rhetoric that As I find it impossible to reconcile St. Paul did."-1 am no way dethem, for once in my life I prefer the fending the title: but I think, that opinion of the Pope to that of the Justinian was far less culpable in Protestant: and, concluding from ingenting it, than in anathematizing the language of Gregory, that uni- those who disliked it. As for its cerral monarchy was not then the involving any establishment of idol. claim of the Roman pontiff
, I follow atry, I must own I can discover nothe civilian Dr. Brett , who studied thing of the sort.
The title, be its the matter as a lawyer, in the view merits wbat they may, does not aswhich he has taken of the famous cribe to the Virgin one atom of the edict of Justinian. Hence I believe honour due to God alone : nor can I it to have done nothing more than comprehend, how a person, who settle the precedency of the several in the phraseology of Justinian) Bishops of the Roman empire. should call her the mother of God,
2. That idolatry was established would be one jot more in danger of in this same year 533, is the next worshipping her, than a person, who point which Talib wishes to make (in the phraseology authorized by good. This he attempts to do at the church of England) should dethe close of his last leitér; and this nominate her the mother of him who is the particular which I omitted to is very Gud as well as perfect man. botice in my reply.—He says, that A child in theology may see the idea Justinian did then declare the Vir- with which Justinian's title was ingin Mary to be the mother of God; vented; it was plainly the acknowand anathematized all impugners of ledged deity of Christ : but, why the doctrine; that the Pope solemn- " the worship of the Virgin should ly sanctioned the imperial decree by follow as a necessary consequence". fis authority; and that this was the of her being called ihe mother of God establishment of idolatry in the church, by those who believed in the diviinamoch as to give to the creature nity of her Son, I profess myself any part of the honour due to God quite unable to perceive. Yet this, is idolatry, and the worship of the according to Talib, is the predicted Virgin followed as a necessary con- establishment of idolatry, which was sequence from her new title.- I doubt to take place at the commencement but that Talib is perfectly accurate of the 1260 years, when the holy in his statement ; but I suspect, that city and the outer court were given be leaps with far too great rapidity to a race of gentilizing Christians. to his conclusion.
To invent the He appears to me, to have no more title of mother of God was indefen. proved the claim of his date (the Bible, because anauthorized: but, year 533) to the second characterishow this can be construed into the tic mark of the commencement of establishment of idolatry, is not the 1260 years, than he has done quite so clear. I suppose Justinian, to the first. How then can that pethe Pope, and the prelates, argued riod have commenced in the year in some such manner as the follow. 533, when it wants the predicted ing-Christ is God: Mary is the badges of incipiency? norker of Christ: therefore Mury is 3. Of the third point, I cannot in Me mother nf God. And they might justice require from Talib a more dea very speciously have corroborator cisive proof, than I have adduced in their argument from Scripture itself. They might tave urged,'" Since an
icts xx, 98.
favour of my own date, the year 606- the four great monarchies, or the lkree 607. Yet I have a right to call times and a half; which, as Meda upon him to shew, that there is observes, amouots to the same thing much reason to believe that in the in point of termination. But I do year 533 a separation of faithful not wish to build upon authority worshippers took place from the alone: let us attend to the reason corrupt church. As yet he has not ablenesss of this opinion. In my attempted this: and I am inclined own judgment, our Lord means speto think, he will find it no easy task cially the three times and a hals: to perform.
When he speaks of the times of the II. But, before I can adopt Talib's Gentiles, he plainly speaks of some date of the 1260 years, I must call up- well known period of time, by whichi on him to shew, not only that their the commencement of the restora. supposed commencement is marked by tion of Judah was to be chropolo. the triple notation set forth in pro- gically determined. But we shall phecy, but likewise that their sup- search in vain through all the Old posed termination answers to that Testament to find any period, ex chronological definition of it which cept Daniel's three times and a half. is likewise set forth in prophecy. to which it can be reasonably supOur Lord tells us, that the Jews are posed that our Lord alluded; and to be led away captive into all nations, these correspond verbatim; the times and Jerusalem to be trodden down of mentioned by our Lord are the times the Gentiles, until the times of the Gen- mentioned by Daniel. Bu Christ tiles shall be fulfilled. Now, what calls them the times of the Gentiles : ever these times of the Gentiles may and it is worthy of note, that his mean, it is plain, that the long tri- apostle John does the same. Those bulation of the Jews must expire, times, during which according to in other words, that they must begin Daniel) the saints are given into the to be restored, precisely when the hand of the little horn of the Gertimes are fulfilled. Such a conclu- tile Roman beast, are the precise sion is absolutely required by the times, during which (according to ordinary usage of language. If I John) the holy city and the court of were to say, such a man is to be im- the temple are given to the Gentiles, prisoned until the first day of January If then these are to be given to the next, my phraseology must plain- Genuiles during the three times and a ly import, that, as soon as that first half, those three times and a half must day arrived, the man's confinement necessarily be the times of the Gerwould be at an end: in like man- tiles. But, if the three times and a ger, when it is said, that the dis- half be the times of the Gentiles, since persion of the Jews is to continue the restoration of Judah commences until the completion of the times of precisely at the end of the latter, it the Gentiles, we are compelled to must also commence precisely at the understand, that they will begin to end of the former. And this is con be restored exactly when those times firmed by the prophet Daniel in a are completed; consequently, so passage, to which I have little doubt long as they are dispersed, we may Christ referred in his own prediction. be sure that the times have not ex. Daniel fixes the same termination pired. This being the case, we have to his three times and a half and to only to ascertain the import of the the scattering of the holy people* times of the Gentiles, in order to By the holy people here spoken of, know the precise epoch of the com- Mede, Newton, More, Woodhouse, mencing restoration of Judah. Now and our best expositors, understand it is generally agreed by our best the Jews: but Talib's system com. commentators, such as Mede, New- pels him to maintain, that that holy ton, and Hurd, that these times of the Gentiles are either the times of
• Dan, xij. 6,7.
people is not the Jews, but those whom ning or its ending. In the year 533, 8. Join speaks of collectively under no universal ecclesiastical monarchy the name of witnesses. Such an opi- was erected (at least in the judg. nion, however, is at once evidenily ment of Pope Gregory and Dr. advanced to serve a turn, and will Brett); no establishment of idolatry by no means accord with the phra- took place, whence Gibbon tells us seology of the prophet. Daniel (as an historian) that even at the speaks of the scattering of this holy end of the sixth century the worship people; and, to describe their scat- of images had never been authorilaring, he uses the very same word tatively decreed ; and no separation thu Moses employs to describe the of pious Christians from the commujudicial scattering of the Jews *. nion of the church occurred: thereThe holy people, therefore, spoken of fore the 1260 years cannot have wast be some people that is scat- commenced in the year 533. So tered in the same manner as the again : in the year 1793, the cap
: otherwise they do not cor- tivity and scattering of Judah did respond with the prophetic descrip- not terminate ; on the contrary, at tion wbich is given of them. More- the end of nineteen years they are orer, their scattering is not to be as much a dispersed people as ever conined to the period of the three they were, and their restoration has times and a half : for, althougb Da. plainly not hitherto commenced : tiel tells us that it will come to, an therefore the three times and a half, or end at their termination, he gives us the times of the Gentiles, cannot have to reason to suppose that it commences expired in the year 1793. Very with their commencement. But possibly I may be quite wrong in what people is there whom a Jew my conjecture; that however must would call the holy people, that has be determined by the event; but I been scattered in the same manner have as yet seen no arguments to as the Jews? I know of none. The convince me, that Talib is right. If persecution of the witnesses is never my guess be well founded, the Jews described by John as a scattering: will be put in motion in the year ner, except occasional emigrations 1860: whence the conversion of one ! escape the fury of their enemies, branch of them by some great mari. does their history present us with time nation will commence, and be ay thing that at all resembles the gradually effected, at some indefiscattering of the Jews. Hence, with nite time before the year 1866. I Mede and other commentators, I am much inclined to think, that it think it clear, that the scattered peo- has already commenced, and that ple mentioned by Daniel can only be thereby the maritime nation of Isaiah the Jeos. But, in that case, we ar- is ascertained : and I further think rive at the same conclusion as be- it probable, as I thought two years fore; that the restoration of the ago, that the determined opposition Jews commences precisely at the end of Spain will produce a retardation of the times of the Gentiles, or of the of the great catastrophe which at three times and a half, which is the one time seemed to be so rapidly opinion of Mede and our best com- approaching. I am not unwilling
to conjecture, as I then conjectured. WII. Thus, as far as I am able to that the fifth vial is now pouring jedge, the system of Talib is alto- out upon the throne of the repregether untenable: because his sup- sentative of the Roman beast. But, posed period of 1260 years, com- though his kingdom may be darkmencing in 533 and ending in 1793, eved by this pertinacious and almost does not correspond with the pro- interminable resistance to his usurphetic notation either in its begin- Pations, I see no warrant for believ.* Compare Deut . xxvii. 64, and xxx. s, ing that his authority will thereby
be overturnede When the appoint
with Dan, wä. 7, in the original.
ed time of retardation is past, and ix. 12. From the Septuagint, which when the Ottoman empire is over- agrees
with the Hebrew (Ger. xxv. thrown, he will then appear with 23). undiminished power at the head of - 13. Nearly from the Septua. the vassal kings of the Roman world; gint, which agrees with the Hebrew yet that will only be the prelude to (Mal. i. 2, 3,) his own destruction in Palestine. -. 15. As the above (Ex.xxxiii.19. When he commences his expedition 17, Εις αυτο τοτο εξηγειρα σε into that country, then, and not till RWS evdsığwu. BY_COL TYY duvame then, may we look out for the resto- fle, &c. Sept. Er, ix. 16. Ka ration of the Jews. The same time EVEXEY 58T8 diety P7,995, 1V? Eyosičuof the end is the chronological nota- μαι εν σοι την ισχυν με, &c.
“ Aod tion of both.
because of this thou hast been preI am, &c.
served, &c." The apostle's words G. S. FABER, are a more exact translation of the
Hebrew, than the Septuagint is.
-. 25. Καλεσω τον 8 λαον με, QUOTATIONS FROM THE OLD TESTA
λαον με» και την εκ ηγαπημένη MENT IN THE NEW, COLLATED WITH
ηχαπημένην. . Sept. Hos. ii. 23. TAE SEPTUAGINT.
Και αγαπησω την 8κ ηγαπημεντί, (Continued from Vol. IX, p. 740.)
και ερω τω 8 λαω με, λαος με ει συ. Rom. iv. 3. The quotation is, for " And I will love her who was nol substance, from the Septuagint (Gen. beloved ; and I will say to that xv. 6.) which does not at all vary which was not my people, Thou from the Hebrew. ETISEVCE & art my people." The apostle's (Rom.) — Ka ET45EUGEY (Sept.)- words are neither a quotation of the Alpaaj (Rom.) Aspare (Sept.)-The Septuagint, nör a translation of the name is not found in the Hebrew. Hebrew: but the general meaning
-- 7,8. The quotation exactly of the passage is clearly expressed. from the Septuagint (Ps. xxxii. i, The Septuagint is nearer to a trans2.) which gives the evident meaning lation of the Hebrew; yet it varies of the Hebrew.
from it in words, though pot in 17. In like manner from the meaning. Septuagint (Gen. xvii. 5.)
- 26. This quotatiou nearly 18. The same (Gen. xv. 5.) agrees with the Septuagint (Hos. i. viii. 36. Exactly from the Sep. 10.) spp, Sn. (Rom.) sofe$t. (Sept.) tuagint (Ps. xliv. 22), which does εκει κληθησονται. (Romm.) κληθησονpot vary from the Hebrew.
TAL XOI AUTO1. (Sept.) It accords exix. 7. Verbatim from the Sep- actly with the Alexandrian edition. tuagint (Gen. xxi. 12), which ex- Both give a correct translation of actly renders the Hebrew.
the Hebrew ; except that instead of 9. This quotation is not taken “ It shall be said unto them," they from the Septuagint, from which, in bave, "They shall be called, &c." words, it greatly differs : yet it re. 27, 28. Εαν η ο αριθμός των tains one particular, in which the vwv lopara, &c.- Sept. Is. x. 22, Septuagint varies from the Hebrew. 23. Και εαν γενηται ο λαος Ισραελ Instead of “according to the time -artwy (Sept. not Rom.) ETI 775 YES of life, &c.” it has καια τον καιρον (Rom.)-εν τη οικεμενη ολη, «in the T8709, “ according to this time, &c.” whole world.” (Sept.) This last is a huze instead of chayah (Gen. xviii. most material variation; and to 10.) Εις τον καιρόν τατον occurs in have quoted the Septuagint in this the Septuagint on Gen. xvii. 21, place would have been wholly inwhich accords to the Hebrew; consistent with the apostle's argy. though the word is different from ment. He was proving, that, accordthat used in the eighteenthi, mognad, ing to the prophets, only a remnant Tot gneck.
of Israel would be saved, in the days
of the Messiah : but a quotation of of holiness. I am now to apply the the passage from the Septuagint subject to ourselves. would have gone to prove this, not In doing this, I shall consider of Israel, but of the whole human I. The argument which the apostle's race. While; therefore, he nearly example affords us for growth in quotes that version, in other re- grace. spects be, evidently by design, va- II. The confirmation of this arguries from it in this particular. Nei- ment from various scriptural consia ther the apostle, nor the Septuagint, derations. gives an exact translation of the He- I. The argument itself is very brew; but only the general mean- plain. The spirit and conduct of ing. For the words " the Lord Je- ihe apostle are set forth in the HOVAH of hosts;" they relain merely Bible as examples for us. He is a K32195, “the Lord.”
pattern of a real Christian. I do ix. 29. Exactly from the Septua- not mean that he is our pattern as an giot (Is. j. 9,) which well translates apostle, as an inspired writer, or as the Hebrew, except as “a seed,” is one possessing miraculous powers. sabstituted for “ a very small rem- But he is our example as a believer tart.”
in Jesus Christ. As he repented, so - 33. In this verse, the apostle we must repent. ' As he was justitakes from two passages of Isaiah, aśfied by faith in the righteousness of mnach as was needful for his argų- Christ, so we must be justified. As ment. The former agrees with the be was renewed and enlightened by Hebrew (Is. xiv. 8), but is quite difi the Holy Ghost, so we must be. ferent from the Septuagint. The And, as his whole sout was then set latter is more consonant to the Sep- on growing in grace, our souls must tuagiot, (Is. xxviii. 16): but it be the same. We must be conagrees with the Hebrew ; except stantly engaged in labouring after that , from the Septuagint, it takes further measures of grace.
Our reshall not be ashamed," instead of maining imperfection must be grieshall not make haste.” The same vous unto us; and our eye niust be word is used again by the apostle fixed on the inheritance of heaven as (*. 11.); and by St. Peter (i Pel. our glorious prize. This is the life 11.6.) Some think that they read of a Christian. yabesh, instead of yachish. It is, The case, indeed, is so plain, that however, evident, that the apostle it might seem useless to dwell-upon merely gave the general meaning, it. But the fact is, that few points rein bis own words, as an inspired quire more to be pressed. A conwriter, without either quoting or
stant progress in holiness is so hard translating with studied accuracy.' to human nature, that there is not
thing where we are more apt to fail.
We are all ready to acknowledge PAMILY SERMONS, No. XXVII.
the importance of growth in grace:
but how little is our spirit like that Philippians iii. 12.- Not as though I of the apostle! Our auairments fall kad already attained, either were far, very far short of his; and yet
how far are we from feeling our im(Second Sermon on this Text.)
perfection as deeply as he did! It
is true, we may make general conly nay last discourse, I considered fessions of sin; but how little are the state and attainments of the
we thoroughly convinced that we apostle Paul, when he used the are nothing, and have done nothing, words of the text; his sense of re- compared with what we ought to be, maining imperfection; and, his ar- and ought to do! We talk of rundent pursuit after farther measures ning the race set before us; but Cukist. OBSERv. No. 111.