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OBITUARY. To the Editor of the Christian Observer. nuine simplicity and refined elegance; store

with the best literature which several nioden 1 an induced to take the liberty of ad- languages could afford. She bad an intima! dressing you, by lively sentiments of gráti. acqunintance with ancient and modern his tude, affection, and sincere respect for the tory; and the result of a long continues memory of a character, whose very superior cultivation of her intellect was av extent o worth will be acknowledged by all who had knowledge, which, though' possessed wit the happiness of being acquainted with it, much meekness, could, if applied to, alway and in the highest degree by those who instruct and inform. were the best able to forin an estimate of its Miss Schimnrelpenning's tempet was b value.

nature uncommonly sweet; she had grea A most intimate and closely-cemented tenderness of feeling to all, and a degree o friendship with the late Miss Sehiinmel kindness towårds those she loved, which wî penning of Bristol, enables me to offer you never cease to be remembered by the friend some further remarks, in addition to the ac who experienced it. Firmness, gennlenes count given of her in your last Appendix, and constancy, truth and solidity in ever which was indeed drawn by a masterly hand; thing, were her great characteristics. He but as it is only a brief sketch, and will piety exhibited all these qualities : it was therefore bear filling up; and as the talents, deep, enlightened, and effective Cevotion acquirements, and genuine piety of my fate soul_ state of constant intercourse will dear friend were of so superior a class, it will her Maker, which was manifested to thos not, I trust, be deemed a waste of time to around her' by purity of life and sanctity attempt to elucidate thein more fully. spirit. Her death was calculated to eshit

The most eminent feature in her cha-" the reality of her principles, its suddetine racter was her judgment, which was so pe lueing such as to preclude any but her bu culiarly sound, clear, and diserinrinating, bitual preparation. Daring the few days i that its decisions generally produced innré- her illness, however, and in the awful mo diate conviction ; added to which, stie posé ment' of ber departure, she manifesteds sessed so elegant and correct a taste, that in'firmi a faith in the merits of Christ, an literary pursuits she certainly had very few such a vital union with him, that the imaz equals. Every line of her character wäs' of lier Saviour, as present with her, no arranged with a finished consistency. It calling her to hiiruself, into a state of m was bighly polished, and delica:ely feminine,' utterable felicity, was prósented to fier min get it had no false vamish of any kind; in the most lively colours; md she con above affectation, its timidity became graced writted her sout with full confiđevce intoh ful, becanse it was counteracted and guarded hands, leaving a fresh ekainple of the w by so striet a love of truth, and such sound certainty of hunnan life, and the necessit ness and rectitude of principle, that the and comfort of a constant and regulát wal combination produced a calm dignity of ac-' with God, who may call us at an hour w tion, which could not fail of inspiring re- think not of. Happy are those sertas apect and esteem. She had a mind of ge-" wbo are found watching!


ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. Under consideration : A. B.; T. S.; A CONSTANT READER ; Remarks on Dr. A. Clarke

Bible; T, H.; and S. P. OROZO; T. Y.; C.C.; FARMER BLUNT; Tuux Est; and Jonx, will find a place. We beg to inform R. Y. that of the tracts published by the Society for promoting Chti

tian Knowledge, many of which are truly excellent, those which bave appeared to the most obj ctionable, and to which indeed we chietly referred, in our number for. D) cenaber fast, are three Dialogues by the Rev. Thomas Sykès, coutained in the sixth

lume.of the Society's Tracis. M. M.; A CONSTANT READER ; and CANTABRIGIENSIS, have been received. We request J. B. L. to read a tract published by the Society for promoting Christian Koor

ledge, entitled "A Discourse concerning Baptismal and Spiritual Regeneration," by !

shop Bradford. He will find it to express our sentiments. A TRAVELLIR is requested to name the place to which be alludes.


No. 111.]

MARCH, 1811,

[No. 3. Vol.x.




hend them with such a moderation ISCE OF THE FIRST PROTESTANT

as becomes a missionary of Christ. MISSIONARIES TU INDIA.

We know, most honourable pa(Continued from p. 68.).

trons, that the same God, who hath

entrusted us with the grain of musI N the absence of Ziegenbalgh tard-seed to be sown in his garden, writes in reply to a letter from the sowers, and given bis divine inSociety, in which it appears that crease : we have this year gained they had cautioned him, among four-and-twenty souls to our holy other things, against mingling other religion, who are now as so many doctrines with those of Chris branches ingrafted into the tree of

life, Christ Jesus. We confess inTranquebar, Aug. 28, 1715.—“As deed, that, after so many years' lato the mingling of other doctrines bour, we do not see as yet such fruit with the principles of Christianity; as we could heartily wish for: but we assure you, that we are entirely we know that this is the seed-time. averse to any such leaven, using our Let us therefore be faithful and inatmost endeavours to render our ex- defatigable. The word which God plications of Scripture pure, simple, has put into our mouth will not reand intelligible, such as the Divine turn again empty, but will answer Spirit doth teach, and the writings the end for which it was sent; and, of the faithful servants of God do to use the words of our blessed Lord, by their testimony countenance he that sows, and he that reaps, and explain. This true sense of shall rejoice together. Moreover, God's word is not to be found in the be pleased to understand, that beperplexed and crabbed commenta- sides our ordinary schools, we renes of the schoolmen and philosó- solved about four months ago to phers: but by a diligent comparing erect a new Damulian school

, for of Scripture with Scripture, endea the use of the Malabarian children.” ! Pooring to follow in all things, and “ Many joyfully embraced the op

above all, the Spirit of God himself, portunity offered them, and sent who by bis divine illumination Their children to this new school; teaches what ought to be avoided, which now, contrary to my expecand what ought to be embraced; tation, are increased to the number what is profitable, and what is to be of seventy, who are taught in two rejected. And since we are sur- distinct chambers by thred Christian founded on all hands with the emise masters.

It is very proper that saries of the church of Rome, who, such schools should be every where too much laying aside the pure erected among the heathen in India

, word of God, obtrude the dotages of whereby their youth may imbibe human wit and invention upon un- Christian principles in their very thinking persons; we take all pro- childhood. We have, by God's per occasions to detect them with a help, printed off the remaining part Christian sincerity, and to repre- of the New Testament in the Damo.


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Chaist. Onserv. No. 111.

Jian language, for the benefit of the Governor Hassius, that you are very Malabarians: and whereas the well disposed, and most capable of short Catechism, and Means of Sal. this glorious undertaking, I cannot vation, in the Malabarick language, foresee any hindrances, unless what as also the little book of Principles may arise from the dark superstiin the Portuguese tongue, are all tion of those whom you bave a mind 3 dispersed abroad, we have now to instruct in the Christian faith. tens printed them a second time.” I promise that there shall be no im

" In the town of Pontischery, a pediment on my part.” Jesuit was heard to say: 'that our Mr. Grundler writes thus, on the Malabarick version of the New 16th January, 1716, from Tranque Testament was full of errors.' Being bar: credibly inforned of his assertion, “Our Governor Hassius is exceedI drew up a letter, bearing date ing kind 10 me (which is owing to May 13,' 1715, wherein i pro- the goodness of ihe Almighty), he posed to him the following terms: entirely loves me, and promotes my

since I cannot discover any of office and mission as much as possia these faults niyself, I entreat you to bly he can. He has also, by his team shew me where the translation is commendatory letters, procured me teper not agreeable to the text, and you the love and favour of the Honourawill really do me a singular piece ble Governor Harrison. We are nowe of service: but then I do also very busy in building a paper-mill

, desire you to compare our Damu- for the benefit of the mission. Our lian version not only with your vul- Honourable Governor defrays half gar Latin, but also with the original the expense, and I, on the mission's 3 Greek itself; and then I shall hope account, the other half. The timyou will find the errors to have ber work belonging to this fabric is been inaginary, and the trausla- finished, and a few days after we tion faithfully performed.' But I begun the edifice itself.' If this dehave not yet received this gentle- sign under God meets with saccess, man's answer, nor the catalogue of it will be very advantageous both to errors wherewith he hath threaten- this mission and to all India. We ed our version"

have now printed a treatise of diviDuring the same period, some nity in Damulian characters; the letters passed between Mr. Grund. three first sheets whereof, together ler and Governor Harrison of Ma. with some other small tracts, which dras, on the subject of schools and we have hitherto published, I have missions. I extract a passage from here enciosed." a letter of the Governor's, which is A letter from the Rev. Samuel highly creditable to bim.

Briercliffe, chaplain at Calcutta, Fort St. George, Oct. 25, 1715.- dated Dec. 31, 1715, contains a “ I shall always think myself liap- passage which stands directly oppy, if, in the discharge of my of- posed to the assertions, so vehementfice. I can by any means promote ly urged by many of the Anglo-Inyour pious and laudable endeavours dians of the present day, of the abfor propagating the Gospel of Christ, solate impracticability of extending either here, or in any part of our Christianity among the Hindoos. territories. Moreover, I am most “ The Christians in Bengal bear ready to assist your endeavours but a very small proportion to the whenever you intend to put your Mahometans and Gentoos. la design in execution. If you had this settleinent, we are not above rather begin at Dewanapatnam than one in two thousand; we have few here, our vice-governor shall be Protestants in this place besides ready to defend your cause. And those of our own nation. There whereas I have niore than once

are, indeed, great numbers of Portounderstood, by your worthy friend guese Christians (in comparison to

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us), wbo bave got a very large quality, necessary to render him
church, and they are daily making capable of carrying on the work of
proselyies. For the Portuguese lan. the mission. Mr. Berlin is also a
guage being well understood by very pious, diligent youth, and

many of the natives, and very cur- seems to have a genius for lanbe 10

tent withal in matters of business, guages, which is very requisite in a op does the easier introduce the Romish missionary: he made so great a Cost religion. The Portuguese have also progress in the Portuguese tongue,

another church at Hughly, about that he was master of it in one year,
lwenty miles above us, upon the and now preaches in it with great
tiver Ganges, and they have one at ease and fluency. As for Mr. Ad-
Balafore, and one at Chittigon; in ler, he is an artist so useful and in-
all which places they have many con- genious, that he deserves the great-

Terts. 'l'he Portuguese have not est encouragement. I saw the pabichi

carried on their religion by means per-mill he is now a making : it is : 5 of schools, but chiefly by bringing in great forwardness, and will be od up their slaves and servants, while finished, he says, in a few months.”

young, in their own faith ; many 25 å of wbich bave afterwards throve in 3. the world, and accordingly edu- To the Editor of the Christian Observer. of trated their own children, slaves, &c. 05 in that religion; which is the rea- On re-perusing Talib's last letter, 10320 son they are now so numerous in I perceive, that, in my reply, I India.”

have omitted to give an answer to A letter from tbe Rev. Mr. Ste- the latter part of it. This however, renson, the chaplain at Madras, will enable me to state briefly, by dated in February 1716, gives a way of recapitulation, the grounds pleasing account of the state of the whereon I think the year 606-007, Mission at that time.

a more probable epoch of the consI have been at Tranquebar, mencement of the 1260 years, than there I spent three days with great that proposed by Talið and Mr.

satisfaction. On Sunday I heard Bicheno, and, with this recapitula21.1 Mr. Grundler preach to the Malaba- tion, I hope that our long contro

rian converts in their own language, versy will terininate. Chia and Mr. Berlin made an useful, ear- I. It appears to me, that the comtest lecture in Portuguese. The

The mencement of that period is clcarly
people seemed far more attentive, inarked by a triple notation of cir-
serings, and composed in their beha- cumstance: hence I infer, that un-
Viole, than our Europeans generally less an epoch can exhibit such triple

And the children wbom I notation, it cannot be the true date
beard catechised in Portuguese, of the period in question.
have juster notions of religion, and 1. The 1260 years commence with
are greater proficients in true Chris- the establishment of an universal
taa knowledge, than those of a monarchy in the church. This I
more advanced age are among us.

collect from the prediction that
I have no time to enlarge upon the the saints, as a collective body,
order and good discipline that are should be given into the hand of the
kept op in the three schools, nor 'papal little horn during the term of
the contingal successful labours of that period: whence the period
the missionaries.

The governor, itself must commence with their
had the Danish minister of Tran- being so given.
quebar, gave Mr. Grundler an ex- 2. The 1260 years commence with
traordinary character, and confirm the authorized establishment of ido-
the good opinion I always had of latry. - This I collect from the decla-
biz. He is a man of great probity, ration, that the holy city and the
Babristy, prudence, and every good outer court of the

temple should be

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given into the hand of a new race of ble era of their secession*: and, if gentiles, that is, paganizing Chris- so, since their first act of separation tians, during the term of that same must have been caused by some reperiod: whence the period itself markable event which peculiarly of: must commence with the city and fended their consciences, it can the court being so given.

scarcely be esteemed an unnatural, 3. The 1260 years commence with conjecture, that the authoritative esta, the flight and secession of a certain blishment of idolatry, which occurred body of spiritual Christians from the in this very century, was the event, apostale church, with which, until which led ihem to quit the commuthen, they had remained in commu- nion of Rome. One of our ablest nion.— 'I'his I collect from the flight historians supposes them to have of the woman into the wilderness; separated in the seventh century: where she is preserved during 1260 now to what event of that century years, evidently in a state of per- can we more probably ascribe their secuted separation from the degene- separation than the authoritative e rate cburch, which is exhibited un- tablishment of idolatry? So long as der the character of another dis- idolatry was an individual sin, how tinct woman : whence she must ever rife the practice might be, they have tled or separated herself at the were not bound in conscience to see commencement of the period in parate from the church: but, when question. I further collect it from the church adopted it as part of her the sackcloth-prophesying of the discipline, and exacted it as a term witnesses during 1260 years, which of communion, no alternative but witnesses are evidently in a state of secession would be left to them. separation from the gentiles of the

And now let us see, how Talib outer court : whence the 1260 years manages the argument in favour of ipust commence with their separation. the year 533, which he conjectures

Now there is reason to believe to be the true date of the 1260 that the year, commencing in 600 years. and ending in 607, exhibits this 1. He contends, that the edict of very triple notation, which is re- Justiniau did at that time establish quired: whence I inferred, that av universal monarchy in the church that year was most probably the of Rome.- To this, omitting other first of the 1260 years.

arguments, I reply: that, about some 1. In the year 606, the Pope was 60 or 70 years after the supposed esta. exclusively declared bishop of bi- blishment of universal ecclesiastical shops and supreme head of the ca- monarchy, Pope Gregory the Great tholic church, and every title of a

was quite ignorant of the cristence of similar description was prohibited any such prerogative in the see over to the other patriarchs.

which he presided. This is mani. 2. In the year 607, idolatry, fest from his epistles respecting the which bad hitherto been an unau- patriarch of Constantinople. Had thorised individual sin, was authori. such an establishment taken place tatively established in the church in the church of Rome about 60 by the supreme pontift:

years before, he must have known 3. History does not enable us to it: had be known it, he could never, fix the precise year when the pious in the patriarch of Constantinople

, Valdenses first separated themselves have branded, as a badge of Antifrom the Romish communion; but christ, the claim of that identical we may collect from it, that they be prerogative, which he himself then gan to retire into the valleys of Pied- actually and knowingly possessed. mont about the time when I date Gregory must surely have known the 1260 years. Mosheim, on the authority of Antoine Leger, deems * Mosheim's Eccles. Hist. Ceat. VII. part the seventh century the most probao ü. chap. ii. sec. 2.

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