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member of those committees bore evi- character too, that is of immense imdence to the existence of the evil. The portance in the teacher of the young, only question was as to the means by namely, that he is a man of sanctified which it could be remedied. Various gladsomeness of spirit. I need not suggestions were made; in some cases remind you how this is shown, for there appeared to be school-rooms not perhaps there is no other feature of his fully occupied, and the most obvious character that is more manifest and thought was, that immediate measures striking than this. It was gladsomeshould be adopted to fill them; in the ness which came down from heaven, majority of instances, however, it ap- and returned to heaven again; it found peared that the school-rooms were filled its consummation there as well as its to overflowing, while large districts source; but in the meantime, while existed without either school or place of it was upon earth, it was not content to public worship. Here the remedy also be gladsome and joyous itself, but called seemed plain,- the opening of a school upon all within the sound of its voice to in the locality. But how could funds be be joyous and gladsome too. And this obtained, and where could teachers be is a characteristic eminently desirable procured ? Both these must be sought in a teacher of the young, and a Christian from the nearest Christian church, and teacher above all. There may be piety, the co-operation of the minister and the where this is wanting in some measure, members of that church should be which in such a work is always to be secured. The committees of the regretted, because, while we may be auxiliaries have since had the subject thankful that the children will be sure under their consideration, and it will be to be pointed to heaven, yet we can only one of the most important duties of the fear that it will be a dark and cloudy Committee of the ensuing year, to see heaven, that the desires of the child will that these efforts are carried out to a not be drawn out after, while this gladpractical result.”
someness is like a living beam poured The report was adopted and ordered from the divine throne into the teacher's to be printed, and the officers and Com- heart, and makes, as it were, a bright and mittee appointed.
blessed pathway, up which the children's
thoughts may travel to the glory that is beyond. Dr. Watts felt this, and hence, when he would give utterance to the thought of worship, he sang :
“Lord, how delightful 'tis to see Was preached on Tuesday, May 5th, at A wholo assembly worship Thee ! the Poultry Chapel, by the Rev. J. P. At once they sing, at once they pray ; Chown, of Bradford. The attendance of
They hear of heaven, and learn the way." the members of the Union was large. And this is a matter of far more imporThe preacher selected Psalm xxxiv. 11 tarce than we are sometimes apt to for his text, and spoke of the teacher-think; for while I have known old and the taught, and the lesson. On the first eminent Christians turn back to the division of his sermon, he noticed that associations linked with these first imthe teacher was a man-a man of God - pressions made upon their minds, whose a king-an eminently gifted man-a man joyousness had never passed away, and of sanctified gladsomeness of spirit. We in which they found delight that no cannot forbear quoting at length, the subsequent experiences could be conidescription of this last feature in the pared with; how many have been character.
repelled in early life from the ways of “ There is one other feature of David's piety, in which they might have walked,
THE ANNUAL SERMON
because they have contracted the idea but the most blissful and rapturous scene that they were ways of moroseness and of that kind I have ever witnessed, was melancholy, such as youth could not that of a scholar whose only religious endure, instead of being shown that they instruction had been found in the Sunwere ways of pleasantness and peace, in day school. When you entered the which youth should find its noblest dwelling where he lay, it was actually satisfaction and purest delight. Not, of and literally, as I never saw and felt it course, that there should be anything before or since, as though the atmoslike levity, any more than moroseness, phere were influenced by the brightness - the one is the bubble on the surface of his countenance; and if an angel of the stream, the other the dark sedi- from heaven had been there, it could ment at the bottom; what we want is scarcely have been more so. the pure crystal stream itself, pouring member standing dumb and spellbound, joy and gladsomeness wherever it goes, in a measure, before that dying child, and making all that is bright and as he poured out the rapture of his soul pleasant spring up around. And there in the midst of the most intense suffermay be all this, entirely independent of ing that he never seemed to feel, with any ordinary distinctions, for a sunny the soberness of age giving weight to soul will ever make a sunny face, and the ecstasies of youth, and furnishing an that will ever pour its blessing upon instance of what, under God's blessing, all within the reach of its power; and may be done by the religious instruction there stands the teacher before us, then, of the young, such as will never be -a man, a man of God, a man of God in forgotten, I know, by those who looked exalted station, a man of God in exalted upon it, and can never be fully destation eminently gifted in many ways, scribed." and a man of God with all this crowned On the lesson taught, “the fear of with a sanctified gladsomeness of spirit the Lord,” it was observed that this that enriches all besides, and makes lesson shewed that our instruction must him a blessing to all he comes near.
be spiritual—must be experimental-it Let us have, as far as practicable, such must be purely and simply what perteachers, and the results of Sunday tains to man's salvation—" the fear school instruction, beyond anything we of the Lord.” The sermon thus conhave known, shall be such as thought cluded :can scarcely conceive, as tongue can
“Let the teacher be one whose spirit never tell, as eternity itself can never and character shall answer to what has fully make manifest.”
been mentioned, and who shall thus Under the second division of the ser- look upon his precious charge, and seek mon, the preacher shewed that the to lead them thus to the things pertaintaught were children - whom the ing to their salvation, and then the teacher had invited - for whom he had little one should indeed become a thouprepared—whom he deemed capable sand, and the small one a great nation. of learning divine things—and whom The generation rising up to fill our he addressed specifically and personally. places should be such a royal priesthood, In referring to the taught as children, and chosen generation, and peculiar the preacher said,
people to show forth the Redeemer's “It has been my privilege to stand by praise as, as yet, this world has never many death-beds, and look upon the de- been blessed with. Our Sabbath school parting spirit, just entering the valley classes should become little congregaof the shadow of death, but fearing no tions, and then churches, that, as they evil, with
should all become united and poured into • A mortal paleness in the cheek, the world, they would be such a power, beBut glory in the eye;'
fore which enemies and opposition should
So when Devotion's mount we climb,
Where kindred hearts unite in prayer, vanish, like shadows before the rising
We lose the scenes of sense and time, sun, like evil spirits before the Lord of
And feel how sweet to linger there ! glory. Arise then, fellow-helpers in the work of the Lord, to the full con
But not for dreams of raptured joy,
Was life to Christ's disciples given; ception and glory of your holy enter
To do His work is earth's employ, prise, and then shall the church look
To see His face, the bliss of heaven. upon the multitudes of the young
So we, where duty's pathway lies, brought into her fold with wondering
Would haste the appointed task to do; delight, and say, "Who hath begotten
Till fairer visions bless our eyes me these?' and the answer shall be,
Than lonely Tabor ever knew. • Thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I will lift up mine hand to the Gentiles, The subject for Conference, “ The exand set up my standard to the people : tension of Sunday schools among the and they shall bring thy sons in their l upper and lower classes of society," was arms, and thy daughters shall be opened by a paper read by Mr. Smither. carried upon their shoulders. And The discussion not only occupied the kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and morning, but was resumed after dinner, their queens thy nursing mothers : they and was sustained with the interest its shall bow down to thee with their face importance deserved by thirty members toward the earth, and lick up the dust of the Conference. The following sugof thy feet; and thou shalt know that I gestions were made, -That ladies in the am the Lord ; for they shall not be upper classes might be induced on a ashamed that wait for me.'"
Sabbath afternoon to take charge of the children of families in the same position
of life as themselves, for the study with CONFERENCE.
them of the Word of God; that appliThe delegates from the country met cation, systematic and repeated, should the Committee to Breakfast in the Lib- be made to the churches for the help, rary, at eight o'clock on Thursday not of the young men and women, but morning; after which a Prayer Meet- rather of Christian fathers and mothers ; ing was held to seek the Divine bless-that efforts should be made in the existing on the engagements of the day. ing schools to form classes for training Although it did not occupy more than teachers, the want of suitable teachers fifty-five minutes, yet, during that time, being the great hindrance to the exterifour hymns were sung, four portions of sion of Sunday schools ; that Christian Scripture were read, and seven members people should introduce their own chilof the Conference, including four min-dren into the Sunday school; that a isters, engaged in prayer,
separate service would be preferable to a At 10 o'clock, SAMUEL MORLEY, Esq., morning school; that Sabbath evening took the Chair, when the following schools were desirable. hymn, composed for the occasion by We regret our inability to find space Mr. W. H. Groser, was sung.
for Mr. Smither's very excellent paper,
or for a full report of the comments Jesus, when once on Tabor's height
made upon it, but we subjoin a few Thy form with radiant glories shone, Bright as the unclouded source of light,
extracts from the latter. And white as shows on Lebanon ;
Mr. LEE, of Salford, said that the evils
referred to in the paper could only Far from the world's tumultuous noise, Thy favour'd servants gathered near,
met by a new work which teachers Drank of the stream of heavenly joys,
must take up, viz., that of providing And cried, “ 'Tis good to tarry here!"
a suitable religious service, on a syste
matic plan, for the children of the mem- | taken, and soon filled to overflowing, bers of our congregations. He would and a few young people were sent from suggest the erection, in an appropriate the congregation to teach. A joiner's locality, of a large children's chapel, shop in the locality, which would hold and in the conducting the service in it, three or four times as many, was next he would have 150 children trained to obtained, and being fitted with proper sing well. He had no hesitation in appliances, that also was filled. The saying, that they could fill such a result of the whole was, that a schoolchapel in Manchester, two or three house had been erected by the congretimes a day, with a congregation of gation of which he was minister, at an 2,000 children, of ages from eight to expense of £700.; that there was fourteen. Mr. Armitage, the son of Sir school at the present time of between Elkanah Armitage, had built an insti- 400 and 500 children, besides an infant tution and opened it for separate ser- class of 120 meeting in a separate room, vices in that city, and the place was and a select class meeting in their own filled
every Sunday night with children. room, which had been carpeted and One of the results was, that the neigh- papered like a drawing-room, by thembourhood, which formerly was a very
selves. Out of that school it had been noisy one, was now quiet; and so great his pleasure to receive several into the was the interest taken by the children church of Christ; and he believed the in the service, that some of them were school would become the nucleus of there an hour beforehand, so as to get a church itself. their places. This was an indication of The Rev. J. P. Cook, of Paris, said, the want which existed, and he had no he had known some of the most doubt that success would generally active teachers and superintendents, attend such an effort. His own children whose own children did not go to the had begged to be allowed to attend this Sunday school. And why? Because service, because they could understand they had formed the idea that the the address given. Mr. Armitage's school was only for the instruction of children, and others in the same station the children of the poor. For his own of life, were taken there, and, judging part, while doing all he could at home from their countenances, they were for the instruction of his little boy, he quite delighted with the proceedings. had made it a rule that, to whatever
The Rev. J. P. Chown, of Bradford, Sunday school he belonged, that boy mentioned one case as an illustration of should be his first scholar, and he was what might be done to gather the poorer himself trained to this by his own classes into the Sunday school.
He had been accosted someknew a poor woman, a member of a times, in going to the Sunday school, church, whose family detaining her from with the remark, “You are going to the means of grace, she took the oppor- teach your poor children ;” to which tunity of telling them of divine things he replied, “No, I am not; I am going on the Sabbath day. There were other as a minister to take part of my pastoral families living around her, the children charge. I shall teach you at half-past of which were not brought under re- eleven in the chapel, and I am now ligious instruction; so she gathered going to teach the young of my charge them together to teach them with her the same truths.” It was only by
This went on for some time, and cherishing this view of the case that she then invited the parents to attend, the prejudices referred to would be reand asked her minister to come and say moved. He was afraid that the organia kind word to them. Afterwards a zation of the school was frequently too cellar kitchen in the same street was complex. If teachers felt more solemnly
that their work was to instruct the admitted, there being hundreds outside children in order to save them, they seeking an entrance. would not begin by saying, "We must The meeting was commenced by the have so many classes,” but “How singing the following hymn, composeil many good teachers can we get ? If for the occasion by the Rev. Robert
can only get five, we will have Robinson, and appropriately entitledfive classes; if twenty, we will have
THE GATHERED WORKERS. twenty." The consequence of the
Once more with joyous greeting present plan of having so much organi
We crown another year, zation was, that for the sake of pre
And at this gladsome meeting, serving so many classes, bad teachers
Each worker bid good cheer. had sometimes to be employed, and the With anthems of devotion, great object of the Sunday school was
We join the choir abore, missed.
And say with sweet emotion
Our Master's name is Love.
For blessed work and wages,
With pleasures yet untold, proach to a solution of the problem he
For children of all ages, had anywliere met with. There the
Allured within the fold, Presbyterian congregations had two de- Wo lift to Heaven our voices, scriptions of schools—a congregational And gratefully would own, school, and a mission school-the former
While every heart rejoices,
The praise is God's alone. for the young of the church, and the latter for the poor in the surrounding With strong divine azsurance, neighbourhood. To a large extent these
Our vows we now renew;
With Christ-like meek endurance, schools had answered their design, and
Our souls, O Lord, imbue; he thought some such plan was neces
And soon, amid our yearning, sary in London and other places, where, Permit us all to see apart from any question of prejudice, The young around us turning parents in the more respectable positions
With loving hearts to Thee. of life naturally feared that the effect of Mr. Kinnaird, the President of the all classes being brought together would Union, being engaged in the House of not be beneficial to their children. In Commons, in consequence of the Bill reference to the great complaint of want authorising the appointment of Rowan of teachers, he observed that, if the prac- Catholic chaplains to prisons being fixed tice which prevailed in the Wesleyan for discussion, the chair was taken by body, of requiring all who became mem- HEXRY LEE, Esq., of Salford. bers of society to engage in some portion After the Report had been read, Mr. of the work of the church, were more E. S. Rogers, of Manchester, made a generally followed, this difficulty would statement relative to the effort made by be speedily got over. He believed that, the Union on behalf of the unemployed if the pastors of onr churches could be teachers and scholars in the cotton dis. induced to take this matter up, there was tricts. He said, “ little did we think a large amount of agency which might that the sympathy would extend so be brought into operation.
far, and that the assistance would be
so bountiful as it has proved to be. PUBLIC MEETING.
The report which has been read tells This was held as usual in Exeter Hall, you that £3,500. has been raised for at six o'clock, and was as numerously this purpose. Besides that, there have attended as ever. The large assembly been other sums received, making was appealed to, to endeavour to sit the amount up to nearly £4,600., closer, so as to allow some more to be when we take into consideration the