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about the government*; let this be the right of your government : Whosoever of your children shall be the eldest in yearst, shall reign after you ; and whosoever he be that shall rebel against his commandment shall be put to deaths.” And they said, “

Behold, I would it might be according to thy wordsg.” And the old man slept with his fathers, and his sons buried him, and they wept over him, and their government was firmly established. And it came to pass, after some days, that Achmed violated the statute of their father ; he made void his covenant, and gathered together soldiers, and fought against his brother, but was smitten before him; and they took him alive at that time, and his son was left, and fled unto another country from the face of his uncle, and devised mischief against the sherif. And the sherif said, « Now will the son of


go unto the Spaniards; and he also will join our enemies, and will be as thorns in my sides all the days. And now I will deal wisely with him, lest he increase; and I will bring out my brother from the prison-house, and we shall see what will become of his dreams.”

1227. Then he brought his brother Achmed out

* Gen. xlv. 24. † Jos. i. 18.

+ Comp. Deut. xxi. 17.
§ Gen. xxx. 34.




of the pit*, and spake unto his heart, and both of them made a covenant. And Achmed went to his son and delivered him from his evil; so the war ceased. And Achmed violated again his covenant, and fought against his brother the second time. And he was also this time smitten before the sherif; and he and his son were taken alive. And the sherif sought to bring them down to the pit; and his mother besought for them at his feet and wept; and he was entreated by her at that time. And he left them a residue and a livelihood in that country; and they abide in the uttermost part of the cities of his kingdom until this day.

1228. And the sherif went on and increased until he became very greatt; and he reigned also over the city of Morocco, and he was called king of Morocco [5p] until this day. After that he fought against the king of Portugal, and took from his hand the cities which he had taken from the hand of the Ishmaelites; and the Portuguese fell before him slain to the ground, and he trode upon them as upon the mire in the streets, because the Lord was with him; and that which he did the Lord made it to prosperl.

1229. Against the king of Fez also he fought

* Gen. xxxvii. 28.

+ Gen. xxvi. 13 1 .

§ Is. xli. 21. Micah vii. 10. | Gen, xxxix, 23.

.מארואיקוש :



three times, and took all his land out of his hand*, and encamped also against the large city of Fez, and took it; and his fame went throughout the whole world. The sherif fought against King Beles della Gomerat also, and took all his land out of his hand. And the king filed before him into Spain, and besought the viceroy of the emperor and his nobles. And they gave presents unto him, and sent him away unto the emperor, who stood in Flanders in those days.

1230. And this Ishmaelitish king came unto Genoa on the twenty-third day of the month of January, in the year one thousand five hundred and fifty. And he went on his journeys unto the emperor, and cast himself down at his feet; and the emperor spake unto his heart, and he abode with him many days.

1231. And there was war between the Spaniards who were at Goletta, and between the king of Tunis day by day. And the Spaniards went unto the open cities which were nigh unto them to make spoil; this was their manner all the while. And the Spaniards laid an ambush; but the thing was known unto the king, and he set a watch over them. And they fell upon them suddenly, and Num. xxi. 26.

. i 1 Sam. xxvji. 11.

.ביליש דילה גומירה +

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there fell of the Spaniards in the net which they hid*, about three hundred men at that time. And those who were left fled away, and their life was a prey. And the king said, “How long shall these wars be a snare unto ust?” I will send a present unto the emperor, peradventure he will accept my persons. And he sent messengers unto him with a present in their hand, lions, horses, and fowls ; and they came unto Genoa in the month of February in that year. And it grieved the emperor, and he wrote, “ Ye shall not come to appear before meş, for I will take no present at your hands||.” And they sold the horses in Genoa, and returned unto their own country.

1232. And on the seventeenth day of the same month, Dragut went very suddenlys unto Africa the fenced city, and took it, and put a garrison into the midst of it. And the nobles of the Nazarenes feared, lest it should be a snare unto them; and their wrath was burning within them **.

1233. And the duke of Mantua took unto himself to wife the daughter of Ferdinand, the brother of the emperor, and he loved her; and she came

Ps. ix. 15 (Heb. 16). [ Gen. xxxii. 20 (Heb. 21). !! Comp. Jud. xiii. 23.

** Esth. i. 12.

+ Exod. x. 7.
§ Is. i. 12.

Num. vi. 9.




into the city with timbrels, and with dances*, in that year. And his mother Margarita took the burying-ground of the Jews and gave it unto the priests, that they might enlarge their borderst; and the Jews cried, but there was none to help;

nd they took out from their sepulchre those that slept in the dusts. And it came to pass, after a very few days, that the duke, her eldest son, became sick and died; and his brother reigned in his stead.

1234. And there came a man of Judah to dwell at Genoa, his name was Haim; and the men of his profession envied him all the days. And there came four Hebrew men into his house; and he made a banquet for them; and also the Gentile women they brought with them unto the banquet; and they reeled like a drunken mang, and they walked in the imagination of their heart||, and so made me to stink among the inhabitants of the land at that time. And it came to pass, at the end of the year**, that Rabbi Zerachiah the Levite, the son of my sister, came to dwell in Genoa; and the physicians envied us also, and could not speak

* Exod. xv.


† Amos i. 13. I Dan. xii. 2.

Ps. cvij. 27. || Deut. xxix. 19 (Heb. 18). Jer. iii. 17; vii. 21. Gen. xxxiv. 30.

** 2 Chr. xxiv. 23.

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