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released, and gave them arms; and they were
anassistance to him in that day.
709. And the ship of Don Hugo fell upon

them first at the sound of trumpets and of horns; and all the people trembled much. And the marquess said, .“ Put fire first to the cannons;” but Don Hugo would not: and Philippino gave fire first; and there died about forty men, men of valor who ruled the people: and the ship was like to be broken*. And Don Hugo commanded, and they gave fire; but they effected nothing, for the men of Philippino sat under the deck of the ship until the indignation was overpast, and they drew near; one ship drew nigh to the others, and they put there the battle in array, the like of which never was; and their voices were heard from afar; and the sea and the dry land were moved at the voice of the sons of death.

710. And the three ships which Philippino sent, came out as an eagle flieth, against the ship, in which were Don Hugo and the nobles ; and they put fire into the cannons, and the mast fell downs, and all who were under it died, and the ship was in consternation. And they wounded Don Hugo in his arm and in his thigh, and he fell into the lowest part of the ship, and many who were slain by the guns


him as they were fighting,
Jonah i. 4.

+ Lit. The one ship to her sister. Lit. To the ground.

and they trampled upon him, and he died; and the flag fell, and the men of the ship in which Philippino was, took it. And the Turks fought like lions at that time. And the battle was strong between them for four hours; and much people died. And the wind continued with them, and the ships drew nigh one to another : and the Turks took one of the ships which the Spaniards had before taken from them; and as for the rest of Philippino's ships, they took again two more of his ships which the Spaniards had taken with their sword, before the three came to them which Philippino sent out. And two of the ships of Don Hugo they caused to sink into the sea of reeds*, and two fled for their lives, when they saw that evil was determined against them ; and two were overtaken by the destruction of Philippino. And the rest of the ships which were with them were dispersed, one here and one there, and fled for their lives. And the Marquess del Guasto, and Ascanio Colonna, and the many nobles and honorable men who were with them were taken alive. And the French were very glad, and the faces of the nobles of the emperor gathered blacknesst at that time.

• 10 D', the Sea of Weeds, is an appellation given in Exod. xiv. xv. to the Red Sea; but the term is here a mere allusion to the destruction of the Egyptians.

† 717 13p, i. e. They looked sorrowful.

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71]. And Alarcon spake unto the heart of his hosts, and guided them all during many days by the sweetness of his tongue*. But the famine was very heavy in the city. Nevertheless, some of the French came into the city in those days; and they sent a present to the nobles. Also, the magistrates of Venice sent provisions daily to the cardinals, which they gave to the emperor in Rome as a pledge of sufficient support, lest they should die of hunger.

712. And Lautrec, the commander of the king's armies, demanded the prisoners; but Philippino would not deliver them to him, and he brought them to Genoa unto his master; and the king was

very wroth.

713. And the king devised evil against Andrea Doria, and the thing was known to him, and he was on [x] his guard; and the Marquess Guasto and the nobles who were with him, spake to the heart of Andrea Doria ; and they persuaded him, and prevailed upon him to come and serve the emperor, their master.

And he abode in the tower of Lirisot until the days of the covenant which he made with the king were completed; and he sent to the emperor, who received him, and made him chief of his host. Now this greatly

* i. e. With pleasant words, fair speeches. 2 Sam. xv.

.ליריסו +




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displeased the French; and they spake to his heart, but he would not hearken; and he went from them in peace: and the emperor gave him the dukedom of Milfi* which he had taken from the prince; and it has been his until this day.

714. While they were yet besieging Naples, the Prince Camillo Orsi and the nobles who were with him, went against Manfredonia with a mighty hand, and encamped against it round about, and twenty-five galleys went also against it, and they battered its walls from the north and west sides; but they effected nothing, for the walls were very strong. And Luigi Farneset, and the men who were with him, delivered it from their hands, so that they returned with shame.

715. And it came to pass, when the shadow of Andrea Doria had departed from over them, that the pilgrims and merchants came to Naples as they were accustomed, and were to the French a stumbling-block.

716. In those days, Antonio Leyva, and the army which was with him, took Pavia and the city of Duke Francesco Sforza with subtlety, and gave


to be plundered; and it was in their
hands a number of days.
717, And the emperor sent a great army from

. I 13, protection.


.אלואיסיאו פירניס +




Germany to help Antonio Leyva who was at Milan, and the rest of his men who were left with him at Naples; and the duke of Brunswick* was at their head, and with them Antonio Adorno, duke of Genoa ; and they besieged Lodi, and cast up trenches against it four days; and the earth trembled at their voices. And Alessandro Gonzaga, and the nobles who were with him, delivered it from their hands; so they returned to their country. And there were left of them with Antonio Leyva, only four thousand men, and they returned to Marignano and abode there.

718. And the King Francis sent again many nobles and honorable men, and Monseigneur Saint Pol at their head, and with them a very great force of horsemen and footmen. And they went again to Placentia and passed over the river Po, and went to Marignano; and the commanders of the imperial host went out thence, and took some captives and went to Milan, and the French marched after them, and approached within a short distances of the city, and these days were the days of the ripening of the grapes : but they approached it no more. And Antonio Leyva set in it a garrison when he returned from San Angelo.

.בראנסואיק *

+ Gen. xxxv. 16.




719. At that time went Andrea Doria with his ships to Ischia, and the nobles whom Philippino had made prisoners went with him. And they warred daily against the ships of the lords of Venice, and the nobles of the emperor honored him much.

720. And the ships of the king drew back until they reached Genoa, for his fear fell upon them. And also the ships of Venice went to their own country.

721. And the plague was in the camp of the French unto destruction, and they died swollen like wine-skins; and also Monseigneur Lautrec, the commander of the army, and the Marquess Saluzzi, the son of his sister, died in the plague. From that day and after, the hand of the French in the kingdom of Naples became weaker and weaker, and they went backward and not forward. And the men of the emperor went out against them and slew them, and shivered them until the remnant was destroyed; and they slew Monseigneur de Vallemon * with the edge of the sword ; and Pietro of Novara was destroyed, and many who were with him they took alive. And there was no more left of this mighty army than two thousand men; and they took

.מונשינייור די ואלימון *

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