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651. Then did the horse-hoofs stamp, when the horsemen also put the battle in array, and the earth shook at their voice. And the chief captains of the imperial hosts placed five hundred footmen bearing guns in the midst of the cavalry with subtlety. And it came to pass, as they were fighting, that they suddenly fired their guns on the cavalry of the French, and many of them fell; and the rest fled for their lives, for they feared lest the evil should overtake them; and the viceroy of the emperor and the duke of Bourbon also filled their hands at that time. And the king also, as well as his nobles, fought on that day, and all his mighty men fell before his face slain to the ground; and the king ran with his sword drawn in his hand, and slew the chief of the Germans, and he fell slain to the ground; also, the Marquess Pescara was wounded in his face, his belly and his thigh; for all this his anger was not turned away, and he spake kindly to his men, and they again put the battle in array, and the French were smitten before them, and fled; and they slew the horse of King Francis, who fell to the ground, and they took him, and he was delivered into the hand of the viceroy of the emperor at that time. And also the king of Navarre and many nobles and honorable men who were with them, were taken in that battle. And many were slain by the edge

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of the sword; and they were like dung upon the face of the field, and like the corn after the reaper, which none gathereth. And it came to pass, as they were fighting, that the duke of Alençon* saw their distress, and went out from the camp and four hundred horsemen with him. So they fled, and went on their journey to France. And the hosts of the emperor came into the camp of the king upon the slain and took great spoil, and came to the city with gladness. And the city of Pavia rejoiced and was glad.

652. Now there died of the men of the emperor on that day, the chief of the cavalry and eight hundred men; and of the host of the king, there fell in that slaughter some of the Italians and Germans and one thousand five hundred Swiss, and five hundred fell into the river Tessino, when they fled : so they died. And also many nobles and honorable men of the French fell in that slaughter, and the number of the dead was eight thousand men. The like thing had not occurred in the gates of Pavia from the time it became a nation. And the nobles of the French gave ransom for their souls, some more and some less, and they returned to their country. And the viceroy of the emperor, the duke of Bourbon, and the nobles with them, went and bowed themselves before this imprisoned

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king with their faces to the ground. And they spake kindly unto him, and comforted him, saying, “ Let it not be grievous in thine eyes, O king, for the issue of war belongeth unto God, and who will say to him, What doest thou ?” And the duke of Bourbon drew his sword, and gave it into the hand of the king, and fell upon his knees and said, I pray thee, forgive the offence of thy servant, for I have sinned against my lord a great sin; and now, if thou wilt forgive, forgive according to thy great kindness; and if not, slay me utterly, I pray thee, for I am a son of death, because I have lifted up mine hand against my lord the king.” And the king said, “ The thing came forth from the Lord, and thou hast not sinned, but hast served thy lord the emperor with all thy strength; but because of thy meekness and humility, thou hast spoken thus: arise now, and become a son of valor.” And through this thing, Bourbon gained a good name among the kings and counsellors of the land, as well as for his fighting in the day of battle amongst the mighty; and his name became very precious. [13]

653. And the nobles of the emperor led the king to Pizzigitone*, and set a watch over him. Francis was twenty-two years old when he became king, and for ten years his power and strength, and

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affability were seen ; but he could not stand before the mightiness of this great Emperor Charles. And the king of Scotland who was with him fled into the house of a miller, and hid himself, and said to him*, “ Be silent, I am a king, I will shew thee kindness, if thou savest my soul from death.” And the miller rose up against him, and slew him, and hid him in the sand. And the thing became known unto the nobles of the emperor, and they hanged him on a gallows, and his violent dealing came down upon his own pate; for who shall stretch forth his hand against the king and be unpunished ?--And the viceroy and the nobles who were with him, brought the king of France, by order of the emperor, to Genoa, in the month of May; and they sent him with ships unto Spain, and put him into the fort of Madrid and set a watch over him; and he remained there many days.

654. And the hosts of the emperor who were in Italy, came to Piedmont and took Moncaleris, and Caramagnole, and Ranconisg, and Saluzzill. And the marquess fled before them and abode in the fortress Roill. And unless his brother Jean Louis had stood in the breach, there had not remained in those cities one stone upon another. And they abode there many days. * Probably to the miller. + This anecdote is unfounded. . .

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655. And Andrea Doria refused to go with the king to Spain, but went to Rome; and Clement, the pope, made him general of his host.

656. And it came to pass, after many days, that the Emperor Charles gave to the King Francis his sister Leonora to wife, and they made a covenant together. And the king gave him his two sons for a pledge, saying, “ Thou mayest kill them if I overstep this covenant, or this oath, to do harm*.”

657. And the emperor sent to the king a gift of eight mules and a chariot, and the king received it, and was glad in his heart. And it came to pass, after eight days, that the emperor removed from Toledo and met the king near Madrid, and he embraced him, and fell upon his neck and kissed him, and they rejoiced in love. And he intreated the king much; and he went to the right hand of the emperor, and they came into the fortress, and the earth was moved at the noise of the cannon, and they sat down to eat bread and rejoiced together at that time. And it came to pass, on the third day, that the two kings went to the Ileiscast, because the sister of the emperor was there; and all the people rejoiced. And the next morning King Francis took her hand, and

Comp. Gen. xlii. 37. + uxpunbox, (?) Alcazar. Robertson's Charles V. Vol. II. Book IV., to the year 1525.

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