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“ whose land will be burning pitch : there came “ thither the messenger of your highnesses, and in “ his hand a roll of a book ; and he spread it out “ before me, and it was full of pleasant and tender words, and it was in my mouth like honey for “ sweetness* ; when I read therein with under

standing eyes, I thought to return unto your

highnesses an answer briefly. It is already “ known unto the honor of your learning, con

cerning the vision which I wrote from the city Monasteriot unto our master, the revered Joseph Titsas (may his Rock and Redeemer

preserve him !). For when I was there, he “ asked of me to make known unto him my jour

ney from Portugal, in what manner it was ; and I wrote to him every thing after its order; and I “ vowed to write also all which should in future

happen unto me in the kingdom of Edom|| ; and “ in that vision your highnesses will see what came

upon me during my coming from Portugal and

Turkey unto the land of Edom, wherein I am “ now a prisoner by the hand of the king over

kings of kings, the holy ONE (holy and blessed “is He!), by the hand of his servant, my master,

* Ezek. jii. 3.

. $ ", a . || i. e. The European states, but especially Italy.

.מונישטיריאו + .ישמרהו צורו וגואלו a contraction for ,יצ"ו 8

.טיפסה +

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David, without permission to do any thing ex“cept that which is shewn unto me from heaven. “ And now I am come to tell your highnesses the

verity of the words of truth. When I reached Ancona, immediately an assembly of the wicked* encompassed me, and slandered me before the

bishop, by their saying how I dwelt in the tents “ of Kedart, but now am I in peace: for when “ he sent for me, Jews from that place, and from

Turkey, went with me to see how the thing would “ fall out; and he asked of me concerning the “ matter, and I said unto him, “ They have told “ thee the truth.' And he answered me, " What “ hast thou seen concerning it?' And I replied

unto him, “That the Lord is God; He is truth, “ and his law is true, and there is no other; and “ he became dumb like a dead carcase. And

upon the men who were with me there fell a “great trembling $. And he dismissed me with

peace, but commanded me, that I should not

preach unto the Gentiles in opposition to their “ law. But notwithstanding all that, every time I

was preaching, there came into the synagogue “ nobles and priests, and much people; and I also

* Ps. xxii. 16.

† Ps. cxx. 5. i. e. What was my condition and character among the orientals. Kedar means here the Mohammedan territories.

# Idiom for, Why hast thou done thus ? Esther ix, 26. § Gen. xv.




“ had an argument with a bishop in the market

place: and this was the occasion on which the “ Duke of Urbino brought me away with him ; “and I left my servants in his country, and I “ went on foot*, I alone, and no man with me, for “ so it was commanded me. And on the fifth

day of my journey, I saw the place from afart, “ which was a stumbling-block unto us, because “ of the multitude of the sins which we have “ committed against the Lord our God, and we “ have not entreated his face, to return from our “ wickedness, to hearken unto his voice, and to “ attend unto his truth; and I lifted


eyes “ unto heaven, and I wept a sore weeping over my

sins and the sins of the children of our people; and I opened my mouth toward the gate of tearst, and said, “ Lord of hosts! how

long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and “ the cities of Judah, for the sake of the wrongs “ done by them who stand up in this city to op

press us, and to cast us away from our country. Because of our sins, and for the wickedness of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people have be* 7732 777, via conculcationis. + Gen. xxii. 4.

According to a rabbinical tradition there are various gates in heaven, through which tears, prayers, mercies, snow, &c., pass to the places where they are treasured up. This tradition they support by passages like Ps. lvi. 9, "Put my tears into thy bottle," and Job xxxvii. 11, gates

of death," and ib., verse 12, "the treasures of snow," &c.




66 tions.

come a reproach round about us*. And now,

hearken, O our God, unto the prayer of thy “servant, and unto his supplicationst. 830. “• That the holy stone may be

engraven, “ the one stone which thou hast placed upon the “ breast of thy holy priests to clothe them with righteousness and salvation, to cause the horn of

thy anointed to bud forths. Forgive, I pray thee, “ the sins of thy country and the sins of thy chil

dren, the children of thy covenant, whom thou “ hast caused to go into captivity among the na

And remember unto us the covenant " and the loving-kindness which thou hast sworn “ unto our forefathers of ancient days. And let

thy countenance shine into thy desolate sanc

tuary, for the sake of my Lord, and for the sake “ of thy Name, by which thy city and thy nation

were calledş.' The while I was speaking and

praying according to those words, mine eyes “ became like unto an increasing fountain, and my

strength left me, neither was there breath left in

me|l; but I gathered strength, and I prayed the “ evening offering in the field, before the entering

ins of the city. And when I came to the blessing,

* Dan. ix. 16. † Dan. ix. 7. # Ezek. xxix. 21. § Dan. ix. 19.

Il Dan. x. 17. I 10, D90, no, introitus, ingressus, congressus, congregatio.

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“The deliverer of Israel,' I heard a voice speak“ing into mine ears, and it was that of my own “ rabbi speaking*, and it said unto me, “And Seir “ shall be a possession for his enemiesf.' And on “the blessing, “The gatherer of the scattered of

Israel,' I heard also the same voice, and it said, And Israel shall do valiantly I. And on the blessing, “The king who loveth righteousness and * judgment,' I heard, “Their foot shall slide in due

times. And at the blessing, “The support and

safety unto the righteous,' I heard, · And He “ will repent himself concerning His servants ||.? And on the blessing, “The builder of Jerusalem,' “ I heard, • To me belongeth vengeance, and re• compenses. And on the blessing, 'Who causeth " the horn of salvation to bud forth,' I heard, And “ Edom shall be a possession**' And at the end of

my prayer I went into the city, and I went into “ the house of the commander of the host, and I

gave “ him the horse, and my goodly raimenttt, and I " said unto him, “I have in this country a beloved,

* Like an echo, x 1089 2770 ). The Rabbi heard a 547.72, a sort of oracle, on repeating the eighteen blessing3 in the daily prayer of the Jews.

† Numb. xxiv. 18. I Deut. xxxii. 35. § Deut. xxxii. 35. || Deut. xxxii. 36; Psalm cxxxv. 14. | Deut. xxxii. 35. ** Numb. xxiv. 18. tt Gen. xxvii, 15.

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