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are more easily avoided; but the other not so easily shunned, because not suspected.
5. There is a nation of mighty kings, and powerful giants, as the sons of Anak are called, Num. xiii. 33. How many great kings did the Lord give into the hand of Israel? Such as Og, king of Bafhan ; Sihon, king of the Amorites, Psal. cxxxvi. 18, 19, 20. Psal. cxxxv. IO, II.
But there are greater kings and potentates than these, that stand in the way of the possession of the heavenly Canaan. There are, more especially, four kings, mighty kings, to be fubdued : for,
(1.) As sin is a mighty king, that reigns in us, and over us naturally; therefore says the apostle, Rom.vi. 12. Let not fin reign in your mortal body: so,
(2.) Satan is a mighty king in his own territories; therefore called, “ The prince of this world: The prince of the power of the air, that rules in the hearts of the children of disobedience,” Eph. ii. 2.
(3.) Self is a mighty king; it competes with King Jefus, and keeps his throne, so long as the loftiness of man is not brought down, and the haughtiness of man made low, Ifa. ii. 11. that the Lord alone may be ex. alted in the heart : and, even after Christ is exalted to the throne of the heart, Self is still fighting and working for the throne. It is a king that all the world adores.
(4.) Death is a mighty king; therefore called the king of terrors, Job xviii. 14. He is a king, that is the terror of kings, as well as inferior subjects. This is called the last enemy of God's Ifrael; The last enemy to be destroyed is death: and happy they that get the fting of death removed, which is fin. See i Cor. xv. 54,-57. Deat.b Mall be swallowed up in victory. Christ is the victorious conqueror of this and all other enemies: however, these are mighty kings in the way; and fome of them have mighty giants in their armies, particularly these three, viz. king Sin, king Satan, and king Self ; these three have powerful armies to fight their hellith battles. And there are,
6. A nation of deceitful lusts in the heart; fa called, Eph. iv. 22. These are like so many deputies and offi. cers, captains, and lieutenants, fighting under the ban
ner of king Sin, king Self, and king Satan, against King JESUS, the God of glory. O what swarnis of lusts make up this army of hell! If you will travel through the camp of your heart, you will see an armed regiment of gigantic luits : There you may see grimfaced ignorance, armed with the devil's black livery : There you may fee cursed Atheism and unbelief, armed with lies and blasphemies, and bitter invectives against heaven: There you will fee cruel enmity, armed with a bloody sword of forcible opposition unto God and Chrift: There you will see fubtile hypocrisy, armed with fraud, and flattery: There you will fee brazen-faced hardness of heart, armed with a brow of brass: There you may see dultish security, arnied with a fearless spirit, and a stupid conscience; bold presumption, armed with a daring countenance; towering pride, armed with a robe of gaudy attire, and an eye of fcorn, contempt, and disdain; as also self-righteous confidence, armed with gross ignorance both of the spirituality of the law, and mystery of the gospel. There is a powerful nation of heart-plagues and deceitful lusts, that reign over the ungodly world, and many times rage in the hearts of believers to the leading of them captive.
7. There is a nation of actual out-breakings in the life, and fins in the conversation: these are, like the common soldiers of the army of hell, making daily excursions into the camp of Israel ; yea, every hour of the day they are breaking out on this hand, and on that hand, and round about us on all hands, in innumerable omiffions and commiffions. Here breaks out intemperance and infobriety, in eating; drinking, and using of the comforts of life; there breaks out idie words, vain talking, unprofitable conversation : here appears negligence in duty, and carelesness and indifferency in hearing, reading, praying, communicating; and there appears mifpending of time, Sabbath and week-days both, wasting our precious opportunities, and mis-improving our talents, without endeavouring to do good or get good, to glorify God, or edify these that are converfant with us. The former nation I mentioned was the lusts of the flesh, and this nation is the works of the fiefli: the lufts of the flesh are deceitfully hidden within the rails; the
works of the flesh are open and manifeft, making continual outward excursions. You may have a list of them, Gal. v. 19,-21. “ Now the works of the fielh are mani. fest, which are these, adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings.” Another list of the names of the foldiers of this army you may read, 2 Tim. iii. 1,-5. “Men shall be lovers of themselves :" there goes the king and commander in chief, Self-love; and then follows a list of the common foldiers; “ Covetous, boasters, proud, blafphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, without natural affection, truce-breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers of pleasures, &c.”
Now, these are the seven nations continually in arms, and at work for hell, and against heaven: the nation of vain thoughts continually flying post through the rest of the nations for intelligence; the nation of worldly cares, continually making provision for the flesh, to fulfil the luíts thereof; the nation of doubts, and unbelieving fears and jealousies, is still keeping watch, and standing centry at the door of the heart, to keep out all heavenly messages, and exclude all proposals of peace with heaven; the nation of ungodly men continually guarding the outworks of hell, and plying their large artillery and battering rams, to beat down what Gocl, and Christ, and the gospel would build up; the nation of miglity kings, that I mentioned, are still issuing forth new commands and orders for war against heaven; the nation of deceitful lusts, like officers of the army, are still mustering the host, lead. ing them forth to the field of battle, and setting them in battle-array; and the nation of actual fins and out-breakings, are still brandishing their swords and spears, and other implements of war, making daily and hourly excursions out of the camp of hell, and incursions' upon their opposites and antagonists; running on the camp of Israel, to destroy them, and hinder their march to the heavenly Canaan.
Now, to these seven nations all the world of mankind are, by nature, kept in subjection ; and, which is worse, they are willing flaves and captives to them: and even
the Israel of God, that have left their camp, and fled under the colours and standard of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Captain of salvation, are many times led captive by them : they are still giving battle to Ifrael. --Now, O thou that art bound for the celestial Canaan, what thinkest thou of these nations ? Are they not feven nations greater and mightier than thou? Surely, if thou hást found, to thy fad experience, the power, and the policy, and the pernicious influence of these mighty nations upon thee, it will be welcome news to hear that, The Lord thy God will put out these nations from before thee, by little and little.
IV. The Fourth thing that I proposed, was, to speak a little of the Conqueror of these nations; that is, “ The King of glory; the Lord, strong and mighty; the Lord, mighty in battle.” Indeed, they that have such mighty nations to fight and debate with, have need of a mighty conqueror to subdue them: and he is here faid to be the Lord thy God; where he is defcribed, 1. By his name, JEHOVAH. 2. By his relation to them in Christ, THY GOD.
Ist, Ifrael's Captain, that fights their battles, is defcribed by his great name Jehovar, the LORD, in capital letters; which is ordinarily used in all our English translations, to intimate, that in the original it is JEHOVAH : and it is a name that points out the perfection of his nature. It is remarked, that all along the first chapter of Genesis, while God was yet upon his creating work, he is called Elohim, a God of power ; but in the second chapter of Genesis, ver. 4. God having compleated his work, he is then called JEHOVARELOCHIM, a God of power, and perfection. And as he here takes that name, when he perfects what he had begun ; fo we find hinr making himself known by this name, when he appears to perform what he had promifed to Ifrael, Exod. vi. 3. “I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, by the name of God ALMIGHTY ; but by my name JEHOVAH was I not made known to them.” God would now be known by his name Jehovah, as being, 1. A God performing what he had promised, and
so giving a being to his promises. 2. A God perfecting what he had begun, and finishing his own work. And now, the subduing of the Canaanites before Ifrael, was a work that God had promised, and a work that now he had begun; therefore, he makes himself known in this work by his name JEHOVAH, a performing and per. fecting God. This is the powerful Conqueror, that all the true Ifrael of God have to look to, and depend upon, for destroying the nations of spiritual enemies for them. This name belongs to our Lord Jesus Christ, equally with the Father and the eternal Spirit. It is he that led Ifrael out of Egypt, by the hand of Mofes, wrought wonders for them, and brought them to Canaan, and delivered their enemies into their hand; by all which was typified the greater salvation and deliver-, ance that he was to work, in accomplihing the bufiness of our redemption in our nature. And by taking to himself the name Jesus, he hath not lost the name JEHOVAH ; nay, he could not be a Jesus, if he were not Jerovah: he could not destroy these nations I have named, the fum of which is fin; for to destroy fin, is more than to make a world : fin cannot be destroyed, without fatisfying that infinite justice that fin offended, and glorifying that infinite holiness that fin affronted, and fulfilling the law that sin had violated, and appeafing the wrath and vengeance that fin had kindled. Further, fin could not be destroyed, without destroying the devil that begat it, and the wicked heart that brought it forth; all which requires a new creation, more great and glorious than the first, and belongs to nonç but JEHOVAH. This name points out the divine glory of our Redeemer and Conqueror, which I offer in thefe two further remarks upon it.
1. This great name JEHOVAH, (as these that investigate the Hebrew root, observe) fignifies being, effence, fimple-existence, or self-subsistence; and imports his most fimple, absolute, eternal, and independent being, and existence; having his being in, of, and from himself; and from whose infinite being, all creatures have their finite being. 2. This name Jehovah comprehends in itself the VOL. III.