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FALL OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY.

97

a few for the troops here (to be blown from cannon), and also for evidence.” “The other three regiments here were very shaky yesterday, but I hardly think they will now go. I wish they would, as they are a nuisance, and not a man will escape if they do.” The spirit in which the mutiny was suppressed may be understood from this letter of a judge who was impatient with his prisoners because they would not run away, and give him the luxury of a hunt in the jungle and a grand battue like that of Mr. Cooper in Umritsir.

The close of the mutiny was the fall of the company. Public opinion arose against a system which had brought so much dishonor upon the English name and which culminated in a tragedy so terrible. With the close of the mutiny the whole character of the English administration changed. The company was dissolved, and India passed under the direct control of the Crown.

VOL. II.-7

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T was late in the evening when we arrived in Benares.

The day had been warm and enervating, and our journey was through a country lacking in interest.

Long, low, rolling plains, monotonous and brown, were all that we could see from the car windows. At the various railway stations where we stopped guards of honor were in attendance, native troops in their white parade costumes and officers in scarlet, who came to pay their respects to the General. The Viceroy has telegraphed that he will delay his departure from Calcutta to the hills to enable himself to meet General Grant. In return for this courtesy the General has appointed to be in Calcutta earlier than he expected. He has cut off Cawnpore, Lahore, Simla, and other points in Northern India which had been in his programme. Then the weather is so warm that we must hurry our journey so as to be out of the

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BENARES.

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country before the hot season is really upon us and the monsoon storms bar our way to China. It is a source of regret to the General that he did not come earlier to India Every hour in the country has been full of interest, and the hospitality of the officials and the people is so generous and profuse that our way has been especially pleasant. What really caused this delay was the General's desire to take the American man-ofwar “ Richmond,” which has always been coming to meet him, but has never come. But for his desire to accept the courtesy of the President in the spirit in which it was offered, the General would have come to India earlier. If the General had waited for the “ Richmond " he would never have seen India, and from the pace she is making in Atlantic waters, it would probably have taken him as long to go around the world as it did Captain Cook. Travel in India during the day is very severe.

The only members of our party about whom we have anxiety on the ground of fatigue are Mr. Borie and Mrs. Grant. The friends of Mr. Borie will be glad to know that he has stood the severest part of his journey around the world wonderfully well, considering the years that rest upon him and his recent illness. Mr. Borie is a comprehensive traveler, anxious to see everything, who enters into our journey with the zest and eagerness of a boy, and whose amiability and kindness, patience under fatigue, and consideration for all about him, have added a charm to our journey. Mrs. Grant has also stood the journey, especially the severer phases of it, marvelously, and justifies the reputation for endurance and energy which she won on the Nile. As for the General, he is, so far as himself is concerned, a severe and merciless traveler, who never tires ; always ready for an excursion or an experience, and as indifferent to the comforts and necessities of the way as when in the Vicksburg campaign he would make his bivouac at the foot of a tree. There is this military quality in traveling on the General's part, that he will map out his route for days ahead from maps and time-tables, arrange just the hour of his arrival and departure, and never vary it. In the present case the wishes of the Viceroy, who has

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