« PreviousContinue »
in the sense in which Law was abolished by Christ and His Apostles. These lectures are followed by three Supplementary Dissertations : I. On the Double Form of the Decalogue. II. On the Historical Element in God's Revelations of Truth and Duty; and III. On whether a spirit of Revenge is countenanced in the writings of the Old Testament. And the volume concludes with an Exposition of the more important passages on the Law in St. Paul's Epistles, extending over 120. well-covered pages.
No one acquainted with the recent phases of Theological sentiment in this country, and with the prevailing tendencies of the age, can fail (Dr. Fairbairn says) to perceive the special appropriateness of the subject of this volume, as theme for discussion at the present time. And we are thankful that the discussion has fallen into the hands of one so capable of doing it justice. The Ante-Nicene Christian Library :
A month later, we entered into some discussion of the parts to which we took serious objection. And now on a further study of the book, and on a careful review of our own words, we find nothing to retract or qualify; and we confess, to not a little surprise, that further reflection has not led to any modification of Dr. Parker's charges against what he calls the Sect-Churches, in the tenth chapter of “Ecce Deus.” His description of the Church (the “organised sects”) as “the weakest, and, humanly speaking, the most despicable institution which men are now tolerating,” is not according to truth." But we have no wish to revive the controversy-only so long as certain passages on the amusements which the Sect-Churches condemn remain un. altered, we must enter our protest against them. It gives us pleasure, notwithstanding, to repeat what we said in concluding our former notice : “We wish it to be understood, that we regret the existence of blemishes, mainly because of our high appreciation of the value of the book. Its blemishes are to the book itself only what faults are, geologically, to a great stratum, or system of rock." Sermons preached in the King's Weigh
Translations of the Writings of the Fathers, down to A.D. 325. Edited by the Rev. ALEX. ROBERTS, D.D., and JAMES DONALDSON, LL.D. Vols. IX. and X. Edinburgh: T. and
Doctrine of Jesus Christ, with Con-
house Chapel, London. 1829-1869. By T. BINNEY. London: MacMillan
and Co. Mr. BINNEY has done at last what his friends have long wished him to dogiven them, in a collected and corrected form, some of those sermons which, though “preached in the King's Weighhouse Chapel,” were likewise preached elsewhere, in circumstances which gave his ministerial brethren and the general public an opportunity of hearing them. The goodly volume before as contains seventeen sermons, all, with the exception of three or four, of this order. And those who remember hearing the sermons on “ The Words of Jesus, and what underlies them,” “ The Blessed God," “Men in Understanding," " Natural and Revealed Religion," "Regeneration and Renewal,” “The Creed of St. Paul," “ Rationalism at Corinth," and others, will read them with all the more interest because they heard them. And we think they will not be disappointed. Much as these sermons Owed in their delivery to the soul and voice of the preacher, they contain so much of sound and careful exposition, so much of clear and conclusive argument, so much of
stirring and eloquent appeal, that they aam,' “ The Way of Balaam,” cannot be read without profit and satis- Prophecies of Balaam,” “The Counsel faction. The volume, it will be seen, of Balaam,” and “ The Fate of Balaam." contains a memorial rather of Mr. The contrasts which appear in the Binney's general ministry, from "1829 character of the great diviner, Mr. to 1869," than of his home and pastoral Roberts' states thus : “ An honest and ministry. A series of sermons in which a truthful man; an independent and (in we should find the every day thought a certain sense) high-minded man; a and life of the Weigh-house pulpit during God-fearing and religious man. Such is these forty years reproduced, would be Balaam, the son of Beor, of Pethor, on a fitting sequel. But such a series we one side of his character. And yet he scarcely hope to see. The second volume is a bad man despite his many virtues, which our honoured brother contem. and a man who finally perished miseraplates," if life and leisure be granted, bly with the enemies of God's people. and circumstances warrant,” may give A strange phenomenon, indeed, this to him, however, an opportunity of re- Balaam! A diviner and a prophet; a producing more of hisordinary discourses heathen soothsayer, and an inspired than are found in this first. One thing servant of the Lord; a man full of the it is most gratifying to know, that after richest endowments, animated by many so long a ministrya ministry of so very noble impulses, uttering the most much intellectual excitement, and a exalted sentiments; and yet, a man ministry in the midst of controversies whose heart was rotten at the core, so great and vital-Mr. Binney avows whose life is only written as a warning his unchanging faith in the Old Gospel. against sin, whose death was one un. The first sermon in this volume, on mitigated tragedy.” A problem and a * The Words of Jesus," is one of the study, Mr. Roberts rightly characterises latest, so far as production is concerned, the history of Balaam. The problem is and we find him saying in it, “ We know not easily solved, and we do not feel of no way in which the troubled thoughts, sure that Mr. Roberts's solution is the the questionings and perplexities, which correct one. What he ascribes to conthe words of the text ('I am the way, the science and high moral impulses, may, truth, and the life'), so naturally sug- we think, be accounted for on other gest, can be met, or any defensible sense grounds. But the question is difficult, given to the text itself, but that which and the position taken by Mr. Roberts is furnished by the doctrinal statements is no objection to his book, which we of the orthodox creed."
most cordially commend as one that The History of Balaam, in Five Discourses.
may be of great service to students of London:
Old Testament history. By Rev. W. ROBERTS.
The practical Elliot Stock.
lessons of the Life of Balaam make it a
book for all classes. THESE five discourses aro entitled “Bal.
February March. [To prevent mistakes and delay, all communications for the Register should be addressed to the Editor, 2, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row, E.C., and marked on the envelope “For Congregational Register.”]
CHAPEL FOUNDATION LAID.
T. G. Beveridge.
NEW CHAPELS OPENED.
Newman Hall, LL.B.
(Pastor, M. Guibal), by Pastors Byse
R. J. Ward), by Rev. J. A. Mac.
fadyen, M.A. Feb. 25. Hopton Chapel, MIRFIELD
(Pastor, Rev. J. Cameron), by Rev. J. R. Campbell, D.D.
SWINDON, Village Chapel, by Rev. T. G. Horton. Mar. 10. Princes St., NORWICH
(Pastor, Rev. G. S. Barrett, B.A.), by Revs. H. Allon, and N. Hall, LL.B.
SCHOOL-ROOMS OPENED. Mar. 7. GREAT HORTON, by Revs. N. Hall, LL.B., and A. Hannay.
Morley Green, WILM.SLOW, by Revs. J. Bedell and Watson Smith.
DEBT CLEARED. Mar. 6. Parsonage House, Whitworth,
near ROCHDALE, Pastor, Rev. J. Oddy.
ORDINATION. Mar. 10. Mr. J. RICHARDSON,
Cheshunt and Highgate Colleges, at Dukinfield, as Missionary to Madagascar. Field of labour described by Rev. J. S. Wardlaw, M.A. Prayer, Rev. J. T. Barker, B.A. Charge, Rev. J. Hutchison.
Parade, Melbourne. The Revs. R.
service. Feb. 9. Rev. J. KNAGGS, Stratford.
The service was conducted by the
and T. Aveling Feb. 17 Rev. J. H. GWYTHER, B.A.,
Stalybridge. T. Jones, Esq., Revs. T.
Mann took part in the proceedings. Feb. 23. Rev. D. HORSCRAFT, New
Hampton. The Revs. G. H. Jackson, G. S. Ingram, C. Gilbert, J. Sugden, B.A., G. B. Scott, and R. Goshawk
spoke on the occasion. Feb. 25, Rev. J. BROADHOUSE,
King's Cliffe. The Revs. B. 0. Bendall, R. W. Dale, M.A., T. Islip, P. J. Rutter, and J. Hedges took part in
the service. Mar. 10. Rev. SAMUEL PEARSON,
M.A., Liverpool. Revs. J. Kelly, Dr. Halley, H. Stowell Brown, J. R. Welsh, P. T. Forfar, F. H. Robarts, and James Mann and took part in the services.
CALLS ACCEPTED. L. T. MCLEAN, of Glasgow University,
J. PARNABY. of Wilsden, to Hope
Street Chapel, Hull. F. J. LE CERF, of New College, to West
Cowes, Isle of Wight. J. SHAW, Ewell.
REMOVALS. Rev. R. NOBBS, Fareham, to Dudley. Rev. E. BOLTON, Brixton, to Preston. Rer. D. DAVIES, East Grinstead, to
Bromsgrove. Rev. F. F. THOMAS, Torquay, to Harro.
gate. Rev. E. BARKER, Picton, to Garafraxa. Rev. J. W. ATKINSON, Canonbury, to
Latimer Chapel, Mile End. Rev. W. J. HOLDER, Rotherfield, to be
Assistant to Rev. J. H. Hitchens,
Luton. Rev. J. REDMAN, Nuneaton, to Des.
borough Rev. W. E. DARBY, Stock, to Chippen.
ham. Rev. A. BUTLER, Stonham, to Rid.
dings. Rev. J. C. BURNETT, Burnham, to Saxmundham.
RESIGNATION. Rev. T. MORGAN, Lendal Chapel, York.
DEATHS OF MINISTERS. Feb. 2. Rev. E. OLLERENSHAW,
Windhill, near Bradford. Age, 58.
Length of ministry, 3 years. Mar. 1. Rev. R. JESSOP, Warrington. Age, 66.
Length of ministry, 41 years. Mar. 16. Rev. C. T. SMITH, Reigate.
Age, 85. Length of ministry, 43 years.
DEATHS OF MINISTERS' WIVES. Feb. 11. Mrs. LANCE, wife of Rev. J.
W. Lance, Newport. Mar. 9. Mrs. BISHOP, widow of late
Rev. J. Bishop, Axminster. Mar. 14. Mrs. THOMPSON, wife of Rev. J. Thompson, Lightcliffe, Halifax.
TESTIMONIALS. To Rev. J. S. HALL, on leaving Falcon
Square. Parse and timepiece. To Rev. W. SLATER, on leaving Holly
Walk, Leamington, Purse. To Rer. J. HOYLE, on leaving Rother
well. Purse. To Rer. J. W. ATKINSON, on leaving
Canonbury, To Rer. J. FOSTER, on leaving Plais
to Gainsborough. E. GREENWOOD, of Victoria College,
to Emeraid Hill, Victoria. W. A. MILLS, of Hackney College, to
be co-pastor with Rer. S. Steer, Castle Hedingham.
tow. Purse. The MERCHANTS LECTURE will be
delivered (D.V.) by Rer. T. W. Ave. ling, at the Poultry Chapel, on Tues. day, April 6, at noon precisely.
FOREIGN CHRISTIAN WORK.
OUR MISSION IN SHANGHAI.
By the Reb. William Muirhead. SHANGHAI is situated on the banks of the river Whang-pu, an arm of the great Yang-tsze-kiang, and about fourteen miles from the point of junction with it. The longitude of the place is 121° 30' E., and the latitude 31° 10' N. The city is one of the third order in China, but is of the first maritime and commercial importance. Its walls are nearly four miles in circumference, and twenty-five feet high. Its population is about 400,000, the majority of whom, perhaps, live outside the city walls. There is a large amount of native shipping, lying in tiers together of twenty or thirty junks. Shops and places of business follow each other in a continuous line through a long series of streets. There are three foreign settlements: the French, which is nearest the city; the English in the centre ; and the American on the other side. Of these the English concession, held by right of the first treaty with China, is the most important.
1.—THE RISE OF THE MISSION.
This was in 1843, when the late Rev. Dr. Medhurst and Dr. Lockhart proceeded to Shanghai for the purpose. It was shortly after the conclusion of the first treaty with the Chinese Government. These brethren were honoured to be the first Protestant missionaries who established themselves in the northern portions of the Empire, and the wisdom and propriety of the measures they adopted have been abundantly shown.
There were necessarily many difficulties connected with the work at the outset, but these were prudently overcome, and the Mission was started under the most promising auspices, having in Dr. Medhurst an able and accomplished Chinese scholar, who had been engaged in Batavia for more than twenty years previously, and in his devoted colleague one who, by his medical skill, attracted and benefited thousands of the natives. A suitable locality was chosen for the commencement of the Mission. A chapel was erected in the city, and a Chinese hospital in the English concession, the latter at the expense of the foreign community, by whom it has been maintained to the present time.
VOL. V.NEW SERIES.
II. -THE LABOURS OF THE MISSION.
From the very beginning, happily, Dr. Medhurst was able to enter actively on his work by his acquaintance with the language, and he commenced preaching as soon as possible. In his own house, and subsequently in the native chapel, he had numerous audiences, that were drawn together by curiosity and novelty in the first place. In the hospital, also, interesting congregations were convened, to whom from day to day the message of life and salvation was proclaimed. Not contented with these local labours, the brethren engaged in a course of itinerancy among the surrounding villages, towns, and cities. At the outset this was rather hazardous, and could only be done to a limited extent, from the consular restriction laid upon them not to go beyond a day's journey from the treaty port. In the condition of things at the time this was a prudent arrangement, with a view to prevent trouble and ensure greater safety should any trouble ensue.
One consequence of these early tours was that the brethren in question became universally known, and their names are familiar to the country people, being spoken of as the general cognomen of all missionaries, even at this distant date. In the onward course of years their staff was increased by missionaries from England and America, both from our own and other Societies. This added much to the efficiency of the Mission, and both in the city and the country was the work carried on in an extended manner.
In addition to these direct preaching efforts, other important aids were not lost sight of. Among these we regard as pre-eminent the revision or re-translation of the sacred Scriptures. This had been resolved on by a committee of missionaries at Hongkong, with the sanction of the Bible and Missionary Societies. Several were delegated from different stations to meet in Shanghai in 1847, and undertake the task. Dr. Medhurst was chairman and chief labourer in it. When the New Testament was finished, it was deemed advisable to accomplish the Old Testament in the same manner, principally on account of the advancing age of the senior member of the committee, whose services were invaluable in such a work. In six years from the commencement of the undertaking it was brought to a satisfactory completion, and forms a noble monument of the ability and fidelity of those who were engaged in it. We may here observe that while this difficult work was being carried on, a harassing controversy was brought about in reference to the most appropriate terms for God and Spirit in the Chinese language, and our honoured friend had a chief part in contending for the right. Besides these various labours, tract and printing operations had to be attended to, with a view to render the Mission as perfect as possible, and to increase its efficiency among a heathen people.
III.-THE RECEPTION OF THE MISSION. As might have been expected, this has been of a very varied kind. Looking at it in general, it must be regarded as highly satisfactory. The Chinese are not of that barbarous and savage character which has been met