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FROM WASHINGTON TO GRANT.

481

GRANT'S SECOND ADMINISTRATION.

March 4th, 1873-March 3d, 1877. ULYSSES S. GRANT, 111., President.

HENRY WILSON, Mass., Vice-President CONGRESSES.

SESSIONS.

S 1. December ist, 1873- June 23d, 1874. Forty-third Congress,

12. December 7th, 1874-March 3d, 1875.

s1. December 6th, 1875-August 15th, 1876. Forty-fourth Congress,

12. December 4th, 1876-March 3d, 1877.

.

ELECTORAL VOTE.*
REPUBLICAN.

DEMOCRAT.
Ulysses S.

Henry

Horace B. Gratz Vote. Grant, Ill. Wilson, Mass. Greeley, N.Y. Brown, Mo.

Basis of
137,425.

8

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States. Alabama, . Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida,

(Not counted.)

IO
6
6
6

4 4 4 1

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(6 for Brown.
2 for Perkins, Dem,, Ga.
3 for Greeley (not counted),

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58 for Hendricks, D., ind. 14 for Brown, Mo.

(Not counted.) 8 for Hendricks.

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(8 for Brown.
6 for Hendricks.
i for Davis.

Georgia,
Illinois,
Indiana,
Iowa,
Kansas,
Kentucky,
Louisiana,
Maine,
Maryland,
Massachusetts,
Michigan,
Minnesota,
Mississippi,
Missouri,
Nebraska, .
Nevada,
New Hampshire,
New Jersey,
New York,
North Carolina, .
Ohio,
Oregon,
Pennsylvania,.
Rhode Island,
South Carolina, .
Tennessee,
Texas,
Vermont,
Virginia,
West Virginia,
Wisconsin, .

Totals, .

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* The death of Mr. Greeley before the electoral count caused the casting

of his 66 votes as scattering. The above table indicates the way they went for President. For Vice-President

Secretary of State, .
Secretary of Treasury,
Secretary of War,.
Secretary of Navy,
Secretary of Interior,
Attorney General,
Postmaster-General,

THE CABINET.

Hamilton Fish, N. Y. (continued).

William A. Richardson, Mass.
William W. Belknap, Iowa (continued).
George M. Robeson, N. J.

Columbus Delano, Ohio
Geo. H. Williams, Oregon

· J. A. J. Creswell, Md.

The Republican party and the country were so well satisfied with President Grant's first administration, that they stood ready to honor him a second time. This was grateful to him, for he had been the mark of such bitter opposition by his political enemies as to make him feel that he needed vindication at the hands of his friends. If he were nominated and elected a second time, the fact would assure him that defamation had done him no injury, and he could always point to such a triumph as a sufficient answer to every invention of malice.

Political sentiment was somewhat mixed in 1872. There had risen inside the Republican party a strong faction which cared nothing for practical politics, and which was swayed by the thought that universal amnesty ought to be proclaimed in exchange for universal suffrage. An equally large faction swung off, as early as 1870, on the idea that the Reconstruction measures were harsh, unconstitutional, and failures in their application. This occurred in Missouri. B. Gratz Brown and Carl Schurz led the faction in a legislative fight and triumphed. They called themselves Liberal Republicans, and their opponents Radicals. This was to be the nucleus of a new party. All the dissatisfied Republican elements came to it under the lead of Greeley and Fenton in New York, Curtin in Pennsylvania, Trumbull in Illinois, and Charles Francis Adams in Massachusetts. The Democrats favored it, thinking it would disrupt

the vote was still more scattered. Brown, Libera. Republican, Mo., received 47; Julian, Dem. ocrat, Ind., 5: Colquitt, Democrat, Ga., 5: Palmer, Democrat, ml., 3; Bramlette, Democrat, Ky., '3; Groesbeck, Democrat, 0.,1; Macken, Democrat, Ky.,1; Banks, Liberal Republican, Mass , 1. The 14 votes of Arkansas and Louisiana were not counted, on account of frauds in the elections and duplicate counts by two opposing Returning Boards. The popular vote was: Grant, 3,597,070; 31 States. Greeley, 2,834,079; 6 States. O'Conor, 29,408; Black, 5,608.

the Republicans, and many of their leaders actually joined it. It issued a call for a National Convention at Cincinnati, on May ist, 1872, where Mr. Greeley was nominated for President, and B. Gratz Brown for Vice-President. Its platform accepted

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all troubles growing out of the war as settled, and favored reforms of various kinds and in general.

The regular Republican Convention met in Philadelphia, on June 5th, 1872. There was practically no opposition to the naming of President Grant for a second term, and his choice

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