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hensions on that account will be entertain. The imports from Penang amounted to ed."

334,770 Sp. drs., and those from Malacca It was then resolved.--" That, although to 177,235 Sp. drs., which added to the the information afforded in the letter of the above, make the imports 9,101,179 Sp.drs.; secretary of the Bombay Steam Commit- the exports to Penang and Malacca werá tee does not establish an absolute immu. 506,162 Sp. drs. ; shewing a total of nity from risk in the case of shareholders, 7,593,190 Sp. drs. Exclusive of the trade it presents that security which is afforded with those two places, the increase in the by the character of the parties who are to imports, by square-rigged vessels alone, carry the scheme into effect, and by the appears to have reached the sum of publicity which will attend their proceed- drs. 262,794 ; and that by native vessels ings;" and that “ the subscribers present to drs. 389,406, making a total increase of at this meeting are prepared to subscribe 652,200 drs. in the imports, after deductto the Bombay Steam Navigation Fund ing the decrease. In the exports by upon the terms proposed by the secretary square-rigged vessels, there was

a de thereof."

crease of 36,876 drs.; but an increase in Here follows a list of subscribers to the those by native craft to the amount of Bombay Steam Navigation Fund, amount. 318,062 drs. ing to Rs. 2,700.

Supply of Rice to China.-- The present scarcity in China of rice, and the direct

encouragement held out by the Chinese Singapore.

government, have induced some of the. Trade.--The following is the official com

native merchants at Canton to charter separative statement of the trade of Singa

veral vessels to have it conveyed thither. pore for the official years ending 1st May:

The Elizabeth has recently proceeded hence for China chiefly laden with rice,

and the Frances Charlotte is about to folIN PORTS. 1831-32. 1832-33.

low with a like cargo. - Sing. Chror.,

Nov. 21.

Sp. Drs. Sp. Drs. Earthquake. On the 24th instant at Great Britain...

1,514,664 1,847,534

twenty-five minutes to nine o'clock, P. M. Foreign Europe

81,302 82,207 South America ..........


a slight shock of earthquake was disMauritius, &c. ........

7,068 5,734 tinctly felt at this settlement; it was folCalcutta .............

1,072,852 1,264,228 Madras.................

lowed by a tremulous motion of the earth,

141,049 217,450 Bombay

91,575 261,638 which lasted for upwards of a minute or China ...........

2,433,959 1,963,668

perhaps longer. Two subsequent shocks, Java ................:

978,978 1,036,502 Rhio.................

92,216 163,926 but not perceptible, occurred. The night Siam

243,980 239,191 was very clear, and by no means sultry. Cochin China

126,402 134,994

From what we can learn the shock was Ceylon

7,341 20,138 Sumatra..

186,879 168,719 felt more distinctly at Campong Glam, East side of Peninsula

320,271 425,114 than in the town. It is the first phenoWest side of do.

27,904 37,483 Celebes...

173,917 250,415

menon of the kind that has occurred Borneo....

209,637 213,528 since the formation of the settlement. It Bally

53,471 72,591 Manila ...

is conjectured that the volcano in Sumatra,

40,303 91,731 Camboja


Gunong Berapi, is now violently at work. Neighbouring Islands, &c. 118,135 98,382

Ibid, Nov. 7.

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7,936,974 8,589,174


SAVINGS BANK. 3,037,926 2,581,794 20,976 39,371 A meeting held on the 23d October, to 36,783

take into consideration the establishment 12,661 12,451 879,559 901,525

of a Savings Bank, was most respectably 148,576 137,087 and numerously attended ; besides most 172,501 249,746 173,412 743,818

of the European gentlemen of the com359,693 464,309 munity, there were present.some leading 75,039 179,395

members of each sect, but the most nu212,180 223,782 223,405 54,515 merous were of the Chinese, who seemed

8,475 very forward in their approval and support 165,285 204,352

of the institution from its first proposal. 310,145 415,875

24,044 28, 101 The governor took the chair, and having 167,716 319,700 briefly explained the object of the meeting, 178,016

171,945 52,596

the recorder addressed the assembly at 89,645 33,328 97,240 some length, adverting to the origin of Sav

7,700 33,753

ings Banks, the great general utility they 21,848

had been found of in England,' and antici. 105,271

pating from the inquiries he had made of the 6,941,542 7,087,028 gentlemen then surrounding him the most

beneficial results to the industrious poor


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from a similar establishment in this island. Mr. Murchison , succeeds to the go. To further this object the governor had. vernment. consented, subject to the approval of the The Batavia.”—The Dutch barque supreme government, to receive deposits Batavia returned to this port from Ceylon at four per cent. per annum, and there on Wednesday last. Her cargo is still was little doubt of this accommodation under detention at Trincomalee (by being continued.

H. M. Ship Harrier). The government Resolutions for establishing a Savings of Ceylon had the ship under seizure seBank at Penang were then moved by the veral months, but at last permitted her to recorder, and unanimously adopted. sail, after endeavouring in vain to obtain a

guarantee from Captain Blair against any Retirement of Governor Ibbetson.-Mr. visitation of consequences for the detenIbbetson being about to depart for Eng. tion.-P. I. W. Gaz., Nov. 16. lạnd, the following resolutions passed at a meeting of inhabitants on the 13th No

Malacca. vember; they were moved by the recorder (Sir B. H. Malkin) and seconded A correspondent, in the Singapore by Mr. Balhetchet.

Chronicle of November 14th, with refe, That this meeting feel a sincere de- rence to the internal disturbances at Linsire to shew some public testimony of gey, states that " an officer, with a strong their respect and esteem for the Hon. Ro- military guard, has been appointed to bert Ibbetson, upon the occasion of his command at-Qualla Lingey, the northern being about to return to England from the boundary of our territory, under a pretext government of these settlements.

to enforce the neutrality of our subjects “ That in the different gradations of from interfering with the existing contest service, in which that hon. gentleman has at Lingey, by transporting supplies to the been employed in this and the neighbour- seat of war; but the real object of the ing settlements, during a period of twenty- mission of this officer, judging from the nine years, he has always evinced a dis- line of conduct he has lately pursued, is position to contribute to the welfare of to facilitate and protect the conveyance of their inhabitants; and by the embarkation all kind of supplies to Syed Sabban, which of property in the cultivation of land, has are sent by his agent, Mr. Westerhout, set an example of bringing forward the and to prevent, at the same time, boats resources of this island that is likely to proceeding up the river with supplies for prove one of its most important and last- the Lingey people. This gallant officer ing benefits.

has, more than one instance, exerted " That since the hon, gentleman's ele. his zeal very conspicuously by sending vation to the government, this community armed parties of sepoys, in our guard or is indebted to him for his readiness in re- war boat (as it is called), to scour all the opening the treasury for the reception of inlets and creeks on the other side of the suitors' deposits on interest, in admitting Lingey river (over which government there also on interest the capital of the have no right whatever to control), and Savings Bank, and other important services to prohibit, with force of arms, the landof a similar nature. .

ing of goods or entrance of any boats “ Thạt in private life, the hon. gentle other than those consigned to Syed Sab.. man has always been forward to promote ban." He adds in a postscript: “Since all objects of charity, sociality, and amuse- writing the above, a man from Sempang, ment; and the society of this settlement a village lying on the coast, came in and will view his departure with unfeigned reported that a number of pirate prows regret.

were at anchor at Pulo Bessar, and had Mr. "Ibbetson, on the resolutions being seized six of our Malay fishermen. read by a deputation, at the head of which The local authorities of this place had not was the sheriff, replied :

the means at hand to repel these marau“ Gentlemen, I accept with pride and ders, in consequence of the absence of satisfaction this mark of your kindness our war-boat at Qualla Lingey, whlch is and attention ; intimately acquainted with employed, as stated above, in assisting many of you for a long period of years, our ally Syed Sabban; and his horde of and known to all from constant inter- vagabonds; instead of protecting our comcourse both public and private during our merce and the property and lives of our sojourn together at this little island, the inhabitants from the rapacity of pirates, present public: expression of your senti- for which purpose these boats were priaments becomes doubly welcome and grati. cipally built and equipped, and are mainfying to my feelings.

tained by government." Accept, gentlemen, in return, my most grateful thanks for the assurances

Siam. you have made me, of which, as well as of the many happy years I have passed in

VISIT OF THE V.S.S. “PEACOCK.” your society, I shall ever retain a lively Having left. Vungham, early in Februremembrance."

ary, the Peacock proceeded to. Siam,

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where, from the accounts of Crawford's covered with crimson'velvet, and a promission, in 1822, a mach worse reception fusion of golden vessels for containing siri, was expected them even in Cochin China. betel-nut, tobacco, water, &c. : these vesIn this expectation we were agreeably dis-, sels, as no one is allowed to have them of appointed. Though treated with more gold, unless received from the hands of bluntness than in Cochin China, we cer- majesty, form at once very necessary arti. tainly met with more real civility among cles of constant use, and distinguishing the Siamese boors, than among the re- marks of rank and dignity. While the fined courtiers of Annam.

number of the minister's prostrate attenOn the 18th of February, the Peacock dants, and courtiers, among whom were anchored off the bar of the river Menam, some of his own sons, served to increase the water being too shallow to admit of this show of dignity, his dress (if dress her passing over it. The land at the north it could be called) was calculated comend of the Gulf of Siam is very low and pletely to contradict it. It consisted, as almost level with the water; and the ship, with the other Siamese, of merely a chintz having to anchor above ten miles off, could cloth, reaching from the waist to a little not therefore be seen by those on shore. below the knees, and fastened in front in This rendered it necessary to go on shore, its own folds, leaving the breast, back, to report the arrival of the mission, at and legs uncovered. Pak-nam, a small and dirty town, well The Siamese nobles are very haughty fortified but feebly garrisoned, which is and very boorish. Cold selfishness appears situated on the right bank of the river to be the most prominent trait in their Menam, about two miles from its mouth. character, and the principle of all their After some correspondence with the actions. Equals among men of rank can officers at court, two barges were sent seldom meet in Siam.. A single shade of down to Pak-nam, to convey to the capi- inferiority is sufficient to lay one man tal the envoy, accompanied by Captain prostrate before another, for an inferior is Geisinger and nine other gentlemen. On never suffered to stand or sit in the preleaving the ship a salute of thirteen guns sence of his superior. The present p'hrawas fired, which was returned by his Sia- klang is one of the least civil of the Siamese majesty's barges in very laughable mese ; he received the members of the style.

mission with a slight inclination of the Bankok (as foreigners continue to call head and a kind of grunt to each, without the capital, though by the natives it is ever rising from his setlee. When all called Sya Yuthya) is built chiefly on the had become seated, he asked a great numbanks of the river, all communication ber of trivial questions, 'some natives, of from house, to house being for the Portuguese descent, acting as interpremost part carried on by water. It ters. No other formal visit was paid to extends about four miles on both sides of his excellency, except once when he gave the river, and is situated above thirty a dinner to the members of the mission; miles from Pak-nam. Its inhabitants are but frequent informal visits were paid to estimated, according to native accounts, him for the purpose of conferring on the at nearly half a million : of these, the ma- business of the mission. It was well jority are Chinese ; among the Siamese known that it would be useless to are numerous priests; the other classes expect such visits to have been returnof inhabitants are Malays, Klings, Indo- ed, as it is contrary to the Siamese Portuguese, Peguans, Burmans, Laos, custom for the principal ministers to call and Cochin Chinese. The most remark. on foreign envoys. The dinner alluded able circumstance about the city is the to was given on occasion of the p’hranumber of Jungadas, or floating-houses, klang's shaving the head of two or three which occupy a considerable portion, on. of his children, a ceremony performed at each side of the river. These houses are the age of thirteen or fourteen.' On this built very neatly of wood, and are fixed occasion, the Portuguese consul, Carlos on thick bamboo rafts. They are lashed Manoel da Silveira, was invited to meet to stakes driven into the bed of the river; the mission. This gentleman, from his and thus their occupiers are able readily to long stay in Siam, was able to give us move their habitations, by merely casting much valuable information as to the manoff the lashings, and floating along with ners and habits of the Siamese. It is the tide to any other unoccupied station. contrary to their religion to feed upon any

The mission reached Bankok, on the thing that has life, or to drink wine. The 25th of February, and the following day minister, therefore, was merely a spectathe envoy and suite paid formal visit

tor of the meal : we dined, not with him, to the chao-p'haya p’hra-klang, or mi- but before him. After dinner, Siamese nister of foreign affairs, who at present tumblers came on the stage, which had occupies also the situation of junior chief been erected in front of the house, and minister, and commander of the forces showed many feats of agility. They were both by land and sea. His excellency succeeded by a party of actors. was seated, or rather reclined, upon a set- When the official business was nearly ee, having about him several cushions concluded, the 18th of March was fixed



for an audience of the king. The arrange- the former general, and the latter colonel ments of Capt. Burney's mission in 1826 of his majesty's artillery; and Sus. Joze saved the envoy from all trouble in refe- da Piedade, port-captain, a native of Siam, rence to the ceremonies to be observed. and honorary captain in the Portuguese His golden-footed majesty now admits royal navy. Europeans to visit him with their shoes The king is rather good-looking ; like on, saying that they are used for ornament, all his family, very dark-complexioned, as much as turbans, rings, &c. among and so stout as to be unable to move witheastern nations. We had therefore no out difficulty. He has two brothers more apprehensions of finding our shoes stolen, legitimate than himself, their mother, the and being obliged to walk about barefoot, queen, being of royal descent. The elder as did Mr. Crawfurd and his party in of these is a priest or tala-poy, and the 1822. All that was necessary was to younger an idler. They are called chaoacquire the Siamese method of sitting, fa, the princes of heaven, or heavenly with the feet turned behind, and in that princes, and are very much looked up to posture to make three salams with both and esteemed by the people. hands joined. — The Siamese themselves · A few days after the audience, a treaty make three prostrations, touching the was concluded, in which, it may be preground with their foreheads.

sumed, Siamese jealousy would not admit The palace consists of a fine line of of any greater privileges being granted brick buildings, well white-washed, and than were obtained by the English in having the roofs profusely covered with 1826.-Canton Reg., Oct. 24. paint and gilding. The roads about the palace are good; but the display of military at the gates was miserable to a degree. The audience chamber is a large and lofty

China. apartinent; the floor is carpeted, and the walls and pillars (which latter are square) are painted to resemble papering ; but so

An apartment had already been prelittle taste have the Siamese, that while pared for our reception. We received a handsome painted lamps and fine pictures formal invitation to a dinner, and were are left to perish in the obscurity of old

very well served. To facilitate our busi. temples, this abode of royalty is decked ness, we requested the presence of the only with some common tin lanterns of

che-heen-wan and the tso-tang-sing in a Dutch manufacture; and some Chinese

private apartment. We asked the fordaubs from the handsome face makers'

mer, can we trade ?” His reply was, shops in Hog-lane ;, about one-third of not according to the law." the hall, at the upper end, is separated

then?" By connivance," was the anfrom the rest by a curtain, which is

" said the che-hëen, drawn aside when the king ascends

deputed my friend Sing and a merchant his throne, and again drawn across as

to arrange matters under my sanction. as the audience is over. There

You know we cannot labour for nothing, are two thrones, made apparently of wood

and you will settle a certain per-centage gilt. The less ceremonial one was used upon your sales ?" A merchant had been on this occasion, as well as when Captain

introduced to us, who had to strike the Burney had his audience. It is immedi. bargain, and to pay down the bargainately behind the curtain, is square and

money. A mutual agreement was drawn open on all sides, so that the king's per

up and ratified by the che-hëen, who had son can be plainly seen when seated in left us. We promised to go outside Wooit. The other resembles a pulpit, closed

sung as soon as the was round, and having only openings, like nar

paid down, but in case of defalcation to row Gothic windows, for the king to be

bring the ship up to the city. Having seen through. This is used on occasions of received their full assurance of the fulfil. great ceremony and formality. The king ment of the engagement, we departed received Mr. Crawfurd seated in it.

immediately. The next morning, Sing The audience was well attended by

and the merchant came on board, took Siamese, Peguan, Chinese, Portugeuse,

the musters of piece-goods, and ascerand Kling officers, in full dress. This

tained the prices. They then hastened was the only occasion on which we saw

to Woo-sung, to communicate with the the Siamese wearing any thing more than

mandarins there, and promised to make a the dress already described. The king

final settlement within a day on their rewas clothed in a loose cloak of silver

turn. tissue, and the officers with similar cloak's

On the 22d, we set out in our long, of muslin, not, however, fastened in front.

boat for Shang-hae, in order to arrange Among the Portuguese officers who were our affairs.

We had now an European present, were the three gentlemen ap

boat's crew, a very imposing sight for our pointed to attend on the mission, viz.

friends the mandarins. The junks which Snres. Benedito and Pascoal d’Alverge daily entered were very numerous, from rias, two brothers, natives of Camboja;

* Concluded from last vol., p. 181.

" How


16 I have,'



forty to sixty per day, but they were no- ordered the junks in front of the temple thing when compared to the hundreds away, that we might moor the ship. Notwhich were moored in the river. An withstanding all their blustering remonimmense forest of masts covered the strance, they shewed a great deal of fear, if greater part of the city from our view. this event was to take place, and had apWe think there were about 1,300 native pointed sentinels to observe the motions craft ; the southern junks having already of the ship, which was only a few miles left the place. In no province is trade distant. carried on to so great an extent as in The che-hëen, confident that his strataKeang-nan, the heart of the empire. gem would succeed, had, shortly after our

The large place in front of the Teën- first visit, issued a chop, - wherein he how temple was lined with mandarins, painted the “barbarians” in the darkest both civil and military, in their full state colours, and assumed to himself the merit robes, and surrounded by hundreds of of having driven them away beyond Wootheir myrmidons, ready to receive us. sung. But now we stood before him, the There was no end to the compliments ship was near the city, and the “barbaand inquiries after Hoo-hea-me. Whilst rians were, in this transaction at least, dissatisfaction was painted upon the more honest than he himself. We therecountenance of our friends, they tried to fore pointed out these falsehoods to him : smile, and to assure us that they felt ex- he was really ashamed, and, in order to tremely happy to see their friends again, again make friends, he tore this placard and anticipated the enjoyment they would down, and stuck up a large edict, written have in our company. Our flag was then upon red paper, wherein he praised our waving in the wind, and communicated conduct for having saved twelve Chinato the thousand spectators our classical

This was done during the night: taste. From the professions of friend- to make the matter still more imposing, ship made by the mandarins, one would he placed two large lanterns near it, and have believed that they delighted in the thus attracted the attention of a numedemonstration of the general popular joy ; rous crowd. but they threw many an angry look upon It was only on account of our having the good-natured populace, who cared only ten effective men on board that we however very little about their disappro- did not bring the ship up to the city, bation. Yet before we entered the tem- which might have changed the whole ple, they were determined to wreak their affair; for remonstrances were of no avail. vengeance. A poor fellow had rather During our stay at Shang-hae, we had too eagerly hastened forward to get a look perfect liberty to buy every thing we at us; he was apprehended, flogged, and liked. In one of our excursions we met afterwards put, with the cangue on, in Admiral Paou, who has the command of the pillory. Our bony and strong sailors the neighbouring rivers and channels. made upon them a deep impression; they He got, as soon as he saw us, out of his looked frequently with astonishment at chair, made a deep bow, congratulated us them, and became pensive.

upon our safe arrival, and permitted us to We waited six days, but nobody came buy and sell whatever we liked. We

The cold was rigorous, and our were then on our way to the city, and poor lascars, who had not yet recovered requested his permission to enter it. from the Manchoo disaster, suffered again By all means, was his reply, and, intensely. Yet their situation was no- turning towards an officer, he enjoined thing, when compared with that of the him to go with us, and to-show us every poor soldiers, who had to watch us in thing. In the meanwhile, he ordered tents on shore. We really pitied their the gates to be shut, made a bow, and wretchedness, and applied repeatedly to hurried away. Scarcely could we believe their superiors to withdraw them, but to our eyes when we saw the gates shut beno purpose. However, the war junks,

fore us.

Such is mandarin faith. which had anchored at some little dis- The inhabitants continued to be friendtance from us, went away when we ly, to the great annoyance of the mandaasked them to do so.

rins. We had free intercourse with them. When we again came to the city, to To frighten the people from having any inquire the reason for their having broken thing to do with us, or even to greet us their engagement, we learnt, to our great with a friendly look, they seized upon astonishment, that both Sing and Wang another poor lad, and beat him severely. denied having had any thing to do with After this they put him in the gate of our

To plead entire ignorance of an abode on the pillory; with the cangue, agreement which they had promised so whereupon they had written, “for having solemnly to fulfil, was more than we had communication with the barbarians, could bear. . We upbraided them with an and transgressed the laws.'

This we utter want of trust, and felt ourselves could not stand ; we demanded from the now justified in bringing up the ship. che-hëen that he should set him free, and Upon our intimating this to them, they we succeeded. Asiat. Jour.N.S. Vol.14.No.53.


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