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Red Rover, and with her packet : we this country ; the president and select went down to the beach and spoke to committee have determined to withdraw Markwick and two gentlemen from the the license of the ship Hercules, under Rover, one of whom produced a small your command, and you are hereby inbag of letters, which, on being opened, formed, that it is withdrawn accordingly. turned out to be chiefly for Senhor A.' Capt. Grant drew up a protest against Pereira and Portuguese gentlemen, and the Company's representatives, which (as which this person ultimately carried to the president of the committee declined Senhor A. Pereira. One of these gentle- to receive it) he made before the vicemen informed us that there was lying in consul of Hanover, and served the presi. a China boat, just abreast of us, a large dent and members with copies. open bag, containing letters for every one On the 18th July, the owners of the in Canton. You asked the Rover's officer Hercules (Messrs. Jardine, Matheson, and what were his instructions from his cap- Co.) applied to the committee " to know tain ; he replied, 'to land the letters for what the Hercules or her owners had done the public, and to deliver the Hon. Com- to induce the putting in jeopardy property pany's packet to their steward;' he also to the extent of upwards of a million of produced a list, or sort of manifest, of dollars, without giving the slightest notice packets in his boat, amongst which were to the parties interested." some for the Hon. Company, one for The committee, in return (July 20th) you, and several for the partners of express their surprise at the statement Messrs. Jardine, Matheson, and Co. that the parties interested had not reFinding the Rover's officer desirous to get ceived the slightest notice of the affair, the Company's steward, you sent a coolie and refer to Capt. Grant for the corfor him, and we all went into the post- respondence which had taken place, and office; and just opposite to it was lying which left the committee no alternative the boat, and on the arrival of the but to deprive him of his license, “the steward, the open letter-bag was turned measure recommended to their adoption in out on a large table in the room. I took such cases, by the Supreme Government, such letters as were for myself and as- for the due enforcement of the necessary sistant in Canton, others took those that authority in China.” were addressed to them, and the remain- Messrs. Jardine and Co. (July 24th) ing letters were left with the steward. reply that the correspondence referred to We then went down to the beach, where an unsealed gunny bag, full of loose letby this time the parcels had arrived; you ters, in the tavern at Macao, and could took away a parcel addressed to Mr. not, in any way, directly or indirectly, Matheson, and gave it to your coolie; all affect the license of the Hercules ; that the others were left with the Company's the committee having assigned no suffisteward, and in about an hour after, 1 cient reason for an act so injurious to the received such letters and newspapers, as owners' property, they solemnly protest had been placed in the Company's against the act of revoking the license of packets ; and in all this I can perceive the Hercules, and held the committee nothing different from what has been the responsible for all loss. usage ever since I came to China.'
On the same day, the committee “in Mr. Markwick's statement corroborates consideration of the inconvenience likely the aforegoing, with the important addi- to be sustained by parties unconnected tion, that the bag was opened by Capt. with the occasion of the immediate susGrant.
pension of the license of the Hercules," The select committee (July 1lth) allowed the license to remain in force till observe that the statement of Mr. Mark- 4th September. The committee (on the wick coincides in all essential points with 29th) requested Messrs. Jardine and Co. the evidence upon which the committee to state whether they avowed or not the had acted ; and they add, that Capt. acts of Capt. Grant. Grant, in complaining of the committee's Messrs. Jardine and Co. (July 31st) reacting on the statement of a menial,” ply that they consider the correspondence forgot that Mr. Markwick was himself but referred to as strictly of a private nature, lately in the situation of both butler and totally unconnected with the Hercules and steward of the Company's factory. They her owners. conclude : “Since, however, you not only The committee, in return (August 5th), persist in your avowed intention of pursu- declare that this letter is wholly unsatising the course which the select committee factory, nor can any answer be deemed have been called upon to condemn, but satisfactory, which does not, on the further have assumed a tone of contumely owners' part, avow or disavow the acts and disrespect, totally subversive of order, and correspondence of their servant, the and of the possibility of maintaining that master of the Hercules. They add : “the salutary control over officers and shipping select committee consider it the more resorting to China, which is indispensable necessary to call upon you for an explicit for the general interests of commerce in answer to their question, so far particu
Jarly as relates to the abstraction of the you, and by persons in your immediate letters, and correspondence thereon, from employ, or acting under your instructions, the circumstance of the master of the having tended to subvert and counteract Hercules having, while in the act of seek- the authority of the president and select ing for and abstracting the letters (your's committee; I am directed to caution you being the most sought for and abstracted against a continuance of the same, as with very many others) from the letter- being wholly incompatible with the mainbag of the Red Rover, against all re- tenance of order, and the general intemonstrance made to him, thought proper rests of trade in this country, and as beto make use of your name as if it were ing calculated to compel the select comauthoritative ; as also from the circum- mittee, for the due preservation of those stance of the select committee's official interests, to resort not only to such meacorrespondence, remonstrating with the sures as have already been resorted to, master of the Hercules, on the impro- and leniently postponed, but to such ultepriety of his conduct, having, almost im- rior measures as the powers with which mediately after it commenced, been re- they are vested may require them to en. ferred to you.
Messrs. Jardine and Co. (August 7th) The remaining letters are unimportant; reiterate their remark, that the corres- their respective tenor and style are similar pondence between the committee and to the aforegoing. Capt. Grant was of a private nature; adding that they cannot submit to the form or substance of their reply being dictated to
AFFAIR AT THE CUM-SING-MOON. them by the committee; that had the The affair at the Cum-sing-moon, committee wished the owners to be in any referred to in our last vol., p. 258, it. way responsible for Capt. Grant's acts on appears, involved the ship Hercules (the shore, they should have apprized them subject of the aforegoing correspondence), (the owners) of it in the first instance ; though the name of that vessel was not and as they cannot find any observation mentioned in the Canton paper from in the statements of Messrs. Innes and whence we derived the account of the Markwick, or in the correspondence, of transaction. The following corresponCapt. Grant's making use of their name dence has taken place, upon the matter. as if it were authoritative,” they con
On the 18th October, the secretary of sider it, and the assertion that the cor- the select committee wrote to Capt. respondence was referred to them (the Grant, the master of the Hercules, that owners), as mere hearsay, unsupported they had received two communications by any evidence offered to them."
from the Chinese government respecting To this letter, the following reply was an affray attended with bloodshed, said sent, signed by the secretary, dated to have occurred in the Cum-sing-moon August 12th :
between the foreigners from the Hercules « Gentlemen :-I am directed by the and other shipping connected with her at president and select committee to inform that anchorage, and the natives on-shore, you, that they deem it necessary to com- whereby the Chinese had been wounded, ment upon the reprehensible tone and their property taken, and prisoners capcharacter of your correspondence with tured, and detained on board the ships ; them as an official body; and that they adding: “ I have received instructions have only to regret the mistaken lenity from the president and select committee which induced them to postpone the sus. to require that you will immediately com. pension of the license of the Hercules, municate to them the particulars of this upon representations made to them, that proceeding, and inform them whether any immocent parties might suffer inconve- Chinese are detained on board the Hera nience from the immediate adoption of cules, in order that they may take such measures rendered necessary by the ag- steps as may appear necessary on the gression and disobedience of the master of occasion. that ship, of which you state yourselves Capt. Grant refers to a report which to be the sole owners.
had been made to the owners of the sbipe 1.** It now becomes incumbent, ,how containing a detail of every circumstance ever, upon the select committee formally regarding the late outrage committed to represent to you your actual position by the Chinese of Kee-ow, on part of the in China ; and I have received their in- crew of the Hercules.” He states that structions to desire you to bear in mind, the facts of the case are nearly the reverse that the members of your firm, and all of those stated by the Chinese governBritish subjects composing your commer- ment, and that “ far from the Chinese cial establishment, have been and now being entitled to complain of their proare residing in this country contrary to perty being seized and people wounded, law, and by sufferance only.
we have to seek justice of them for theft “The acts and proceedings which have to a considerable amount; and I very recently been committed and adopted by much fear for the murder of one of our
sea-cunnies, who was taken by them, natives, consequent upon the course of and has not since been heard of, though aggressive conduct which you have comrepeatedly demanded. The Chinese now menced, but in which you have been on board the Hercules was taken in the effectually opposed by the Chinese, and act of stealing copper and iron, and was by which the death of a sea-cunny has in the first instance detained till some unfortunately taken place. The whole means of getting him punished, by their course of your proceedings, regarding the own authorities, could be devised. He Samarang, can only be viewed as a prohad been in custody about eighteen hours vocation to the Chinese, by which you only, when one of our men was carried appear to have been brought into collision off, and he is now kept with the view of with them, inducing the acts of open facilitating the recovery of our sea-cunny, hostility and bloodshed. if alive.”
“ Such acts of aggression and violence ; The committee returned the following render the Hercules, under your command, reply by their secretary :
amenable to the forfeiture of the license "' I am directed by the president, &c. under which that ship remains in China, select committee to inform you, they have and yourself amenable to the forfeiture of carefully perused the document received your_indentures; all other ships under from you, of the recent occurrences in the English flag, which assisted in the the Cum-sing-moon, and although your above attacks, have likewise become subaccount differs very widely from that of ject to similar consequences. the Chinese government, it appears by The president, &c. cannot refrain the statement from the Hercules, that the from condemning the language reported aggression originated with that ship, and in your statement have been made use not with the Chinese. A native was of by Mr. Gutzlaff, in his interviews seized on shore at Kee-ow, under an with the mandarins; it could tend to no accusation of stealing nails from a hulk, possible end, but angry excitement and and was carried on board the Hercules, hostility; and under the circumstances where he was put in irons, and kept pri- of the case, the threats made use of, and soner. After the lapse of some time, the accusations of murder and piracy, against Chinese, in retaliation, seized a lascar, the Chinese, appear altogether misplaced.; who was watching the hulk on shore. " You are hereby directed instantly to Mr. Parry, a mate of the Hercules, pro- release the native so long detained pri-, ceeded to a village with an armed party, soner on board the Hercules, on an accuand obtained the liberation of the lascar, sation of theft, he being entirely innocent but in several conflicts which ensued with of any participation in these affrays, and the Chinese, a sea-cunny was seen by you are further commanded immediately the party to be badly wounded or killed, to remove the Hercules from her anchor.. while they were being driven back to age in the Cum-sing-moon." their boats by the natives.
In reply to this letter, Capt. G. states “ On a subsequent day, you issued that the ship should be removed, and orders that a stronger party, which con- the thief discharged, the detention of sisted of eighteen boats and 250 men whom, he obseryes, had caused the armed, should again proceed to the village, viceroy to arrest the murderers of the to rescue, as it is stated, the sea-cunny, sea-cunny. although you abstained from appearing personally. This party could not effect A letter, dated “ Canton, October 30th,” á landing, from the fire which was kept signed “ An Eye-witness," and published , up on them by the Chinese; but after in a Calcutta paper, gives the following: shots had been exchanged, by which account of the affray in the Cum-singthree Chinese were wounded, one of them moon, referred to in the aforegoing corer dangerously, they thought it prudent to respondence, so different from that which, retire. During the whole of these pro- appears in our last vol., p. 258, abridged ceedings, the Chinese accused of theft from the Canton Register, that, it leads to was kept on board the Hercules.
the direct conclusion that the press of, “ The president, &c. cannot refrain Canton cannot be depended upon for a from observing that, from some time past, faithful relation of occurrences connected you have rendered yourself and the Hers with the illicit trade :. cules notorious for acts of aggression and “ An event of some importance has reviolence, while no complaint has appeared cently occurred in China, which, as comagainst any other ships connected with promising the British character for justice, the opium-trade. It is the more repre- prudence, and courage, I think it is but right hensible on your part, from the fact of should be placed before you, more espeyour assuming the command over vessels cially as the parties-implicated are indefaconsigned to your owners, Messrs. Jar- tigable in distorting facts to screen them. dine and Co., and others connected with selves from the consequences of their conthem, in the Cum-sing-moon, and issuing duct. I allude to an attack which has been orders for assistance in attacks. on the made on the natives, from the Bay of the Asiat. Jour. N. S. VOL.14. N0.55.'
China and Macao
Cum-sing-moon, on the main-land of
Imports. Exports. Netherlands.
F. 2,587,640 3,781,999 China, by armed boats, and men from
974,438 65,706 some of the opium ships, belonging to a Hamburg
27,891 76,096 Sweden
39,944 particular party in China, more remarkable
J32,560 for endeavouring to create disturbances, Madura than for protecting the very valuable pro- Cape of Good Hope
Isle of France
1,150 53,188 perty on board ; and for teaching the Chi.
Bengal and Coromandel 31,493 nese the facility with which their marau
27,767 ding parties can be defeated, than for dis
Manilla.. cretion. The story is simply this. An
129,601 .. 37,577 old opium ship, called the Samarang, bas Japan
67,219 .. 104,147 New Holland
5,180 been stationed on shore, near a large fish- Eastern Archipelago.. 2,988,911 2,253,823 ing-village, and a small party of lascars
17,908 left in her to protect her timbers and iron
F. 7,392,919 6,964,279 from the Chinese. These villagers have in vain protested against a foreign ship being Thus the imports exceeded the exports run on shore, and equally against parties by nearly 429,000 guilders, though the constantly protecting or marauding, as trade is considerable in amount. The might happen. A few days since, a Chi- bulk of the imports consisted of opium
was seized near the Samarang, by (Levant) F. 1,046,220 ; linen and cotton some of the lascars, and put on board the goods, F. 1,373,913 ; provisions, wine Hercules, both vessels belonging to the and spirits, iron and machinery, piecesame owners; he was accused of stealing goods, earthenware (China), gambier, toriron, and put in irons. The Chinese, na. toiseshell and wax : the particulars of the turally irritated at this proceeding, in their
government Japan goods, the spices, and turn seized a lascar and carried him to a
tin are not given. The bulk of the exThe officers of the Hercules sent a ports consisted of coffee, 90,989 peculs, very large party to rescue the lascar, who
value F. 2,696,277; rice, 10,314 coyans, first of all burnt a village, which was on F. 1,027,841; sugar, 57,579 peculs, fire the whole night, then proceeded to the F.673,225; tin, 17,857 peculs, F.651,780; town, where the lascar in question joined tobacco, 7,736 peculs, F. 287,021; linen them. On their way back to the boats, ware, cotton goods, and yarns, F.631,113, the villagers endeavoured to cut them off'; The number of ships and boats which a fight ensued, in which a secunny was arrived during the period was 708 (ton. killed by the natives and the rest of the
nage 35,953), of which 593 were Dutch party driven off.
A few days after, a vessels, 28 English, 17 American, 5 Porstronger party, of nearly 300 men, attemp
tuguese, 2 Hambro, 1 French, i Swedish, ted to attack the town again, but were and 61 Asiatic. The number which sailed driven off by the Chinese, and made all
was 631, 34,091 tons. sail for their ships, after wounding several. The government, alarmed at the death of the secunny, have seized four parties, forward in the attacks; but there is not a fo.
Cochin China. reigner, unconnected with the parties in- One of the Canton slips of printed paplicated, that does not feel deeply the fla. per, hawked about the streets, professing grant injustice and violence of the pro- to be founded upon an official report from ceeding, as well as the danger in which Leen-chow, near Hae-nan, contains a opium vessels are now placed, by the fact detailed account of the royal family of of the Chinese learning the real weakness Cochin China, between two of whom (an of the ships and crews. Having been uni
uncle and a nephew) there is now a conversally condemned, it is astonishing how test for the crown. The affair is thus desirous the culprits are to throw the blame stated:on the shoulders of others; piracy and “ From the time that Yuen-kwangmurder are the least accusations levied by chung obtained the throne, it was handed opium-smugglers on the persons inhabi- down to the reign of King-shing, at which ting a village, who make reprisals for a period another Yuen arose in Nung-nae, hostage for a countryman seized, and whose
and usurped the whole country, taking as village is fired, cattle stolen, and inhabi- his title, Kea-lung. He moved his court tants wounded. This is a true story." to Foo-chun, and conferred on a merito.
rious officer, named Le-tsung-yue, the
rank of Tso-keun, and gave him for his Netherlands India. support the region of Nung-nae ; Kea
lung gave his younger sister in marriage
to the king of Siam. Kea-lung's eldest - The Java Courant contains an account son died early, but left two legitimate of the trade of Java and Madura during sons. When Kea-lung died, the nation tive first half-year of 1833, of which the wished to give the throne to the eldest following is an abstract:
grandson; but the second son of the late
50 to 65 50 to 55
55 to 60
monarch, Ming-ming, seized the power
Ticals of the military, and by force made himself Cambric, Ist sort..
per corge 70 to 75
2d sort king. The Tso-keun knew that the
3d sort kindred would not be safe; he therefore Jaconet, Ist sort ..
90 to 100 Jamedany, Ist sort.
70 sent privately and took away Kea-lung's
Do. 2d sort second grandson, and conveyed him clan- Muslins, lst sort.
Do. destinely to Siam, to live with his aunt.
do. 90 to 100 Sannahs, Ist sort.
do. 65 to 70 It turned out to be the fact, that Ming- Do.
2d sort.. ming murdered the elder sister and a cou
25 to 30 sin; and said that the Tso-keun had
Serge, green and red, fast colours, per pce. 17 to 24
per corge 30 to 35 sinister motives and schemes of ambition. Europe Chintz, of 24 to 28 yards..
7 Soon after, the Tso-keun died, and left no
India Chintz, of large flowers
8 to Striped do.
6 to 6) sod. Ming-ming destroyed his house,
Bengal do., 1st sort.
· per corge 30 to 32 and threw his nephew into prison. The Do. do., 2d sort.
do. 28 to 30
4 to Europe Looking-Glasses, of 2 palms
5 region of Nung-nae he changed into a
do., of 1 palm, per doz. 1} to 2 province, and sent three great officers to New Muskets, of 5 palms.
8 to 10 keep possession of it. They changed the
Gun Locks, per 20
45 to 50 Pistols (ordinary new) per pair.
6 to 8 old regulations, levied heavy taxes, and Flints, white.
per 1,000, 8 to 10 impoverished the people. Men's hearts Do., black
do. 5 to 26 were filled with indignation and resent- All the above piece-goods, if white and ment. They wished to effect a revolution, large, whether coarse or fine, sell better but had no leader. At this juncture, Kea- and with more facility than others, which lung's second grandson, then in Siam, are sold with some delay in recovering heard of these proceedings, and inmedi- the money, or in obtaining a return. ately returned. On the 17th of the fifth A few pairs of pistols would sell, but moon of this year (July 4th 1833) he not to any great extent, as the king alone entered Nung-nae. The foreign chieftains, can purchase them, and the price being far and near, the army and the people, all arbitrary with him, there is a difficulty in strove to join him. They put to death the obtaining a return. three great officers who had taken posses- Opium is rigorously prohibited, as also sion ; liberated all the persons who had are wines and spirits; but the latter can been thrown into prison, and offered be sold privately. Brandy and rum, and sacrifices at the tomb of the Tso-keun. other strong liquors are inquired after, Thus they possessed a region extending with the exception of gin. seven hundred Chinese miles. On the Bankok, 15th October 1833. second of the sixth moon (July 19th) the grandson proclaimed himself the king of Nung-nae. Six provinces, Kea-ting, &c. with their towns, in succession, submitted Cape of Good Dope. to Nung-nae. It is reported that the Siamese have sent troops to assist, and it
Accounts from Cape Town, dated in was intended to attack immediately the
March, mention that the expedition for exroyal residence, Foo-chun. In the mean
ploring central Africa, from which much time, Ming-ming had ordered upwards of tablishing a commercial intercourse he
benefit was expected to be derived by esfifty ships of war to be got ready, and aliout four thousand troops, to collect at
tween the colonists and the natives, was Ma-le. No engagement had taken place.
to proceed immediately under Dr. Smith, It is said that Nung-nae's soldiers are
about £300 more alone being wanting to veterans, and his supplies abundant ; that
complete the arrangements. high and low are of one mind; that he has formed alliances with powerful neighbours; that the passes are all well secured;
Polynesia. and that warfare and calamity will be the necessary result for no one knows how The Report of the London Missionary long a period.”
Society contains the following very unfaWe hear that the governor of Canton vourable statement respecting missionary has sent 2,000 men to the help of Ming- prospects in this part of the world, where ming.-- Corresp. Canton Reg., Jan. 14. they were once the brightest :
Few missions have experienced greater changes than those which have occurred
among the stations occupied by the soSiam.
ciety in this part of the world. The al
ternations, between intelligence peculiarly Prices of European and Asiatic Imports.
cheering and painfully distressing, which Ticals.
marked the first stages of the Tahitian Longcloth, ist sort..
per pce. 11 to 12
mission, characterize the reports of its Do. 3d sort....
subsequent progress. The communica
10 to 11