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The following'expression of the opinion the measures as referred to a quarterly of the meeting was directed to be recorded : communication between Bombay and

The meeting, whilst approving of the Suez by means of the Hugh Lindsay cantrustees and committees, has learnt with not, of course, be carried into effect, and regret that a great number of the debtors the wish of his Lordship in Council to have failed to make any arrangement for co-operate with the committee, by the the settlement of their accounts; and con- loan of a government steamer, is thus sidering that every reasonable indulgence unfortunately frustrated. The declared has already been allowed, beg to express inability of this vessel, however, to pertheir opinion that legal means should now form the prescribed number of voyages is be adopted to enforce the payment of of less consequence, as it is understood these claims.

that your proposals have been rejected by The different books of account, up to the Bombay committee, and that you are the date of the insolvency, having been compelled to fall back upon your own renearly brought to a close: Resolved, that sources. The committee will have learned Mr. Johnson be relieved from the duty in that the remaining part of the recommenwhich he has hitherto been employed; dation of the Supreme Government has and the meeting cannot on this occasion been acceded, and that the Hugh Lindsay refrain from recording their sense of the is to perform one voyage entirely at the upright and honourable conduct of that cost of Government. gentleman, throughout the proceedings “ Under these circumstances it will connected with the estate.

remain for the committee to consider what is the most expedient course to

adopt, with a view to supply the place EAST-INDIANS AND THE MILITARY FUND.

of the Hugh Lindsay. If another steamer The East-Indians of Bombay (sixty-one should be hired, it will obviously be matin number) have petitioned the Court of

ter for consideration whether Calcutta, Directors against a grievance they suffer,

instead of Bombay, may not be fixed on as from the stigma cast upon their body by

the place of departure, now the funds of certain regulations of the Bombay Mili

the presidencies are not to be united for tary Fund, which exclude from any par

one common purpose.” ticipation in the benefits of that institu

To this communication the committee tion the widows and children of subscri

returned a reply, wherein they stated, bers who are not of unmixed European that, “ so far from rejecting the proposal, blood-four removes from Asiatic or Afri. can blood being considered European. times in eighteen months, which is as

we agreed to run the Hugh Lindsay three “ Your petitioners,” they say, though much, in the opinion of the committee, they have individually no connection with, or concern in, the Military Fund, feel

that including her commander and other naval

and scientific officers, as the vessel could they have just ground to complain of the

with safety be allowed to undertake, and rule alluded to, inasmuch as the effect of it is to cast a stigma, not only on those

we deeply regret that the Right Hon, the who suffer in their immediate persons

Governor-general in Council should have

been informed, under these circumstances, from its financial operation, but also on

that we ' rejected the proposal of the Cal. every individual of the class which, by

cutta committee.' The acknowledged implication, it prescribes as a degraded

incapacity of the Hugh Lindsay to mainbody."

tain quarterly communications between

Bombay and Suez, combined with the STEAM-COMMUNICATION

alleged rejection by us of the Calcutta The Governor in Council communicated committee's proposal, appears, by the to the Bombay Steam Navigation Com- enclosure to the letter under reply, to have mittee the following extract of a letter suggested to the Right Hon, the Goverfrom the secretary to the Supreme Govern- nor-general in Council the idea of substi. ment to the Bengal New Steam Fund tuting Calcutta instead of Bombay as the Committee : “ I am directed by the Right point of departure, now that the funds Hon. the Governor-general in Council to' of the presidencies are not to be united forward to you, for the information of the for one common purpose ;' upon which we committee, the subjoined extract from a would respectfully submit that, if on delis letter from the secretary to the Bombay berate consideration, the port of Bombay Government, dated the 7th October : 'In was originally approved of as the best regard to the Hugh Lindsay performing point of departure in the infancy of the four voyages annually, it is the decided undertaking, there is nothing in our letter opinion of this Government that she can- of the 10th October which can reasonably not perform them, but that the object of be assigned as a pretext for substituting making four voyages annually could be another port in lieu of it; and with regard accomplished by placing another efficient to any division of the aggregate funds substeamer at the disposal of this presidency.' scribed by the public for steam-navigation,

Adverting to this communication, I on which we have no information beyond am directed to observe, that such part of what is now communicated to us, we de-,

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precate it as a measure fatal to the whole field thus open to skill and intelligence plan. In giving our opinion on the pro- was one of the best that Europeans, and posal about the Hugh Lindsay, we never others who could command a little capital, contemplated for an instant or anticipated could engage in, in this quarter of India. any disunion, either between the commit- - Bombay Durpun Dec. 6. tees, or between the funds subscribed for the promotion of steam-navigation; and we readily avail ourselves of this opportu- The following letter has been addressed nity of assuring your Lordship in Council, to the collector of customs and sub-trea. that having in view no object except the

surer, and, we believe, copies have been important one, for the attainment of forwarded also to the principal mercantile which the committee were constituted, establishments in the island :we continue individually and collectively

“ To B. Doveton and W. C. Bruce, to be animated with the same spirit of

Esqrs. friendly co-operation, which has ever

“ Gentlemen,- As it is apprehended actuated our conduct on this subject."

that the interests of the valuable shipping of the port will be materially injured from

the competition of the free-traders, when At the anniversary meeting of the Bom the trade to China shall be thrown open bay branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, on under the new charter, the Right. Hon. the 251h, Mr. Money stated that, in con- the Governor in Council is desirous of sequence of his removal to Dharwar, he adopting measures calculated to guard was obliged to resign his situation. Before against the anticipated evil, without at the he resigned it, he could not help express- same time being prejudicial to other inte. ing his conviction that the literary charac- rests; and accordingly requests that you ter of the society would be entirely ruined, will take this important subject into conunless the union with the parent society sideration, and submit your sentiments be dissolved. No one would send a paper thereon, after consulting with the principal to run through two ordeals, one here and European and Native merchants and shipone at home; and Capt. Burnes and several owners of this port, whose opinions should other gentlemen had given that as their also be submitted with your report to Go. reason for not delivering their papers to the vernment, Bombay Society, as they preferred sending “ I am, at the same time, instructed to them to Calcutta, where they could be observe, that his Lordship in Council conprinted immediately, or at once to Eng- ceives the end in view might, in a great Jand, where they ran a less chance of being measure, if not altogether, be attained, by rejected than in Bombay. Two of Capt. declaring Bombay a free-port or entreBurnes' papers, rejected by the Bombay pôt for all goods and produce of China committee, had been printed, he said, "the destined for the English market, and, vice instant they were sent by him to Calcutta.” versá, for all Europe goods destined for A short discussion took place, and it is Canton. hoped that the subject will be brought be

" I have, &c. fore the society soon at a special meeting.

“ L. R. Reid, Sec. to Govt. After a vote of thanks to Mr. Money for “ Bombay Castle, 6th Dec. 1833." his past services as secretary, the meeting

We are sorry to say, that we doubt very broke up.-- Bomb. Gaz., Nov. 27.

much whether any measure, consistent with Mr. Frere has been appointed secretary

the general interests of British commerce, in lieu of Mr. Money.

will ward off the blow this is intended to

guard against; for, it strikes us, the danCUSTOMS AND DUTIES ON INDIGO.

ger, with which the shipping of Bombay is At the suggestion of the revenue com- threatened, arises not so much from the missioner, all land customs and transit present restrictions on the trade of the duties were recently abolished throughout port, or from the greater cheapness with the Bombay territories on indigo; and as which English vessels can be navigated, they were previously very heavy (amount- as from the facilities which the circuitous ing, we believe, in some places, before the voyage to China will afford the latter. article reached a port, to nearly its full There is in favour of Bombay or its ships value at the place of production), the mea. only one trifling advantage ; the latter can, sure is calculated to improve trade in an from the mode of collecting duties in article to which an unusual and increasing Canton, enter that port at a less rate per demand in Europe has given a very high ton than the smaller ships, which, in all value in this market. A considerable probability, will be employed from home. quantity of excellent indigo is now pro- We fear the result would be greatly duced in Candeish, and the soil in many against Bombay becoming a mart for tea parts being well adapted to the plant, no and China goods, as the Government let. doubt its cultivation might be advantage- ter contemplates. However, we are by no ously extended; and we should think the means opposed to the plan of opening the

port as proposed ; on the contrary, we are aware that the channels which commerce

Penang. takes, when perfectly unrestricted, are

Pirates. – On the 23d ult. the H.C.gunsometimes so extraordinary, that one can

boat Hawk was attacked off Qualla Muda, hardly venture without rasliness to predict the effects which a measure like the one

our northern boundary, by a fleet of upin question will produce. Who, ten years

wards of twenty pirate prahus; half were

well manned and armed with guns, the ago, for instance, could have dreamed that

rest had swivels. The nakhoda, in his Bombay would become such a market

small craft, appears to have shewn a galas it is for bills drawn in New York or

lant front, but the odds were so much Boston upon London ? Under these cir

against him that he was obliged to retreat, cumstances, and looking upon any measure which takes off a restriction as open

after expending nearly all his ammunition. ing the door to improvement, we would

These pirates have come from Linga, Siac,

Galang, and other ports in the vicinity of advocate not only the admission of China goods for reshipment duty-free, but also

Singapore. They generally visit us at

this season of the year in quest of birds' of articles the produce of the Red Sea and

nests and of men for slaves; but their Persian Gulf, and generally, upon the principles, and under the restrictions, of has been for many seasons, and a reinforce

number is much greater this year than it the bonding system England, of any

ment is expected which, if reports are to part of the world. - Bomb. Cour., Dec. 17.

be depended on, will make the fleet 160 We quote from yesterday's Courier an article on a subject of first-rate importance ready made by these miscreants, it is

or 170! From the extent of captures alto the commerce and prosperity of this port—the proposal of Government to de- likely that hundreds of our subjects will

be carried into hopeless slavery before the clare Bombay a free entrepôt for all goods

termination of this fleet's cruize. The in transit between the China and English

slave-trade flourishes apace

in the markets. So far, however, from looking

Straits. - P. W. Gaz., Dec. 7. upon the proposed measure with a doubt. ful and desponding eye, we conceive it one

The pirate fleet left our vicinity imme

diately after the affair with the gun-boat, of the happiest, as one of the boldest, that

and in the direction of the Lancavey an enlightened government could adopt,

Islands. The fleet, it is now pretty well from an anxious attention to the welfare of the settlement, which is above all praise. ascertained, consists almost entirely of

that peculiar class of men named Orang - Bomb. Gaz., Dec. 18. At a meeting of merchants, the sugges

Lovt ( Men of the Sea'), who may be tion of Government was taken into consi.

said to live entirely on the sea. They are deration and approved.

distinct from the Mussulman Malays, their religion being a mixture of demonological and other superstitions. In their prahus

will generally be found books of incantaBy letters just received from Hydera- tions, to lure prey into their fangs.—Ib., bad, in Scinde, we learn that two engage- Dec. 14. ments have taken place between some large Piracies have increased of late to a detachments of the force assembled by the

dreadful extent in the Malacca Straits, Ameers and a party of the troops of Shah

and in the neighbourhood of Penang. A Shooja, ex-king of Cabool, in both of daring attempt has been made by three which the Scindians have met with a most

prahus to capture the brig Harriet within signal defeat. In the last of these, an

a very short distance of this port. Prouncle of Meer Sobdar, and several other videntially, the brig was well prepared to chiefs of distinction, are said to have been

defend herself, else the result must have killed, and the greater part of the detach

been very disastrous, not only in the loss ment under them to have been cut to

of the vessel but of valuable lives. — Sing, pieces, while those who attempted to

Chron., Dec. 26. escape were drowned in the Indus. The action took place near Bukkor, on the

Emigrants from Queda.–The Penang

Gazette of November 9th mentions that a right bank of the river. The army of the Ameers, by the last accounts, was in the

great number of emigrants from Queda neighbourhood of Larkhana, and consisted

had lately taken up their residence in Pro

vince Wellesley, and were cultivating of about 75,000 men, a large number of

extensive tracts of land. whom were Beloches. Shah Shooja's force, on the other hand, amounted to about 35,000, a small portion of whom are dis. ciplined after the European method.

Singapore. These numbers, there can be no doubt, are much beyond the truth ; but that the The determination of the commander forces on both sides are very considerable of H.M.S.Harrier (Captain Vassall), to is admitted on all hands.-Bomb. Couri, enforce the rule which requires merchant Feb. 1,

ships to lower their royals, as a salute to




a king's ship, appears to have led to a dis- ever, examined the French copy suffici. agreeable affair with the Louise, a French ently to perceive that it was little else than merchantman, the commander of which a transcript of the penal code of France, states, that on the 13th December, when with which, however, I did not then cola about a mile from the Harrier, sailing late it, thinking that such a task would be with a light breeze, all sails set, and mak- more usefully performed whenever I should ing his way with difficulty round, some receive the English original. Recent fishing stakes to leeward, his flag flying, events have, however, led me in some dehe was fired at from the frigate, and after gree to make this collation ; and I disthe fourth shot was boarded by a boat cover, to my extreme surprise, that the from the Harrier, under a warrant-oflicer, French code was studiously altered at who required him to lower his royals. Mauritius precisely in those enactments Captain Duhantcilly states, that he de- which, if they had been retained, would clined, as he was French, and the boat have subjected the seditious in that colony swain departed. Immediately after, a to severe and well-merited penalties; of large boat, with a pennant and flag, rowed this fact, Sir Charles Colville never gave towards the vessel (the cannon from the me the slightest intimation when he transfrigate continuing to fire all this time, and mitted the French version of the new law; several muskets being discharged from the and in justice to that officer, I must exboat at the Louise), manned with twenty press my firm belief that he was hiinself

The officer demanded the master's left in total ignorance of the important papers, took notes, and required the interpolations introduced into the new code. loweri of the royals. Receiving a refu. If so, it will remain with the chief judge, sal, he said he should take possession of and the other public officers employed in the ship! The master states, that he preparing it, to explain how it happened refused to concede, telling the officer that that they failed to apprize the governor of if he did not retire he would carry him to the colony of alterations which, momenSingapore, and that if a shot from the fri. tous though they were, might well escape gate touched him, he (Capt. D.) would his observation in the midst of a volu

make for the frigate, anchor near, fire minous body of laws relating to a subject into her every bullet he had, and then, foreign to his ordinary pursuits and studies. perhaps, should lower his royals.” The The tine in which these changes were officer, he says, swore a great deal and made is highly worthy of a remark. The departed.”

law bears date the 15th February 1832, It is stated that the French captain in- a period at which the armed associations, tends, on his return to France, to repre- the seditious public notices, and the selfsent the matter to the Minister of Marine. constituted society to which I have already The Singapore Chronicle adds, that this adverted, were attaining to their full macompulsory order to lower royals is excit- turity. Yet such'was the occasion when ing a very bad feeling amongst the captains it was thought right, silently to introduce of merchantmen.

changes in the criminal law, the effect of which was to render the governinent help

less, and to secure impunity to persons Mauritius.

engaged iu proceedings little short of s despatch from Earl Goderich, dated traitorous." 15th March 1833, disallowing the ordi- His lordship points out various instances nance I. of 1832, putting into effect the of this studious alteration, including the new penal code, is published in the Go

following: vernment Gazelle of the colony.

His “ The 1241h and 125th clauses of the lordship states that, in consequence of the penal code of France were rejected at ill-digested state of the old penal code, he

Mauritius, obviously because they dedirected the atteniion of the judges and nounced banishinent against those who other legal funcionaries to the compilation should concert measures to prevent the of a new code, based upon the code of execution of the laws or of the orders of France, but assimilated as much as prac- government; and, because in cases where ticable to that of England.

the combination lad for its object a design “ The new penal code was compiled injurious to the internal safety of the state, with the utmost promptitude, and imme- the offenders were to be punished with diately promulgated as a law by the Go

death or confiscation of their goods. Even vernor and Council. Sir Charles Colville

still more remarkable is the oinission of transmitted to me a copy of it, for his the 127th clause of the French code, which Majesty's approbation, in the French lan- declared liable to forfeiture of office every guage, In my despatch of the 5th July judge or judicial officer who shall presuine last, I directed him to forward another to interfere with the authority of the letranscript in English, pointing out the in. gislature, by making laws or by entertainconvenience and even impropriety of calling ing the question whether laws should be for his Majesty's assent to a law written

published or executed. The obvious dethroughout in a foreign tongue. I, how. sign of this change was to enable the judges with impunity to co-operate in hours' duration, was more disastrous in its those measures, so soon afterwards taken, consequences than any that have occurred for defeating, by judicial decisions and since 1818. The largest bridges were refusal to register royal acts, such changes swept away, and some lives were lost. in the law as his Majesty in Council might see fit to introduce. In the same spirit, the framers of the colonial code re

Netherlands India. jected the 217th section of the code of France, because it declared all provoca- Late letters from Batavia state, that tions to tumult hy speeches, placards, or accounts had reached that place from Paprinted writings, punishable in the same dang, giving the details of a complete demanner as tumult itself. Thus the lead- feat sustained by the Dutch in Sumatra. ers in the agitation were to be safe, what. It appears that, on the 18th October last, ever punishment might await the deluded the Commissioner General Vander Bosch, followers."

having assumed command of all the Lord Goderich, in consequence, con- forces, led them in person, and made a siders that “ the task confided to the local grand attack, in three or four columns, authorities has not been performed in a on a strong position (named Bonjong, we spirit of good faith,” and announces that believe), held by the Padries. We have his Majesty “ will not confirm a law heard no particulars of the engagement, passed in such a manner and for such or of the losses sustained by either party ; purposes.”

but the result exhibited a total defeat on The Governor accompanies this publica. the part of the Dutch, who suffered a tion with a proclamation, declaring that, great loss. General Vander Bosch, havin consequence of bis Majesty's disallow- ing left some person of rank to conclude ance of the ordinance, the penal laws, a treaty with the Padries, and having orders, and regulations in force before its abolished a part of the oppressive duties promulgation resume their full operation, hitherto exacted at Padang, embarked for among which are the laws and regulations Batavia, where he had arrived. respecting the holding public meetings, We understand his excellency passed a forming societies and associations, and very severe censure on Colonel Elout, preparing and presenting collective pe- for having deluded the government into titions; and that, the Governor being in his views and policy regarding Sumatra, formed that there exist certain societies by representing matters in a false light. and associations known by the names of The Dutch rulers have now found them colonial committees and agricultural so- to be more than chimerical, having excieties, and that they conceive themselves hausted immense sums of money in a sanctioned, either directly or tacitly, by fruitless war, and sacrificed many lives to the government, his Excellency expressly their ambition and rapacity. They are withdraws every sanction and authoriza- further compelled to enter into a humition whatever, that may have been granted, liating treaty with the Padries, who, we for forming such committees or societies, suppose, may dictate their own terms. or for their holding meetings or convo- Had the Dutch remained content with cations under any name or designation their lawful possessions on the coast, and whatsoever.

endeavoured to cultivate sincere friend

ship and a good understanding with the By way of the Cape, we have advices natives, by adopting a mild and liberal from the Mauritius, by which it appears system of rule, into which they are now that Mr. Jeremie had again come into col compelled thanklessly, they might, during lision with the judges of the Supreme the years they have held power in Suma. Court. He had excepted against the judges tra, have become possessed of immense on the grounds that they were slaveholders, influence on that important and valuable in opposition to the judicial charter, and island, and have established a lasting rule that they had purposely omitted certain in the affections of the people. In place articles in the penal code.

of this, their tenure now of any of the tions were made at great length, and are western part of the island is


insedescribed in the journals as being very cure, and we should not be surprised to violent and passionate documents. In con- hear shortly of their total expulsion from sequence of this, the court had been pro- that coast. visionally suspended until the definitive The grand result of this overthrow of decision should be pronounced by the exe- ambitious schemes in Sumatra will be the cutive council. The affair had excited a re-opening of the valuable trade of Camgreat sensation at the Mauritius.

par with this port; and it is to be hoped

that Sumatran coffee will henceforth be A private letter from Port Louis, dated brought here as freely and as in great Jan. 24, states that the island had suffered abundance as formerly, when the import sererely from the effects of a hurricane on averaged 2,000 peculs per month. 'The the 20th, which, though only of a few exports, in return to Campar, of British

The excep

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