« PreviousContinue »
MELVIL LR ISLAND.
pore, state that a celestial edict had been
announce the death of the King and published, granting permission to fo- Queen, and the expected arrival of the reigners to go between Canton and Macao Blonde with the bodies. It was regarded in fast boats, on the payment of sixty as a remarkable circumstance by the nadollars for each chop. This is about one- tives, that just previous to the period of fourth of the sum formerly exacted for Mr. Charlton's arrival at Woahoo, certain chops, and is considered a special mark of natural phenomena-such as the extraorfavour granted to the Fang Quys (stranger dinary overflowing and recession of the devils).
tide, an eclipse of the moon, &c. had taken place, which impressed them with a
belief that some fatality had happened to Australia.
the King or Queen ; similar occurrences being observed when Tamabama the First
died, the first sovereign who conquered all Most of our readers have heard of the the seven islands, brought them under one new settlement in the Gulph of Carpen
Government, and afterwards ceded them taria which was formed last year by
to Vancouver, in 1794. This owen, or H.M.S. Tamar. It was called Port presentiment, was confirmed by Mr. Cockburn, and is situated upon Melville
Charlton's arrival. When the Blonde ar-, Island, in lat. 11 south, and near the end of rived at Honoruru (the anchorage of Endeavour Straits. The chief object held Woahoo) in May last, she was, however, in view by the projectors of this settlement immediately saluted by nineteen guns from was understood to be the opening of a com
the fort. The day afterwards Lord Byron merce with the Malays and Chinese, who and all his officers had an audience of the repair annually to that quarter for the pur- Regent (Karaimoku, the brother of Boki, pose of collecting beech de mar.
the governor, who came to England), at sorry to learn that these expectations are his house, at which were delivered, in the likely to be blasted, not from any fault in presence of all the heads of the nation, the the choice of situation, as far as regards presents sent, out in the Blonde by our locality, but from the inhospitable nature King. The present king of the islands of the soil, and the debilitating effects of is Kaukiauli, a lad about eleven years of climate.-[Sing. Chron. July 21.
age, brother of Rio Rio, who died in
England. On the 23d of May (four days VAN DIEMEN'S LAND AND NEW SOUTH
after the arrival of the Blonde), at eleven
A.M. the bodies of the king and queen Hobart Town and Sydney papers to the
were landed, attended by Lord Byron and
all the officers of the Blonde, dressed in 18th of September state, that the Medina
their full uniforms. On the arrival of the had arrived, with 179 convicts, who were
boats at the landing point, they were placed assigned to the service of the settlers. A
on two funeral cars, and drawn by native tribe of natives is said to have been dis
chiefs (forty to each car) to the late room - covered at the distance of four or five hundred miles from the river Brisbane; they
of audience belonging to the Prince Reare nearly wbite in complexion, are clothed
gent, the tomh-house not being finished.
Kaukiauli (brother of the late king), and in skins, and are superior to all the natives of New Holland. Accounts from Sydney mourners, supported by Lord Byron and
the Princess Nahienaena, were the chief state, that the bush-rangers over the moun- the British Consul; the numerous chiefs tains had become troublesome, and the
of the island and the officers of the Blonde military were sent in pursuit of them,
formed an extensive funeral cavalcade. The Blonde continued at the island about
six weeks, during which Lord Byron atPolynesia.
tended the meetings of the chiefs, who gravely deliberated respected the succes
sion of the young king and princess to His Majesty's ship Blonde, commanded
the throne, as, heretofore, might had conby Lord Byron, has returned from the
stituted right. This important matter was, Sandwich Islands, whither she conveyed however, very amicably arranged, the the bodies of the King and Queen of those heads of the nation and all the chiefs exislands, with the chiefs who had accom- pressing their earnest desire to conform panied them to England. The Blonde themselves strictly to the laws of legitileft England in the autumn of 1824. On
macy and of consanguinity. This island her arrival at Valparaiso, Mr. Charlton, is described as the most
tile of all the Consul-General of the islands in the Sandwich Islands. The inhabitants, by a Pacific, was sent forward to Woahoo, to
late census, amounted to about 40,000.
Postscript to Asiatic Intelligence.
The negociations at Prome and Um. former would no recede, they requested merapoora are at present almost the sole a prolongation of the armistice, to admit objects of attention in the Indian papers. of consulting their court; it was accordSir A. Campbell and Sir J. Brisbane met ingly extended till the 2d November. An the Burmese commissioners, Kee Woon- exchange of prisoners was proposed by gee and Lay Mayn Woon, in a Lotoo, or Sir A. Campbell and agreed to by the Hall of Audience, at Nemben-ziek, the chiefs. spot chosen for the scene of negociation, The next day the Burmese Woongees, on the 2d October. That day was not Attawoons and Woondocks, to the numdevoted to business : compliments and ber of twelve, dined with the British comcourteous speeches passed on both sides; mander, agreeably to appointment. The the Burmese commissioners politely in- report was served up in the Lotoo. The quired after our king's health, and offered Burmese officers did justice to the dinner ; to accompany Sir A. Campbell to Eng- a bumper was drank to the health of the land, or any where else! The discussion king and royal family of Ava; and Mantook place the succeeding day. On the jee Maha Menlajah, with reference to the part of the British were present, Sir A. unfortunate difference between the two Campbell, Sir J. Brisbane, Brig. Gen. Cot- nations, observed that the sun and moon ton, Capt. Alexander, Brig. McCreagh, were now eclipsed, but when peace was Lieut. Col. Tidy, and Capt. Snodgrass. restored, they would dazzle the astonished The following chiefs appeared on the part world with increased splendour. of the Court of Ava : Sada Mengee Maha Brig. Gen. M'Creagh and Lieut. Col. Mengoin-kee Woongee, Munnoo Rut'ha Tidy have since proceeded to UmmeraKeogong-lay Mayn Woon, Mengee Malia poora, whither the negociations will proMenlajah Attawoon, Maha Sri Sencra bably be transferred. Woondock Menjee, Maha Menla Sear Sir A. Campbell, in announcing this Sey-Shuagom Mooagoonoon, and Mengee event to the army, impresses on them the Attalla Maha Sri Soo Asseewoon. The necessity of unremitted vigilance, and Burmese chiefs endeavoured to prevail active preparation for the emergency of upon the British commissioners to with- renewed warfare. In such an event he draw their demands for territorial cessions intends to strike a decisive blow. The and indemnification for the expenses of army at Prome is in excellent bealth, the war, referring to the example of our and is well supplied with provisions and difference with China. Finding that the cattle,
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. exampled increase had taken place in the
exports and imports of that port, in the HOUSE OF LORDS, March 14.
short period during which the new system Singapore.-The Marquess of Lans- had been in operation. In 1822 the down, on rising to move for an account of commerce of the port had doubled, and the exports and imports of Singapore for amounted to 8,568,000 dollars. In 1823 the last three years, observed that these they increased to 13,268,000 ; and in 1824 papers, when laid upon their lordships' they were no less 15,772,000 dollars; thus table, would serve to show the importance exhibiting, in the course of these three to which that port had risen in the com- years, an actual doubling of the amount, merce of the east. They would prove that which had, even previously to that period, the advantages anticipated from declaring already increased in a very considerable deit a free port had been fully realised : that gree. It was impossible to look at the in a country so remote and barbarous, in- map without perceiving the importance of habited by nations so different in language the situation of Singapore, and the action and manners, by tribes under the infuence of the principle was not limited to the of ignorance and all sorts of vicious pro- little island in which this port was situated, pensities, there had been so quick an ap
but extended its effects over the vast emprehension of the benefits of free trade, pires in its vicinity. It served to elicit a such a feeling of the interest to be derived commercial spirit in those extensive and from a commerce carried on under the populous regions, of which it was of high protection of the British laws, that an un- importance that this country should avail itself; and if, from any narrow principle
dia until too late : and others who came to of policy, the East-India Company should this country in time, and who might have be induced to put a period to the system
recovered by remaining, returned too soon, which had been so happily introduced, the
in order to obtain their allowances to retrade, so far from increasing, would gra
lieve themselves from pecuniary embardually sink into insignificance, and all
the rassments, and in each case they fell vicprospects of advantage to ourselves, and tims to their necessities.
His object was, of improvement in those great empires in case of the death of an officer upon his with which the intercourse had been open. return to India, 'at the Cape of Good ed, would at once be cut off.
Hope, or within the dominions of the ber of vessels which had entered the port East- India Company, to enable his relahad been 2,889, of which only 383 were tions to receive the allowances which might British property, or commanded by Bri. have accrued during his absence. tish officers. Sich being the advantages Mr. Hume was of opinion that no which had already resulted from the mea. speech ever did any man greater credit sure, and such being the prospects from than that of Lord Grenville, when he opthe immense population of the countries posed the establishment of this college. with whom this commerce was carried on, He had no doubt but those who had probis Lordship strongly deprecated any return posed and advocated its establishment were to the system of restrictions, and hoped actuated by the best inotives; but it ap. that no considerations of immediate lucre peared that so far from instilling lofty would prevent Government from adhering notions of honour and exalted feelings of to their present liberal policy.
virtue, there was not a college in the king, dom where 6 rustications'
were so freHOUSE OF COMMONS, March 16.
quent—not one whence so many were sent Writerships. — Mr. C. W. W. Wynn away in disgrace for habitual misconduct. rose to move for leave to bring in a bill to He cordially agreed in the motion, but he suspend the operation of one of the clauses hoped the right hon. gentleman would seof the 53d Geo. III. cap. 155, respecting lect a proper means of examination, and the appointment of writers in the service submit all to the same test, whether eduof the East-India Company and to remove cated at the college or otherwise. He doubts as to the payment of allowances of thought the proficiency of cadets in the officers dying while absent from India. native languages should be a sine qua non By that act, which was passed in the year of their appointment. In fact there ought 1813, no person could be sent out as a wri- to be an examination of every public serter to India unless he had studied during vant that went out to India. Before he four terms at the East-India College. sat down he wished to state, that during There was at present an arrear of seventy- the two last years the College had been five writers. It was calculated that fifty better conducted than heretofore, but its in number would be requisite to supply existence ought not to be continued at all. the annual deficiencies from death and Colonel Luskington spoke as follows: other causes, but there being a still greater “ It was not my intention to have troubled deficit, it hecame necessary to suspend the the House, conceiving that the principle Act of Parliament in question for three and propriety of the bill proposed to be years, and to select such persons as were bought in by the Pight Hon. the Presibest qualified, although they might not dent of the Board of Control, were genehave served four terms at the College. rally admitted, and did not meet with any He begged to be understood that he did opposition ; but the hon. member for not make this motion from any distrust Aberdeen having departed from the quesof the institution to which he had alluded; tion before the House, and indulged himon the contrary, he thought it had been self in observations regarding the necesproductive of essential benefit, though, if sity of cadets being instructed in the naits furination was then to become the sub- tive languages, and that their proficiency ject of choice, he might have preferred its should be considered a sine quâ non of being grafted upon some of the existing their appointment, I hope I shall meet seminaries of the country.
with the indulgence of the House in to the payment of the allowances of otfi- making a few observations on that subject. çers, according to the Act of Parliament I consider that very great inconvenience in question, during the absence of officers would result from cadets being compelled upon leave in this country for the re. to submit to an examination previous to establishment of their health, they were their embarkation from India,' It would not permitted to draw for those allowances operate as a complete bar to many young until their return to India. This was a men, whose parents might be enabled tu wholesome regulation established for the procure a cadetship, but whose circumpurpose of inducing an early return to stances would not permit of their being their duties; but its operation was found sent to those seminaries where the native to be injurious. Many officers, sooner than languages are taught; and I certainly do give up their allowances, remained in In- believe that great difficulty would be ex.
perienced in procuring a sufficient supply fully discussed, he should be quite prepared of cadets, were such a regulation esta- to prove that when this college was founded Iblished. The hon. member is mistaken there existed an absolute necessity, ac
in supposing that young officers are put cording to the opinion of the wisest men into situations of command on their first in India and of this country, for some arrival in India. It requires a consider- such institution to be formed. He should able time to instruct them in the military next be able to prove that this institution duties they have to perform; and while was peculiarly planned to meet that neces. they are learning these, they have also sity; and that no evils attended this instigreat facility in making themselves ac- tution in any degree beyond those usual quainted with lhe Hindoostanee language. to institutions of a sirpilar public descripThere are many orders and regulations tion; and finally, that the result of this on the subject, both by the Government establishment, according to the concurrent and the Commander-in-chief; and half opinion of the ablest men, had been, that yearly reports, specifying the progress and there had been formed such a mass of proficiency of every young officer, are public men, both in respect to number and regularly sent in by officers commanding acquirements, as could not be matched in corps. Of the good effect of these reports any former period of our history. It was I can speak from my own knowledge; proposed to establish a test, by examinafor having reported the deficiency of one tion, to which every person destined to go of the young officers in the regiment I out to India should be obliged to pass ; commanded, an immediate reply was sent but the test was, in his opinion, imperfect, from head-quarters, that the Commander- and not calculated to attain the object dein-chief would not allow him to have the sired. Something had been said as to command of a troop if he did not apply exciting a competition among the young himself to the study of the Hindoostanee. men.
But the stations in India were not -(Hear!) This was attended with the
any such competition. That ardesired effect (Hear!) and I certainly can gument was therefore founded on a fallacy. assure the House that, in my opinion, If competition were to exist, he would there never was a period when the know- then ask what was proposed to be done ledge of the native languages was more ge- with the patronage of the East-India nerally diffused throughout the officers of Company as to their power of appointthe army than at present; and that there ment to the writerships? It was very true, is no necessity whatever for cadets being if these writerships were opened and made compelled to submit to the test of exami- objects of competition, then, indeed, hon. nation proposed by the hon. member for- members might apply the word competiAberdeen.”
tion to some purpose.
But was that the Mr. C. Grant would not at this mo- case at present ? On the contrary, it was ment enter into any discussion as to the well known that these appointments were existing system for qualifying young men given by the Court of Directors at their for the service in India: it was enough own will; every appointment was treated, for him at present to declare it to be his not as a prize for which students were to humble opinion, that the foundation of contend, but as a species of vested prothis college furnished an exception to the perty ; and it had been considered imusual remarks made with regard to the proper to disturb such an appointment, education of men destined to serve in that after it had once been made, even to an empire, and which Dr. A. Sınith had said infant.-Leave was then given to bring in was applicable to the education of all the Bill. those persons who might one day become
March 20. sovereigns of the East. That eminent wri
Jury Bill.- Mr. C. W’ynn, on moving ter had observed that such persons were
the second reading of the Juries in India apt to forget their duty as sovereigns in
Bill, observed, that natives of all descriptheir anxiety to regard their interests as merchants. Notwithstanding the united
tions were, by the present bill, eligible to force of all those conflicting interests by sheriffs and judges. The bill he hoped
serve as jurors, at the discrétion of the which the college had been opposed, he
would only be the commencement of would defy any man to prove that there had been more irregularity, or more evils,
trusting the natives of India with more either in number or degree, existing in it important powers than they had hitherto than were to be found connected with any other institution of a public nature.
He would venture to state this broad fact as Returns. – Mr. Hume moved for a rebeing incontrovertible, that during the turn of the total number of writers sent last twenty years there had been a marked out by the Hon. East-India Company to improvement in the character, in the con- the East-Indies and China, in each year duct, and in the qualifications of public from 1821 to 1825, both inclusive; and servants in British India—(Hear, hear!) distinguishing the presidencies to which Whenever this subject should come to be they have respectively been
Also, for a return of the total number of Office, for the purpose of being forwarded cadets sent out by the Hon. Company to you, but an answer was returned, of to the East-Indies for their military esta. which I have the honour to annex a blishments, in each year from 1821 to copy: 1825.
His Imperial Majesty will leam with A return of the number of assistant- regret that the regulations of your governsurgeons and chaplains sent out to the ment do not permit you to accept of this East-Indies from the year 1814 to 1825, mark of distinction, merited by a conduct both inclusive.
as humane as generous. Also, a return of the names and ranks Accept the assurances of my most disof civil and military officers in the service tinguished considération. of the East-India Company, who have
NEWMANN. died at the Cape of Good Hope, or else- Chandos House, 31st Aug. 1824. where within the limits of the Company's trade, during their absence from the seve
(No. 2.- Copy.) ral presidencies, since the year 1821,
Mr. Canning presents his compliments stating the offices held by them at the
to Mr. de Newmann, and has the honour date of their several departures from such to acquaint him, in answer to his note of presidencies, and also the pay and emolu
the 4th ult., that the services rendered ments attached thereto; together with an
to the crew of the “ Carolina,” by Colonel estimate of the amount of pay, &c. which Farquhar, the British commandant at will be due and payable to the heirs of Singapore, do not appear to come within such deceased officers.
the regulations adopted by his Majesty After a few words from Mr. Hume, the
with respect to foreign orders. return was ordered.
Mr. Canning is therefore extremely sorry to state to Mr. de Newmann, that
as he is precluded by those regulations MISCELLANEOUS.
from taking his Majesty's pleasure on the EAST-INDIA DIRECTION.
subject, he is under the necessity of reSir Robert T. Farquhar was, on the Ist turning to Mr. de Newmann the insignia March, elected a Director in the room of
of the order of Leopold, which his lmWm. T. Money, Esq., who had disqua- perial Majesty had been pleased to signify lified.
his gracious intention of conferring on Henry Alexander, Esq. was, on the 8th
Colonel Farquhar. March, elected a Director in the room of
Mr. Canning has the honour to enclose John Hudleston, Esq., who had disquali- gulations alluded to, and avails himself,
to Mr. de Newmann a printed copy of refied.
&c. &c. dc. The following Proprietors have announced their intention of becoming can
(Signed.) GEORGE CANNING. didates for the direction at the ensuing Foreign Office, May 8th 1824. election of six Directors, 12th April next, viz.
(No. 3.-Translation ) John Bebb, Esq. ; James Rivett Car- Prince Esterhazy presents his complinac, Esq. ; John Loch, Esq. ; Charles ments to Lieut. Colonel Farquhar, and Mackinnon, Esq.; Sir William Young, has the honour to assure him that his Bart. ; Charles Mills, Esq. ; James Pat- Majesty the Emperor of Austria had tison, Esq. ; James Stuart, Esq.; Henry conferred upon him the cross of Knight St. George Tucker, Esq.
of the Imperial order of Leopold, in gratitude for the assistance given to the
crew of the ship Carolina when afflicted LIEUTENANT COLONEL FARQUHAR.
with cholera morbus in the port of SingaWe huve pleasure in publishing the following correspondence respecting this by him on that occasion. But in conse
pore, and for the signal services rendered gentleman.
quence of the regulations established in (No. 1.-Translation.)
England not having permitted LieuteTo Lieutenant Colonel Farquhar.
nant Colonel Farquhar to accept of his His Majesty the Emperor of Austria decoration, his Imperial Majesty being
nevertheless desirous of conferring upon having been graciously pleased to confer
him some special mark of his personal upon you the honour of Knight of the
consideration, transmitted the snuff-box* Order of Leopold, as a mark of his Im
for him, which Prince Esterhazy had the perial Majesty's grateful sense of the hu
honour himself to present. mane and important services rendered by you to the crew of the ship Carolina,
Chandos House, Feb. 10th 1826. suffering under the ravages of the cholera
* The snuff-box is of gold, of the most beautiful morbus, when at Singapore on her voyage and chaste workmanship, richly ornamented with to China, the insignia of the order brilliants, and bearing the initials of his Imperial were transmitted by me to the Foreign Majesty.