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in the middle of which sparkled two of the “ Futty-Ali-Shah is about sixty-six largest diamonds ever known. On each

years of age, less remarkable by his feaside of the hall many of his sons were seen tures than by a beard, which has become fixed motionless as wax-work figures ; they historical : it almost covers his face, searcewere all magnificently dressed, and covered ly allowing his eyes to be seen, and deswith pearls. Opposite the shah, and be. cending to his waist. This excites great hind us, in a sort of vestibule, appeared admiration amongst his subjects, who demen in grand uniform, bearing golden axes clare that there is not a greater king upon on their shoulders, emblems of their terri- the earth, for he has a long beard, an infi. ble office; their eyes fixed upon the lord nite number of wives, and plenty of of all, they indicated not by the smallest horses, motion that they were of this world.

M. de Richemont has since been taken “ This stillness, and the Eastern splen- seriously ill, owing to the excessive heat dour which reigned throughout the scene, and unhealthiness of Teheran. He has been produced mixed emotions of terror and attended by Dr. M`Neil of the British admiration; it had such an effect upon mission, as well as the writer of the letter. our poor drogeman, that he became ill.

Postscript to Asiatic Intelligence.

The intelligence from the seat of war sickness has occurred at Rangoon, al is very scanty. All accounts agree in re- though this season was last year attended presenting that great sickness has prevail- with very fatal disease. ed amongst our troops at Prome. A'mor- The sickness at Arracan has been most tality appears likewise to have raged extensive. Almost the entire force had examongst the horses and bullocks; the perienced its effects, and in many cases it disease is described as the same which

has proved fatal to the British officers. visited the lower provinces of India in Every provision had been made for the 1824, and was, probably, transferred to relief of the troops, by sending hospital the Burmese country by the army bullocks vessels for the reception and conveyance sent to Rangoon. The country about of the sick. Among the invalids is Brig. Prome has been flooded with water to

Gen. M‘Bean, and it is said Gen. Morsuch a degree, that fears were entertained rison. By late accounts it is consolatorý that the army must betake themselves to

to find that the sickness is daily decreasthe hills.' The excessive moisture and ing, and that the troops are recovering the decay of vegetables, have produced a their health. The cause of the disease is dysentery amongst the natives; but it was

traced to the unusual sultriness of the seanot of a dangerous nature.

The mon

son, the humidity of the place, and the soon had been, however, light, and the

miasma arising from the stagnant water. troops were under excellent care. The ba

In ordinary circumstances Arracan is deszaar at Prome' was well supplied, and the

cribed as healthy, the climate being fine, climate is described as infinitely superior the nights cool, and the days not comto that of Rangoon. At the commence. monly hot. ment of August the waters began to sub

The communication between Arracan side ; and it is asserted in the Calcutta

and Prome has been found so difficult, that Government Gazette of August 25, that it is said the intention of crossing the Mug the army had recovered its health, and

mountains is abandoned at Arracan. A that every thing was going on well. The Burmese seem intent upon further

passage has been found to the east by water,

from Prome to Arracan, which realizes hostilities, though the reports upon this

the hope entertained that one of the point are contradictory. A communica

branches of the Errawaddy empties itself tion of some kind appears to have been made by the court of Ava to the Supreme of Cape Negrais.

at the Bay of Bengal, far to the northward Government, through the authorities at Rangoon. This circumstance is said to

Letters from Assam state, that the auxhave caused the visit which Sir A. Camp

iliaries employed by Lieut. Neufville are bell paid to this place. He returned to operating against the Singphos, and have Prome August 2d. The last accounts

occupied Beesagong. from Prome which appear on the Cal

Accounts from Ramree mention, that cutta Gazette of September 8th, state all was tranquil there ; the inhabitants that the bulk of the Burmese force in the were contented, provisions were plentiful, vicinity of that city had been summoned

and but little sickness exists there. to Ava, as a disturbance had taken place Gumbeer Sing has returned from Munniat the capital, supposed to have been an pore to Silhet, having left a force to garri. insurrection of the Shaum and Cassay son the place until the advance of our troops. The British army was not ex- troops in September. A detachment of pected to move for some time. But little the Rajah's pharis occupies Banskandi.

DEBATES

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East-India House, Jan. 18. request you will be pleased to let the en. A General Court of Proprietors of suing Quarterly General Court of ProEast, India Stock was this day held at the prietors be made further special for the Company's house in Leadenball Street, purpose of taking into consideration the pursuant to adjournment from the 21st of following propositions: That there be laid December last.

before this court copies of all correspon. The minutes of the last court having dence between the Court of Directors and been read,

Mr. J. S. Buckingham, late proprietor of Mr. S. Diron rose to make an observa. the Calcutta Journal, respecting his claims tion relative to the manner in which the for reparation of the injury sustained by meetings of the Court of Proprietors him in his property in Calcutta in consewere advertised. It appeared that no no- quence of the measures of the Bengal tice had been taken of the present meets government ; also copies of all proceeding through the medium of the news- ings of the Bengal government referred papers. This course might have been pur- to in the correspondence beforenamned. sued on account of its being an adjourned (Signed)

« Douglas KINNAIRD, court; but how few of the proprietors

“ Joseph Hume.” might be aware of the fact without a regu

The Hon. D. Kinnaird then proceeded lar notice. He trusted that, in future, address the court. He said, that in inalthough they met pursuant to adjourn- troducing the subject which it was his duty ment, proper notice would be given of the to bring before the proprietors, he was exday on which a general court would be tremely anxious, in the outset, to state wliat held.

it was not his intention to do, rather than to The Chairman (C. Marjoribanks, Esq.) detail what he did mean to do; because, stated, that the circumstance must have unfortunately, in discussing all subjects, a arisen from the advertisement not having very considerable latitude was allowed to been inserted on particular days in the speakers--and the consequence was, that paper which the hon. proprietor was in the the question in debate was often overlaid habit of reading. The meeting had been by collateral and incidental matter. He regularly advertised, and appeared in The would now most distinctly, state, that it Morning Herald of that day.

was his intention, and would be his Mr. S. Diron said, he took in The earnest endeavour, to keep the subject Morning Herald and The Times, but he

which he was about to introduce to the had not seen the advertisement in either proprietors of East-India stock and to the paper. It might be in those papers this English public, totally and entirely disday, but he had not seen the meeting ad- tinct from the general question of the vertised in the ordinary manner.

press in India ; and also perfectly free The Chairman. I assure the hon. from the question, whether the government proprietor it has been duly advertised.” in India had acted wisely or unwisely in

General Thornton. " I saw it several adopting certain measures with respect to times advertised in different papers.”

the press, for the purpose, as they alleged,

of enabling them to carry more readily COMPANY'S SHIPPING.

into effect the views of government. WheCapt. Maxfield inquired whether the ther those measures had been wise or unpapers relative to the Company's shipping, wise, he would not stop to inquire; but he for which he had moved at the last general would prove that they had been the cause of court, were ready.

unnecessary, unmerited, and severe injury The Chairman said, they were not yet to a deserving individual. He was not ready. The subject had been referred to questioning whether other measures might the proper committee, who would, as not have been adopted that would have efsoon as possible, make a report to the fected the object government had in view, court.

without producing the evil of which this

individual complained; but he would call MR. J. S. BUCKINGHAM'S CASE.

the attention of the court to this single fact, The Chairman. “I have to acquaint that great injury had been inflicted on him the court, that it has met pursuant to -injury that could not have been contemadjournment, and made ecial for the plated by the government. He said this, purpose stated in the requisition, which because he had never heard that Mr. Buckshall now be read.

ingham had been charged at any time, by The clerk then read the requisition, as either a public or a private accuser, as follows:

being guilty' of any act which 'rendered “We, the undersigned proprietors of him unworthy of the respect and confi. East-India stuck, being duly qualified, dence which he had long enjoyed amongst Asiatic Journ. Vol. XXI. No. 122.

all

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all those with whom he was acquainted. root of Mr. Buckingham's reputation. That He would confine himself to the simple statement was contained in a letter from proposition, that a most serious injury had Mr. W. Bankes, in which he proclaimed been done to an individual—an injury Mr. Buckingham to be a literary thief; growing out of certain measures which the and asserted that the principal part of his Indian government thought it necessary to work had been stolen from him. This adopt with reference to the control of the letter was placed in the hands of Mr. press in that country; and he begged leave Hobhouse. He, knowing that it came explicitly to state, that he meant to bint from a gentleman of refined education, nothing whatever as to whether the govern- connected with one of the first families in ment were right or not in placing the press England, could but give credence to under a censorship, or in adopting the sys- the charge. He could not conceive that tem of licence, as a subject quite distinct any man would boldly state that as fact from the question under consideration. He which had not a just foundation. The was not competent, in a narrow compass charge having been circulated, not only (neither would it be agreeable to Mr.Buck- did the bookseller, Mr. Murray, refuse to ingham, to the proprietors, or to himself), publish the travels, but, in a quarterly to give an adequate idea of the gentleman publication, under the influence of Mr. whose case he was about to bring forward. Murray, a letter appeared, written by Mr. He, therefore, would state the leading fea- Bankes himself, describing Mr. B. to be tures of his life, and detail those circum- a most immoral character, and a mere stances, which, without any fault or error charlatan. (Hear!) The consequence was, of his cwn, rendered him the object of that an universal impression, unfavourable unjust and improper suspicion. Mr.Buck. to Mr. B.-an impression, which time and ingham had long lived under obloquy and talent alone could enable him to overcome calumny, but he had at length triumphed'-spread itself all over India. What a completely over the imputed improprieties melancholy situation was this to be placed that had been laid to his charge, and prov- in! Here was a man in a foreign country, ed, beyond the possibility of doubt, that where he hoped to have acquired honour there had been nothing in his public or and competence, held up to contempt, and private conduct that, in the slightest degree, disgraced in the eyes of every person : the deserved reproach or blame. It was now judgment of individuals was warped, and well known in what way the hostility against intercourse with Mr. B. was suspended, Mr. Buckingham originated; and he felt until he cleared himself, and proved that it necessary to mention the circumstance, he had been most unjustly treated. (Hear!) because he believed in his conscience, had These were the disadvantageous circumit been originally understood, so far from stances under which Mr. B. undertook, wishing to go out of their way to punish what he would venture to say was one of Mr. Buckingham, the government would the most arduous, and, at the same time, have been rather disposed to act leniently one of the most useful situations which towards him. He would now show the could be pointed out in society—a situareason which caused the outcry against him. tion which, when the duties of it were disOn his way to India, Mr. Buckinghain charged creditably and honourably, benemet with a gentleman named Bankes, the sited the individual, while it served the present member for the University of Cam- country. He became the conductor of a bridge, and, unfortunately for him, re- daily newspaper : when it was recollected mained for some time in that individual's that extraordinary temptations must necescompany. Mr. Buckingham wrote two sarily present themselves in such a situavolumes, the result of his travels in the tion; that though a man, placed in a post East: they were open to the criticism and of this description, miglit feel inclined to examination of all men of literature and forbear, at times, yet still must act as a science; and he (Mr. K.) believed the re, public censor of public conduct much sult was, that Mr. Buckingham ranked as should, in his opinion, be conceded to a considerable benefactor to this curious, those who had the guidance of so powerful instructive, and amusing branch of litera- and useful an instrument. It was evident

He arrived in India with a far dif- that a newspaper in India could only cirferent view than that of publishing his culate amongst those persons who possesstravels; but he thought fit to avail himself ed ample means, from situation as well as of the opportunity of giving them to the education, of duly appreciating what the world, and he sent forth a statement of the journal was worth; and he believed Mr. nature of his work, for which a respectable B.'s paper arrived at a circulation, and bookseller offered him some thousands of produced a profit, far greater than was ever pounds. Not many months, however, had before known in India, and equal, perhaps, passed over his head, before a statement to any thing realized in this country, by arrived in India, which was, in the first similar property. In the course of five instance, made known through an hon. years, a very large sum of money, and a friend of his (Mr. Kinnairi's), Mr. 'H. vast deal of labour, were expended, in esHobhouse, which struck directly at the tablishing this journal. At the end of that

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time it produced a net profit of £8,000 per from Dr. Bryce, given under his own hand, aunum; and, when Mr. B. had paid all his in which he declared his belief of Mr. debts (for he had borrowed money at the Bankes's allegation ; and the government rate of interest common to India), he vest- of Bengal did still believe that he was a liteed £20,000 in buildings, and in setting rary swindler. This feeling would remain, up the Columbian press, which was the until the truth went forth to India from finest establishment of the kind in the the courts of justice here, where, thank English colonies, east or west. To a num- God, while a man had a few hundreds, hic ber of independent gentlemen he sold a might go before a jury of his country, quarter of the paper, for the sum of and demand justice. "Mr. B. had done so £10,000, which he received in hard cash : -no proof was offered in support of the one hundred individuals thereby became calumnies levelled against him; but, on the contributors to, and supporters of, the jour- contrary, concessions were made to bim, pal. All this showed the well-founded and the charges were admitted to be all prospect which existed, that this paper false. The calumnies of Mr. Bankes were would continue successful-that it would thus proved to be entirely unfounded; but continue progressively to increase in value. his innocent victim suffered not the less This success, let it be observed, was ob- from those calumnies; and the end was, tained in defiance of all the imputations that his ruin in India was accomplished. cast on Mr. B. : those imputations were, (Hear!) He would assert, that a more conat the time, unremoved, because proofs of scientious or estimable man than Mr. B.did their falsehood could not be immediately not exist. He did not ask one shilling daproduced. Mr. B. had been stigmatized, mages-all he desired was, to have bis not only as a speculating adventurer, but character cleared : for, let it be underas a literary thief. Those charges had strod, that when the nominal damages of been brought to the test in this country, £5. were given, it was expressly slipulated and the investigation had left the character that the costs, £1,000. or £2,000., should of Mr. B. pure and unspotted-without be paid by the defendant, as a miserable stain or imputation. He stood forward as equivalent for all the evil which these caan individual who bad moved in the first lumnies haid inflicted on Mr. B.; but not class of society in India, as a man of ho- one particle of compensation bas he repour and integrity- as a moral map. He ceived from those to whose falsehoods he discharged his public duty fairly and ho. had fallen a victim. One of the actions nestly, without swerving, in the slightest brought hy Mr. B. was against the editor degree, from those principles he conscien- of the Quarterly Review, for publishing tiously believed to be correct. Had he that most unjust and unfounded statement. done so, and shewn a great worldly wis- Mr. Murray believed it to be true, and dom, perhaps he might still have continued therefore, against him, Mr. B. barboured in India : he certainly did not act the part no ill feeling ; the only feeling he enterof a worldly wise man-many observed, tained was a strong desire to rescue his that he could only seek his own ruin by character from obloquy. (Hear!) He had pursuing the straight-forward course he had pursued the same conduct towards Mr. adopted-and, therefore, it was a fair pre- Bankes, senior, who had not attempted to sumption, that he was influenced by a just justify his letter. He did not mention this and proper feeling. Placed at the head of as matter of reproach to Mr. Bankes, who, that paper, he proved himself to be a skil. having been led into an error, deserved ful conductor of the establishment; and, their sympathy, rather than their censure. as such, every unprejudiced man admitted He wished to do justice to Mr. Bankes, that the undertaking deserved all the suc- and also to Mr. Murray, because he had it cess which had attended it. Mr. B., in from the latter gentleman's own lips, that this situation, was enabled to clear his they would both do anything in their character in the eyes of those who inquired power to compensate Mr. B. for the injury into the circumstances of his case and they had unwittingly inflicted on him. thought proper to judge for themselves. This statement would, be thought, ac,This he would boldly say, that nothing count, in a great degree, for the unworthy was ever heard contrary to the good and way in which Mr. B. had been treated, by estimable character of Mr. B. until the a very considerable portion of the comstatement of Mr. Bankes appeared ; and munity in India. He had been a severe he would farther assert, that no man, sufferer in consequence; but, at this day, whose mind was not imbued with preju- his vindication in a court of justice had dice, could read the vindication of Mr. B., gone out to India, and so far as his repuand not feel that he was satisfied with it. tation was concerned, his triumph was (Hear!) It was not, however, to be de- complete. And now he begged leave to nied, that Mr. B.'s political enemies, the call the attention of the court to a circum. editors of other newspapers, made the stance which proved the state of subjection charge of Mr. Bankes the foundation of in which the public mind was kept in India. abuse-yes, of the most horrible abuse, When Mr. B. published the second volume He (Mr. K.) had received a statement of his travels, he appended to it a number

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of documents for the purpose of repelling did this, were they not to manifest a little the injurious statements which had appear. kind feeling towards him-and, if coned in the Indian John Bull, and other pa. sistent with their own rights and interests, pers. Would it be believed, that the to relieve bim-or, in plain terms, to do agents of Mr. B., in Calcutta, when he him justice? When he acquitted Mr. sent out the advertisement for the publica- Bankes, senior, and Mr. Murray, of all tion of his book, were afraid to insert the private feeling of hostility against Mr. B., latter part of it? The advertisement an. he had no objection to acquit the Bengal nounced for publication “ The second vo- government on the same grounds. When lume of Travels in Syria, with an appen- Mr. B. left India, he must, of course, dix, containing a refutation of the charges submit to the laws which forced him to made by Mr. Bankes, &c.” Mr. B.'s quit that country, where his property was agent declined putting in the latter part of vested, and where his best prospects were the advertisement, and he gave as his rea- centred. That was the inevitable conse. son that he thought it would be offensive quence of the Governor. General's deterin the eyes of government. (Hear !) Such, mination ; and he (Mr. K.) did not call for unfortunately, was the effect which power, remuneration on that ground. No; it was when strongly exercised, had over the minds on account of the unnecessary acts of the of a community. He stated it, as an in- Bengal government, after Mr. B. had left controvertible fact, that the agents refused the country, that he thought relief should to publish the advertisement, in its origi- be extended to that gentleman. He chalnal shape, for fear of giving offence to the lenged contradiction to the fact that those government. (Hear!) This proved, be- acts were unnecessary, and it was notorious yond a doubt, how far the public in India that they liad done enormous injury to Mr. connected The John Bull, and other papers B. When he quitted India, another editor of the same description, with the govern- was appointed in his place; and soon after. ment: it was, in consequence of that sup- wards the government determined to put the posed connexion, that the agent refused to press under license. The editors were made publish the advertisement. God forbid responsible for any article that might apthat he should assert the actual existence of pear in their respective publications; and if such a connexion : he did not mean to do they erred, the government had it in their so; but he stated the fact, to shew what a power to take the license for printing away black sheep Mr. B. was considered that he -so that, in fact, all property in the press was looked upon as having arrived in In- was subject to annihilation when the lie dia, a literary rogue--and that, until he cense was suspended. Things were in this was white-washed by the British courts of state when the new editor of Mr. B.'s pajustice, The John Bull, and papers of a per, or some of the proprietors, it seemed, similar character, would not cease to de- wrote an article which displeased the goclare, that the statement of Mr. Bankes was vernment, and the license was suspended. worthy of entire belief. Mr. B. had been The license had not been renewed: the held-up to obloquy as a man of the worst consequence was, that Mr. B.'s property character—as an individual, who in en- had been ruined, and his object was to lightened society could claim no sympathy procure compensation for the injury which —who was entirely unworthy of compas- that gentleman had sustained. He held in sion. He was not ashamed to say, that he his hand some printed documents which was not displeased to see this indirect kind would fully explain this part of the subject. of justice visited by society on men of bad He produced them forthe purpose of showcharacter; but the rule of society should ing that Mr. B. had, through the unnecesbe, to deal out equal justice to all and to sary acts of the government, been a most ascertain the fact of the guilt before the severe sufferer. He asked for no credence punishment was awarded. If Mr. B. to those documents, farther than as papers were really such a man as his enemies had. that would be produced, and might be described him to be, he (Mr. K.) was not thoroughly examined by the proprietors, if the person who would stand up in that they pleased to call for them. It appeared court and advocate his cause. Even though that a gentleman of the name of Muston, a man's cause were a good one, the fact of a servant of the government, wished to bis having a bad character created a preju- become the editor of the journal, and to dice against him, and tended to place him take the types, &c. belonging to the estaon a worse footing than that on which he blishment. It was necessary, however, that would otherwise have stood; and he knew he should first procure a license, and he no distinction between good and bad, he encountered very great difficulty in his enknew no differen between virtue and deavours to at that object. In the vice, so strong and so important, as the course of the negociation on this point, he feeling which produced this effect. But found himself placed in such an equivocal Mr. B. set calumny at defiance: he chal situation, as between man and man, with lenged the world to utter one sy!lable reference to Mr. B., that he deemed it proagainst his possessing the fairest and the per to send to that gentleman copies of the most unsullied reputation; and, when he correspondence which had taken place be

tween

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