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tined for the western provinces, to make debt, to be thereby virtually disqualified themselves masters of Hindee: a know. for situations of trust and emolument. ledge of Bengalee is not less necessary to The Government must reluctantly impose the due discharge of the duties confided upon the officers of the College, and upon to those who are employed in Bengal. the gentlemen who form the College

“ To persons so grounded, the elegan- Council, the irksome, but necessary, duty cies of polite conversation will not proba- of ascertaining and reporting to Governbly 'be of difficult attainment; it is cer- ment every instance in which they have tainly very desirable that you should be reason to know that a student attached to able to converse with a native gentleman the College is inconsiderate enough to in language which he would not himself live beyond his income, and is likely by be ashained to use. But to understand his habits of extravagance to set an inand to be understood by the bulk of the jurious example to those around him. community is a positive duty, which you “ I trust that it may not be necessary cannot neglect without dishonour to your- to apply to any individual case the rules self, without unfaithfulness to Govern- which I shall consider it my duty to enment, without discredit to your own coun- force, should the necessity unhappily try, and injustice to this.

Awakened to a sense of the real “ The firm belief I entertain of the sub. mischief of pecuniary involvment, and stantial advantages of the College of Fort aware of the sentiments with which it is William, and the sincere personal interest regarded by the Government, young men I take in its honour and prosperity, make entering the service will have no reasonme particularly solicitous to impress upon able plea to palliate the folly which inthe minds of the gentlemen now attached duces it. They may, I trust, be made to it, the importance, not only of a dili- sensible, that on a body such as the civil gent and persevering attention to their service, vested, by the operation of a peprescribed studies, but also of cautiously culiar system, with the possession of exavoiding all unnecessary and expensive in- tensive authority, moderation and selfdulgencies.

denial, are peculiarly incumbent. The ad“ The extravagance of some of the stu- vantages they enjoy are justified by the dents has, at all periods, formed the chief security they afford for good government, ground of objection to this institution ; they would otherwise be a burthen on the an objection, indeed, which, if it were country, which it would be unjustifiable true to the extent which has been some to maintain ; and if, therefore, any civil times asserted, would justify the conclu- servant shall be found turning the privision, that the benefits arising from efficient leges of his class into the means of extrainstruction in the native languages of vagant indulgence, he will have bimself India, were more than counterbalanced to blame if he finds in his person those by the baneful effects of pecuniary embar- privileges abridged. I rejoice in all oprassment. I am happy to believe, that the portunities of evincing my respect for the students, during the past year, have been distinguished body to whom you belong. comparatively free from habits of extrava- Their

fair claims are sacred to me, and I gance and dissipation, but I cannot in- consider it not the least of the advantages dulge the hope that many of them are derived from the College of Fort William, exempt from debt.

that it enables the Government to discri“ This subject has engaged the anxious minate eminent merit in the first dawn of attention of Government, whose sacred public life. To promote the early career duty it is to secure those who are to be of those possessing such a title, is the Centrusted with the administration of pub- most gratifying act belonging to the stalic affairs fro:n all undue influence in the tion I hold. You may be assured that the discharge of their official functions, and interest excited now will follow you into to take care that they commence their pub- active life. I would fain hope that it may lic career in perfect freedom and indepen- be my pleasing task to speak only the landence.

guage of encomium and praise, that the “ Arrangements are now in contempla- good sense and virtue of the young men tion, which, when carried into effect, will who may be attached to this institution, obviate all plea of necessity on the part of will enable me cordially to rejoice in their the students for contracting debt; and I attainment of the high and honourable take this public opportunity of announc- posts within their reach, and that I may ing, in the most distinct manner, that as be spared the painful but solemn duty of soon as the measures in question have been averting from the sacred interests com. brought into operation, every endeavour mitted to our charge, the mischief and will be made to discourage extravagant peril that must flow from the promotion of and expensive habits, not merely by the those who are unworthy of their high callimmediate removal from Calcutta of indi- ing. viduals who may violate the rules, but by “I cannot omit the opportunity of conconsidering those young men in the civil gratulating you on the new advantages service who may contract any considerable which the well-timed liberality of the

Honourable Honourable the Court of Directors has attained. Such calculations, however, can extended to you,

Of these benefits none only lead to disappointment. We have, can be more touching than the facility in the present case, a vast mass of people which will be afforded to you of revisiting of various languages, habits, and religions, your native land, and of strengthening ill-provided with facilities for acquiring and renewing home feelings and home at- information, and little sensible, from long tachments. May your conduct in the neglect, of the value of instruction. The stations to which you are now about to number and wants of such a population proceed, be ever such, that on your return can be but partially supplied from the io England, you may, with an honest public resources ; and the Government, pride, claiın to have maintained her ho- therefore, can only propose to shew the nour, to have advanced her interests, way, and to stimulate the natives of India which are those of India, and to have to assist in their own education. Before acted on

the principles becoming the this can be effected, however, they must citizens of so great and so singularly fa- be inade conscious of its importance and .voured a country.

necessity; and a considerable period must " I beg to return my cordial thanks and inevitably elapse before such impressions acknowledgments to the gentlemen of the can be generally or widely diffused. In College Council, and to the other officers the mean time, a steady adherence to a of the institution, for their unwearied plan which purposes to raise the scale exertions during the past year, and I look of acquirement amongst those classes .with confidence, from their continued zeal, which may be expected to influence their to the auginented success and reputation countrymen, and to furnish them hercafter of the College of Fort William.

with instructors, as well as example, ap“The return to England of Dr. Lums- pears to be the most efficacious mode that den, professor of the Arabic and Persian can Le devised to improve and extend çdulanguages, has deprived the institution of cation in India, the further services of a gentleman, whose “ It must at present, therefore, be our distinguished abilities and learning, and chief object to facilitate the progress of the whose indefatigable labours lave, in an higher classes of the nat ve population in eminent degree, promoted the success and those studies which are by them considered enhanced the reputation of the College most useful or interesting, to lead thein, of Fort William, ever since the period of whenever opportunity oflirs, into new and its first establishment, I cannot but re- more improving paths, and, above all, to gret the loss which we have thus sustained, habituate their youth to a system of order, but Dr. Lumsden's character and example assiduity, and perseverance, which cannot will still shed a beneficial influence, and fail of being highly advantageous to the will stimulate the honourable ambition of development of their intellectual faculothers to seek, by similar exertions, simi- ties, and of producing a beneficial operalar applause.

tion on their characters through life. “ Several works of great interest or of real “The attention of the Committee has importance to the promotion of castern accordingly been directed, as much to preliterature and learning, have been encoų. serve the organization of established semiraged or published during the past year. naries, as io promote the progress of those

A list of them will appear in the Appen- of more recent date, They have assisted dix to this address.

at the annual examinations of the Madrussa “ Gentlemen, I am not aware that there and Government Sanscrit College, and are any other topics immediately connect- presided at the distribution of the public ed with the affairs of the College of Fort rewards. The report of the Madrussa exaWilliam which require notice on the pre- mination indicates a successful persevesent occasion; and I shall conclude this rance in the course of study established address by briefly adverting 19 the pro- by the late secretary, and the Elements of gress of those institutions which, under Euclid now form part of the ordinary the support and patronage of Government, .course of Mohammedan education. are directed to the education of the natives The carly date of the Sanscrit Colof India, and to the dissemination amongst lege does not admit of any estimatę being them of useful knowledge.

made of the proficiency of the scholars, “The General Committee of Public but their progress is reported highly satisInstruction have continued during the past factory, with reference to the time during year to direct their attention towards the which they have been attached to it. At great object of diffusing gradually, but the d:ate of the first'annual examination, steadily, an improved systein of education the College enumerated ninety scholars, throughout British India. It is the gene- of whom seventy-one received support, ral defect of schemes of amelioration to and the rest atiended without stipend. anticipate rapid prog ess, and to estimate The half-yearly examination held in June the advance to be made by the motives

last, which suggest the object in view, rather

The permanent establishment of the Madrussa than by the means by which it is to be comprizes eighty-five stipendiary students.

last, presents a list of 118 scholars, of chiefly for the instruction of · [lindoo whom forty-nine are free scholars, and youths in the English language, in part sixty-nine are on the establishment. gratuitously, and in part on the payment

“ The report of the annual examination of a moderate charge. of the Benares College has only been “ A connexion has been established belately received, circumstances having de- tween the Committee and the College, ac layed it beyond the regular period. It ceptable to its conductors, and calculated seems probable that the interval which to maintain the institution in that efficacy elapsed between the death of the late su- which can alone entitle it to public supperintendent, Capt. Fell, and the nomi. port. The progress made in the English nation of his successor, has been produc. language at the Anglo-Indian College, as tive of some relaxation in the discipline determined by the last annual public exam of that institution; the evil, however, is mination, at which the president of the but temporary, and is in the course of General Committee presided, was, in reform ; the Benares College, according many instances, respectable ; and the dawn to the last report, contained sixty-one day- of an acquaintance with the elements of scholars, and 175 free students; making science was displayed. The information ac. a total of 236.

quired by the students, in this latter respect, " The Agra College has been establish- is derived from a course of lectures on natu ed according to the principles adverted to ral and experimental philosophy, deliver. in the last year's discourse, and is now in ed by a professor attached by Government full operation. No particular report of to the College, in order to rer.der available the progress of the students has been yet to the seminary an apparatus of some exreceived, nor is it to be expected that they tent, presented to it by the British Indian have made any considerable advance. The Society. Measures have also been sanç. establishment, however, appears to have tioned to render this apparatus more comexcited much interest amongst the popula- plete, and in the continuation of the les, tion, and the candidates for admission sons to which it will be applied, it is to be have been more numerous than the College expected that much useful knowlege will has been able to receive; the present num- be imparted, and much liberal curiosity ber of scholars is seventy-three, all stipen- excited, by which further proficiency may diary ; of whom thirty-eight are engaged be attained. In connexion with this estain the study of Persian and Arabic, and blishment, measures have also been taken thirty-five of Sanscrit and Hindee. It for providing a collection of useful books, has al:oo been determined to establish a both in literature and science, and other college for Mohammedans at Delhi, partly arrangements for the more advanced cultiat the expense of the general fund, and vation of both have been suggested by the partly provided for by local funds; the Committee, which await the sanction of arrangements for this object have received the Honourable the Court of Directors. the sanction of Government, and are in “ There are other seminaries in various progress ; but time has not yet permitted parts of the country maintained by the their being carried into effect.

education fund, which, although reflecting “ A great impediment to the progress the highest credit on the benevolent inten. of education in these establishments is the tions from which they sprang, have not, want of correct copies of useful books, it is believed, realized the advantages that the errors of the manuscripts to which the were anticipated from their institution, students are confined, which occasion much Should such be found to be the case, mea. painful perplexity, and serious waste of time. surcs will eventually be suggested for a In many cases, also, books of the best des- more beneficial appropriation of the funds cription are exceedingly rare. The neces- now applied to the maintenance of the sity of multiplying such works, therefore, schools in question. and supplying correct copies, has engaged “ The duties of the Committee of Pubthe consideration of the Committee, and the lic Instruction are of the most elevated most effective, as well as economical ex- and important description. It is their aim pedient, has been considered, that of at- to raise and strengthen the character and taching a press to the Committee for the the understanding of the people. They printing of such oriental works as may be seek, not only to give us more able and required for the public seminaries. In better agents for that important part of the consequence of this determination, several civil administration of the country which founts of new types have been cast, and devolves on natives (an object in itself of other materials collected, and the press, it infinite importance, and one which Governis expected, will shortly be able to con- ment will strenuously lend its co-operation mence its operations.

and patronage to secure), but gradually “ An establishment, which differs in

to many respects from the preceding, is the

* The number of scholars at this seminary Anglo-Indian College of Calcutta, esta- amounts to 175, of whom 60 are taught gratu! blished originally by respectable members tously, 30 are supported by the school only, of the native community of Calcutta, 88 contribute to the cost of their own educatio: Asiatic Journ. VOL. XXI. No. 122.

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to introduce our native subjects to every countrymen, and perpetuate their own species of knowiedge that can enlighten reputation. The means at the distribution their minds and improve their moral feel of any Government must be always inadeings.

quate to the education of a people, but “ It gives me the sincerest pleasure to they are especially disproportionate in a state thus publicly, that in the proceedings country where the demand is so general as of the Committee, under their respected in India, and where the endowments thắt president, I have perceived the happiest had accumulated through successive years possible union of zeal and of discretion. have been wholly swept away by public With a just sense of the superior advan- disorganization, or diverted from their tages of our own country, there is no purpose by private cupidity. It is now overweening contempt of what others dearly necessary to begin again, and whatever prize. While the great objects above success may be attained by the efforts of sketched are kept anxiously in view, and the ruling power, it must necessarily be the means of introducing European science, limited and partial, unless those efforts are especially, are diligently sought, there is seconded by enlightened individuals, and no desire hastily to supersede what exists; finally crowned by the concurrence and no attempt, abruptly, to introduce improve. exertions of all." ments before the way is paved for their

APPENDIX reception; no ambition to anticipate what

Works in the Native Languages, or connected with must be the work of time, for the rain in

Eastern Learning and Literature, lately published dulgence of a personal triumph. Their or now preparing for Publication. attention to the feelings and prejudices of A Dictionary of the Bengalee Language, by the the natives appears to have gained, as it

Reverend and Learned Dr. Carey, consisting of

2,160 closely-printed quarto pages, in which the deserved, their fullest confidence : and derivations and various meanings of all the words their policy, being the simple one of can- in the language, used either in writing or for coldour and conciliation, can scarcely fail to

loquial purposes, are traced and given. This long

desired and laborious work, in the compilation of secure the safe and certain attainment of which Dr. Carey was employed for a period of ten their salutary ends.

years, will supply the wants, and surpass the ex:

pectations of every student of that highly useful “ In noticing the progress of the insti

language. tutions for the encouragement of educa- An English and Burman Vocabrilary, preceded tion amongst the natives, it is proper to

by a concise Grammar of the Language, in which

the pronunciation of the words is exhibited in both advert to the school founded by Govern- Burmese and English characters, by the Rev. Mr. ment in the year 1822, for the instruction

F. Hough. of Hindoos and Mahomedans in medical Another Vocabulary, Burman and English, is knowledge

under preparation, and will shortly be published,

by the Rev. Mr. Wade. 6. The management of the institution A Vocabulary of the Turkish Words that occur has been confided to the zealous and able in Persian Authors; comprised in 250 octayo

pages; by Molowéé Abdoor Ruheem. A very use. superintendence of Dr. Breton, and that

ful and necessary assistant in the perusal of many gentleman has already prepare), in the Persian authors to such readers as are not in pos'native languages, various essays and short

session of Meninski, or some general lexicon, of

the Turkish language. treatises, calculated, not only to promote A new and complete edition of the celebrated the instruction of the pupils under his heroic poem the Shah Numa, of Firdoosee, by charge, but gradually to disseminate Capt. T. Macan, Persian Interpreter to his Ex.

cellency the Commander-in-Chief. amongst the natives of India a highly use- The admirers of eastern literature may at length ful knowledge of the principles of medical anticipate the publication, by a gentleman emiscience.

nently qualified for the task, of a correct and

valuable edition of a poem which, through the « A list of the works which have been revolution of more than eight centuries, has prehitherto completed by Di. Breton, will be

served the highest reputation, and which will con

tinue to be read and admired whenever the Persian inserted in the Appendix.

language and history are thoroughly known. A w It is impossible to quit the subject of new fount of types is to be cast for the express the measures taken for the diffusion of

purpose of printing the work, which will appear

on the best English paper, in three large quarto education, without adverting to the meri- volumes, each containing about 550 pages, and to torious interest: exhibited by two native

the last volume will be added a life of the author,

and probably some observations on the poem. The gentlemen on this important subject : time and trouble requisite for the collation of nuRaja Calisunker Ghosal and Raja Hurri. merous copies of such a large work as the Shah nath Rai, have placed at ihe disposal of

Numa, render it difficult for the editor to fix any

precise date for the completion of his design, but 'the General Committee, severally, the as no pains or expense will be spared to prevent sums of 20,000 and 22,000 rupees, to be

delay, he bopes to see his edition in print in two

years and a half, or, at the most, in three years. applied by them in any way they may Principles and Precedents of Mahomedan Law, deem most conducive to the objects of the by W. H. Macnaghten, Esq. of the Bengal Civil Committee : an act of liberality wbich


The eminent qualifications, the learning, and does honour to the public spirit and the

practical experience of the author, afford ample enlightened judgment of those froin whom assurance of the value of this work, which will .it emanates, It is to be. hoped that the

be circulated, under the authority of Government,

to all the courts of justice in the territories subor: example may not be set in vain, but may dinate to this presidency. point out to the elevated and opulent the The following is an extract from the remarks of

the author prefixed to the work :path by which they may best befriend their

“In compiling the principles of law, contained in this work, I have had rocourse to none but the Parts of the Human Body, and of Medical and most approved authorities, and I have appended Technical Terms in English, Arabic, Persian, to this work extracts from the original Arabic, to Sanscrit, and Hindee. vouch for the accuracy of the doctrines I have laid 2. Hindoostanee Versions of the London Phar. down. I have taken care to note any material macopoeia, in both the Persian and Nagree chadifference of opinion which I have discovered in racters, in two volumes. these authorities. The precedents consist of legal 3. Treatise on Suspended Animation from the expositions which have been actually delivered in Effects of Submersion, Hanging, Noxious Air and the several courts of justice. I have selected such Lightning, and the means of Resuscitation ; in the as appeared to me of the greatest importance, and Nagree Character and Hindoostanee Language. those which seemed to embrace doctrinal points 4. Substance of a Lecture on the Cholera Mor.' most likely to recur. With a view to retain the bus, delivered to the Students of the Native Mesense as far as practicable, I have left them in the dical Institution, in the Nagree and Persian Cha. original shape of question and reply; and none racters, and Hindoostanee Language. have been admitted but such as appeared to me 5. Introductory Letter on Anatomy, in the Per. (assisted by all the legal talent I could procure) to sian and

Characters, and Hindoostanee admit of no doubt as to their accuracy.

Language. Considerations on the Hindoo Law, as it is cur. 6. "Demonstrations of the Brain and its Appen.' rent in Bengal, by the Hon. Sir Francis Work- dages, also in the same characters and language as man Macnaghten, one of his Majesty's Justices of

that described under number 5. the Supreme Court of Judicature at Fort William 7: Essay on the Venom of Serpents, in Persian in Bengal.

and Nagree Characters, and Hindoostaneè LanThis valuable work, explaining the principles guage. which have regulated the decisions of the Supreme

8. Essay on Intermittent Fever, in ditto Court of Judicature on questions of the greatest

9. Essay on Rheumatism, in ditto. importance, and of the most frequent occurrence 10. Essay on Cataract, in ditto. in Hindu law, is calculated to be of extensive 11. On the Structure of the Eye, in ditto. benefit, and to afford great practical assistance to 12. On Osteology, in ditto. those whose duty it is to administer that law.

13. Demonstration of the Abdominal Viscera, in Copies of the work have been circulated, under the

ditto. authority of Government, to the different courts 14. Demonstration of the Thoracic Viscera, in of justice throughout this presidency.

ditto. Translations of Tracts on Medical Subjects,

15. Essay on the Cholera Morbus, in the Benprepared by Mr. P. Breton, Superintendant of the

galee Language. School for the Instruction of Native Doctors, and printed at the lithographic press :

[The examination was inserted in our 1. A Vocabulary of the Names of the different last voli, p. 708.1

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January 7, 182.--A general meeting was held this day, at 3 o'clock p.M.

The Most Noble the Marquess of Hastings, a Vice-Patron of the Society, and the Prince de Polignac, Ambassador from France to Great Britain, a Foreign Member of the Society, honoured the meeting with their presence, and inspected the Society's house. Professor Bopp, of Berlin, another For reign Member of the Society, also attended the meeting.

The Marquess of Hastings presided; and the Director, H. T. Colebooke, Esq., officiated to conduct the business.

The minutes of the last meeting were road and confirmed. · The following donations were presented :

From Major Edward Moor, Tytler's Illustrations of Ancient Geography, &c.

From Sir A. Johnston, 1. A very valuable work on the Buddhoo religion, written in the Cingalese language on Palm leaves. A short account 'of its contents, by the Rev. Mr. Clough, accompanied it. 2. Fac-similes of some of the oldest inscriptions in the Island of Ceylon. :

From Sir Robert Colquhoun, of the Bengal-M. S., by David Colvin, Esq., fourteen articles of Natural History, from Kumaon, the Himalaya Mountains, &c. among, which are the Munal and Sing Chinis. or Blue and Red Pheasants of the Himalaya ; a large moth (the Bombyx Atlas, Linn.); butter, the produce of the Chooree, or butter tree, of Kumaon; fossil bones, from the Himalaya, &c. : From Capt.' P. P. King, R.N., several different weapons used by the natives of Australia, spears, fint axes, &c.'

From Col. J. Young, a Burmese harp, sent from Rangoon.

The reading of Mr. Davis's Extracts from Peking Gazettes for 1824, being the fourth year of the Emperor . Taou Kwang, was concluded: contains thirty-one extracts, one of which on the depreciation of the metal

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The paper

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