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ever, is in shape the B of the Bengalee M. Klaproth presented the first thirteen alphabet. In inscriptions, it sometimes sheets of the Georgian and French vocaburepresents Cha, which may possibly be in- lary, and intimated that the printing of tended by Sa. There is no doubt that the French and Georgian vocabulary is the letters are of Indian origin, and the about to commence, and will be completed legends, although they have undergone in two months. some local modification, are from a similar M. Stan. Julien presented three printed source. Brahma is, by some Saiva-puranas, sheets of his Mencius, and stated that the considered to have been created by Siva second part of this work will be completed and Makeswara, and is so far his son. As before the next meeting of the council. the author of the Vedas, he is the inventor A member communicated a work unof letters. Again, the order of the alphabet, dertaken by Messrs. E. Burnouf and Las.. as taught by Punini, was communicated, sen, on the dialect known under the name it is said, to that grammarian by Siva, and of Pali. The examination of this work the first rule of Punini's grammar, which was referred to a committee composed of contains the letter S, called the Siva Messrs. Kieffer, Garcin, and Abel-Ré. Sutra The rule of Siva K-jug-ju, Curia musat. Draconis, is Rahu. The head of the Dra
A member adverted to the Sanscrit in. gon Sakya, or Buddha, is called Arha scriptions, the originals of which exist in Bandhava, the friend or relation of the
Portugal, which had been transmitted to sun, and as a Kshetriye, possibly of the the Society, and requested that a report solar line, may be called his progeny. The be made on the subject. Referred to the existence of different characters in dif
next meeting of the council. ferent parts of India is indisputable, al- M. Schulz read a memoir on Hoaï-nanthough the enumeration given by the Ja
tseu, a Chinese philosopher of the sect panese author is not very correct. What
termed Rationals, or Free-thinkers. he means by Sitti Arasato, cannot be well conjectured, unless Arasato be intended for Akshara, a letter. The other circumstances adverted to are Buddha or Ja- The termites, or white ant, so destrucpanese, and find no equivalent in the tive in the East-Indies, are not less so in sacred literature of the Hindoos.
South America. The mode of destroying A paper was also read upon the litera- them is a little singular, that of turning ture of Tbibet, the date of Buddha, and the antipathy of the races to good account. the progress of the Buddha religion, by As soon as they are observed, a little sugar the Secretary, as derived from information is put down, which in a moment sumcommunicated by Mr. Goma de Korous, mons a tribe of brown or black ants, who compared with the inquiries of ancient and instantly attack and destroy the termites. modern writers in Europe on these subjects.
Mr. Korous, a Hungarian traveller and philologist, has succeeded in finding his
The Gazette of Munich announces the way from Wallachia to Ladakh, and, with
invention of a new kind of stereotype, by M. the aid of Mr. Moorcroft, has there en
Lanefelder, to whom the art of lithography joyed favourable opportunities of acquiring
is due. A sheet of ordinary printing paper an insight into the language and literature is covered with a layer of stony earth of Thibet. After passing several months
(ierre pierreuse), to the thickness of half in Ladakh with Mr. Moorcroft, he studied
an inch, and sufficiently moistened with a considerable time under an intelligent
water, In half an hour it assumes the Lama at Zanskar, in that principality, and consistency of paste, when it is put in expects to be able, in the course of twelve
frames and on types composed in the usual months, to complete a grammar and voca
manner, but not blackened, and the paste bulary of the language, which are now in
becomes impressed with the characters. a state of great forwardness.
The sheet is then dried on a stone flag, and melted metal poured on it. The metal
becomes a thin plate, and has all the chaASIATIC SOCIETY OF PARIS.
racters standing out on it, as well formed Meeting of 7th November. M. Bopp as the original types. The proofs from announced, in a letter from Mannenheim, those stereotype characters do not differ the approaching arrival of the second part from those taken from moveable types. The of his Sanscrit grammar.
author of this discovery offers to explain Dr. Lesson presented to the Society a it fully for a subscription of 100 florins, Javanese MS. which will be deposited in as soon as he shall have thirty subscribers. the library. The thanks of the council He estimates the preparation neeessary for will be transmitted to Dr. Lesson.
the casting at 100 florins, and the paper Capt. Troger was introduced and ad- covered with the stony paste at six kreuss mitted a member,
(2d English) a sheet.
NEW KIND OF STEREOTYPE.
“ May the devil be deaf.” i. e. I hope Souls transmigrate, according to the this will not reach the ears of those who tenets of the Fo religion, by means of six will found a calumny on it. passages, to six orders or classes of beings: “ What garden is this radish from ?”. the first is that of the celestials; the second An expression of contempt. that of inen; the third that of the genii ; “ My father has eaten ghee, smell my. the fourth that of beasts; the fifth that of hand.” Applied to one who, without any demons; the sixth that of the inhabitants merit of his own, boasts that of his anof hell. Into one or other of these classes, cestors. by means of transmigration, whatsoever is “ The poor devil of mankind is man.” animated passes and repasses perpetually, “ His eyes are covered with fat.” ¿. e. according to merit or demerit. To get to He is too proud to recognize his old heaven it is necessary to do good and
shun friends. evil; but as beneficence is more or less “ Come, squirrel, another colour.” i. e. perfect, so heaven has many degrees or Change the subject. stages, which, beginning at the earth, are Up with the fire-pan.” i. e. Let us elevated one upon another. There are thir- shift our quartiers. teen of these heavens; after which there are five others, from whence the tenants, who
COPIOUSNESS OF THE ARABIC TONGUE. are called saints, never return. Those in
According to Firouzabadi, an Arabian the fifth, or highest, are entirely purged lexicographer, the Arabic language confrom error, and behold clearly the nature
tains 1,000 words to designate a camel and of all things. They are still, however, a lion; and 500 to express a sword. This material, not having yet arrived at perfect abundance of synonymes (arising from exinanition, or complete annihilation. Des
the multitude of tribes which composed hauterayes.
the Arab nation) is not altogether unexampled in modern languages: the Lap
landers have 30 words to designate a reinAccording to a register published in the deer; the French have more than 50 for a Calcutta John Bull, the greatest height ship, with relation to its size, shape, and of the thermometer at Nipal, during the the purpose for which it is employed; the month of March last, inside the house, Germans have 100 words and the French was 74°, the least height 48° ; outside, in 50 to express a horse. the shade, the greatest height was 84°, and It is reported of Saban, a celebrated the least 320. At Madras, the greatest orator and poet of Arabia, that he once height of the thermometer in the month of spoke for half a day, without using the March was 891°; the least height 74}°.
same word twice over.
THERMOMETER IN INDIA.
CHINA INK-MAKERS. “ Come, bull, gore me.
Spoken of one who willingly brings misfortune on
Ink-making is considered a very respechimself.
table employment in China ; it is even “ The barber, the shaver, and the beard
ranked among the liberal arts, on account scraper, I and my brother, the mare and
of its utility to the sciences. In a city her colt, and me you know.” Applied to
famous for the finest ink, the ink-makers one who pretends, in a distribution of pro
have several small apartments illuminated visions, io receive the shares of several night and day. people, which are, in fact, all for himself,
« His Turkish is expended." Angl. He has got to the length of his tether. Arab horses of good extraction, says M.
“ The crowing of a hen is no rule.” Jean Humboldt, called açil, display uni.e. A woman's opinion is not to be de- common fidelity and intelligence. They pended upon.
follow their master like a dog. If he goes “ He fell from heaven, and stuck in a into a house, they stop on the threshold of date-tree.” Said of a person who com- the door, without being fastened by a mences great things, and is stopped by halter, and wait for him there a whole trifles. Angl. To swallow an ox and be night. Moreover, these horses have such choked with the tail.
an exquisite scent, that they smell their “ A gourd and pumpkin, curse on master's track when he is at several leagues both !” Applied to a dispute between two distance. If he happen to die, it is not persons equally worthless.
uncommon to see them lay down upon the “ Hear, drum, the lady's voice.” Spoken earth that covers the body, and expire with by one to whom another has made many bunger rather than quit the place. Anprofessions of kindness, which have not thologie Arabe. been fulfilled.
College of Fort TWilliam.
27th July, 1825.
duous application of a great majority of The Rt. Hon. William Pitt, Lord Am
the students, have been no less honourable
to themselves than creditable to the insti. herst, Governor-General, and Visitor of the College of Fort William, having ap.
tution to which they have been attached. pointed Wednesday, the 27th July, for
“ The alterations which have, from time the distribution of the prizes and honorary
to time, been adopted in the course of study rewards adjudged to the several students pursued in the College, and in the test reported qualified for the public service,
of qualifications for the public service, will during the past year, the president and
not admit of any very accurate compa
rison between the present and former years; members of the College Council, the officers, professors, and students of the Col
but with every due allowance for the lege met at ten o'clock in the forenoon, at
changes alluded to, I feel myself authothe Government House, where the Hon.
rized to state, that both in the number of Sir Charles Grey, Chief Justice; the Hon.
students who have qualified themselves for J. Fendall, Esq.; Sir Antony Buller; the
the public service by a competent knowofficers of the Rt. Hon. the Governor ledge of two of the native languages, and General's suite; many of the civil and
in the extent of that knowledge, with re
ference to the time in which it was acmilitary officers of the presidency, together with several of the principal inhabi- quired, the results of the past year are as tants of Calcutta, and some respectable favourable as those of the most flourishing
periods of the institution. natives, were also assembled,
“ Thirteen medals of merit, for rapid Lady and Miss Amherst, Mrs. Pear
and considerable proficiency in the native son, the Misses Buller, and several other ladies , honoured the ceremony with their languages, have been awarded to students
since June 1824; and degrees of honour presence on the occasion.
in Persian and Hindoostanee have been Soon after 10 o'clock, the Rt. Hon.
conferred on Lieuts, Gordon and Todd. the Visitor, attended by the officers of his staff, entered the hall. When the Visitor
for extraordinary proficiency in those lanhad taken his seat, W. B. Bayley, Esq., portunity of rewarding the honourable
guages. I am happy to have had an opPresident of the College Council, presented to the Rt. Hon, the Visitor the acquirements of those meritorious officers, several students of the College who were
by nominating them to fill the respectable entitled to receive medals of merit, ad
situation of public examiners in the Colo judged to them at the public and private
lege of Fort William. examinations of the College holden since gives a total amount of nineteen students
“ The collegiate year now under review June 1824, and read the certificates granted by the Council of the College to each
competent to the discharge of their public student about to leave the institution.
duties, by the extent of their attainments The Visitor then presented to Lieut. A.
in the Persian, and in the Hindoostanee or D. Gordon and Lieut. H. Todd, entitled
“ Of that number, Messrs. Charles to receive degrees of honour, the usual diploma, inscribed on vellum, expressing Horsley Robinson, Frederick Octavius
Grant Udny, Henry Pidcock, Francis at the same time the satisfaction which he
Wells, and Thomas Barbot Beale, were felt i: conferring it.
declared qualified in Persian, and Mr. The merlals which had been awarded to the several students having been distri
Wells in Hindoostanee, at the late annual
examination in June; Messrs. Edward buted to them respectively, the Rt. Hon. the Visitor delivered the followirg dis
Currie, Edward Lennox Campbell, Richard Walker, Henry Lushington, John
Dunbar, and James William Alexander, “ Gentlemen of the College of Fort, were declared qualified in Persian ; and William : The proceedings of the College Messrs. Edward Currie, Edward Deedes, Council, with the several reports of the Richard Walker, and Alexander Grant, professors, and other public officers, rela- in Hindoostance, at the half-yearly exating to the affairs of the institution for the minations in December last. elapsed year, have been laid before me, “ The remaining students, viz., Messrs. and have been perused with attention and James Stephen Lushington, Hugh Vans interest: The results are, upon the whole, Hawthorn, Robert Neave, Charles Wil. extremely gratifying Scarcely any in. liam Truscott, David Brooke Morrieson, stances of a serious breach of discipline, George James Taylor, Edward Deedes, during the past year, have been brought and Alexander Grant, were pronounced to my knowledge, while the distinguished qualified at intermediate examinations held success of some, and the steady and assi at different times since June 1824.
“ Messrs. Udny, Pidcock, and Robin- gress in study, he was remored from the soal, were admitted into the College in institution to a station in the interior of the November 1824, and in the short space of country, where he obtained such an acseven months, their talents and assiduity quaintance with Persian and Hindoosenabled them to pass with great credit the tanee, as enabled him to gain the usual requisite examinations in Persian and certificate of qualification for the public Bengalee. Medals of merit were awarded service, by a competent knowledge of those at the late examination to Messrs. Udny languages at separate examinations in June and Pidcock for rapid and considerable and December 1824. proficiency in the Persian, and to Mr. « Mr. James Wm. Alexander comRobinson for rapid proficiency in the menced his oriental studies in October Bengalee language; and it is the opi. 1824, obtained a medal of merit for rapid nion of the examiners, that if these proficiency in Persian at the half-yearly gentlemen had remained attached to the examination in December 1824. He College for a few months longer, they passed a separate examination in Hindoowould have entitled themselves to those stance in February 1825, and was then honours which are usually assigned as declared competent to enter on the disthe reward of the highest attainments charge of his public duties. in the College. Similar praise is also “ Mr. Edward Deedes entered College due to Mr. Edmonstone for his know- in May 1823, and passed the requisite ex-' ledge of Persian ; but as he has passed amination in the Persian and in the in that language only, his progress in Hindoostanee languages in June and his studies will be more properly com- December 1824. memorated at the next anniversary.
“ Mr. Alexander Grant was admitted « Mr. Frederick Octavius Wells was in October 1823, passed a separate exaadmitted into the College in May 1824, mination in Persian in September 1824, and among the students reported qualified and at the half-yearly examination in Defor the public service at the late annual cember of the same year held the fourth exainination, he ranks first in Hindoo. place in the first class of Hindoostance stanee, and fifth in Persian.
students. “ Mr. Thomas B. Beale having com- “ Mr. Henry Lushington first joined menced his studies in October 1824, was the College as a student in October 1821, reported qualified in Hindoostanee at a but having revisited England before his separate examination in April last, and he collegiate course was completed, he reobtained the sixth place in the first class of joined the institution on his return to BenPersian students at the late examination gal in August 1824, passed in Persian at in June, which entitles him to emancipa- the half-yearly examination in December tion from the College.
following, and in Hindoostanee at a sepa“In the report of 1824 was noticed the rate examination in March 1825, when he rapid progress of Mr. James S. Lushing- was reported qualified for the public ser. ton. He was not, however, declared vice. qualified by a competent knowledge of two « Mr. Edward Currie was admitted in languages to enter the public service until May 1824, and in the short space interJuly in that year, and he may, therefore, vening between that date and the halfbe more properly considered as holding a yearly examination in December followplace among the students whose names ing, his talents and application enabled are included in the present address. Pre- him to attain the highest rank in the first viously to his admission in May 1824, he classes of both Persian and Hindoohad acquired a considerable knowledge of stance, and at the same time entitled him Persian, and at the annual examination in to the reward of medals of merit for June, he held the first place among the rapid and considerable proficiency in both qualified students in that language. Mr. those languages. Lushington's knowledge of Hindoostanee " Mr. David Brooke Morrieson was atwhen he arrived in India was not exten- tached to the College in May 1824, and sive, and the fact of his having qualified at the half-yearly examination in the folhimself to pass a very creditable examina- lowing December, he held the first place tion in that language in the following in Bengalee, being distinguished upon July, furnishes a highly honourable proof that occasion by the reward of a medal of of his talents and application.
merit for his proficiency in that language, “ Mr. Hugh Vans Hawthorn com- and at a separate examination in February menced his collegiate course in October 1825 he passed in Persian, and was then 1823, passed in Hindoostanee at the an- declared qualified to commence his public nual examination in June 1824, and in duties. Persian at a separate examination in Sep- “ Mr. John Dunbar was likewise ad. tember of the same year.
mitted in May; at the half-yearly exami“ Mr. George James Taylor was adınit. nation in December following he obtained ted into College in May 1822, and it ap- the fifth place in the first Persian class, and pearing at the annual examination in June was pronounced qualified at a separate exa1823 that he had made inadequate pro- mination in Hindoostanee in March 1824.
“ Mr. Richard Walker commenced his population throughout the provinces of Persian and Hindoostanee studies in June Behar and Benares, and in the ceded and 1824, and his abilities and diligent appli- conquered provinces. cation enabled him to pass very creditably, “Every information which I have rein both those languages, at the half-yearly ceived from those best qualified to speak examination in the following December, on the subject, prompts me to urge, in the obtaining a medal of merit for rapid and
strongest manner, an attention to these, considerable proficiency in Hindoostanee.
which I may properly call, the languages of “ Mr. Edward Lennox Campbell being
the country. admitted at the same time as the last-men
“ In former times, when English gentioned student, obtained the second place
tlemen, comparatively few in number, in the first Persian class at the half-yearly examination in December 1824, and pass ·
were required to communicate chiefly with
natives rank or influence, by whom the ing, at a separate examination, in Hindoo
details of the civil administration were stanee, in March 1825, he was then, by
conducted, a knowledge of Persian, the his knowledge of both languages, reported
language of official record, and of Hinqualified to enter upon the discharge of his
doostanee, the medium of personal compublic duties.
munication among the higher orders, might " Mr. Robert Neave likewise com
enable the possessor adequately to discharge menced his studies at the same time as the
the functions that ordinarily belonged to two last-named students, and obtained his
the civil servants of the Company. emancipation from College in April 1825, by passing a separate examination in Hin
“But that state of things has long since
ceased to exist. doostanee in February, and in Persian in
You are now constantly April, of the above year.
called upon to administer justice to the Cor Mr. Charles William Truscott was
humblest, to ascertain the rights and inteadınitted into the College in August 1824,
rests, and institutions of the rudest classes. and passed, at separate examinations, in
These, indeed, are they who, being most Persian and Hindoostanee, in April and
exposed to oppression, will chiefly demand May 1825, being upon the latter date re
your care : their happiness will be the ported duly qualified for the public ser
proudest glory of your country, the surest vice.
foundation of empire in India. “ Two of the students who, by inatten
fess to fence the cottage of the peasant by tion to the rules of the institution, had in
a barrier no less firm than that which curred the penalty of the sixth statute,
guards the possessions of the highest and have lately been removed froin the Col.
most opulent classes. And could the low
liness of the individuals reconcile the mind lege, but in the hope that a sense of their duty and situation will induce more vigo
to a neglect of their humble, yet much rous exertions, I forbear, on this occasion, prized rights, could you overlook the obto mention their names, or to animadvert ligation recognized by every heart, of seekany further upon their conduct.
ing, with more than ordinary care, to “. An alteration in the studies of the
cherish and support those who most reCollege has been introduced within the quire protection, yet the number and imlast year by the enactment of a new sta
portance of the class (they constitute, in tute, requiring of every student, as a qua
fact, the yeomanry of the country) would lification for the public service, a know
sufficiently inculcate the duty of attending ledge either of the Hindee or of the
to their claims. Bengalee language in addition to the Per- “ But if you cannot speak their lansian.
guage (Persian and Oordoo are nearly as “ Experience had shewn that the stu- foreign to them as English), the best laws dents generally attended to Hindoostanee of the Government will be a mockery; lectures in preference to Bengalee, because your most generous resolves will end in the simultaneous acquisition of the former disappointment; the real rudeness and igand of Persian, was much less difficult norance of the people will be exaggerated; than of Bengalee and Persian.
they will seem to be unreasonable because “ The study of Bengalee and of the they cannot explain to you their reasons : Hindee dialects was in consequence greatly you will appear to them capricious, if not neglected, and the exhortations delivered tyrannical, even when actuated by the from this chair, at successive'anniversaries, purest motives, because you cannot state having failed to induce a more general your purposes, and because you canuot cultivation of them, the acquisition either discover the real influence of your acts. of Hindee or of Bengalee, in addition to In one word, you will be strangers to the Persian, has been made, by the statute be- people, and they to you ; and the inconvefore referred to, an indispensible part of pience may be aggravated into the most the course of study now observed in the intolerable mischief through the designs College. In the general term Hindee are of those who may seek their profit in the included those vernacular dialects which, estrangement. with come local variations and modifica- \ I would, therefore, in the strongest tions, are used by the bulk of the Hindoo
manner, inculcate on those who are des