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will, I think, begin to fear, that you have will not diminish in an exact proportion promulgated something very much like to the quantity of wheat imported ?nonsense, under the name of your worthy Suppose, for instance, that candles were ta chief magistrate ; but you have the conso- be allowed to be imported at 5d. a pound lation of not being singular; for your senti- as good as Mr. RowÇLIFFE's (who, for ile ments, if a set of crude self-contradictions lustration sake, I suppose to be a tallowought to be called sentiments, are, it must chandler), which he sells at 1s. a pound, be confessed, pretty general throughout this there being a tax of 6d. a pound, which he enlightened country ; nor should I at all has to pay, do you think that Mr. Rowwonder if they were to become a set of CLIFFE would make any more candles? Do axioms in those illuminating seminaries, you not think, that he would withdraw his the Lancasterian Schools.

capital from such a concern? Though the We have, however, not done yet. - It is worthy Mayor does not seem to understand asserted, that the Corn Bill, if passed, much about political economy, he has

confirm the load of parochial surely too much sense not to see that he burdens for the relief of the distressed poor." must be ruined by continuing his trade. If I have above stated, that I disapprove of Mr. RowCLIFFE were to protest against the Bill; but, supposing it to have a ten- such importation of candles, while the tax dency to keep up the price of corn, how is remained to be imposed upon his candles, it to tend to keep up the amount of paro- would you charge him with the malicious chial burdens ? The land keeps the poor; design of keeping you in the dark ? Why, and, if what

you said before was true, that then, do you charge the growers of wheat the wheat growers will gain by the Bill, with the design of barring the bounties of how is the Bill to add to their burdens ? - Providence, because they are compelled to That the high price do not make paupers is pay taxes, which keep their wheat at á clear from the incontrovertible fact, that higher price than foreign wheat can be imwages keep pace in price with food; and ported at? I allow, that their fears are unthat high price of corn tends to cause em- founded. I allow that importation would ployment, which, under low prices, would not have the effect which they dread; but, not, and now does not, exist. What, then, if their fears be groundless, they are justiis the foundation of this assertion, that the fied by your hopes and cxpectations. You Bill would " confirm the load of parochial assume, that the importation of wheat would 66 burdens?" As it were for the express cause the wheat in England to sell at a purpose of furnishing a suitable cap to this lower price, and then you blame the English climax of absurdities, you charge the ad- wheat-growers for objecting to the importa vocates of the Bill with an endeavour “ to tion, until they be relieved from the tax and 6 bar the bounties of Provilence from a the currency which

the necessity of a “ majority of his Majesty's subjects."- rise in the price of their commodity. Why did you not, at once, charge them This expression, “ the bounties of Prowith a design to fix a blanket between the vidence,is mere cant. Bread is no more sun and the earth? Will the Bill, think a gift of Providence than shoes or stockyou, prevent the crop from being abundant ings, or coats, or hats, or knives, or crockand the harvest fine? Will it tend to im- ery-ware, or soap, or candles; and yet you pede the showers ? Good Lord! What say not a word about the laws which forbid nonsense does the belly suggest to the-which wholly exclude, the impoitation of tongue and the pen! Where, I pray you, sucki trticles? Why does not the farmer is Providence to produce these bounties ? complain, that the ports are not open to In England, I suppose : and will the Bill bring him shoes and stockings, and his keep the wheat from the mouths of you wife gowns and linen cheaper, than those of and Mr. RowCLIFFE ? If you mean, that home produce? Why is a law of “ protecit will keep foreign wheat from your tion," as it is called, to be refused to those mouths, do

you suppose, that, if you were only who cultivate the earth ? Mr. Waithto live upon foreign wheat, that wheat man, too, minst get into a puzzle-wit about would still be grown in England? Can the landeil interest and the trading interest you possibly imagine; have

bellies so He must talk, too, akout intercepting the far got the better of your brains, as to. bounties of Providence; he must talk about cause you to believe, that men will grow withholding from the people the blessings of wheat here if you live upon foreign wheat, a plenteous harvest. What! docs he think and that the culture of wheat in England that the advocates of the Pill nueant



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throw the corn into the rivers? How else | along with Mr. Rose and his family, in the are they to withhold these blessings? Does profits of the debt and taxation. It is not, he think, that they will not sell their wheat? therefore, very wonderful that you should What, then, does he mean? What sense shun, with great care, any reference to the is there in the greand which he took ? real causes of the liigh price, and seck to fix

There is one more assertion in your Re- the blame upon land-owners, parsons, and solutions, which must notice, before I farmers. proceed to shew you the real causes of the At the Portsmouth petitioning Meeting dearth of which you complain. You say there was a Mr. GRANT, who is reported that the landlords have angmented their to have repeated the old saying of “ down rents since the commencement of the

war, corn down horn,and who followed up and that the owners of tythes have, “ with this stroke of wit with gravely observing, better reason,” raised the price of their that he hoped to see the time shortly, when tythes. As you do not condescend to meat as well as bread would be sold at the give reasons for any thing you assert, it is old prices. How far this witty gentleman, not surprising that

you should have omitted whose head was manifestly affected by the to give any here. I believe it would have prospect of a full meal ; low far he meant puzzled Mr. RowCLIFFE to assign even to go back, it would be hard to say ; but, the shadow of a ground for this asser- perhaps, his lopes extended no farther back tion. The clergy would, of course, raise than the peace preceding the war against their tythes in order to enable them to pay the French Republic; the war for regular their taxes, and to purchase food and raiment Government; and, as old George Rose of increased price: and pray, Mr. Mayor, called it, for “the blessed comforts of reli. why were not the landowners to do the same?

But this Mr. GRANT seems What better reason had the parson than the to have wholly overlooked the taxes imsquire ? You may be a very enlightened posed since 1792, up to which period, as and enlightening man ; but if all your we have seen before, the quartern loaf candles, and all the candles in Southampton, was sold at an average of 7d. If Mr. were lighted at once, I do not believe that GranT had looked over his shoulder at they would enable you to discover any the Dock Yard, and then turned towards ground for such an assertion as this. The Spithead, he would have seen a cause for phrase is parenthetical, and I cannot help the quartern loaf's rise, and for its contithinking that it must have been put in at nuance at its present price, at least. If the suggestion of some reverend gentleinan, he had locked at the new buildings in and who was amongst the framers of these cele- about Portsmouth ; if he had thought of brated Resolutions. The landlord receives the millions of which Portsmouth had been money from the land in the name of rent, the gulph, he would have hesitated before the parson, in the name of tythe. Say, he railed against the growers of wheat, and then, Worshipful Sir, why the latter had the breeders and fatters of cattle. " better reason” than the former to add to During the peace from 1783 to 1792 the amount of his former receipt. inclusive, the quartern loaf sold at an

The real causes of high price have, my average of 7d. and 5-10ths of a farthing. worthy neighbours, been sedulously hidden Call it 7d. During this last war, it has sold from

you. The causes are the taxes, and at an average of about 14d. The whole of the the depreciation of our currency. You of annual taxes, raised during the last peace, the town of Southampton, bave no right, amounted to about fourteen millions. The taking you as a body, to complain of either. whole of the annual taxes, raised during You have all along been supporters of the this war, has been, upon an average, about

You have all along supported a man forty millions. We have seen that the who has been one of the greatest of sinecure taxes, thet all the taxes of every sort, paid placemen. You have supported all the mea- by the landholder and wheat-grower, must sures relative to the Bank and the paper- fall finally upon the eaters of the loaf, they money. You have decidedly approved of themselves being loaf-caters as well as other the causes of that enormous expenditure people : and, need we go any further for a and debt, which must perpetuate the taxes, cause of the average rise in price of the and continue in circulation the paper-mo- loaf?. Suppose that candles had (I do not ney, You have been amongst the first to know that they have net) been taxed durproduce these high prices, of which you ing the war 2d. a pound, would they not complain. Not a few of you have shared, I have risen 24. a pound? And, would you



that “

paper; and

not look to the tar, as the cause of the rise from the loaf; and if he will be so good as in the price? And, if the wheat-grower to get the tax removed, and to cause has had 'to pay, and still has to pay, guineas to circulate in place of Bank notes, double, and more than double, the sum of or will put the paper at its former value, taxcs that he paid before 1792, will you then I will pledge myself to sell you

bread not ascribe the rise in the price of his at the prices of the last peace. But, until produce to the same cause? Or, has the then, you must expect to pay, upon an profound belly discovered any rale of rea- average, 14d. for your quartern loaf, wheson and of right, which distinguishes, in ther the prayer of your Petition be heard this respect, the farmer and his produce or not. froin all other men and all other things ? Mr. GRANT, the “ down corn down Mr. WAITHMAN, who certainly had be-“ liorn" gentleman, talked of returning to stowed little reflection on this subject, got old prices ; but did he not mean to include, to flourdering about this matter. The in articles of price, the paper inoney! A powerful cause, taration, he could not good golden guinea, such as was current at wholly get out of his head, and yet he talk- 21s. in 1792, will nowy sell for 27s.' So that ed about the bounties of Providence being the guinea has got up as well as the corn, intercepted. He observed (I wish, with all A guinea, in 1792, would exchange for no my heart, he could liave held his tongue!) more than 21s. in paper; it will now exa great deal had been said about change for 279. in


is the * protecting dutics; but, when he saw, thing which regulates our prices. When, " that there was a duty, of 175 per cent. therefore, the loaf is at a shilling, as it is

upon land from the Property Tax alone, called, it is, in reality, at no more than 9d,

were we to have no relief from THE of the money of 1792. This fact the people “ FALLING IN of that and other bur- of Soutijampton have blinked. This fact 66 dcns.?!? -Yes, Sir, but let it fall in has been kept out of sight. Mr. Rowfirst! Take

away the wheat-grower's CLIFFE talks about the enormous price of taxes before you expect his produce to re- 86s. a quarter; but that is only about 57s. turn to the prices of 1792. You begin at 6d. of the money of 1792! And yet this the wrong end, good citizens. Would you is wholly overlooked, and the landowners not begin by removing the tax from Mr. are abused and burnt in effigy for wanting RowciiFFE's candies, before you called to secure this price. They really deserve upon him to reduce the price of his can- it, however, for at all interfering in a dles? Would you not take off his tax, ve- measure, the sole tendency of which is ta fore you permitted an importation that prevent the taxes from falling off, and from would knock him up in his trade ? The leaving the interest of the debt unpaid. I belly has no feeling for any thing but itself. I have before stated it, but I will again state It keeps crying stuff me! stuff me! witii- it to you, that the proposed A MEAout any regard to the means or the conse- SURE OF THE GOVERNMENT ; quences. · Say anatomists what they will, that its object is to keep the taxes from Mr. WAITHNAN, the belly has no bowels falling off, and that if certain gentlemen, I'll siew you, says CONGREVE, a soldier zealous for what they think the good of “ with his heart in his head and his brains agriculture, have become its advocates, " in his belly.” Have we not good reason they have not rightly understood what the to sụppose, that this sort of organization is real interests of the wheat-grower are. I now become common throughout the country? shall suppose, now, that the Bill does not

The taxes alone are sufficient, not only pass, and (though I am sure it cannot be) to account for the late average price of that wheat comes down to 5s. a bushel, or bread, but for its continuance. Reason, 40s. a quarter. The whole of the prices common sense, forbids us to expect, that of the country must follow it. The labourer peace, or any political event whatever, will get about 10d. a day; and this rate will

, upon an average of crops, reduce the will run through all the trades in England, price of wheat, until the taxes, with which A horse, which now costs the farmer 401. that article is loaded, shall be taken off; will cost him from 12 to 15l. consequently and when they are taken of, how is the the taxes must come down in the same prointerest of the debt to be paid? So that, portion, supposing none of them to be remy worthy neighbours of Southampton, pealed (which I do not believe they will be); when

you see Mr. Rose again, pray move for, if the taxes continue the same nominalhim to make a bustle about taking the tax ly, they must fall off in amount. The pro



perty tax, for instance, is 174 per centum / ing on that war.

Have you ever, upon upon land. Reduce the wheat from an any occasion, moved a tongue against the average

of 15s. to an average of 53. the expensive masures of the last twenty-two rents follow the price of wheat ; and the vismal years ? Have you ever endeavoured Government will get only a third part of to check the enormous expenditure that has what it has lately gotten from the land.- been going on ? Have you ever set your Southampton “annuitants,” do you begin faces against any act of profusion in the to smell your danger? Do you begin to see, public concerns ? Have you ever úttered that if you will not pay the taxes in the a syilable disapproving of any of those meaprice of the loaf, and let others pay them sures which have produced the debt? quietly along with you, you will have to Never. But, on the contrary, you were look sharp for the dividends on your annui- amongst the first to pledge your lives and ties? You must be blind indeed, if you fortunes for the carrying on of the war. cannot see, without the aid of Mr. Row- You have always supported a placeman, CLIFFE'S candles, that it is you, and not and a sinecure placeman, too. You have the wheat-growers, who would be ruined been famous for the profits which many

of by the fulfilment of your wishes. It has you yourscives have derived from the war ; been stated in those oracular instructors of and you have been amongst the most forthe people, the London newspapers, that ward to bellow forth invectives against Sir Somebody CALL, in Cornwall, has those who were anxious to prevent the lowered his rents in proportion to the price enormous expenditure which produced the of corn; and the wise editors of these taxes and the debt. You ought, therefore, papers, by way of a hint to the landholders, to liave been the last to expect, or to hope, say, that they hope the example will be ge- to be relieved from the natural and inevinerally followed. Well! now, suppose the table effects of taxation. thing done all over the country. Would I disapprove of the Corn Bill, not be not the property tax fall off immediately to cause it is unjust, but because, in the end, the extent of one half of its amount? Who it will do no good to the grower of corn and would be the losers ? Not the tenants, the landowner, while it will expose them clearly. Not the landowners; for wages, to unfounded calumnv. I dislike it more horses, food, all would come dowa to the re- particularly (and, indeed, that is all that I duced level. But, whence is to come the 40 really care about relating to it), because it millions a-year for the payment of the divi- will in case of future high prices of corn, dends at the Bank? I will tell you what, which will assuredly come, give the public my good neighbours, you ought to have re- mind a wrong direction, and induce the solved to do. You ought to have resolved deluded people to rail at millers, and to petition the Parliament to pass a law to farmers, and bakers, instead of looking to compel the landowners to lower their rents, the real causes of what they complain of, and the renters to lower the price of the and seeking a remedy in the removal of corn, and all of them to continue to pay the those causes by legal and constitutional same taxes, every year to the same amount, means. This is my ground of dislike to that they now pay; for, I do positively as the Bill, against which, upon that ground, sure you, that, if they do not continue to I would gladly join in a Petition; but I

same annual amount in taxes, the cannot put my name to a mass of heterointerest of the debt cannot be paid. There gencous matter, the offspring of ignorance would have been something savouring of and the source of delusion. tyranny in this proposition ; but, at any rate, it would not have been downright THE PRINCESS OF WALES. It seems

that this asaiahlo and much injured female, No, my worthy neighbours, you have notwithstanding the decisive proofs which had your war; you have had your frolic ; have appeared of her innocence, and of the you have had an expensive rout; and you infimous conduct of her accuscrs, is still must be contented to pay the reckoning. doomed to sufforail the contumely conscquent. You, who have been open-mouthed for war only on guilt, and to undergo perseclifor so many years, ought to be amongst the tion, instead of that protection under which last people in the country to object to con- she would have found safety, had his Man ținue to pay a tax upon your loaf, in order jesty's illness not suspended the exercise of to discharge regularly the interest of the the royal functions in his own person. money, borrowed for the purpose of carry- Whoever has been the direct adviser of






the disgraceful treatment which the Prin- | LETTER OF THE PRINCESS OF WALES TO cess of Wales is now suffering, will pro

THE PRINCE REGENT. bably never be ascertained; for, after what Sir-I am once more reluctantly com-, has already passed in Parliament relative pelled to address your Royal Highness, to this subject, it would he idle to expect and to enclose for your inspection, copies an interference in that quarter any way of a note which I have had the honour to favourable to her Royal Highness's claimse receive from the Queen, and of the anThis is a topic, however, which cannot be swer which I have thought it my duty passed over slightly, and to which I to return to her Majesty. It would be to return in a future REGISTER. With in vain for me to inquire into the reasons that intention I have given below the Cor- of the alarıning declaration made by your respondence which has passed between the Royal Highness, that you have taken the parties; and I cannot omit noticing here a

fixed and unalterable determination never circumstance which, whatever

to meet me, upon any occasion, in either


may thought of the Princess of Wales's con

public or private. Of these your Roya! duct in another quarter, clearly demon-Highuess is pleased to state yourself to be strates that the public not only hold her the only judge. You will perceive by niy perfectly innocent, but deeply sympathise been restrained by motives of personal

answer to her Majesty, that I have only with her Royal Highness under her pre- consideration towards her Majesty, from sent unmerited wrongs. It appears,

that on the evening of the day when the Prin- ber Majesty, at the public Drawing

exercising my right of appearing before cess Charlotte was presented for the first Rooms, to be held in the ensuing mouth, timc at Court, her Royal Mother, who had But, Sir, lest it should be by possibility been excluded from this interesting scene, supposed, that the words of your Royal endeavoured to banish all recollection of Highness can convey any insinuation from what was going on at the Drawing-room, which I shrink, I am bound to demand by the amusements of the Theatre. Here of your Royal Highness—what circums she was welcomed in a manner which, it stances can justify the proceeding you is hoped, compensated her in some degree have thus thought fit to adopt ?-1 owe for the deprivation of that parental pleasure it to myself, to my Daughter, and to the which had been so peremptorily denied her nation, to which I am deeply indebted for at Buckingham House, as appears from the the vindication of my honour, to remind following account which I have taken from your Royal Highness of what you know; the Morning Chronicle of yesterday.—that after open persecution and mysteri“ « THEATRE ROYAL, COVENT-GARDEN.- ous inquiries, upon undefined charges, “ Last night her Royal Highness the Prin- the malice of my eneinies fell entirely “cess of Wales was present at the represen- upon themselves; and that I was restored “tation of Artaxerxes. She sat in a pri- by the King, with the advice of his Mi« vate box, and was not recognized till the nisters, to the full enjoyment of my rank “ beginning of the Farce. The moment in his Court, upon my complete acquit" that she was known, the company rose, tal

. Since his Majesty's lamented ill" and she was greeted with a burst of en

ness, I have demanded, in the face of thusiastic applause. The spectators called Parliament and the country, to be proved “ for God save the King:

Mr. Hamerton guilty, or to be treated as innocent. I came forward and said, the yocal pero submit to be treated as guilty-Sir, your

have been declared innocent I will not u formers had unfortunately left the house ; Royal Highness may possibly refuse to “ 6. but the audience persisted. They would read this letter. But the world must know “ have · God save the King--the venera- that I have written it; and they will see “ ble King-the Protector of injured in my real motives for foregoing, in this in

-“ nocence---he who desired the Princess to stance, the rights of my rank. Occasions,

come to Court-he who made the Queen however, may arise (one, I trust, is far “ receive her at Court-We will have God distant) when I must appear in public, and “ save the King.' Mr. Hamerton soon after

your Royal Highness must be present came forward again, and calmed the tu- also. Can your Royal Highness have "mult ly announcing that the performers contemplated the full extent of your de

were sent for. Accordingly. God save claration ? Has your Royal Highness “the King' was sung amidst repeated forgotten the approaching marriage of our “ bursts of acclamations."

daughter, and the possibility of our coro:


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