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in order to be incorporated there ever remain great and happy, and proclaim“ with.----The Generals commanding the ing a guarantee of their Liberties.-- May, “ military divisions shallenforce thestrictest Sır, the Prince they recalled to reign over

them hold those liberties sacred !--For the o execution of this order, and shall render benefits of Peace, we ought to be truly

account thereof to the Minister for the thaikiui io Providence; as well as to those * War Department.---General Count | by whose valour and labours, or by whose “ DUPONT, Minister Secretary of State for virtue and wisdom they have, mader Provi“ the War Department.”

dence, been attained.--But, Sir, we should

ili acquit ourselves of the duty we owe to WESTMINSTER ADDRESS.O's me ince

eur country, and to your koyal Highness, pendent inhabitants of this great city, are as the Representative of our Sovereign, did the only persons who have followed the we noi entreat you to couple with the example of the citizens of London, in praise-worthy conclusion of the war its voting an Address to the Prince Regent Highness would then see, that what we now

wlameable commencement.--Your Royal on the late termination of hostilities against contemplate as a happy result to France, France. I have subsjoined a copy of this namely, the government of a represented Address, upon which some useful re- People by a limited King, might have conmarks may probably occur after it has been trued as it then existed, without any var at presented, and an Answer given by the all.-- in ilat case, Sir, the world had not Regent. Meanwhile it

been disgusiedly the atrocities of a Robesbe stated, may

pierre, nor territied by the portentous power that the Address, which was read by J. of a Bonaparte. In that case Europe had Lochee, Esq. moved by Major Cartwright, escopied a sacrifice of three millions of huand seconded by Peter Walker, Esq. was man lives and countiess calamities. In unanimously approved of by a very large and that case, England had not seen degraded respectable Meeting of the Electors of to paupers a million and a half of her inWestminster.

dustrious people, nor have felt the securge Several spirited Resolutions were also adopted without a dissent- rest of an incurred debt of eight hundred

of a Taxation for paying the annual inte. ing voice, except as to about millions sterling, -As, Lowever, Divine ProAmerica, to which an amendment was vidence brings good out of evil, and as it proposed by a person who said some accords with experience, that a constant thing about the great wisdom which srowth of knowiedge is the effect of an Ministers had displayed in their conduct ever-operating cause, and eminently bene

ficial to civilized man; so we cannot but of the war, and talked loud about punish- attribute the moderation and wisdom, so ing the American savages. I could not eminently displayed by the Allied Sovelearn, the individual's name who proposed reigns, iv that growth of knowledge, to that this amendment—but it was whispered dinusion of truun, which, in our age, is daily that he was a Contractor; and his “ full enlightening the civilized world. ---If, Sir, fledged plumage” shewed that, at least,

the lmerican and French Revolutions had he had not been a loser ljy the warlike innumerable discussions they generated, did

their accompaniments of calaniity, yet the mania. It was justiy remarked hy Sir also improve, in a high degree, the science Francis Burdett, ibat the proposed amend of civil government--inuter science of ment had met its deserve: fate, in being Princes and statesmen, The Monarchs who consigned to oblivion by the unanimous have as virtuously as Wisely guaraateed voice of the assembly.

Peace, Greatness, and Liberty to France,

as well as their Ministers and Warriors, ADDRESS TO THE REGENT.


seeds of amelioration, the scientific prin

ciples of amendment, by waich the condition May it PLEASE YOur Royal Highness of their own subjects will be greatly betOn a termination of the conflict with tered; and by which, without convulsion, France, in which our country has so long their States may be rapidly made to enjoy been engaged---a termination as fortunate as that perfection of polity, that freedom and it has been singular, we beg your Royal prosperity, which is equally the ornament Highness to accept of our sincere congratu- and felicity of Princes and of People. In lations.--- In a war so sanguinary, it has been the political transactions of both hemisa spectacle as novel, as auspicious to huma- pheres, those intelligent Monarchs must nity, to behold a coalition of Sovereigns, at have seen a full connrmation of this innthe head of immense armies, on victoriously portant truth, that“ Representation was the entering the capital of their enemy, in vitivi happiest discovery of political wisdom." To the People to choose the Constitution of Go- this point, they must have'observed, that vernment under which they desired to live, ail rational energies in pursuit of public expressing a wish that tirat People inight freedom and happiness uniformly tend.



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Wherefore, Sir, we cannot doubt, that in ali, with the niglicst admiration, the virtue and civilzeit countries Represerialioa will in wis:iom so conspicuous in the arrangemeiits time attain pcrfection. When, Sir, your made on the first day of April ai paris, wo Royal Highness shall rofect, that afier a are imable, Sir, io express the deep concern var of more than twenty Fours conditie and the slain 7e teel, touching the lios. ance, origin:ly urdurt ikifur erusigiltle measure which your Royal Highness infint liberties of France, the existence of has been advised to sanction in respect of those very liberies is now found to affor? | Norway. If it be just that any one Nation tae only his," of traika ility is Furope, and shall provide for its own welure and haphas therefore been inde ike basis of Peace, piness by the exercise of its own reason, se mist, with additional crimnesinesi, recer and the freedom of its own will, it must be to the impression we endeavoured thres just that errry Valion shull freely do the years ago to make or the mind of yor same. Hund, Sir, can have no right to Royal High:1083-an endeavour ja vien force on Forway a sovereignty to which she we irust, We Gucccared-in favour cí such is adverse. for such a purpose, to draw aradical Rctor in ihe Commons llouse of the sworri were manifestiy wicked; but to Parliament of our own country, as shall af attempt to subdue Independence, Intocence ford us toetut beseft of Representation. I and Patriotism, by icinsirunetulity of faIn our furiocr Address to your Royal High- mine, were shockingly inhuin ui. De hum: hess, we spoke of that Borough faction lly, Sir, and most ansiously inireat your which alike tramples on the Rights of the Royal lligimess to save your country from Crown and People. Wer?, Sir, Inat Faction this reproach ; to avert from her this dishoto coætime its caring juroad on the bide- nour. Audi, Sir, among the many happy pendence of the Throne,-- were it to con- resulis of the pacification of Europe, we tinue its deadly stals to the Liberties of the contemplate, with inexpressible satisfaction, People.--wers it io continue its depreda- the annihilation of the disputed points restions on the property of the nation---were, pecting the maritime richis of neutral nain short, our trecion to be no more, of dors, which have constituted the ground what value Peace, or aught else on earth!-- of the ever-lamentable hostility in which In proportion, Sir, as a constitutional Com

we are engaged with the United States of mons ilouse must be an object of unrounded | America. Tience, Sir, we confidently trust, veneration, your loyal liigimess will be that on both sides of the Atlantic the misensible that the existence of a Faction, series and immoralities of war will shortly which should greatly impair its excellence, be at an end, and the whole civilized world must to every loyal mind be exquisitely repose under the peaceful olive; studying painful. The yoke of a l'action-a comes- and praciising oniy the social and moral tic Faction--that ad feloniously broken duties, arts and accomplishments, for their into the citadel of the Constitution and general improvemeni and happiness. stolen our Palladiun, were even worse than

The Friends of the Freedom of foreign war itself. It were the tyranny of a few, who had no oiker claim to rule over

Election will be gratified to find that the their fellow subjects than that of having Seventh Anniversary of the Election of robbed them. jt were to how the head and Sir FrANCIS BURDETT, to represent the bend the kuce to an audacious corruption. City of Westminster in Parliament, is to It were the very lowest depth of disho- be celebrated at the Crown and Anchor Ta

On the part, Sir, of an English So. vereign, on the part of an English People, vern, Strand, on Monday next, by a pubto such a Faction there coull be no sub-ic dinner. The chair will be filled by Sir mission. A truly patriol Representative FRANCIS.— The following, among other stands, however, pledged to his constituents respectable Gentlemen, intend to be preand his country, to bring lefore Parlia- sent:--F. B. Clive, Esq.; Sir John ment, at the first convenient opporimity, Throgmorton; Robert Knight, Esq.; J. their great question. It is, Sir, impossible Josling, Esq., Thomas Nortlimere, Esq.; that Parliament should then be at war with W. J. Burdett, Esq.; R. M. Biddulph, England. It is impossible that it should not then imitate those Sovereigns who,

Mii Alderman Vood; Henry even while at war with France, eagerly Brougham, Esq., Hon. Thomas Brand; sought the opportunity of offering to her R. H. A. Bcanet, Esq.; Thomas Creevey, their guarantee of all she claimed as her Esq. Francis Canning, Esq.; ---- Gwynn, Rights and Liberties. After contemplating, Esq.; Mr. Waithman.



Printed and Publisized by J. MORTON, No.94, Straud.

Vol. XXV. No. 22.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1814. [Price 1s.





the ground, that France, though she had

changed her Ruler, was still the same, and TO THE KING OF FRANCE. was radically and systematically the enemy No. III.

of England; and therefore, that it was the

duty of every Briton to harbour a constant In the first Number of these Papers, ad- jealousy of her, and to endeavour, by all dressed to your Majesty, I assured you, the means in his power, to keep France in that, if you discovered an inclination to a state of weakness.- Since the writing act fairly towards your people, you would of that

paper, these same persons, increassoon become an object of censure, if not of ing daily in their hostility towards you

and abuse, with those persons in England, who your family, as well as your people, have had been amongst the loudest in expressing proclaimed, that we Englishmen ought to their joy at your being called to the throne bear in mind “ that the disgraceful interof France; and that your Majesty would,“ ference of France in our quarrel with in that case, experience the curious change America, took place under a BOURof having for defenders those who were BON;" and, inferring from that fact,

“ not for your recall, fearing that it might that we ought to be as jealous of you, as we prove injuricus to the cause of freedom, were of Napoleon. It is impossible for not only in France, but throughout all Eu- malice to be discovered more clearly than rope.- -By this time those who have read it is discovered here. What reason was these papers (amongst whom I am not vain there for the reviving of this subject? It enough to hope that your Majesty is one) must be manifest to your Majesty, that the will begin to perceive, that my opinion motive could have been no other than that was but too well founded; for, from the of paving the way for a series of hostile moment that it was seen, in this coun- conduct towards you. But the cause of try, that your Majesty discovered no in- this hostility, so wholly unprovoked, ought tention to gratify the wishes of the ene- to be exposed to the world. It is no other mies of France ; that you did not in- than this: that your Majesty has disaptend to plunge your country into a civil pointed these people in not making lists of war by reviving the animosities of past proscription; in not establishing a despotimes; that you did not intend to degrade tism; in not doing that, in short, which your country, to make her the prey of her would have totally mined either your peoneighbours and the scorn of the world; ple or yourself; 'in not doing, in other from that very moment the men, who, in words, that which would have made France this country, had been the forwardest in the most feeble and despicable nation upon urging your recall, began to change their earth. If these men had found you a ready tone respecting you.The point, aimed tool in their hands to raise the bloody flag

j at, and, I think, clearly established, in my of political revenge ; if they had found last Number, was this, that the same per- you, upon your return, erecting scaffolds sons who recommended to your Majesty to whereon to murder those who had survived break your promise, to re-establish the 'an- the war and thie intestine troubles of cient regime, and, in short, to oppress your France; if they had seen you drive from people; and who, at the same time, recom- your presence every man who has acquired mended to you most carnestly to slight and glory in the armies of France; if they had degrade the soldiers of the Revolution ; seen you ready to agree to every proposi

that these same persons recommended to tion, tending to the degradation of your - the Allies to strip your Galleries and Mu- country; if, in short, they had seen in you

seums, to keep their armies in France, and a manifest disposition to be at once a tyrant to retain their prisoners contrary to agree- and a traitor, you would have been, to this ment, to narrow your dominions, to suffer hour,as much an object of their praise as you you to have no Colonies; and that, too, upon were when you disembarked at Dover for


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Calais. —Your Majesty will hardly be “sians, Spaniards, or whatever we are suf

) liere, that the prints, which I am com- 6 fered too much from the enormous milipelled to point out by name, speak merely “tary force of France, to permit it to be the sentiments of the owners or editors of" accumulated again into so formidable a those publications. You must be well mass, threatening at every moment to aware, that, if these persons, obscure and “break its bounds, and sweep away all becontemptible as they are of themselves, “ fore it. It would be madness in Great did not know that their publications “ Britain to restore to France, Ships, Colowould be palateable to others, they would“ nies, and Commerce; to pour wealth so not send them forth.- -You, indeed, profusely into her lap, as the mere price must be well aware, that these owners “ of peace, if the first use she made of it and editors are little more than . mise-“ were to sharpen the sword for war. We rable tools in the hands of men of superior perhaps pay too great a compliment to this abilities and more weighty interests; and, "Loose and unauthenticated paragraph by notherefore, what they publish becomes entit-“ ticing it; but if it be really true, we think led to more attention than if they “it is quite sufficient to make us pause before be considered as the mere offspring of the “ we give up to France a single conquest, brain of these insignificant individuals. or even restore un individual prisoner.Every article of news from France, rela- I will not attempt to describe the feelings ting to your measures, becomes an object of which must agitate the breast of every criticism, with the persons to whom I al- Frenchman, upon the hearing of such imlude, who fail not to communicate regular- pudence and profligacy as this. Here we, lytheir observations to the public. Amongst at once, see with what views it was that the last of these there are some very

well these

persons wished for your restoration. worthy of yourself and your people; for, in Here it becomes manifest, that they only them, you will not fail to see a new proof of desired that event in the hope of degrading the fact, which ought constantly to be kept and crippling France, having conceived in view; namely, that those who are the the notion, that your Majesty would be enemies of a free and just government in made a tool in the hands of the enemies of France, are also the enemies of a due share your country's greatness.

What would of power being possessed by France; and, be said here, if the other Powers were to moreover, are your enemies, unless you will prescribe to us what army or what navy consent to be a foul traitor to your country.-- we should keep up in time of peace? It was not Napoleon that these persons What an uproar such an idea would create hated so much as it was France ! and this here! And what insolence, then, must it fact, which I formerly endeavoured to prove, be in these persons to hold forth the justice they now, of their own accord, prove to a and propriety of France being dictated to demonstration. They wish to see France in this respect ! The number of troops despoiled of all power, of all greatness, and spoken of as the peace establishment of of all the means of becoming great. An France, will be less than her proportion, observation of theirs, relative to the mili- compared with the numbers kept up by tary force of France, to be kept up in time other Powers. We shall, in all probabiof peace, has made this a fact not to ad- lity, not come down so low as 100,000 mit of dispute --The publication, to which men of all sorts, besides the half-pay list, I here more particularly allude, was in amounting to many thousands. And France the Times newspaper, of the 21st of has more than three times our real populaMay, in the following words : " It tion, we having no frontiers to guard, and « is stated, but we imagine with no offi- she having many hundreds of miles of fron** ciai grounds of accuracy, that the Peace tier. -But, these matters are unworthy “Establishment of the French army is to of notice, when we think of the impudent “be 220,000 men, exceeding by 68,000 and infamous proposition to the Allies to " the number of the army in 1792. Now, COMPEL your Majesty to fix on such a “if the French Government had adopted peace establishment as they, or, rather, as

any such unwise and extravagant resolu- these vile men may choose to leave you;

tion, we should think it the duty of all and, what is still more infamous, the pro" the other Sovereigns of Enrope to say at position to retain our prisoners of war,

once, and without the least ceremony, unless you consent to strip your country of " THE THING SHALL NOT BÉ. the means of defence; unless you consent * We have all (British, Germans, Rus- i to annihilate the power of France. It is


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as well known to these vile men as it is to “ vereign incapable of maintaining their me, that there exists a Convention, accord- just rights. On the other hand, as we ing to which these prisoners are to be re- are rich in conquests, the restitution of leased forthwith; and yet, in the teeth of “ which France must owe solely to our lithis solemn compact, these men would re- berality, we have both the right and the tain the French prisoners, unless you con- power to insist on her doing justice in sent to leave your country in a state of return. We ought not to cede an inch feebleness, that would make her an easy “ of territory to her, until she has agreed prey to all her neighbours. They have the to an equitable commercial treaty; to a reprofligacy openly, and in plain terms, to duction of her army within limits which recommend a violation of a treaty, which “ would leave us nothing to fear for the has been fulfilled on your part already ; peace of Europe ; and, lastly, to an abanand that, too, upon the ground, that in the "donment of the slave-trade.Thus, arrangement of your own domestic concerns as your Majesty will see, they mean to you do not act as they could wish. We have such terms as shall put the resources have, in England, the most profligate of France into hands not her own. They writers in the whole world ; but, even think, that you will be made to consent to from their pens, any thing so very profli- reduce your kingdom to a sort of colony to gate as this has seldom issued.- They England. If this were for the real benow discover their real motives for wish- nefit of England; if it would tend to our ing for the fall of Napoleon. They now dis- happiness and freedom, I am afraid, that I cover, that their cheerings of your Majesty myself might be tempted to wish for it too. on the occasion of your recall, arose from But, convinced that I am, that such a the hope of France becoming degraded and treaty as these men desire would be a real crippled in


hands. - The treaty of injury to us; that it would tend to make peace now begins to be a subject of observa- us, the people in general, worse off than tion with them; and, it is worthy of your we now are ; and that it would be to Jay attention, how they here also shew their the foundation of a new war, I wish for · desire to see you and your country de- fair and equitable terms of peace. I wish

graded. They take fire at the expression to see France left in possession of great of the Paris journals, that the conditions power; because I am of opinion, that her are to be all honourable to France ; and possessing great power will be for the good they particularly dwell upon a topic, well of the people of England. It is not necalculated to deceive the unthinking part cessary for me to state precisely how I of mankind ; namely, that of tlfe Abolition think that power is to operate in favour of of the Slave Trade.-The Courier, of the our liberties. It is sufficient for me, that 21st instant, observes, that “the King of I am convinced that it will so operate; “ France has assumed a tone, which the and it is a strong presumption that this Allied Sovereigns were not prepared to opinion is correct, that we see all the most " expect.” By Allied Sovereigns these deadly enemies of our freedom anxiously men mean themselves. They, indeed, ex- labouring to prevent France from retainpected you to be their slave; a vile tool ing any power at all. -The commercial in their hands.- -There are two points, treaty, existing before the Revolution, was on which they begin to harp pretty loudly: very much complained of in France. It the commercial intercourse and the slave- was certainly very advantageous to certain trade, in neither of which the Continental persons in England. But the Revolution Sovereigns have, in fact, any interest.- has made great changes. France has now As to these the Times says :-“ As the the means of manufacturing for herself.

negociation branches out into detail, She has new resources. She will be able “ difficulties of various kinds must be ex- to feed a greater population. She will

pected to arise. It is said, and we can contain a greater mass of industry and en“ not be surprised at it, that M. Talley- terprise. She is delivered of her load of “ rand has started many objections against debt. Her soil, climate,, canals, rivers, “the introduction of English manufac- and ports, ofter abundant means for all sorts tures, on the footing of the treaty of of commercial enterprises. But, indeed,

All reasonable modifications all tariffs ought to be thrown aside.ought to be acceded to on our part. It French wine, oil, corn, and brandy, ought s would not be a wise policy in us to hold to come here freely and without duty ; up Louis XVIII. to his people, as a So- I and France ought to be open to all our

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