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side of tyranny, in spite of every thing that ling press, ever extinguish the recollection could be done. These enemies of the free of Jemappe, Marengo, the Helder, Codom and happiness of man are now strange- runna, Jena, Austerlitz, Lodi, Eylau, ly put to it to know what to wish for. If Moskwa, and a hundred other names ; the King of France break his promise, every one of which, upon the bare menthere may yet arise a Republic. That tion, reminds the world of the valour of would affright them out of their senses.- Frenchmen? And, are such a people to The two great Republics, France and be accused of vanity, because they talk of America, taught by experience, might join those things; or, rather, because the world their efforts. The consequences might be do, and must talk of them? We do not alarming indeed! If, on the other hand, seem to think it vanity in us to talk of our the King of France keep his promise, there victories. God knows we talk of them will be a real representative government in enough. We are granting immense sums France, as to the commons, at any rate. to build mansions, and provide estates for It will not be a vile sham; not a gross and our commanders. I do not find fault with outrageous insult to the people amongst this; but, surely, if we find this right for whom it exists. The King of France ought such victories as we have gained, the to bear in mind, that the same persons who French may be suffered to talk a little recommend to the Allies to keep part of about Marengo, Austerlitz, Jena, Eylau, their armies ia France in violation of the and the Helder! Talk is very cheap, ať Convention ; who protest against giving any rate. It costs the people nothing. up any colonies to France; who advise The French military glory has no pudding the Allies to take away the pictures and attached to it. " Honoir and our Counstatues from Paris ; wo bid the people “try," inscribed upon a little medal, is all ;

, of England bear in mind the conduct of that a Frenchman gets for his deeds in the Bourbons in the American war; and arms. Our rewards are more solid. No who assert, that it is necessary for us al. harm in that; but, surely, those who have ways to recollect, that France is radically overrun all the countries of Europe; who and systematically our enemy: that these have scattered the ill-gotten wealth of the same persons are the persons who are Romish church, and who have opened the anxious that France should not have a re- dungeons of the Inquisition, may be allowpresentative government, and that the an-ed to talk a little of what they have done ! cient regime should be restored. This is Aye, and history will talk of what they what the King of France should have have done too. Spain, Italy, Portugal, all always before his eyes.—It is quite sur- Germany, and even Russia, has felt the prising what envy already discovers itself effect, I mean the moral as well as the in some persons towards France. They military effect, of the marches of the have, for a long while, been representing French armies, who have borne, from one her as in the lowest depths of misery; and end of Europe to the other, the light of yet they see what excites their envy, and philosophy, though, perhaps, they did not they endeavour to communicate their feel intend it. These armies have been inings to us. How inconsistent is this? | struments in the hands of reason, of truth, We are to envy those who are in misery: and of liberty. They have given to suwe are to envy those who are beggared. perstition and tyranny a blow that those We are to dread the power of a nation, monsters will never recover. And, in this which, they tell us, is subdued and dis- "sense, the valour and skill of the French graced to the lowest degree! Does there not have been the greatest of benefactors to peep out, through all this mass of incon- the world. Are such a people to be called sistency, a consciousness of the vast stock vain, because they tulk of their deeds? of glory acquired by Franee? They tell us But, indeed, I do not hear of their boastof the vanity of the French. Is it vanity ing at all. The fact, for aught I know, is

/ in them to boast of a hundred great vic- false. The French are called vain, betories ? Is it vanity in them to boast of cause they bave gained renown, which notheir having captured Vienna, Rome, thing can destroy or diminish as long as Naples, Berlin, Amsterdam, and Moscow, letters remain. No: the charge is groundand that, too, against all Europe combined? ed in envy ; base envy, and fear as base. Can any thing, can volumes of lies about These malignant writers cannot endure the the fears and cowardice of Napoleon ; can idea of France having a Government, all the efforts of an enslaved and hire- which shall secure the freedom of the



people. They are sick at the thought of Threadneedle ; for, certain it is, that she the eflects of an uninterrupted communi- has been a most efficient personage in ohcation with a people living only across the taining the triumph of " social order and Channel, whose happiness under a real " regular government." The old Lady has repruzentation in a Legislative Body may defvated Napoleon. It remains to be continually be cited. These malignant seen how she will support herself ; but, I writers fancy, too, that, when great num- must, at all times, put in my protest bers of people are continually crossing from a ainst any grumbling on account of the one country to the other, that oud remarks debt and the paper-money; unless, indeed, my be made, and disagreeable discussions

on the part of those, who did not wish to take place, as to the strange difference in carry on war for the purpose of over-sett'eny of the two countries. They ting Napoleon. They may grumble very

tivo imagine, that th952 who get at Paris but consistently; but, even they have no right about 65 guineas for a hundred pound to blame the French nation for the debt, bank note, will be surprised and disap- the taxes, and the paper-money. If a pointed. They suppose, that many thou-handrad pound bank-note exchanges against S:20:/s of persons of fixed incomes will

gro even fifiy real pounds worth of French live in France, where a shilling will buy livres, what is that to the French? They as much as half a crown buys here. They have not been the cause of this. They, have all these, and more than all these probably, wished us not to hire so many whims in their heads. But, suppose these people to fight against them. It is, thereto be sound opinions, it is not the fault of fore, a perfect abomination to endeavour the French nation, nor of their Government, to excite hatred against them on this acthat our paper-money exists in such quan- count.----I hope, after all, that we shall tities, and that provisions are cheap in be at real peace with France. I hope, France, any more than it is their fault

, that the terms of the peace will be such, that the climate of France is finer and as to prevent the French for seeking remore healthy than our3. Besides, have venge in a new war; but, really, I am we not had the advantage of our paper- afraid, that the constantly irritating and money? Has it nat enabled us to hire insulting language of our newspapers musť fighters in Germany, and elsewhere? Have have a tendency to obstruct all cndeavours not t'e bank-notes and the loans enabled to attain so desirable an object. us to put Bonaparte from his throne ?-Flave they not chabled us to pay Russiaus, MILITIA OFFICERS.-An article, in and Prussians, and Danes, and Austrians, all the London Papers of the 12th and 13th and Swedes, and Portuguese, ansi Spani- of this month, prepares us for some attempt 3r!:, and Sicilians, and God knows who to secure to these Gentlemen a share of h sides, to fight against France; to invade our incomes and earnings during peace. her at last; and to bring the contest to a it is as follows:-“ REDUCTION OF THE glorious termination? And ought we now

6 ARMY.--At a time when every one is to grumble, because we have a paper- looking to the Break---and bidding farcinoary, and the French have none ? Oucht “ well to the plumed troops and spiritwe to accuse the French nation of being stirring drum,' the situation of Captains dangerous to us on account of this differ- “ of the embodied militia, is deserving of ence in our pecumiary cireunstances ? It “ the most serious consideration. Foris as clear as day-light, that the Old Lady 1“ merly, only men of great landed property, of Threadneedle-street has enabled our they returned to their estates after a reGovernment to overset Napoleon, and to turn of peace, which no longer required push oa the Allies to Paris. Therefore, “ them to evince the activity of arms;

but it is abominably unint to reproach her “ the exigencies of the State have long with having inundated us with her coin. “since placed them in a very different siShe was compelled to do this, in order to 66 tuation. Many are now men of talents assist us; and we ought to come now to her " and vigour, but of 'no fortune, who support. She is onr military and political have joined the militia as a profession ;

“ niso; and to cast her off now, when we or who, during a long war, have estrangno longer stand in need of lier breast, “ed themselves from any other exercise of would be diabolical. Along with the cry " the talents; in a natural confidence, of Vivent l’s Bourbons, ought to go forth that the country, which has saved Europe the cry of Vive le viellJI.mun de la rue de “ by its example in arms, could not but


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preserve its renovated character as al to send back to the arts of peace, those military nution ; and, consequently, that who have been employed in war. Aud

they would not be thrown on the world this is what these gentlemen of no fortune, unregarded. The liberality of a great but of talents and vigour, call being

government will not fail in this respect-thrown upon the wide world. " and we have no doubt, that provision, in have no fortune now, they had none be

some form, will be made, at least, to fore; and, therefore, they must have preserve the credit of a military institu- worked before, or starved; and so they

tion, which now so nearly approaches the ought now. When they entered the ser“ regular army: We are assured, that vice, they knew that militia officers re“ several militia corps have already sub-ceived no pay in peace. There is, theres mitted their case to the Right Hon. the fore, no breach of faith with them. They “ Secretary of State, through the medium can have no reason to complain of being “ of their Lord-Lieutenants." This is a neglected. They have lived in the way proposition, the modesty of which must in which they chose to live, during the surprize, and, indeed, confound, the na- war. They were not compelled to serve tion. What: militia officers paid in time as militia officers. If they have talents

! of peace! We should, indeed, be a mili- and vigour, what ground is there for their tary nation! We should have got much apprehensions of starving? Men of taby the dethronement of Napoleon. It was lents and vigour do not starve.

If they no longer ago than this very morning, that be men of talents and vigour, how endless a neighbour of mine, who is also one of are the ways, in which those talents, and my many tax-gatherers, in asking me for that vigour, may be employed with profit? my return for the Property Tax, congra- In short, the claim is absurd, and will, tulated me upon its being the last. II am certain, find not a single advocate thought he was deceived; but I am sure in parliament.--Before I dismiss this arof it, if the principles of this denunciation ticle, I cannot help noticing a paragraph are to be acted upon. A denunciation it in the Times newspaper of the 17th inst. is, in the true sense of the word, against in these words :-“ It is now pretty geneevery man, who labours, or who has

pro- rally understood, that the reduction of perty. We have, here, the curious dis- “ the militia will not takeplace all at once,

" tinction between men of large fortune, and “as was lately reported. Twenty regimen of no forture, but of talents and vi- ments, it is said, will be disbanded on gour ; no bad compliment to the Demo- “ the 24th of July; a second reduction cracy at the expence of the Aristocracy! “ will take place on the 24th of SeptemTo what notions has this French Revolu- “ ber; and the last on the 24th of Notion given rise ! Thrown on the wide “ vember. Several of the regiments are 66 world!What, then, do these gen- now on march to the quarters where the tlemen call it being thrown on the wide “first reduction will take place."--This workl, when they are released from their I cannot help regarding as a hint on the military service? We were always told, part of those who choose this vile Paper during the war, that we were under amaz- for the vehicle of their wishes. What is ing obligations to these gentlemen for their this militia army to be kept on foot for? services in defence of the country; that Are not the men wanted in the fields and they abandoned their homes, their peace- in the manufactures ? Are not the parishes able professions, and their families, purely every where heavily burdened with the for their country's sake. But, now, be support of militia-men's wives and chilhold! they wish to be soldiers all their dren? And, what can this evil be prolives! Mind, reader, they are persons of longed for. The regular army is coming no fortune. So are the private soldiers home daily. By the 1st of June, we shall who have escaped death in Spain, Portu- have several thousands of men home from gal, France, Sicily, Canada, and the East France. Our army in Sicily cannot aland West Indies. But, are all these, too, ways remain, Why then, should, we be to be paid during peace? They have a put to the expence of supporting the milimuch more just claim than militia officers tia for another half year? Did we expect can possibly have. I am amongst the that this would have been amongst the last to grudge reward to military and na- consequences of the deliverance of Euval merit; but, surely, one of the effects rope ? 'I should like to hear soine reason of peace ought to be, to lessen taxes, and for keeping all this army on foot so long.

The rate,

One thing, however, I am quite sure of, that that ours is a currency of paper; that of

I the army and the navy too must be reduced France is a currency of gold; and, severy low, or that loans must be made even cond, that a bank of England note for one in time of peace. The nation has to hundred pounds will exchange for only choose between the two; and, really, for about seventy pounds worth of French my part, I do not, for myself, care much livres, to be paid in France in return for about the matter. I shall never make an a bill purchased with that bank note.o'it-cry about the continuation of loans These are facts, which speak a language and the war taxes. I shall content my- not to be misunderstood by even the most self with just observing, now and then, ignorant of men. These facts shew the that the Anti-jacobins ought to pay the precise difference in the pecuniary state of taxes very peaceably, sceing tlmt they the two countries. Though a little fohave always approved of the spending of reign from the subject that I set out with, them. It is not to be denied, that the I will remark here, that while Napoleon great mass of the nation approved of the was enforcing the Continental Systen, we war ; that they were quite willing that were told, by this same newspaper, that that the Government should spend any sum in was the cause of the scarcity of gold, and a war against the people of France first, of the great loss in the exchange of our and then against their Sovereign. The mo- paper against foreign bills, payable in gold ney was spent : that Sovereign has been in foreign countries. But the Continental dethroned. It is, therefore, just that the System has long ceased. The author of it pation should pay the bill without grumbling. has been put down. France herself is beNay, if all the depots, arsenals, barracks, come our close friend. All the ports of fortresses, military and naval academies ; Europe are open to us; and there is not

; if all are now to he kept up, I do not see the least probability of their being again what reason those can have to complain, closed. But, yet, we do not find that gold who have approved of all these establish- becomes more plenty, or, that the exchange ments. · The walls, the ramparts, the grows more favourable to us. buildings, the schools of exercise, it would which I have stated, is, I believe, the rate be such a pity to demolish! And what now with Paris; though, seeing the state is to become of all the masters of of the relationships between the two counthe different branches of the art mili- tries, the exchange, according to the comtary? Would these advocates for the mon course of things, ought to be in our war have them dig or beg? -Again, I favour. There is no accounting for this say, that one of two things must take in any way, other than that of supposing,



navy must be reduced that our paper is become of less value than very low; or, the war-taxes and loans gold. Take a guinea, and it will exchange must be continued. And, really, I, for for a bill on Paris for twenty-five livres, my own part, do not care which of them two sous. But, take a pound bank note, it is to be. --The Times newspaper talks and it will exchange for a bill on Paris for of the debts of England, France, and other only about sixteen livres, three sous. This nations. Paper-money is the great evi-shows, at once, the real state of the case ; dence of debt. France has none of it.- and it shows also the folly of the hopes of Perhaps it is a good thing to have a debt, those, who told us, that it was the Continenand the greater the better. That is a point tal System, which caused the apparent deprewhich I am not now discussing.

ciation in our bank- -paper. These importonly speaking of the fact ; and the Times ant truths will now become more and more has published a false fact in this respect. evident every day. The extensive inter“ It is in vain,” says he, “ for France or course with France; an intercourse which England to hope speedily to exonerate will not be confined to mere traders, but “ itself from the burdens, which that fatal will reach to all manner of people. This " revolution has entailed upon future gene- intercourse, which will make hundreds of " rain." -This is intended to convey thousands see and feel the diminution, as the notion, that France has a debt some- they will call it, of their means in the transit what like ours. Nothing can be more of them only across the channel. This infalse. The whole of the principal of the tercourse will do more towards removing debt does not, I believe, equal one year's the hitherto impenetrable film from the interest of ours. In short, the proof of eyes of the people than a thousand Essays the difference consists in these facts: first, upon the subject.

place: the


I am

Corn Laws.-This subject would re- ! So that these wise advocates of low quire a greater space than I am able bere prices are beginning thcir amiable ento allot to it. So much nonsense has been deavours at the wrong

end. If the published about protecting the farmer; so wheat were at five shilliays a bushel; much unparalleled trash, that I hardly beer at 2d. a quart; beef at 3d. a pound; know where to begin. I shall confine my- it would make no difference to the firrmer, self to a mere hint or two ; first observing, except for the remainder of his lease. It that, speaking as a grower of wheat, I would make no dillerence to Mr. Coke, or wish for none of this sort of protection.- Sir Francis Burdett, or any other landIt has been said, that the manufacturing holder, to whom 5,000l. a year would be interest will sufer by any measure tending as valuable as 20,000l. a year now is. It to keep up the price of com; and, that to would give them tiie means of living just in give the farmer security for high prices, the style that they now live. But, then, misi injure the rest of the comunity. in both cases, the taxes must be diminished Now, in the first place, I deny, that it is in the same proportion ; and, in place of in the power even of a body of men, who collecting 69 million a year, you must have been called omnipotent, to cause the collect only 23 millions at most, which farmer to have a high price; the price de- would but litile more than HALF suffice pending upon the crop, and not upon any for the payment of the interest on the Debt, law or any regulation. But, supposing it leaving the Civil List, the Army, the possible to give the farmer a high price, Navy, and every other out-going wholly how is that to injure the eaters of bread ? unprovided for.----It has been observed, If the corn be cheap, all other things will with most bra zen impudence, or with be cheap in proportion ; and, amongst more tlian ideot folly, that it is unjust other things, the produce of the manufac- thus to put money into the pocket of tories. The fun:l-holder seems to be the the land-holder, at the expence of the only person with reason to complain of high poor sonl who karilly earns his morsel of prices ; because he has nothing to sell. He bread. In the first place, Mir. Coke, for is an annuitant, whose nominai income is instance, if he let his lanzl ai 30s. an acre fixed, and therefore, when the loaf is at instead of 105. must pay for servants, for 1s. 6d. his annuity is worth to him only horses, for carriages, for beer, for bread, half as much as when the loaf is at 9d. for every thing on which he lays out his But if the loaf were to be, and to continue money, 3s. instead of ls, low, then, can at 9d. for any length of time, whence is the high price of corn give him any advanto come the money to pay him his annuity? tage over the poorer people who serve him, A wish has been expressed to bring things or who administer to his wants or his round by degrees to the prices of 1792! pleasures? Besides, be must pay 3s. in What profound ignorance; or, what pro- taxes instead of 1s. So that, in fact, as found hypocrisy! In 1792, or before the far as this goes, it is the Government, or war preparations, the whole of the taxes the public, or the debt, or the State, or, call (no loans) raised in the country did not it what you will, which in the end receives exceed fourteen millions. The taxes raised the difference. Those who eat the loaf last year, 1913, amounted (exclusive of rust, of course, pay the tax. loans) to sixty-nine millions. And yet, plainly bow the tax upon sigar, or upon there are men so devoid of sense, or so cle- spirits, fall upon the comer; but the void of shame, as to talk of bringing roand tax upon bread being collected, not upon the priees to the state of 1792! The annual loaf, or the flour, or the wkent, we lose interest on the debt (which must continue sight of its march to our mouths. But, if to be paid) is now about forty millions. it be collected upon the eartli, in which the In 1792, it was nine millions. All the wheat grows ; upon the house in which the annual

expences in 1792 amounted to less grower lives ; upon the horses that plough than five millions. Can they now amount the land for the wheat; upon the iron and to less, even in time of peace, than twenty the leather that make up the harress for millions? How, then, are prices to be the horses that plough the land for the bror.ght round to the standard of 1792 ? wheat; upon the gig that carries to church To bring prices to the standard of 1792, the wieat grower's wife ; upon the nag you must first bring round the taxes te that carries the wheat grower, the next day, the standard of 1792, and next you must to market to sell th: wheat; upon the bring round gold in place of paper.cclodey-heeled boy, who becomes a genties

We see very

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