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Gertain intelligence, given by 4 General Rigaud, commanding a corps of i French troops at Rothembourg, announces, that the Prince Royal of Sweden, beaten by the French army, had been driven to the right bank of the Elbe, after having suffered a considerable loss.
Puris, Oct. 29. ...
dron of St. Narcisse's hussars was in orderceived Westphalian Monitors to the 10th of battle in the valley, protected by the inst. Several columus entered on the 8th, infantry.- -The French brigade halted, as well as General Alix, who has caused to form and take a little rest; the enemy different Proclamations to be published. took this as the effect of hesitation; he de- -This Gazette contains the following: scended with loud cries, and briskly at-article:tacked some companies of Voltigeurs, which formed the advanced guard. General Petit immediately ordered the charge to be beaten; his four battalions instantly marched in the directions which had been prescribed them; the enemy, astonished at this attack, retired from position to position; they were all carried, and covered with his dead.The difficulties of the Her Majesty the Empress Queen and ground, which slackened our march, al- Regent has received the following accounts lowed the Spaniards to frequently rally; of the situation of the armies up to the 4th the fire was very brisk from 8 o'clock till of October.General Gount Lefevre noon, and lasted to 4 in the evening. Every Desnouettes was attacked, on the 28th of thing was at last obliged to give way be- September, at seven o'clock in the mornfore the indefatigable courage of our troops, ing, at Altenberg, by 10,000 cavalry and who pursued the enemy several leagues 3,000 infantry. He effected his retreat from the field of battle, and completely before so superior forces; he made some dispersed him. We only took some pri- fine charges, and did the enemy much insoners from him; but he lost many men in jury. He lost 300 of his infantry; he ar his retreat by the fire of musketry, and a rived upon the Saale. The enemy was great number in their flight threw them- commanded by the Hetman Platoff and Geselves down the precipices. -This action neral Thielman. Prince Poniatowski marchcost us 2 officers and 7 subalterns or sol-ed on the 2d upon Altenberg, by Nossau, diers killed; 7 officers and 61 soldiers Waldheim, and Colditz; he overthrew the.. wounded. I have the honour to remit with enemy, took more than four hundred pri-ez this to your Excellency, a state of each par-soners, and drove him into Bohemia. ticular regiment's loss.The good dispo- On the 27th the Prince of the Moskwa took. sitions and conduct of General Petit are possession of Dessau, which a Swedish dir worthy of eulogiums. He has been excel-vision occupied, and drove that division. lently seconded by the devotion of the 67th back upon the tele-du-pont. On the fol-:: and 113th regiments, the mounted chas- lowing day the Swedes arrived to retake the seurs, and a battalion of the 11th regiment town. General Guilleminot allowed them of the line. Some companies of this bat-to advance till within grape shot, then un talion placed in reserve upon Mount Olivet, masked his batteries, and repulsed them... under the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel. with considerable doss. On the 3d OcJacques, made a skilful and bold movement, tober the enemy's army of Silesia marched which was useful to the general attack. by Konigsbruck and Elsterwerda upon the Elster, threw over a bridge at the bend, which the Elbe forms at Wartemberg, and passed that river. General Bertrand was placed on an isthmus, in a fine position, surrounded by banks and m marshes. Between nine o'clock in the morning and five in the evening, the ,enemy made seven attacks and was always repulsed. He left 6,000 dead upon the field of battle; our loss was 500 killed or wounded. great difference was owing to the good position which Morand and Fontanelli's divisions occupied. In the evening General Bertrand, seeing new forces debouche, thought proper to effect his retreat, and took a position upon the Mulda with the Prince of the Moskwa. of the Moskwa. On the 4th, the Prince
-I shall have the honour of sending your Excellency, by the first Courier, the names of the officers, sub-officers, aud soldiers, who particularly distinguished themselves, and who have been recommended by the General of division Lamarque. I have the honour, &c.
(Signed) COUNT DECAEN.
Paris, Oct. 15.-Letters have to-day been received from Bayonne. They announce that the armies were still in presence of each other, but that no event had taken place. The Duke of Dalmatia had received some reinforcements, and was still receive' more.
Frankfort, Oct. 12.-We have just re
of the Moskwa was at Dalitzch, upon th left bank of the Mulda. The Duke of Ragusa and General Latour Maubourg's corps of cavalry were at Eulenbourg. The 3d corps was at Torgau. Two hundred and fifty partisans commanded by a Russian Major General, had marched upon Malhausen, and learning that Cassel was without troops, they attempted a surprise upon the gates of Cassel. They were repulsed; but the following day the Westphalian troops having disbanded themselves, the partisans entered Cassel. They gave up to pillage every thing which fell into their hands, and a few days after left it. The King of Westphalia had retired upon the Rhine.
change! as every thing had been prepared to operate upon Magdeburg; but it would have been requisite to have remained separate and without communication with France for a month; this was not inconvenient, at the moment when the Emperor fixed his plans; it was no longer the same when Austria was about to have two new disposable armies, the Bavarian army, and the army opposed to Bavaria. The Emperor therefore changed with these unforeseen circumstances, and removed his headquarters to Leipzic. Meanwhile the King of Naples, who remained in observation at Freybourg, received orders on the 7th to make a charge in front, and march upon Geurg and Freybourg, operating upon Wurzen and Wittenberg... An Austrian Her Majesty the Empress Queen and division which occupied Augustesbourg, Regent has received the following intelli- rendering this movement difficult, the King gence of the situation of the army on the received orders to attack it; he defeated it, 13th October:On the 7th the Empe- and afterwards effected his removal to the ror left Dresden; on the 3th he slept at right. Nevertheless the right of the eneWurzen; the 9th at Eulenbourg, and on my's army of Bohemia, composed of Wittthe 10th at Duben. The enemy's army genstein's Russian corps, had marched of Silesia, which had marched upon Wur-upon Altenbourg, upon intelligence of the zen, immediately retreated, and repassed King of Naples' change in front. It marchto the left bank of the Mulda; it had some ed upon Freybourg, and afterwards by the engagements, in which we made some pri- left on Borna, placing itself between the soners and took several hundreds of bag King of Naples and Leipsic. The King gage waggons.- General Regnier march- did not hesitate respecting the manoeuvre ed upon Wittenberg, passed, the Elbe, he ought to make; he faced about and marched upon Roslau, turned the bridge marched upon the enemy, overthrew him, of Dessau, seized upon it, afterwards took nine pieces of cannon, one thousand marched upon Aken, and took possession prisoners, and drove him beyond the Elof the bridge. General Bertrand marched ster, after having made him experience a upon the bridges of Wartenbourg, and loss of from four to five thousand inen. seized upon them. The Prince of Moskwa On the 15th the position of the army was marched upon the town of Dessau; he met as follows: The Emperor's head-quarters a Prussian division, General Dalma's, over- were at Reidnitz, half a league from Leipthrew it, and took 3,000 men, and six sic: the 4th corps, commanded by Genepieces of cannon. Several Cabinet Cou- ral Bertrand, was at the village of Lenderiers, among others Sieur Kraft, with dis- nau; the 6th corps was at Libenthal. patches of importance, were taken. The King of Naples, with the, 2d, Sth, After having thus taken possession of all and 5th corps, had his right at Dælitz and the enemy's bridges, the Emperor's inten his left at Liberwolkowitz.-The 3d and tion was to pass the Elbe, to manoeuvre 7th were in march from Eulenbourg to upon the right bank from Hamburgh to flank the 6th corps. The Grand Army Dresden, to threaten Botsdam and Berlin, of Bohemia had General Guilay's corps opand to take for the centre of operations posite Lendenaw a corps at Zwerickaw, Magdeburg, which, for this purpose, had and the remainder of the army; the left been supplied with warlike stores and pro-leaning on Grobun, the right on Naumsvisions; but, on the 15th, the Emperor dorf. The bridges of Wurzen and Eulearned at Duben that the Bavarian army had joined the Austrian army, and threatened the Lower Rhine.- This inconceivable defection made the defection of other Princes be foreseen, and induced the Emperor to come to the resolution of returning towards the Rhine. Unfortunate
lenbourg, upon the Mulda, and the position of Taccha, upon the Partha, were occupied by our troops. Every thing announced a great battle. -The result of our different movements, in these six days, has been 5,000 prisoners, several pieces of cannon, and doing much injury to the
enemy. Prince Poniatowski has in those was expected from them. The enemy's affairs covered himself with glory. artillery went to a distance. The enemy retired, and the whole field of battle reHer Majesty the Empress Queen and mained in our possession. It was three -Regent has received the following intelli- o'clock in the afternoon; all the enemy's gence respecting the situation of the Army troops had been engaged; he had had reon the evening of the 16th:On the course to his reserve. Count Marfield, 15th Prince Schwartzenburg, commanding who commanded the Austrian reserve, sup the enemy's army, announced in an order ported with six divisions, all the troops in of the day, that the following day, the all the attacks, and the Imperial Russian 16th, there would be a general and de- guards, who formed the reserve of the cisive battle. In effect on the 16th, at nine Austrian army, supported the centre. The in the morning, the grand Allied Army cavalry of the Russian guards, and the debouched upon us. It constantly operated Austrian Cuirassiers, precipitated themto extend upon its right. At first three selves by their left upon our right, they large columns were seen marching, one seized opon Deelitz, and canre wheeling along the river Elster, against the village upon the Duke of Belluno's squares. The of Doelitz, the 2d against the village of King of Naples marched with Latour MazWachau, and the 3d against that of Liber-bourg's cuirassiers, and charged the ene→ wolkowitz. These three columns were pre-my's cavalry by the left of Wachau, at the ceded by 200 pieces of cannon. The Em-time the Polish cavalry and dragoons of peror immediately made his dispositions. the guard, commanded by General Latort, At 10 o'clock the cannonade was most vio-charged by the right. The enemy's calent, and at 11 the two armies were en- valry were defeated, two entire regiments gaged in the villages of Dalitz, Wachau, remained upon the field of battle. Generab and Liberwolkowitz. These villages were Latort made 300 Austrian and Russian príattacked six or seven times; the enemy soners. General Latour Maubourg took was constantly repulsed, and covered the some hundreds of the Russian guard. The avenues with his dead. Gount Lauriston, Emperor immediately ordered Curial's diwith the fifth corps, defended the village vision of the guard to advance to support on the left (Liberwolkowitz). Prince Po-Prince Poniatowski. General Curial marchniatowski, with his brave Poles, defended ed upon the village of Deelitz, attacked it the village on the right (Doelitz) and the with the bayonet, carried it without firing Duke of Belluno defended Wachau. Ata shot, and made 1,200 prisoners, among noon, the sixth attack of the enemy had whom was the General in Chief Merfeldt. been repulsed; we were masters of the Affairs thus re-established on our right, three villages, and had made 2,000 pri- the enemy put himself in retreat, and the soners. Nearly at the same moment, the field of battle was no longer disputed with Duke of Tarente debouched by Holzhausen, us.The reserve artillery of the guards, marching upon an enemy's redoubt, which which General Drouet commanded, were General Charpentier carried at the pas de with the tirallieurs. The enemy's cavalry charge, seizing the artillery and making came and charged them. The artillerysome prisoners. The moment appeared men formed their pieces in a square, which decisive. The Emperor ordered the Duke they had the precaution to load with grape of Reggio to march upon Wachau with shot, and fired with so much agility, that two divisions of the young guard. He in an instant the enemy was repulsed. equally directed the Duke of Treviso to Upon these events the French cavalry admarch upon Liberwolkowitz with two di-vanced to support the batteries. General visions of the young guard, and take pos- Maison, commanding a division of the 5th session of an extensive wood which is upon corps, an officer of the greatest distinction, the left of the village. At the same time was wounded. General Latour Maubourg, he caused to be advanced upon the centre, commanding the cavalry, had his thigh a battery of 150 pieces of cannon, which carried off by a ball. Our loss this day General Drouet directed. The whole of has been 2,500 men killed and wounded, these dispositions had that success which (To be continued./
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent Garden.
COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
VOL. XXV. No. 3.1 LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1814.
[The readers of the Register are respectfully informed, that the Index to Vol. XXIII. is ready for delivery; and that for Vol. XXIV. will be delivered next week.]ting to such unparalleled oppression.
generous compassion for the people of France, whom, however, at times, we have reproached with baseness for submit
Thus have the mass of the people, who adopt, without any inquiry, the sentiments delivered out to them, through the various and endless channels of deception, come habitually to the conclusion, that the go. vernments of France, since the Revolution began, has been a series of despotisms; and, that, before that period, the people of that country enjoyed a state of comparative blessedness. Lately, indeed, as the prospect of humbling France approached, the tone of these censors of her governments has been a good deal changed. They now profess to see danger in the greatness and pros. perity of France. But, the delusion has taken fast hold of the country. The general belief is what I have described it; and, it is my intention to show, in this paper, how the facts really stand. The following is the Bourbon Proclamation, which has been published three or four times by the papers, which generally speak in fa vour of all the acts of our government.
ANSWER TO THE BOURBON PROCLAMATION. This document having been published so often by those persons, who are so eager for overthrowing the present ruler and government of France, I think proper to publish what I deem an answer to it; first inserting here, for the convenience of my readers, the Proclamation itself. A few preliminary observations, however, appear necessary. First, I must observe, that the Bourbons are by no means to be blamed for this act, in itself considered. It is perfectly natural in them to wish to recover their former state, and no one can deny them the perfect right of using such means as this to accomplish their object; more especially as the French people do now submit to the government of a monarch, having laid aside their Republican institutions. But, having premised thus, we have an equal right to examine the views of those by whom the Proclamation was issued, and "The moment is at length arrived when to offer our opinions upon it and upon the Divine Providence appears ready to break probable effect of its success. The House" in pieces the instrument of its wrath. of Bourbon having invited the French peo-"The Usurper of the Throne of St. Louis, ple to return under its sway, we have a the devastator of Europe, experiences right, and it is our duty, if we have the reverses in his turn. Shall they have means in our hands, to shew what was the no other effect but that of aggravating nature and effect of their government in the calamities of France; and will she France; and to inquire, whether it be, or not dare to overturn an odidus power, no' be not, likely, that the people of that coun- longer protected by the illusions of victry would be made more happy by return, tory? What prejudices, or what fears, ing to them, than they are under the new can now prevent her from throwing herdynasty.. -We have so long been in fear self into the arms of her King and of France; her government, under one form from recognising, in the establishment of and another, has so long appeared to us to his legitimate authority, the only pledge be a terrific object, that we have, at last," of union, peace, and happiness, which forgotten, or we seem to have forgotten," his promises have so often guaranteed to what the old government of France was."his oppressed subjects.Being neither" We have been ashamed to acknowledge, "able, nor inclined to obtain, but by that our hatred of the new government "their efforts, that throne which his rights arose out of our fear of it; and, therefore," and their affection can salone confirm, we have, for twenty years, been speaking of it as being a most horrible despotism, affecting to lament its existence out of our
what wishes should be adverse to those which, he has invariably entertained? What doubt can be started with regard C
ancestors will be for France only the happy transition from the calamities of a war which tyranny perpetuates, to the blessings of a solid peace, the guarantee "of which foreign Powers can only find "in the word of the legitimate Sovereign. "Lours."
To take this paper in the order, in which it lies before us, we find, then, according to it, that all that Napoleon has done, he has done under the sanction of Divine Providence, whose instrument he has been. If this be the case, is it not rather bordering upon the impious to call him an usurper, seeing that he has acted under the immediate direction of the Deity? Is it not sinful to attempt to cast blame on him for haying done that which God wished him to do; nay that God forced him to do? The Attorney General, Gibbs, who is now Judge Gibbs, did not prosecute my pen for having written the article about the flogging of the Local Militia-men at the town of Ely. He did not prosecute the instrument, nor did he harangue against it. He prosecuted me, who used the instrument, and the Judges caused me to be imprisoned for two years, and to pay a thousand pounds to our good old King. Yet, upon the principle, with which this Proclamation sets out, it was the pen, and not I, who ought to have been prosecuted. In short, if Napoleon be held to have done what he has done at the instigation of God; if he has been a mere instrument in the hands of God, it cannot be doubted, that it is great and flagrant impiety to blame, much more to abuse him, for what he has done, or, rather, for what he has been the instrument in doing. If
"to his paternal intentions? -The King 66 King binds himself anew to abolish that "has said in his preceding declarations," pernicious conscription, which destroys "and he reiterates the assurance, that the "the happiness of families and the hope of "Administrative and Judicial bodies shall" the country.- -Such always have been, "be maintained in the plenitude of their "such still are the intentions of the King. 66 powers; that he will preserve their places" His re-establishment on the throne of his "to those who at present hold them, and "who shall take the oath of fidelity to him;" "that the Tribunals, Depositaries of the "Laws, shall prohibit all prosecutions" bearing relation to those unhappy times of which his return will have for ever sealed the oblivion; that, in fine, the code polluted by the name of Napoleon, but which, for the most part, contains only the ancient ordinances and customs "of the realm, shall remain in force, with "the exception of enactments contrary to "the doctrines of religion, which, as well as the liberty of the people, has long "been subjected to the caprice of the ty-The Senate, in which are seated some men so justly distinguished for their ❝ talents, and whom so many services may "render illustrious in the eyes of France, " and of posterity-that corps, whose utility and importance can never be duly "appreciated till after the restoration can it fail to perceive the glorious destiny "which summons it to become the first instrument of that great benefaction which will prove the most solid, as well as the most honourable guarantee of its existence and its prerogatives ?- -On the subject "of property, the King, who has already announced his intention to employ the "most proper means for conciliating the interests of all, perceives in the nume❝rous settlements, which have taken place "between the old and the new landholders, the means of rendering those "cares almost superfluous. He engages, however, to interdict all proceedings by "the Tribunals, contrary to such settlements, to encourage voluntary arrange$.6 ments, and, on the part of himself and master command his servant, to his family, to set the example of all those contract debts in his name; if the servant, "sacrifices which may contribute to the re- by the master's command, commit a tres66 pose of France, and the sincere union of pass; if a coachman drive wantonly over, "all Frenchmen. -The King has gua- sheep or pigs by his master's order; the "ranteed to the army the maintenance of laws are open against the master and not "the ranks, employments, pay, and ap- against the servant. The maxim of the "pointments which it at present enjoys. law, in this respect, is: "He who does "He promises also to the Generals, Officers, an act by the hands of another, does it "and soldiers, who shall signalize them-himself." Couple this with the asser"selves in support of his cause, rewards tion of the Proclamation, and we shall more substantial, distinctions more ho- find, that, according to this doctrine, it is "nourable, than any they can receive from Divine Providence who has done, who has an Usurper, always ready to disown, heen the real doer, of all that we have at66 or even to dread their service. The tributed to Napoleon; and that all which