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famy, there is no public feeling in this in something inore than dreams of the most country stronger than that of indignation unmeasured ambition. We need not fiere against the Americans. That a republic detail the long history of fraud and false boasting of its freedom should have stoop- hood by which he at length succeeded in ed to become the tool, of that monster's | deluding his countrymen into war.
Sufambition; that it should have attempted fice it to say, he had two objects in that to plunge the parricidal weapon into the war:-first; to.sap the foundations of our heart of that country from whence it's own maritime greatness, by denying the alleorigin was derived; that it should have giance of our sailors; and, secondly, to chosen the precise nioment when it fancied seize on our colonial possessions on the that Russia was overwhelmed, to attempt main land of America, learing it to a fato consummate the ruin of Britain-all this ture occasion to lay hands on our insular is conduct so black, so loathsome, so hate settlements in the West Indies. Perhaps, ful, that it naturally stirs up the indigna- when he finds himself unexpectedly detion that we have described. Nevertheless prived of the buckler under which he aimthere is in this case the same popular error, ed these stabs at our vital existence--the that there was, not long since, when France mighty NAPOLEON, the Protector in petto was identified in the minds of most nen, of the Columbian Confederacy - he may with the name of BUONAPARTE. Thele willing to draw in his horns, and sneak American Government is in point of fact, away from his audacious undertakings. as much a tyranny (though we are far from But shall we have the extreme folly to let şaying it is so horrible a ope) as was tlmt him off thus ? When we have wrested tlie of BUONAPARTE: and as we firmly urged dagger froin the bravo's hand, shall we the principle of No Peace with Buona- quietly return it to him to put up in its PARTE; so to be consistent with ourselves, sheath No. No. Mr. MADISON himwe mușt in like manner maintain the doc- self, in his very last public speech, has fur trince of NO PEACE WITH JAMES nished us with a most apposite rule of conMADISON. The reasons for this are duct, which he cannot blaine us for adopttwofold, as respecting this country, and as ing, since he avowedly follows it himself respecting America. A very little reflec- namely, that we should not only chastise tion will render them sufficiently manifest. the Savages into present pence, tüt make a - In the first place, hatred of England is lasting impression on their fears.' - Hitherthe fundamental point in the policy of Mr. Ito we have considered the Americans ás MADISON. He is the ostensible organ of identified with Mr. Madison's governa party, all whose thoughts, feelings, and mem; but is this the fact? So much the sentiments are guided by this master key. reverse, that it has been openly proposed Some of the statesmen of this school bave in some of the States to treat for peace not blushed to assert in full Senate, that with Great Britain separately; the world ought to rejoice, if Britain were would act wisely and justitiably in adoptsunk in the sea;' if, where there are now ing this nreasure. The Eastern States, the men, and wealth, and laws, and liberty, most moral, the most cultivated, the niost there were no more than a sandbank for intelligent, the best in every respect, are the sea-monsters to fatten on, a space for at this isstant reduced to a complete thral. the storms of the ocean to mingle in coul-drom ly the Southern States, under the flict.' Such is the deep-rooled antipathy forms of a constitution, which the prevail
which these wicked men have to the land iny faction violates at pleušure. The of their forefathers! With sudi men Xir. small States,' -says T'ISHER AMES, are MIADISON acts; and he himself before the now in vassalage: they obey the nod of
accession of his party to power, expressly Virginia. The Constitution sleeps with laid it down as a principle (on the discus- Washington, having no mourners bật
sion of Mr, JAY's negociation), that - Ao the virtuous, and no monument but histreaty should be made with the enemy of ory. Our vote and influence (those of France;' His love for the latter country, the Eastern States) avail
more than that however, was but an adjunet of the lutred of the Isle of Man in the politics of Great which he entertained towards us; and he Britain. If this was true before the anhated us for the very same reason, that nexation of Louisiana, how much more BUONAPARTP did- because we stand in strikingly so now, that that addition has the way of any, state that aspires at univer- quite broken down all balance between sal dominion; for, young as is the, trans- the States, and poured an irresistible stream atlantic Republic, it has alrtady indulged of corrupt iřfluence into the tlräturrel of the
Executive! What is very remarkable is, | servedly enjoys a much greater popularity that the preponderance of the Southern in America." Ilvese, and many more such States is chiefly owing to the slaves they writers as these, have kept alive the fire of contain! The number of votes which each gemine British liberty in the United States. State has in the national government, is Whilst, on the other hand, the miserable determined by the whole population. - blunders of the Dearborn's, and Hope Hence, though the slave has no political King's, and WILKINSON’S, and Hamp. existence, he gives a weight to his master ron's, and all the long list of defeated ge. over a free man in ä different State: and nerals, have thrown a ridicule on that inby another curious but not uncommon vasion of Canada which was one of the great paradox in human nature, the slave owner baits of the war. Lastly comes the fall of there is generally a furious democrat, and Mr. Madison's grand patron attended the democrat has hitherto been the most with the execration and scorn of all Eur servile of the tyrant's adherents. Clear; rope. Can we doubt, that a-vigorous ef. therefore, is it, that the free Constitution fort on our part will annihilate the power of the United States is either incompetent of a faction alike hostile to‘Britain, and in itself to afford an equal protection to the futal to America? Is not the lime propitious Wisest and best part of the Union; or else for winning at least the sounder and bet. that Constitution has been violated and ter part of the Americans to 'an union of overtlirown by the faction of which Mr. interests with the country from whence they MADISON is the ostensible head; and, in sprung?". -It is impossible to read this either case, the oppressed States would act article, without being convinced, that there justly to themselves, to separate their inter- are men, who seriously entertain' the wish ests froin those of the incapable and treach- to see America recolonited; who wish to erous individual who has dragged them re- see our king restored in America, as the luctantly into a war no less inglorious than Bourbons have been in France; for, Mr. unjust. When we speak of these and the MADISON is the chosen President of the like crimes as perpetrated by Mr. MIDI- Union; he does nothing of himself; it is son individually, we only mean to use his the President; the Congress, and the Peoname in the common way, in which per- ple, all acting in concert. Yet, he is to be sons in eniinent stations are generally spo- put down; no peace is to be inade with
ken of. He stands at the head of the list, hini any more than with Naroleon; thie s not but that Mr. GALLAȚIX may be more government of the States is a tyranny; the
artful, Mr. Claymore furious, Mr.Jet- constitution is vivlatı, or is inefficient; its
There being peace in Europe, the account; and, in short, that this might be quarrel is at an end without any discus- made an immense source of income, and sions. But this writer passes over all the an infallible security to the paper-system. subject of quarrel. The American Presi- Of politicians there will be two dedent and Government are lad. That is scriptions for the war: one will see in now, according to him, to be the ground America a dangerous maritime rival; a of the war; and, we are to have no peace | maritime power which grows, like her own with them. I will pass over the impudent Indian corn, almost visibly to the eye. falsehoods, which this writer utters as to They will mix this apprehension with the the conduct of Nir. Madison and the nature the feelings of mortification and revenge and effects of the American Government; arising from the naval victories of America, and come at once to what is most interest- which are not to be washed away by the ing to us now; namely, First, whether fall of NAPOLEON, nor of fifty Napoleons a war for the recovery of the American at his heels. These are honourable-mindStates as colonies would be popular in ed men, loving their country; not able England; and SecoxD, whether it would to endure the idea of her ever, at any time, be likely to succeed.--- As to the first, ceasing to be mistress of the ocean, and so I have no hesitation in expressing my terrified at that idea as to lose sight, in the belief, that it would be, for a while at pursuit of a preventive remedy, all notion least, the most popular war in which of justice, humanity and freedom. AnoEngland was ever engaged, the reasons ther description of politicians, animated for which opinion I will now stare.- solely by their hatred of whatever gives liIn the first place, peace, real and lasting berty to man, will see in America, what, peace, and a vast reduction of our forces, indeed, they have always seen, and for would be total ruin to a great number of which they have always hated her, an persons and families. All these will wish asylum for the oppressed'; a dwelling for for ever, no matter with whoin, or upon real liberty; an example of a people, enwhat grounds. They will be for the war joying the height of prosperity and the for the same reason that undertakers are greatest safety of person and property, for deaths, and without being, any more without any hereditary titles, without any than these, chargeable with any malicious army, and almost without taxes ; a counmotive.---The farmers will be for war, try, where the law knows nothing about upon much about the same principles; they religion or its ministers; where every man being of opinion, no matter whether erro- pursues his own notions in religious matneously or not, that war makes coru dear. ters; where there are no sinecures, no Here are tuio very numerous classes of pensions, 10 grants of public money to in. persons. A third is the land-owners in dividuals; where the people at large choose general, who believe, that peace will lower their representatives in the legislature, their rents, without lowering their taxes. their presidents, governors, and sheriffs, T'he ship-owners and builders fear Ame- where bribery and corruption are unknown, rica, who can build and sail much cheaper and where the putting of a criminal to than they can, and who, if left at quiet, death is nearly as rare as an eclipse of the would cover the sea with their ships.- Sun or Moon. This description of politiThe great manufacturers ever will be for cians look at America as Salan is said to a war, likely, as they think, to tear up, have eyed our first parents in the Garden root and branch, those establishments of Eden; not with feelings of envy, but which are not only supplying America her with those of deadly malice. They would self, but must, in a few years, especially exterminate the people and burn up the with the emigration of artizans to America, country. The example of such a people become our rival, and supplant us, all over sears the eye balls.” They will tell us, the world. Besides, if America were to that; while that example exists, nothing is ·be recovered, we should, they think, have done; nothing is secured; nothing is safe: a mouopoly of supplying her. ----Even the they will endeavour to terrify the governstock-bolders, though they might, çene- ment and the nation by describing the rally wish for peace, might probably be emigrations which will take place from persuaded, that the recolonization of Europe; the numbers of artizans and of America would afford the means of lessen- people of enterprize that will crowd to ing the national debt; that America might America, adding to her population, extendbe made to bear a share of the debt; that ing her knowledge, increasing her means the lands there might be sold for our of all sorts, and enabling her, in a short
time, to spread far and wide what they Eastern States, will heartily participate in call her diorganizing principles.---This our joy at the fall of Napoleon and the last descripion of politieians have the press restoration of the Bourbons. Will they greatly in their hands, the press is the sot, em the contrary, be terribly alarmed? most powerful instrynient; and it tvill, in And will not those, who have cried out this case; - lave prejudice, supposed private against the government for aiding NATOinterest, passion, and all in favour of its LÉON, as they called it, begin to fear the efforts. These are the reasons, on which consequences of his fall, when the project. I found my opinion as to the popularity of of the Times reaches their ears, and when such a war, but, yet, I hope and trust, they find that there are writers in Engthat the Ministers and the Prince Regent. land, who already openly propose to make will not be carried away, by such notions. war upon them for the express purpose of It is for them to consider, what is best for subverțing their government and effecting the country, and permanently, best ; and in America what has been effected in not to suffer their judgment to be warped France, namely a restoration ? Mr: Anes. bay an out-cry, proceeding from the seltish- is complimented by this writer as the ness of some and the rage of others. BURKB of America, and I dare say, that: With regard to the second question : Mr. Ames would have liked very well.co. whether a war for the recolonization of get a pension of three thousand pounds a, *** America would be likely to succeed? 1 year; but, in that respect he
was not $0: think it would not. I must, however, | lucky as his great prototype. Mr. AMES, confess, that I agree with the author of the was a poor drivelling hankerer after arise. above article, that “ the time is propitivus" tocracy. His party wished to establish-a in the Irigbest degree. Not only have we sort of petty nollesse: they wanted to an 'army ready organized; composed of make some honorary distinctions. The the best stuff; best commanded; best ap- people took the alarm; put them out of pointed and provided; best disciplined, in power, and they have ever since been eng the world, but we do not know what to do deavouring to tear out the vitals of their with it in the way of employment, and it country. The fall of NAPOLEON; howa would be, for a year, at least, as expensive, ever, will leave them wholly without supo in poace as in war. We have more than a port from the people, when that people suficiency of ships of war to carry this hears that the first consequence of that army across the Atlantic, without crowd- tall is a proposition, in the English public ing and withont the aid of a single-trans- prints, to treat THEIR government as thus port. In Europe we have nothing to fear. of NAPOLEON has been treated, and upon France, will, for some years, have enough precisely the same principle, namely, that to do at home. It is the same in Spain it is a despotisin.--As I said before, I trust, and Holland; and, besides, what are any that our government is too wise to be led of them to do without fleels, and where, to the adoption of any such project ; but; in the whole world is there a fleet but in if tliey were, what could qur; iriends in England - Now, then, what are the Ame- America say. They have been assertag: ricans to do against this army and this fleet? for years past, that ours was the cause of I have no doubt, that our army yould treedon against a despot. brat will they waste the sea-coast; that it would, at first, say if we make war upon them upon the beat the Americans wherever they met same principle, and for the same end, that them; that it would, if it chose, demolish we have bey making war against Naposome towns and occupy others; that it leon By Mr.jętferson and luis party it would make the Congress change its place was always concluded, ibut there was no of sitting ; but, unless the States divided, I danger to be apprehended from Franco have no idea, that such a war-would finally undx avy, circumstapices; and that if succeed, and it appears to me, that the France, if the new order of things w20 fall of Napolega, especially coupled with subdued in France, America would be what will be deemed the ruinous language in great danger. Theretore they always of the Times news paper, will jutallibly wished, and they acted as if they wighed, silence the voice of faction in America, and that France should not be defeated in the will make the whole of the people of one result of the war.
It is in our power, by mind as to the necessity of providing for making peace with them at once, and resistance. -The Times seems to sup- waving all dispute about differences that pose, that the people of America, or, at cannot arise sluring peace, to show their Jeast, a part of them, and especially in the that their fears were groundless; but wil
they not, when they see the project of the alluring blit: it présents employment for Timės news-paper, hold it up to the teeth Governors of Provinces, Conmanders, of their political adversaries, and say, "look Post-irrasterkó Attorneysánd Solkitors-Gehere! Here is the first frusts of the fall of neral; - Secretaries, Connors to Statė, the man whose destruction you told us We Tasing People, Pay-nisters, Fritges, and ought to assist in producing, and to do any a lung and nameless list of hagers-on, thing in the upholding of whom you re- løft, again, I say, I hope and tist, that presented as impolitic and base." This the Prince Regent ánd iris Ministers will will be their language to those adversaries, lime. too mich wisdom to listen to any who will hang their heads with shamne, such-mad and Wicked project. It is imAnless the author of the Times can make possible, towever, for the people of Annea shift, some how or other, to convey to rica not to feel some alarm, and not to them a small portion of his impadence-make preparations accordingly. This lan= I think it is clear, then, that the people of guage of our news papers is putite enough America would; in case such a war wère-to to excité apprehensiott; and for thús, be made upon them, be united in a spirit of amongst the rest, we have to curse a base resistance; and, if they were, I have no and degenerate presso a idea, that tén suchí armniés as all that we could send, well-disciplmed and brave as.
FRENCH Constitution. our armiy is, would finally succeed in sub: Whenever I find the Courier and other duing and recolonizing the country. We hireling prints praising #trg public measure; might make inroads from Canada; we Whenever I fead an enlogiam in these sermight demolish towns upon the coast; .we vile journals on any legislative act of our might destroy manufactories; we might own, or another governments I immedilay waste the corn-fields, and burn frany -ately suspect something wrong; I am theri of the mills; we füiglit destroy all the convinced that some design is in contemshipping; we might tear the country a plation, to abridge the liberties of the peogood deal to pieces; but, I do not believe ple; that there is a sitake it the grass that we should, even by adeling another which, if not strangled in time, will sooner eight hundred millions to our iebt, secure or later strangle those by whose sufferance one single colony in the territorý now called it exists, and is permitted to become a dana the United States of America
.--Yet, it gerous and formidable enery. It is true, IB really tràe, that the enemies of Freedom, that whether the new Constitution, which while America remains what she now is, France is about to receive, be acted upon have gained nothing. NÄPOLEON has or not; the situation of the French people been put down; but, then he was an ene- will be better than it was before thre Revomy
of freedom. He was not owned by lution, and perhaps better, for some time any friend of freedom. France was not a at least, thank our own conditión under our republic, nor' had the a representative go- present "glorious and happy establishternment under him. The war against ment.” But if this is álf triat the inhabihim was in the nanie, at least, of the peo- tants of France are to gain by the change ; ple. The example; 'so hateful to the pre- it, after the oceans of blood which have mies of liberty, of a people happy and free, been shed, during a revolutionary struggle without distinction of ranks, without an of more than twenty years to obtain a teestablished church, without hereditary cognition of their just rights, under a free power or privilege of any sort, with a press and representativegovernment; they should not perfectly free, with legislators and now revert to that system which put it in chief-magistrates periodically elected by the power of their ancient monarchs, to the people at large; this example still exists, render them the dupes and slaves of their ánd this country is yet open to all the caprice, or of that of an insolent miworld; and, to put down this example nister, or a háuglity mistress ' if, I say, the would, I am of opinion, cost uş more blood French' nation is to be placed in circumand more money than it has cost us to put stantes, in which there is a probability, down NAPOLEON. The enemies of free- or even a change of the former tyranny and dom promised as peace; èurable peace, if despotism of the Capets being restored, it He got rid of NATOLEOŃ; but, 'scarcely is. appears to me that the return of the Bourhe down, when they propose to us a new bons, instead of being a tlessing to France, vår, more, if possible, expensive in its will be the greatest of all the curses with Tiature, and, probably, longer in its, on. To be süre; Americà holdes dura- which she has been visited: Better, a