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male to male, in order of primogeniture. only be established for a year. The budThey are named by the King. The present get of the following year, and the accounts Senators, with the exception of those who of the preceding year, are presented annushould renounce the quality of French ally to the Legislative Body and the Senate, citizen, are maintained, and form part of at the opening of the sitting of the Legisthis number. The actual endowment of lative Body.-16. The law shall fix the the Senate, and the Senatorships, belongs mode and amount of the recruiting of the to them. The revenues are divided equally army.--17. The independence of the jubetween them, and pass to their successors. dicial power is guaranteed. No one can be In case of the death of a Senator without removed from his natural Judges. The direct male posterity, his portion returns to institution of Juries is preserved, as well as the public treasure. The Senators who the publicity of trial in criminal matters. shall be named in future, cannot partake of The penalty of confiscation of goods is this endowment, 7. The Princes of the abolished. The King has the right of Royal Family, and the Princes of the blood, pardoning.--18. The courts and ordinary are by right members of the Senate. The tribunals existing at present are preserved; functions of a Senate cannot be exercised their number cannot be diminished or ina until the person has attained the age of 21 creased, but in virtue of a law. The years.-8. The Senator decides the cases in judges are for life and irremovable, except which the discussion of objects
before them the justices of the peace and the judges of shall be public or secret.-9. Each depart-commerce. The commissions and extrament shall send to the Legislative Body the ordinary tribunals are suppressed, and cansame number of deputies it sent thither. not be re-established.-19. The courts of The deputies who sat in the Legislative cassation, the courts of appeal, and the tri. Body at the period of the last adjournment bunals of the first instance, propose to the shall continue to sit till they are replaced. king, three candidates for each place of All preserve their
pay. In future they shall judge vacant in their body. The King be chosen immediately by the Electoral chooses one of the three. The King Bodies, which are preserved, with the ex. names the first presidents and the public ception of the changes that may be made ministry of the courts and the tribunals. by a law in their organization.' The du- -20. The military on service, the offiration of the functions of the deputies to cers and soldiers on half-pay, the widaws the Legislative Body is fixed at five years. and pensioned officers, preserve their The new Election shall take place for the ranks, honours, and pensions.--21. The Session of 1816.-10. The Legislative Body person of the King is sacred and invioshall assemble of right each year on the 1st Iable. All the acts of the Government of October. The King may convoke it are signed by a minister. The ministers extraordinarily; he may adjourn it; he may are responsible for all which those acts conalso dissolve it; but in the latter case ano- tain violatory to the laws, public and prither Legislative Body must be formed, in vate liberty, and the rights of citizens.--22. three months at the latest, by the Electo- The freedom of worship and conscience is ral Colleges.-11. The Legislative Body guaranteed. The ministers of worship are has the right of discussion. The sittings treated and protected alike.--23. The li . are public, unless in cases where it chases to berty of the press is entire, with the excepform itself into a general committee.-12. tion of the legal repression of offences which The Senate, Legislative Body, Electoral may result from the abuse of that liberty. Colleges and Assemblies of Cantons elect | The senatorial commissions of the liberiy their President from among themselves. of the press and individual liberty are pre-13. No Member of the Senate, or Le- served.-24. The public debt is guarangislative Body, can be arrested without a teed. The sales of the national domains are previous authority from the Body to which irrevocably maintained.-25. No Frenchhe belongs. The trial of a member of the man can be prosecuted for opinions or votes Senate or Legislative Body, belongs exclu- which he has given.-26. Every person has sively to the Senate.-14. The Ministers the right to address individual petitions may be members either of the Senate or to every constituted authority.-27. All Legislative Body.-15. Equality of pro- Frenchmen are equally admissable to all civil portion in the taxes is of right; no tax and military employments.-28. All the can be imposed or received, unless it has laws existing at present remain in vigoar, been freely consented to by the Legislative until they be legally repealed. The code of Body and the Senate. The land-tax can civil laws shall be entitled, Civil Code of the French.—29. The present Constitution vered themselves. This Monarch will shall be submitted to the acceptance of the grant you the rewards which you have French people, in the form which shall be merited by long services, your brilliant regulated. Louis STANISLAUS XAVIER deeds and honourable wounds. Let us shall be proclaimed King of the French, as then swear obedience and fidelity to Louis soon as he shall have signed and sworn, by XVIII. and let us display the White Cock« an act stating, I accept the Constitution ; I ade, as a sign of adhesion to an event
swear to observe it, and cause it to be ob- which stops the effusion of blood, gives us served.-This oath shall be repeated in the peace, and saves our country.--This order solemnity, when he shall receive the oath shall be read by the commanders of the of Fidelity of the French.-(Signed) Prince different corps, at the head of the troops. of Beneventum, President; Counts de Va. JOURDAN; the Marshal of the Empire, lence and de Pastoret, Secretaries; the Commander in Chief of the 15th Military Prince Arch-Treasurer; Counts Abrial, Division. Head-quarters, Rouen, April 8.' Barbe Marbois, Emmery, Bartlemy, Bal- Although it might have been supposed, dersbuck, Beurnonville, Cornet, Garbena- that the forming of a new constitution for ra, Legrand, Chasseloup, Chollet, Coland, France, was a labour of sufficient magni: Davous, de Gregory, Decroiy, Depere, tude to occupy the whole attention of the Dembarrere, Dhaubersaert, Destatt, Tracy, Provisional Government, during the short d'Harville,d'Hedouville, Fabre(del'Aude), period they were engaged upou it, we still Ferino, Dubois Dubais, de Fontanes, Garat, find that they found leisure, even then, to Gregoire, Herwyn de Nevelle, Jacourt, direct their views to other matters.By the Klein, Journu, Aubert, Lambrecht, Lan- first decree which they published, they dejuinais, Lejeas, Lebrun de Rochemont, clared the restoration of the Pope to his Lemercier, Meerman de Lespenasse, de former power. By another, the total supMautbadon, Lenoir Laroche, de Mailleville, pression of all those public schools, estaRedon, Roger Ducos, Pere, Tascher, blished in France by Napoleon, for the Porcher de Rechebourg, de Ponte Coulant, Education of poor Children ; and, a third Saur, Rigal St. Martin, de Lamotte, Sainte respecting the liberty of the press, rau as Suzanne, Sieyes, Schimmelpenninck, Van follows : de Vandegelder, Van de Pol, Venturi, Vau. " The Provisional Governinent. consibois Duc de Valmy, Villetard, Vimat, Van dering that the most effectual means of Zaylen van Nyevelt."
establishing public liberty is to prevent liSince the promulgation of the new Con- centiousness; that the liberty of the press, stitution, which, it appears, has been joy- which should be the safeguard of the citifully accepted by Louis XVIII. the fol- zens, ought not to become an instrument lowing proclamation has been published of insult and defamation; that, under preby Marshal Jourdan, by which the fact is sent circumstances, such an abuse, and placed beyond all dispute, that Napoleon especially that which might be made of is to retire to the island of Elba on an al- pamphlets and placards, would easily belowance of six millions of franks, about come a perfidious engine in the hands of
£ £40,000 sterling per annum :-“ Sol- those who might endeavour still to sow diers! The Emperor Napoleon has abdi- disturbance among the citizens, and thus cated the imperial throne, and is to retire impede the noble movement which should to the island of Elba, with a pension of unite them all in the same just cause; order, 6,000,000 franks.—The Senate has adopted -1. No placard or bill shall be posted in a Constitution which guarantees civil li- the streets or public places, without having berty, and insures the rights of the Mo- been previously presented at the prefecnarch.--Louis Stanislaus Xavier, brother ture of police, where an imprimateur shall of Louis XVI. is called to the throne by be given.-2. Every hawker is prohibited the wish of the French nation, and the from crying, selling, or distributing in the army has manifested the same sentiments. streets any pamphlet or sheet, the distriThe accession of Louis XVIII. is the bution of which has not been authorised guarantee of peace.--At length, after so by the prefecture of police." many glorious campaigns, so many fatigues
NOTICE. and honourable wounds, you are going to The Public are respectfully informed that the enjoy some repose.---Louis XVIII. is a Register will, in future, bc published be Mr. Frenchman, he will not be a stranger to Morton, No. 94, Strand, to whom all communia the glory with which the armies have co- ted, addressed to the Editor.
cations and orders (post paid) may be transmit. Printed and published by J. MORTON, No. 94, Strand,
Vol. XXV: No. 17.1 LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIE 23, 1814. [Price 18.
2514 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. whom they had coudetnyed to death, and the THUMPH TR - ARISTOCRATS, rest of whom they had (before Napoleon TRPATIENT OF NAPOLEOX-t'he triumph was heard of) proscribed, as they thought, of the aristocrats is not greater than we fox ever! This is a pretty way of showing had reason to expect; for xrason badle us attachment to a Royal Family. We now expect it to be baundless: We shall here- see the same, the ver
very same writers who after have to talk to them about the gains justified, nay, who urged with all their and the losses of different sations by that might, the putting dowt1 of the Bourbons, grand event, the brench Revolution; but, exerting their skill to render their restor Ahough I wish to get on to a very import- xation palatable. Crelelle is mentioned ait topic, the designs with regard to amongst those who have uttered the most
America, which we now of the first conse- bitter things against NAPOLEON. It was quence to the world, I must stop to say a be, who lauded his character the most word or wo (upon the business of those, who praised his humanity to the skies, and who so lately were the loudest ip praising who, in his history of the hero's exploits, Napolean, and who we pow the most loud gave a cut, representing him in the peats amongst his calumniators. We are toldof louse in Africa, discovering a trait of huthe joy, the playdits, attending the arrival manity and courage such as is not upor of MONSIEUR at Paris
. Were they greater record, relating to any other man. Itis not or more sincere than those, with which time yet to take a view of the result of the Napoleon w#receivedat
Bertan, at Vienna, French revolution of its gains and its er at Rome?-I very much question the losses. When it is, we shall bring inta Saet. It is the voice of the base and weak view the putting down of the inquisition and thoughtless at the dictation, or noder well as the destruction of the Bastille, le
the influence of the strong. We are told, shall, in a few monthis, be able to make that the Allied Sovereigns and troops took the comparison of the previous state and so share in the entry of MONSIEUR ; that the present state, of France. As to the they were resolved,
that it should be purely new constitution, as it is called, we can wat a french procession; an act of the French know nothing of it. It is binding, or agt peaple! To be sure, they did not put their binding, as the king shall please. But, at hard to the thing. They only formed a any rate, much must have been gained; ring sound, while it was going on. But because it will be inipossible to bring things this is a foolish trash. We know', all to their ancient state. The very materials the world knows, that it is force; that are gone, and it cannot be done. m it is a great, overwhelming military force; pot ope of those, who think, that the sore that it is the power, the sheer military reigns of Europe will now, taking a lexcon power, of all the States of Europe com- of France, be
mild in their goverp bined through their fear.of one man; allments than they formerly were : I think the world knows, that it is this force, the contrary : I do not think that they will and that it is this force: alone which has inake any concessions to lileriy; but in produced the fall of Napoleon, and the se- brance, to restore all the old abuses will be storation of the Bourbans. The triumph absolutely impossible. The people of Krance is, therefore, the triumph of the strongest; will have gained many things; any one of
the triumph of him who has most bayonets which was worth all the sacrilices, they on bis side. There is no moral victory lavé madle. To get rid of any one of their The people of France had an opportunity great curses was worth 22 years of war of showing their attachment to the Bour- and all the lives that have been lost. bons long before ; but, they waited till the The treatments NAF 94E9N is what,
NAPOLEON allies were in possession of their capital. Indeed, he had to expect if ever he fell But, indeed, diow.monstrous is it to talk of into the power of thase Sovereigns, whom their altachment to those, the head of he had at his feet, and whom he had re.
placed on their thrones. It is such, too, into the house of Austria, to have lost all as the republicans of France must rejoice notion of respect for the people of France; to see hini endure. They put him at the and to have carried his dread of republicanhend of a republic; they placed an army of ism to a length hardly-conceiveable. It repullicans in his hands; they sent him f is;- therefore, perfectly natural in the reforth to pull down thrones. He betrayed publicans of France to rejoice at his fall; his trast; he upheld thrones': he raised but, the aristocrats are very ungrateful himself to a throne: he allied himself by towards him : he has been their political marriage with a family, u'honi they regarded saviour and redeemer : he has saved them as their greatest enemy. He sold the from total destruction: he has restored liberties of his country, and, as far as he them and their titles and their priviliges in could; of Europe, for a wife and a dynasty. France, and has given them security, for His offences are, therefore, against repub- some time, at least, in all other countries. licans, and not against royalists, of whom If he had been and continued a republican; he has been the sole guardian and protec- if he had faithfully obeyed the will of those tot. His fall was not wished for, as yet, who put power into his: hands; there by më; because 'I 'thiộught, that he might, would not, in all human probability, have ty continuing some years longer in power, been a kingt 'us day existing on the contido good in some respects. As being at war nent of Europe. But, he, so far from acting with my ourn country, I could not, of course, as the republicans of France wished him, wish him success; but, as we had made not only spared tlie kingly race, but acone treaty of frie:idship witli him, I saw no tually married amongst them, and took the reasori why: we should noť make another lead amongst the aristocrats in abusing with him. But, the republicans in France. the people, and treating them with conmust rejoice at his fall. It must have been tempt; therefore, he is now justly treated, much more galling to see liim triumph, as the republicans of France mast think. than to see the Bourbons return. He He would be an Emperor, would he! He became, not only a king, but the 'friend of must marry into the ancient House of all kings; the supporter of kings, and by Austria, must he, and be papa of a dignity the 'means of that very power, which had of kings! He, wlio' received all his power 'been placed in his hands for tlfe extermina- from republicans! These were the causes tion of royalty and aristocracy. This is the of the loss of his power; these were the right; in which he is viewed by the repub- causes of his fall; and, therefore, that fall licans of France, who, if tirey are now to must have given infinite satisfaction to the -surbinit to a government tltat they dislike, republicans of France, who will have to
have at any rate, the satisfaction to reflect, reflect with pride on the contrast exhịbited that the man, who has reduced them to the in the invasion of France when under Nanecessity of so doing, has been mot severely polcon, and when under the assembly and puushed; that, if they are not free, he, at convention: when under an Emperor, and any rate, does not enjoy the fruit of his when under a republican' government. treason against freedom. - FONTANES's They will always have to say, that all
, ispeech on the invasion of France, that Europe combined was nothing against
bech; in which the allied sovereigns were France animated by the voice of liberty reproached, not with their designs against but, that France, under an Emperor and
the liberties of France, but with having, in King, with a gagged press, yielded to the " their proclamation, given it to be under- first invasion. Napoleon's character, as stood, that they regarded the wishes of the developed at the close of the drama, we people of France as something; that inso- eannot yet judge of; because, in truth, we 'lent speech, in which the people were know nothing about his behaviour. All
töld, that they ought to thank the govern- that we hear comes through a channel ment for repressing their durlacity; that hostile to Irim. He could not fight with. speech, tho author of which, as I remark-out an army any more than another king. ed at the time, ought to have been thrown If he had dared appeal to the people; if he headlorg down the deepest well in Paris; had still had the cup of liberty upon his that speech alone was an act to deprive head, in place of an ill-gotten crown, he NAPOLEON of all compassion on the part miglit have been able to make a last stand; of the friends of freedom, notwithstanding but, like all other despots, bereft of his all the good he had done in other respects. bayonets, he was powerless as a child. He-seeins from the date of his marriage It has been stated, that his Empress (ve
always ought to call her by that title), and which has ended in the putting down of the King of Rome, are to be separated Napoleon. The Times, of the 19th infrom him, and that the former is to go to a stant observes: “ Among other news from convent. They would do well to make a the North, we learn, that the Danish Conmonk of him. One monk discovered guin- tingent is advancing, and that the Crown powder, and, I am sure, Napoleon has, Prince of Sweden has reached Brussels, in this respect, shown a true zeal for the His Royal Highness's aclivity is not at discovery of his predecessor. I still think, least premature. Surely, he has judged ill, however, that he will be divorced. The after the laurels which he so honourably House of Austria will hardly endure to reaped at Leipsic, to allow any minor concontinue him as a relation; and, I dare siderations to prerent his appearing equally say, that the Holy Father, will have little prominent in the last great scenes which objection to relieve her from the dishonour consummated what was so well bėgun." of such an alliance. Perhaps NAPOLEON's --This is only a beginning, I imagine: death is the most likely thing of all. It “ His Royal Highness" will, probably, would remove numerous difficulties. We soon hear, that these gentry have a litile shall hear, I dare say; that he has put an more to say. They do not think, appaend to his existence; and then there is rently, that the cause needs his Royal an end of him and his dynasty for ever. Highness's assistance; and.“ His Royal
-We bear great boastings of the prowess Highness" will, I am afraid, have to be of the allied powers; but, do what they contented with the high eulogiums that he will, they never can get rid : of the fact of. has already received; for, it appears to me, their having been all defeated by the armies that he is not likely to receive any more of France; which armies, and under NA-, from that quarter. Whither he is to look POLEON too, have entered all their capitals. for praises, in future, I cannot, I am sure, They have all been beaten, over and over guess for the life of me; but, I will venagain by France, and France alone. Their ture to say, that His Royal Highness is a countries have all been subdued by French- personage not likely to give rise to any very men; and, until the ruler of France mar- violently interested feelings amongst any nied amongst the ancient sovereigns, they dozen of people on the habitable globe. were all together, unable to resist her prowess.--Those are facts that never can RecOLONIZATION OF THE AMERICAN be gotten rid of. France has placed a king States.-It was easy to believe, that the in Spain, in Holland, in Naples, in Italy. enemies of freedom would, upon this ocShe has beaten all that she could reach; casion, turn their baletul eyes towards the and this will be recorded by history in spite of United States of America, and endeavour every thing that can now be done or said. to stimulate our government, who, let us That the fall of NAPOLEON will be follow- hope, however, has too much sense to be ed by that of all his family and relations, so worked on, to wage a war for the dethere can be little doubt: and, indeed, the struction of liler!y in the western world. allied sovereigns would be greatly to blame, But, I, who fully expected to see this, am upon their own principles, or upon any really astounded at the speed and the boldprinciples of sound policy, to suffer any of ness, with which the project has been them to remain in power. It was wise in brought forward in some of our public them, if they were able, wholly to extin- prints, especially the Times, which, in guish NAPOLBON himself; for they must plain terms, urges a war against the United have been very certain, that, with the States upon the same principles that the power of France in his hands, he would have close of the war has been carried on against annoyed them, and put them in peril, first Napoleon; and, indeed, which aims at or last. The same policy will dictate to the subjugation, re-ocupation, and re-cothem the putting down of all the branches lonization of that country.---Before I of his family; but, I must confess, that I proceed any further; I shall insert the artidid not expect so soon to have heard a hint cle, which has called forth these observathrown out against his ROYAL HIGH- tions," It is understood that part of our. NESS, the CROWN PRINCE OF SWE- army in France will be in mediately transDEN; that worthy personage, of whom ferred to America, to finish the war there our ministers used to speak so much in with the same glory as in Europe, and to praise; and who, be it remembered, was place the peace on a founriation equally amongst the very first to take our money firm and lasting. Now, that the tyrant for the purposes of carrying ou the war, BUONAPARTE has been consigned to in