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the Allies; who, in their conduct at Paris, 1 it proper, to publish the most important of have recognized, on the part of all Europe, them here, as they form the ground work of the principle, (which though true in theory, every thing that may be said in future reought to be perhaps but seldom acted on) specting this new revolution, and the effects that the people kave a right to dethrone which it is calculated to produce upon the and dismiss their rulers, whenever they leo present aspect of civilized, as well as of uncome tired of them, or conceive they have civilized Europe.-Wlien the allies obtained acted improperly. This principle, may possession of Paris on the 31st. ult. they possibly, ere long, be brought home to all issued the following declaration of their concerned in such a recognition; to Alex- views and sentiments:- -“The armies of ander, the Emperor of Austria, the King the Allied Powers have occupied the capital of Prussia, and even to the Brunswick dy- of France; the Allied Sovereigns receive Dasty itself. It will, however, do much favourably the wish of the French nation. good to makind, if it produce the effect They declare, that if the conditions of of putting princes on their good behaviour, peace ought to contain stronger guarantees and making them pay proper deference and when the question was to bind down the attention to public opinion, and the senti- ambition of Bonaparte, they may be more ments of those they govern. ----As to favourable, when, by a return to a wise peace, no reasonable or thinking man can government, France herself offers the asexpect to see one of long continuance or surance of this repose.- -The Sovereigns duration while the bank of England exists proclaim, in consequence, that they will no in its present state, and goes on making more treat with Napoleon Bonaparte, nor such excessive issues of paper, as it has with any of his family.--That they re: been doing. The greatest evil attending spect the integrity of ancient France, as it tlve funding system consists in this, that it existed underits legitimate Kings: they may is a great encourager and promoter of war- even do more, because they profess it as a fare and bloodshed, by affording the means principle, that, for the happiness of Europe, of carrying them on with facility. France must be great and strong:
That Civis. they will recognise and guarantee the Con
stitution which France shall adopt They, COUNTER REVOLUTION IN FRANCE therefore, invite the Senate to name immeThis unexpected event which has given a diately a Provisional Government, which new turn to all political and military spe- may provide for the wants of the Adminisculations, and which promises to restore tration, and
prepare the constitution which peace, for a season, to suffering Europe, has shall suit the French people--The inten. been accomplished without bloodshed, tions which I have just expressed, are comwithout a civil war ; and the Bourbons, mon to all the Allied Powers. (Signed) who, twenty years ago, were driven from ALEXANDER.”. ---Here was an unqualified their native land by a justly incensed and avowal, made for the first time, that the inlignant people, are sow said to be re-allied powers would no longer respect the called by that same people as the only dynasty of Napoleon, or the integrity of family who can confer prosperity and hap- France, except under the reign of the Bourpiness upon the nation. Time, which tries bons. The Senatè, which had been created al things, will probably soon determine by Bonaparte, were thus placed in a sithis great question. Meanwhile the rapi- tuation in which they had only one choice dity of the occurrences, the multiplicity of With the sword drawn over their heads, topics which these occurrences suggest, they assembled to consider the state of detheir vast magnitude and importance, and graded France, and the following has the novel circumstances connected there- been published as the result of their deliwith, which almost every recuring day bring lerations, if that name can be given with under notice; render it a matter of pru- propriety to acts which were the consedence to avoid, at least for the present, much quence of fear, while the Senate House was discussion respecting them, until the ebu- surrounded by a foreign army:-"On the lition of public feeling, has somewhat sub-1st of April, 1814, at half-past three, the sided, and mankind are in some degree, Members of the Senate met in consequence restored to their wanted rationality. As, of an extraordinary convocation. His Sehowever, I shall afterwards have frequent | rene Highness the Pțince of Benevente, occasion to refer to the memorable docu- Vice-Grand Elector, President.His ments which have appeared during this Serene Highness the Prince Vice-Elector,
short, but momentous period, I have thought President, then spoke as follows:--Se
NATORS!--The letter which I have had of the provisional government. The the honour of addressing to each of you to Senate adopt this last proposal. A
of this extraordinary convoca- Member proposes to lay down as a princition, acquaints you with the object of it. It ple, and to charge the Members of the is intended to lay proposals before you. This Provisional Government to comprehend in one word sufficiently paints out the liberty substance in the address to the French peowhich each of youbrings into this assembly. ple:-1. That the Senate and the LegislaIt gives you the means to give a generous tive Body are declared integral parts of the flow (essor) to
sentiments with which intended Constitution; subject to the mothe soul of each of you is filled - the desire difications which shall be judged necessary of saving your country, and the resolution to insure the liberty of the suffrages and of hastening to the assistance of a forsaken opinions.--2. That the army, as well as people.--Sepators-Circumstances, how the retired officers and soldiers, shall retain ever difficult they may be, cannot be above the ranks, honours, and pensions which the firm and enlightened patriotism of all they enjoy.-3. That the public debts the Members of this Assembly. You have, shall be inviolable.--4. That the sale of doubtless, all equally felt the necessity of a the national domains shall be irrevocably deliberation which may shut the door maintained.---5. That no Frenchman shall against all delay, and which may not let a be made answerable for the public opinious day pass without re-establishing the action which he may have expressed.-6. That the of the administration, the firstof all wants, liberty of worship and of conscience shall for the formation of a Government, whose be maintained and proclaimed, as well as authority, founded on the necessities of the the liberty of the press, subject to the legal moment, cannot but re-assure people's repression of the crimes which may arise minds." ---The Prince Vice-Elector having from the abuse of that liberty.--7. These ceased speaking, several proposals were different proposals, seconded by several made by different Members; the question Members, were put to the vote by the being put, the Senate decrees : --Ist, Prince Vice Grand Elector, President, and That there shall be established a Provisional adopted by the Senate.- -A Member de. Government, charged to provide for the manded that to reconcile the adoption of wants of the Administration, and to present these proposals with the confidence due to to the Senate the plan of a Constitution the Members of the Provisional Governwhich may suit the French people. —20, ment just established, the address to the That the Government shall consist of five French People, which this Government is Members; and then proceeding to their no- to draw up, shall announce that they are mination, the Senate elects for members of charged to prepare a constitution, such as the Provisional Government, M. Talley- it shall not in any manner violate the priurand, Prince of Benevente; Count de Bour- ciples which are the bases of these propononville, Senator; Count de Jaucourt, sitions. The Senate adopts this amendSenator; Duke of Dalberg, Counsellor of ment. The Senate adjourns till nine o'clock State; M. de Montesquieu, ancient mem- this evening, to hear and adopt the definiber of the Constituent Assembly. -They tive redaction of the proces verbal, and to are proclaimed in this quality by the Priuce sign it individually. - Senator Count
. Vice Grand Elector, President.---His Barthelemy, Ex-President of the Senate, Serene Highness added, that as one of the is appointed President in the absence of the first cares of the Provisional Government Prince Vice Grand Elector, who cannot be ought to be the drawing up of the plan of a present at this sitting. It is decreed Constitution, the Members of the Govern that the extract of the proces verlal, conment, as soon as they shall employ them- taining the nomination of the Menibers of selves on this plan, will give notice of it to the Provisional Government, shall be im all the Members of the Senate who are mediately made out under the signature of invited to contribute by their wisdon to the President and Secretaries.- --The Sethe perfection of so important a work.--- nators who, for want of being informed in Some Senators demand that this act shall time, have not been able to attend this sitcontain an account of the motives which ting, are to be again convoked for the sithave determined the Senate, and rendered ting this evening. - -These deliberations its meeting indispensable. Other Mem- being finished, the Prince Vice Grand Elec, bers, on the contrary, demand that these tor put an end to the sitting. The same motives shall form part of the address, day, April the 1st, 1814. At nipe in the wihich will be published by the members evening the sitting is resumed; Senator
Count Barthelemy, President. The Se- , resolved not to wait for copies of the act nate hears the proces verbal of this day which deposed Napoleon; not wishing to read; and adopts it with some arendments. be behind hand with the Senate, which had
It is demanded that this process ver- met twice in one day, and, probably, being bal shall be printed, and six copies distri- previously prepared for the part they were buted to each of the members. This pro- to act, liastened to show their devotion to posal is adopted. --The Members then the magnanimous Alexander, by immediproceeded to sign the proces verbal as fol- ately issuing the following proclamation lows:---M. M. Abriel, Barbe de Marbois, or address to the French army: sino Barthelemy, Cardinal de Bayanne, Bel- terior, Paris, April 2, 1614. Soldiers, derbusch, Bertholet, General Beurnonville, France has just broken the yoke under Buonacorsi, Carbouara, General Count which she has groaned with you for so Chasseloup, Laubat, Cholet, General Co- | many years.- You have never fought laud, Cornet, Davous, de Gregory Mar- but for the country; you can no longer corengo, General Dembarrere, de Pere, fight, unless against it, under the colours Destust de Tracy, General Dharville, of the man who leads you.- -Behold all Daubersaert, General d'Hedonville, Dubois | that you have suffered from his tyranny Debay, Emmery, Fabre-de-l'Aude, Ge- you were lately a million of men; nearly neral Ferino, Fontanes, Garat, Gregoire, all have perished: they were delivered up Herwin, de Jaucourt, Journu Aubert, Ge- to the sword of the enemy, without food, neral Klein le Jeas, Lambreschts, Lanjui- without hospitals; they were condemned pais, Lannoy, Le Brun de Rochemont, to perish 'of misery and hunger.--SolGeneral Lespinasse, Le Mercier, Maleville, diers, it is full time to end the calamities Meermann, Monbadon, Pastoret, Pere, of the country; peace is in your hands. Pontecoulant, Porcher, Rigal, Roger Ducos, Will you refuse it to desolated France ? St. Martin de Lamothe, General Sainte Your enemies themselves demand it of Suzanne, Saur, Schimmelpenninck, Mar- you; they regret to ravage these fine shal Serruier, General Soules, Tascher, countries, and wish only to take up arms General Valence, Marshal de Valmy, against your oppressor and ours. Shall Vandeden, Vandepoll, General Vaubois, you be deaf to the voice of the country General Villetard, Vimar, Volney - The which summons and entreats you? It adMembers absent from indisposition sent dresses you by its Senate, by its capital, their adherence.”
and, above all, by its misfortunes; you are The Provisional Government having its noblest children, and cannot belong to been nominated in this manner, the Ex- him who has ravaged it, who has delivered President Barthelemy addressed to each of it up without arms, without defence; who its members the following letter: wished to render your name odious to all " Paris, April 2d.-Gentlemen, Members nations, and who would have compromised of the Provisional Government, The Se- your glory, could a man, who is not nate commissions me to request you to sig. even a Frenchman, ever weaken the glory nify to the French people to-morrow, that of our arms, or the generosity of our the Senate, by a decree passed in its sitting soldiers.- -You are no longer the soldiers this evening, has declared, that the Empe- of Napoleon: the Senate and all France, ror Napoleon and his family have forfeited absolve you fronı your 'oath.” all right to the throne, and consequently On the 3d, the following proceedings took absolved the French people and the army place in the Senate :
". The sitting from their oath of allegiance. This act which had been adjourned was resumed will be sent to you to-morrow, with the at four o'clock, when the Senator Count motives and reason of it. I have the ho- Lambrechts read the revised and adopted nour to salute you,—The President of the plan of the decree which passed in the sitSenate, BARTHELEMY."
ting of yesterday. It is in the following The Senators of Paris were not more
- The Conservative Senate, conprompt in their obedience to the mandates sidering that in a constitutional monarchy, of the allied powers, than the Provisional the monarch exists only in virtue of the Government was to comply with the wishes constitution or social compact:- That Naof the Senate. Barthelemy's letter was poleon Bonaparte, during a certain period dated on the evening of the 2d, and next of firm and prudent government, afforded day, the 3d, was named when the request to the nation reasons to calculate for the which it contained was expected to be future on acts of wisdom and justice; but complied with. But these docile ministers, that afterwards he violated the compact
which united him to the French people, Government established by the Senatus particularly in levying, imposts and esta- Consullum of the 28th Floreal, year 12, has blishing taxes otherwise than in virtue of ceased to exist, and that the wish manifestthe law, against the express tenor of the ed by all Frenchmen calls for an order of. oath which he had taken on his ascending things, the first result of which should be the throne, conforınable to Article 53 of the restoration of general peace, and which the Act of the Constitutions of the 28th should also be the æra of a solemn reconFloreal, year 12 ; --That he committed this ciliation of all the states of the great Euättack on the rights of the people, even in ropean Family --The Senate declares and adjourning, without necessity, the Legis- decrees as follows:-Art. 1. Napoleon lative Body, and causing to be suppressed, Bonaparte has forfeited the throne, and the as criminal, a report of that body, the title hereditary right established in his family is of which, and its share in the national re- abolished.-2. The French people and the presentation, he disputed;—That he un army are released from their oath of fidelity dertook a series of war in violation of ar- towards Napoleon Bonaparte.--3. The ticle 50, of the act of the Constitutions of present decree shall be transınitted by a the 22d Frimaire, year 8; which purports, message to the Provisional Government of that declarations of war should be proposed, France, conveyed forth with to all the dedebated, decreed, and promulgated in the partments and the armies, and immediately same manner as laws; ---That he issued, proclaimed in all thequarters of the capital.” unconstitutionally, several decrees, inflict- While the Senate was thus engaged ing the punishment of death; particularly in fulminating its decrees, the following the two decrees of the 5th of March last, correspondence took place betwixt Prince tending to cause to be considered as nation- Schwartzenberg and the Duke of Raguza al, a war which would not have taken place (Marmont) respecting the personal liberty but for the interests of his boundless ambi- and safety of Napoleon" dpril 3, 1814. tion; That he violated the constitutional Monsieur le Mareschall--I have the honlaws by his decrees respecting the prisoners our to transmit to your Excellency, by a of State ; –That he annulled the responsi- safe person, all the public papers and docubility of the Ministers, confounded all au- ments necessary to render your Excellency thorities, and destroyed the independence perfectly acquainted with the events which of judicial bodies. Considering that the have taken place since you quitted the caliberty of the press, established and conse- pital, as well as an invitation from the crated as one of the rights of the nation, members of the Provisional Government to has been constantly subjected to the arbi- range yourself under the banners of the trary controul of his Police, and that at the good French cause. I supplicate you in same time he has always made use of the the name of your country and humanity, press to fill France and Europe with mis- to listen to the proposals which will put an representations, false maxims, doctrines fa- end to the effusion of the precious blood of vourable to despotism, and insults on fo- the brave men whom you command. reign governments : -That acts and reports SCHWARTZENBERG.”
Monsieur heard by the Senate have undergone altera- le Mareschall-I have received the letter tions in the publication ;--Considering that, which your Excellency has done me the instead of reigning according to the terms honour to address to me, as well as the of his oath, with a sole view to the interest, papers which it inclosed. Public opinion the happiness, and glory of the French Peo- has always been the rule of my conduct.
ple, Napoleon completed the rnisfortunes The army and the people being exempt of his country by his refusal to treat on con from the oath of allegiance towards the ditions which the national interests required Emperor Napoleon by the decree of the him to accept, and which did not compro- Senate, I am disposed to concur in an mise the French honour ;-By the abuse union between the army and the people, which he made of all the nieans entrusted which will prevent all chance of civil war, to him in men and money ;-By the aban- and stop the effusion of blood; consedonment of the wounded without dress-quently I am ready to quit with my troops ings, without assistance, and without sub- the army of the Emperor Napoleon, on the sistence ;-By various measures, the con- following conditions, of which I demand sequences of which were the ruin of the from you the guarantee in writing :-Art. towns, the depopulation of the country, 1. I, Charles, Prince of Schwartzenberg,
famine and contagious diseases ;--Consider- Marshal and Commander in Chief of the ing that, for all these causes, the Imperial Allied Armies, guarantee to all the French
troops, who, in consequence of the decree and to give in his full and entire abdicaof the Senate of the 2d of April, shall quittion. To-morrow I hope to have from the banners of Napoleon Bonaparte, that him the formal and authentic act, and they may retire freely to Normandy, with shall soon afterwards have the honour of their arms, baggage, and ammunition, and waiting upon your lordship. I am, &c. -with the same considerations and military (Signed) - Prince of Moskwa."-Fon. honours, which the allied troops recipro- tainblean, dpril 5, Half-past 11 at night. cally owe to each other.–2. That, if in Next day Napoleon abdicated the thrones consequence of this movement, the events of France and Italy by the following deof the war should cause the person of Na- claration :-" The Allied Powers having poleon Bonaparte to fall into the hands of proclaimed that the Emperor Napoleon the Allies, his life shall be guaranteed to was the only obstacle to the re-establish. him, and his liberty, in a space of ground ment of the Peace of Europe, the Empeand circumscribed territory, at the choice ror Napoleon, faithful to his oath, declares of the Allied Powers and the French Go- that he renounces for himself and his heirs, vernment. RAGUSA."-- “ Monsieur the thrones of France and Italy, and that le Mareschall — I cannot sufficiently express there is no persan al sacrifice, even that of the satisfaction which I feel in learning the life, which he is not ready to make to the eagerness with which you accept the invi- interest of France. Done at the Palace of tation of the Provisional government, to Fontainbleau, the 6th April, 1814." range yourselves conformably to the de- On the same day in which Napoleon gave eree of the 2d of this monthi, under the the above remarkable proof of magnanibanners of the French cause. The distin- mity, which shows how much his passions guished services which you have rendered were under the controul of his judgment, to your country are generally acknowledg- the Senate held another meeting at which ed, but you have crowned them by restor- the following plan of a new Constitution, ing to their country, the few brave troops, prepared by the Provisional Government, who have escaped the ambition of a single was presented and approved of:-"The man. I entreat you to believe that I par- Conservative Senate deliberating upon the ticularly appreciate the delicacy of the arti- plan of a constitution presented to it by the cle which you demand, and which I accept Provisional Government in execution of the relative to the person of Napoleon. No- act of the Senate of the 1 st instant;-After thing could better characterise that amia- having heard the report of the special comble generosity, which is natural to French- mission of seven members, Decrees as folmen, and which particularly distinguished low:--Art. 1. The French Government is the character of your excellency. Accept monarchical and hereditary from male to the assurance of my high consideration. male, in order of primogeniture.-2. The (Signed) SCHWARTZENBERG. At
my French people call freely to the throne of head-quarters, April 4, 1814."
France Louis STANISLAUS XAVIEK NE The following letter of Marshal Ney, France, brother of the last King and Prince of Moskwa, was addressed to the after him the other members of the House Prince of Benevente, Chief of the Provi- of BOURBON, in the ancient order.--3. sional Government: “ My Lord I The ancient nobility resume their titles. proceeded to Paris yesterday with Marshal The new preserve theirs hereditarily. The the Duke of Tarentum and the Duke of legion of honour is maintained with its preVicenza, with full powers to the Emperor rogatives. The King shall fix the decoraof Russia to defend the interests of the tion.-4. The executive power belongs to dynasty of the Emperor Napoleon. An the King:-5. The King, the Senate, and unforeseen event broke off the negociations the Legislative Body, concur in the making which seemed at first to promise a favour- of law's.- Plans of laws may be equally ble termination. From that time I saw proposed in the Senate and in the Legislathat to save our dear country from the tive Body. Those relating to contributions frightful evils of civil war, it remained only can only be proposed in the Legislative for the French to embrace the cause of our Body. The King can invite equally ancient Kings, and I repaired to-night to the two Bodies to occupy themselves upon the Emperor Napoleon to manifest this objects which he deems proper. The sancwish.--The Emperor, convinced of the tion of the King is necessary for the comcritical situation in which he had placed pletion of a law.-6. There are 150 SenaFrance, and the impossibility of saving her tors at least, and 200 at most. Their dighimself, has appeared disposed to resign, nity is immoveable, and hereditary from