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enemy's position along the Partha river. under Captain Bogue, fo form on the left of General Blucher gave to the Prince Royal a Prussian battery, and open upon the coof Sweden thirty thousand men, infantry, Ilumns retiring. Congreve's formidable cavalry, and artillery, of his army, and weapon had scarce accomplished the point with this formidable reinforcement, the of paralysing na "solid square of infantry, Northern army was to attack from the which after one fire delivered themselves heights of Faucha, while General Blucher up (as if panic struck), when that gallant was to retain his position before Leipsig, and deserving officer, Captain Bogue, alike and use his utmost efforts to gain possession an ornament to his profession, and a loss to of the place.
- In the event of the whole his friends and country, received a shot in of the enemy's forces being carried against the head, which deprived the army' of his either of the armies, they were recipro- services. Lieutenant Strangways, who succally to support each other and concert für- ceeded to the command of the brigade, ther movements : that
part of the enemy's received the Prince Royal's thanks for the force which for some time had been op- services they rendered. During the acă posed to the Prince Royal of Sweden and tion twenty-two guns of Saxon artillery General Blucher, had taken up a very good joined us from the enemy, and two Westposition on the left bank of the Partha, phalian regiments of hussars and two battahaving its right at the strong point of lions of Saxons; the former were opporFaucha, and its left towards Leipsig----- tunely made use of in the instant against the To force the enemy's right, and obtain pos- enemy, as our artillery and ammunition session of the heights of Faucha, was the were not all forward; and the Prince Royal first operation of the Prince Royal's army. addressed the latter by an offer, that he
The' corps of Russians under General Win- would head them immediately against the zingerode, and the Prussians under General enemy, which they to a man accepted. Bulow, were destined for this purpose, and -The communication being now estai the Swedish army. were directed to force the blished between the grand attacks and that passage of the river at Plosen and Mockaut. of these two armies, the Grand Duke Con
The passage was effected without much stantine, Generals Platoff, Milaradovitch, opposition. General Winzingerode : took and other officers of distinctidi, joined the about three thousand prisoners at Faucha, Prince Royal, communicating the events and some .guns.--General Blucher put carrying on in that direction. It seems his army sin motion as soon as he 'found the the most desperate resistanee was made by grand army engaged very hotly in the the enemy at Probothede, Stelleritz, and neighbourhood of the villages of Stollintz Couhevitz ; but the different columns bear and Probestheyda, and the infantry of the sing on these points, as detailed in my forPrince Royal's army had not sufficient time mer dispatch, finally carried every thing to make their flank movement before the before them. General Bennigsen taking enemy's infantry bad abandoned the line of the villages upon the right bank of the the river, and retired over the plain in line Reutschove, having been joined by General and column, towards Leipsig, occupying Bubna from Dresden, General Tolstoyi havSomerfelt, Paunsdorff, and Schonfeldt, in ing come up and relieved the former in the strength, protecting their retreat.--A blockade of that city, and General Guilay
very heavy cantonade and some brilliant manceuvering with twenty-five thousand performances of General Winzingerode's Austrians upon the left bank of the Elster, cavalry' marked chiefly here the events of General . Thielman and Prince Maurice the day, except towards the close, when Lichtenstein's corps moved
upon General Langeron, who had crossed the river, and the result of the day was, that river, attacked the village of Schonfeld, the enemy lost above forty thousand men in met with considerable resistance, and at killed, wounded, and prisoners, sixty-five first was not able to force his way. He, pieces of artillery, and seventeen battalions however, took it, but was driven back, of German infantry, with all their Staff when the most positive orders were sent and Generals, which came over, en him by General Blucher, to re-occupy it at during the action. The armies remainthe point of the bayonet; which he accom- ed upon the ground on which they had su plished before dark. Some Prussian bat- bravely conquered, this night. The Prince talions of General Bulow's corps were Royal had his bivouac at Paunsdorff: Gewarmly engaged also, at Paunsdorf, and the neral Blucher's remained at Witteritz, and enemy' were retiring from it, when the the Emperor's and the King's at Roda. Prince Royal directed the rocket brigade, About the close of the day, it was under
stood the enemy were retiring by Weissen, LONDON GAZETTE, Nov. 2, 1813. fels ayd Naumburg: General Blucher re- Poyning Street, Nov. 1, 1913.) ceived an order from the King of Prussia 10 A Dispatcli, of which the following is an dotach in that direction. The movement of extract, was yesterday received at Lord lbe Prince Royal's army .completely ex- Bathurst's Office, addressed to his Lordcluded the retreat on Wittenberg, that upon ship by Field- Marshal the Marquis, of Erfart had long since been lost to them ; .. Wellington, dated Vera, Oct. 18, 1813 the line of the Saale) alone remains, and as The enemy moved General Paris's divitheir flanks, and rear will be operated upon sion from Oleron to the neighbourhood of during their march, it is difficult to say St. Jean de Pied le. Port, as soon as our with what, portion of their army they may lefi made its movement on the 7th jostant. get to the Rhine.crr This morning the ----On cher might of the vil gh the enemy lown of Leipsig was attacked and carried attacked and carried the redoubt in the after a short resistance, bay'ithe armies of camp. of Sarre, which was held by na pića General Blucher, the Prince Royat, rand quet of forty men of the army of reserve General Bennigsen, and the grand army. of Andalusia, who were takenr
, as well as Marshals: :Marmont and Macdonald come one hundred pioneers. .' There is reason to manded, in the town ;' these, with Marshals believe that they were surprised, as there Augereau and Victor, narrowly escaped, serve for the support of the redoubt had with a small escort. -Their Majesties not time to give the picquet. assistance. the Emperor of Russia, and the King of This redoubt was certainly more distant Prussia, and she Crown Privce of Sweden, from the line, and from the ground from each heading their respective troops, enter- which it could be supported, than I had ed the town at different points, and mec in imagined it to be when I had directed #hat the Great: Squareo The acclamations, and it should be occupied, and it was so pear rejoicings of the people are not to be de- to the houses of the village of Sarre as al. scribed. The multiplicity of brilliant ways to be liable to an attack by surprise, achievements, the impossibility of doing I have therefore not allowed it to be re-ocjustice to the furioness that has been dis- cupied. After having possession of the replayed, the boldness of the conception of doubt, the enemy made an attack on the the Commander in Chief, Field-Marshal, morning of the 13th, upon the advanced the Prince Schwantzenberg, and of the posts of the army of Andalusia, under the Ather experienced leaders, together with command of Afariscal de Campo Don Pedro che shortness of the time allowed me for Gijon, with a view to regain possession of making up this dispatch, will plead, I hope, those works which they had lost on the 8th, a sufficient excuse for my not sending a which they constructed in front of the camp more accurate ar , perfect detail; - which I of Sarre. It was at first imagined and rehape, however, to do hereafier.sstsend ported, that the real attack was on the side this dispatch by my Acid-de-Camp, Mr. of the Hermitage of La Rhume, but it was James, who has been distingnished for his confined entirely to the advanced posts
of services since he has been with this armý; the army of Andalusia, and was fepulsed he has also been with me in all the late by them without difficulty.--I had every events, and will be able to give your Lord- reason to be satisfied with the conduct of ship all further particulars. .
Mariscal de Campo Don P. Giron, and the ! I have the lionour to he, &c.
Ho General Staff and other officers, and the (Signed) Chas. STEWART, Lt. Geti soldiers under his cornmand upon this locca
sion. I had aga izi occasion to observe para 3 P.S. On the field of battle this day an ticularly the steadiness of the regiment of officer arrived from General Tettenborn, Ordenes; under the courmand of Colonel bringing the information of the surrender of Horeo-Nothing of importance. las do
Bremen to the corps under his orders, and curred on any part of the dine, but it apthe keys of the town, which were presented pears that the enemy have been reinforced by the Prince Royal to the Emperor of by considerable bodies of recruits, raised Russia.
by the recent conscriptions. + have received nd reports from Catalonia since I ad dressed your Lordship last. ';:
Vol. XXV. No. 2.) LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1814.
[34 " Buonaparte was overthrown, has made SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
" this line of policy a, sine qua non of her
Allies These sentiments are not ex- *** loss of empire and of life, in the repre-
adoption of measures agreeing with such destinies of Europe. The degradation of
ing the sentiments of the Allies have been tunes, has furnished the means for the
principles of the Declaration of our Allies, as fighting for us as much as for themselves ; dated at Frankfort on the 1st of December, nay, more than for themselves, because we I shal!' endeavour to show, that Austria, are not satisfied with that peace, which, in with wlion, I hope, we shall continue in their own opinions, would give them
percordial alliance for the purpose or making fect security, and that would ensure happipeace, does 19t merit the abuse, which ness to their several dominions. The Dethis lover of war has heaped upon hier; or, claration says, that they will not lay down at least, that she is free of all blame upon their arms, till they have ensured the perthe points which he has selected as matters manent peace and stability of att the Stale's of accusation against her. This irriter of Europe; and yet this writer abuses Aus · insists, that no perice ought to be made with tria, looking upon her as the author of this Napoleon ; that he ought to be extinguish - Declaration, which he imputes, as we shall ed; that the Bourbons ought to be restored; see by-and-by, to a sellish and even a base or, at the very least, that he ought to be motive. It will be said, perhaps, that shut up within the ancient boundaries of that Declaration was issued without consultFrance; and, of course, that the extended ing ns. Very likely; but, if it ivas, what "limits, of which the Declaration speaks, could it embrace more than the independ
ought not to have been offered, and ought ence, the permanent security, the happi'not to be conceded. Now, in the first ress, the honour, of all the States of Euplace, it does not appear, that Austria alone rope? And, I beg to know, who was to issued that Declaration. It was, on the issue this Declaration but those who had contrary, issued by all the continental Al- the arms in their hands; but those who had lies: by " their Imperial and Royal Ma- won the victories which had driven the " jesties." Supposing, therefore, that in-, French across the Rhine ? Were the Strument to contain what is wrong, I see Powers, whose territories bordered on no reason for accusation against Austria, France; were they, to whose people peace any more than against Russia and Prussia. and safety were of such great importance, Why, therefore, this virulence against Aus- to stop till they had the Teave of England tria alone? It has always been the custom to declare the grounds upon which they of the everlastirig war faction to fall foul were ready to sheathe the sword?, The upon the continental Powers, upon
the idea is so presumptuous,
the bare startslightest surmises, when those seemed in- ing of it is enough to excite disgust, disposed to sacrifice their all to gratify the Besides, what claim had we upon the Al- selfish views of this horrible faction. Is it lies? Had we avowed our readiness to any wonder if England is disliked upon the submit to them the setiling and determinContinent, and if her cheerings to war are ing the extent of our pouver? --They had listened to with caution ? But, suppos- won tlie victories themselves, and that, too, 3 ing the Declaration to have been owing sole- at the risk of their very crowns. Their
ly to Austria, and that her design was and capitats had been once enterer) by the is to leave Napoleon an extension of terri- Power with whom they had to contend. tory. How can she be reasonably blanied Those capitals had been spared: but they : for this by us? What right have we to might not have been spared again. They - complain of her anel to abuse her for this ? risked their all; perhaps the very
existence She is, surely, the best.judge of the means of the Sovereigns themselves, and, if they of giving peace and security to her own do- had failed, should we have indemnified 1 minions and to the petty States within her theni? Upon what ground, then, can we, : vortex. It is possible that she may be de- who risked nothing, condemn them for
ceived ;-it is possible, that she may leave offering such terms of peace as to thew ap- France too strong for her; but, what have pear likely to ensure the permanent stabi
uve to do with that? How does that justify lity of their thrones and the happiness us in endeavouring: to rouse and arm the fof their States ? And, more especially, rest of the Powers against her? -I shall- what ground could we have to complain, be told, perhaps, that if her Declaration if we had not made known to the in our
were put in execution, it would leave readiness to submit our conquests and ihe · France too strong for us; and that, there- limits of our extended power to their dis
fore, we have a right to complain:-- Bút, cussion and control ?- So far from this,
if we stand upon this ground, we make a however, we see it daily asserted by the · very awkward figure; for, the fact escapes, very same writers who are most forward in
that, after all our professions of disinterest- abusing Austria, that our maritime rights edness, we, at bottom, look upon the Allies and pretensions ; that our blockading even
of the ports of the Allies; that our prac dynasty' “ upon the spurious, exérescence of tice of stopping neutrals, upon the high" a Corsican Plebeian." __- Now, withseas and of taking persons out of them at out commenting upon the indecency of this the discretion of our officers ; that none of language, does not everyone see how base these are to be suffered to be brought into is this accitsation? This'
writeris daily discussion by the Allies':' and yet, threse praising the Crown Prince of Sweden; he same writers abuse the government and knows that we have acknowledged the leinsult the Sovereign of Austria, because gitimacy of his authority, that we have that power is willing to leave Napoleon ceded an island to that Prince and that with an extension of Territory!!! And be that Prince' is one of the very dynasty for cause she has dared to do this without first
' uniting himself with which this writer obtaining our approbation - These writers' censures the Emperor Francis, calling the seem always, in these cases, "to forget that union disgraceful, and imputing it to the we, too, have been, and are, conquerors. basest of all possible motives? Besides, They dwell at great length on the ambition why, if this were just ground of censire, and on the conquests (which they call rob-' confine it to the Einperor Francis? Has beries, of Napoleon ; but, they overlook not the Elector of Bavaria given his daughour conquests ; they overlook our capture ter in 'marriage 'to Eugene Beaụharnuis of colonies and of whole kingdoms ; they and is not our late Princess Royal"(the overlook that extension of maritime power, Queen of Wirtemberg) 'the mother-in-law? which has enabled us to engross all the of Jerome' Buonaparte Wlly, then, is commerce of Europe, they overlook that this ' malicious and foolish charge confined extension of power, by the means of which to the Emperor' of Austria ? How can it we have been enabled to 'dictare che la wil have beer disgraceful to him to ally himupon every coast, i to shut out or let in, to' self with the head of that family of which seize.'or give pass-ports at oure will and the Crown Prince' is a member, unless it pleasure. But, if they overlook these be disgraceful to us to have recognized the things, do they suppose that the Allies will validity of the Crown Pritice's title? Ausoverlook them too, and that the latter,bea tria is, by this inflammatory writer, said fore they abridge the power of France to to have been degranted bių the marriage of the degree requested by England, will not the daughter of the Emperor with the Emask a question or two about the increased peror of France ; and yet, we are by no': extent of the English power? Or, do these means degraded by our recognition of the vain men imagine, that tie Allies are not Crown Prince's title, which stands upon only to go on reducing France merely to no other base than that of the recominenda, please us, without inquiring what? use we'tion of tliis same Emperor of France. shall make of our sincreased power, bur, It is to be observed, too, that this writer that they will run the risk of being again puts the connexion in the most odious light. beaten, and of being totally ruined, in the He represents' Austria as having consented contest; in a contest for us, who will not to the marriage ; namely; as having been suffer them so much as to discuss the sub- ' produced by the fears of Austria; as if the ject of our pretensions ;' no, not even where Emperor Francis gave up his daughter as those pretensions affect themselves? Do the price of his own safety. It is added, these wriiers imagine this? I believe they that he ought to have preferred the loss of do; but, if their imaginations are acted empire and of life too to such disgraceful upon, it is not difficult to forésee, that the submission. This is the way of these result must be disappointment and disgrace. writers. They think nothing of the loss of
-The writer, upon whose sentiments I empire and of life amongst the powers am commenting, is ready, it seems; to set Europe. They think, or, at least, they Austria at defiance, in case she does not write' as if they thought, that' all those change her policy." of this brilliant pro powers were created and are sustained for ject I will speak by-and-by, when have no other earthly use, than that of Gghting adverted to the other accusations against against those whom we wish to pull down. this power. The writer' says, and he It is very easy for us, safe behind the speaks like a man who feels- no fear on the ocean, to talk thus lightly of the loss of score of the libel law, * that Europie owes empire and of life. But, when it suited “its disgrace to Austria,'' and desires'it our purposes to make peace, we made it, to be" recollected," that, out of fear, the and left our ally the King of Sardinia to Emperor of Austria, disgracefully submit- shift for himself. We made peace with
, ted to the ingrafting a branch of its ancient Napoleon, leaving him in Italy and in part