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risket to talk about marching to Paris, land!|! It is impossible that they can consent to be there dictating terms of peace. The Allieswade cat’s paws' of at-this shocking rate. do not want to lose two or three hundred ---After all, what to think of the result; I thousand men, as they probably would, must confess, I am wholly at a loss. There and be defeated into the bargain ;ifor, after are very strong reasons why this system of all, we see no signs of disaffection in France: things in England should shudder at peace. we see no fear, on the part of the Emperor, The moment peace is made, it will begin to make known his difficulties in the most to feel the want of its old impetus. The candid manner. His speech as well as that leavy taxes that must still be paid will of Count Regnaud, who still retains his ta-want a war to keep them in-countenance. lent for eloquent composition, breathe con-1-Men have had their eyes shut for a long fidence in every line. Language like this while; but, peace will make them look is not addressed to a people ready to fall about them. They will, like birds, whose down before an enemy. This point, which cage door is bpén, all of a sudden, lift their was the greatest of all the disposition of heads, stare about them, and begin to try the people of France) seemis now to be de- their wings. Since the people of this cided in favor of Napoleob;s and, if he has island were shuto in by war, wonderful the people of France. cordially with him, changes have taken place in the world. the Allies must be very ill-advised if they Manufactures have been changing their do not choose this moment for treating ; place ; money has been changing its' value; and, on the part of Austria, who means to the capability of living at ease has been leave Napoleon with great power, it must changing its scite. In short, there are be madness not to treat, when she is cer- quite grounds enough for apprehension"; tain of securing, by treaty, what she would but still, how is our governnient to avoid [run some risk, at least, of losing by war. -making peace, if the powers of the Continent

And, why do wewish to reduce branice make peace, and thar, too,"lupon a basis to a state of imbecility? Thesimpudevice proposed by themselves? I am aware, that of the praposition ds sufficientoto render us theve would be found wretches to justify hatelul in the eyes of the world; but, why thein in so doing; but it could not do for do we wish it? To be sure lour situation any length of time. "'The war could not go in peace will be very embarrassings The on. When taxes were called for, men Debt, which this-:War lagáinst the French would ask what was the object of them. has brought upon us, will hangi about our It could no longer be alled yed, that they juecks like a will-stoneol. Our system of were wanted to defend us against France, paper-money, all that we : see about us, with whom we might have had peace'if we seems to idépend for existence on war, would. But, are we certain, that, if we which secures to us a monopoly of trade and reject a peace proposed to us by the Allies, compierce, and which, sfrom the unsettled that none of them will become our eifemies, state of Europe, has brought so much sapi-and compel us to accept of such peace? i tal into the country. Buty if there be a shall be told, that we have already fought peace upon the Continent, upon such terms them all single-handled. No. We have

called them enemies, and have'ábused them why should we keep on the war? Are we too; but, they merely yielded to the dic. to have war for our lives! merely because tates of France, by whom they' themselves eur paper-system would be endangered by were oppressed. Their hostility towards peace? What a horrible, what was orưel us was friendship in disguise, which would idea ! We cut, at this moment, a'very not be the case now, if they were to declare awkward figure. We have, for years past, war against us. I do not "kriow how to been bragging of our disinterestedness. give an opinion ; but, I am inclined to be

, We said, that all we wanted to see was lieve, that we shall be compelled to make the deliverance of the 'poor oppressed na- peace, after having in vain endeavoured to tions of the Continent::But, now, behold, prevail on the Allies to continue the war. those nations being, as they think, suffi

--And, really, ought it not to make one ciently delivered, we ate urging them, or, happy to see the likelihood of such an at least, some of our writers

are to runnet event? Why should we not fit is a quesrisks

. By iuvading France once, they were tion I am always askisg) ; ''why should we all reduced to the brink of destruction, and not trade and live it social intercourse with the moment they are recovered from that, France? Why should the French we want them to invade France again! our hardware and our cloth, land give us No: hang it! the hoax is too palpable. their wine and oil in exchatryt? Why



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'should we be pened up, in this island all| TRAITÓRS IN CANADA.C. -The reader our lives, when, an a few leagues distance, will not have forgotten, that, some months we could see so many things to delight the agó, I noticed a recommendation, in one of eye and inform the inind? Why should our newspapers, for our government to put those, who are able to travel, be forced to to death, as traitors, such English born swallow foys, while they might inhale the subjects as had been found in arts fighting wholesowe; air of Languedoc ? Why, against us, and made prisoners of war, in

above all things, should we hate the people the American arnynt The following of France? What have they done to us, document gives us thet melancholy Jistory which we have not doue to them? We of this affairs; and, it may very soon be too haye, beat que another by turns ;-but, it be- late to endeavour to prevent the bloodshed longs to us only to deal in abuse. They' wbieli it threatens to produces thGenehave never abused us a nation; whereas' RAL:: Orders. Head-quarters, Montreal, our abuse of thein, under all the changes of Oct. 27.-" His Excellency the Governørtheir government has beeny unbounded.." Gereral and Commander of the Forces,

+ Here I shall leave this subject for the “having transmitted to his Majesty's Gopresent, waiting with no smalb anxiety the "vernment, a: letter from Major-General result of those able efforts, which my Lord Dearborn, stating, that the American

5. , Castlereagh is so likely to display in the Commissary of Prisoners in London kad way, of effecting an Junion, amongst our" made it known to'liis Governinent, that Allies, Some persopsi say, indeed, that he “ 23 soldiers of the Est, 6th, and 13th rewill not, have so genial a soil to work upon" giments of United States' infantry, made as he had in Ireland, where, amongst those prisoners, had been sent to England and especially with whom he had to do, the en- held in close confinement as British sublightened state of mind was so very favour- ! jects, and thao Major-Gen. Dearborn had able for the reception of his arguments, all received instructions from dis Governwhich going at once to the heart as well as "ment, tu put into close confinement 23 head of his honest; hearers, produced an ' British soldiers, to be kept as hostages effect exactly proportioned to their intrinsic for the safe-keeping and restoration in exvalue. There is sqme weight in this ob- change of the soldiers of the United servation to be surę, , It does require diffe- “ States, who have been senu as above rent arguments to produce coộviction in stated to England:--in obedience to different minds :1 or, at least, it requires a which instruction, he had put 23 British

i : greater weight of argument. The argu-soldiers into close confinement, to be kept

which were suificient to convince the as hostages; and the persons referred to keen and docile Irish Members, might have in Major-General Dearborn's lettere being been insufficient to work conviction in the "soldiers serving in the American Ariny, ministers of the Court of Vienna, There taken prisoners at Queenstown, who had is no doubt, however, as I said before, that declared themselves to be British-born Lord Castlereagh goes amply supplied with subjects, and were held in custody' sin thie most powerful kind of arguments, nor England, there to undergo a legal trial. is there any fear of his wanting the zealHis Excellency the Commander of necessary to the making use of them. If the Forces has received the coinmands of his objeçe, be, as the fourier says it is, ito S bis : Royal Highness the Prince Regent, preveut the Allies from granting peace to through the Right Hon. the Earl BaFrance upon too good terms for the latter; thurst, Secretary of State, to lose no xime and, at the same time, to persuade them, in communicating to Major-General that they must not think of meddling with " Dearborn, that he has transmitted the the marilime claims of England; if this be copy of his letter, and that he is in conobject of his mission, if it be his object to sequence instructed, distinctly to state to induce the Allies to unite in this respect, he " Major-General Dearborn, that his Excelmust, indeed, he well stocked with argu- llency has received the commands of his ments. This task now is a fearful one, "Royal Highness the Prince Regent, fortticompared to that of convincing the Irish with to put in close confinement forty-six Members of the propriety of giving up American officers and non-commissioned their Parliament. He had then to do with officers, to be held as hostages for the men, quite open to conviction, which will safe keeping of the twenty-three British not be the case now ft. Well: time alone soldiers stared to have been put in close

: can show what this wonderful man is capa: 4 confinement by the American Govern-' ble of performing. vi lip lise dhe i Saiment. And he is at tlies same time to

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13] CosmijJANUARY 1, 1814.-Trailors-in Cunada. i'! ,

; [14 * apprise him, that if any of the said Bri- " and the rights of war. ----(Signed) 6 tish soldiers shall suffer death, by reason "Euw. BAYNES,--Adj. Gen. Brit. No os that the soldiers now under confinement - America."----] before stated very fully " in England have been found guilty, and my reasons for believing, that the English " that the known law, not only of Great men, thus taken in the American ariny, “ Britain but of every independent State in could not be fairly considered as traitors. (similar circumstances, has been in conse- Our government has, it seems, des " quence executed, he has been instructed cided in the contrary; and, I suppose, we " to select, out of the American officers are to see these inen tried. I hope, that El and non-coinmissioned officers, put into the Americans will not retaliate, whatever " confinement, as niany as may double the they way consider as their right; but, I Il number of British soldiers who shall fear they will. That nation has been, by “ have been so unwarrantably put to death, one mean and another, worked up to such 16 and cause such officers and non-commis a pitch of resentment, that I do not expect ** sioned officers to suffer death imme- much forbearance at their hands. I wilt 6 diately.

-And his Excellency is fur- not here go over the arguments, which I " ther instructed to notify to Major-General before used, having then, as I thought, ex“ Dearborn, that the Commanders of his hausted the subject ; but, I cannot refrain “ Majesty's armies and fleets on the coasts from remarking, that, if it was really in6 of America, have received instructions to tended to punish these men as traitors ; as “ prosecute the war with unmitigated seve- persons who deserved to be quartered and “rity against all cities, towns, and vil- to have their bowels ripped out ; if this was

lages belonging to the United States, and really intended, our writers have been very " against the inhabitants thereof, if after imprudent in their unbounded praises of 64 this communication shall have been duly General Moreau, who not only joined the * made to Major-General Dearborn, and a enemies of his native country, but who pera 6k reasonable time given for its being trans- formed a sea voyage for the express pur: « mitted to the American Government, that pose of joining those enemies. He could " Government shall unhappily not be deter- not plead his attachment to the ancient tas * red from putting to death any of the sol- mily of France; for he had fought against * diers who now are, or who may hereafter that family, and had got great riches in the s be kept as hostages for the purposes stated service of the revolutionary governments " in the letter of Major-Gen. Dearborn. It was, therefore, very imprudent 19 “ His Excellency the Commander of the our writers to sing the praises of this man, " Forces, in announcing to the troops the seeing that our government considered the “ commands of his Royal Highness the natives of England, found in the army of " Prince Regent, is confident that they America, as determined traitors. One " will feel sensible of the paternal solici- more remark. I must make.“ tude which his : Royal Highness has to me, that it is extremely unfortunate, to " evinced for the protection of the person say the least of it, that our government “ and honour of the British soldier, thus should find it necessary to: resort to such " grossly outraged, in contempt of justice, hu- measures. For, in the first place, the fact “ manity, and the law of nations, in the per- will be written in blood, that England « sons' of 23 soldiers placed in close confine- breeds traitors, and tliat, in order to deter

ment, as hostages for an equal number of others from becoming traitors, such mea( traitors, who have been guilty of the base sures are necessary.

This is a most me. " and unnatural crime of raising their parrió lancholy fact.Will not the world won. “cidal arms against that country which gave der what it is that can induce Englishmen 64 them birth, and who have been delivered to become traitors in such numbers? I

over for legal trial to the just laws of have not heard of any such thing in any " their offended country. The British other country. The Americans do not " soldier will feel this unprincipled out seem to be afraid of their people becoming

rage, added to the galling insults and traitors! and yet, we are told, that their s6 cruel barbarities that are daily wantonly government and the war is unpopular! “inflicted on many of his unfortunate com- Our law of treason, if acted upon in all its trades, who have fallen into the enemy's rigour, might produce very awful effects, " hands, as additional motives to excite +An Englishman, for instance, who « his determined resolution never to resign emigrated with his father when a child, 6 his liberty but with his life, .to a foe so and who may now be living in some little

regardless of all sense of honoury - justice sea-port, i if he were to take up a gun or

-It appears

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sword to protect his family against a boat's earth, and all that in them is, were made crew of ours attacking his house, would, if for us. The peace, which is approachtaken, be liable to be cut in quarters and to ing, may tend to remove the delusion. have his bowels ripped out and Hung in his

j gubili face! -Horrid, however, as is the idea MR. MANt and Capt. PATRICK GAMP of this rigour, it is not impossible, that it BELL. -These two gentlemen, the latter may lead to good in the end. It will un late Captain, and the fornier lace Surgeon, questionably tend to the complete separation of the Frigate, UNITE, şerying in the Men of the two countries, which, in the opi.. diterranean, are, in a dispute upon the nions of many, would be likely greatly to subject of the management of Prizes,' now: benefit mankind. It will destroy the party, dividing the opinions of people at South which, through the means of coinmercial ampion, where they both live.s. But, influence, has divided America. It will from what I have heard, and, indeed, from diffuse the manufacturing arts. It will what I have seen in a printed, paper, it apmake America more independent than she pears to be in possible, that the discussion was before. It will hasten the time when can long remain confmed to such narrow she, by being a great maritime power, will limits. Certainly the public, who pay

. be able to interpose and prevent destructive so dearly for the maintenance of a navy, on wars between us and France. Her political which they are everlastingly told, that they principles are those of real, and not of solely depend, for their safety, are deeply sham freedom ; and, for the sake of her interested in the proper employaient and principles, we may (provided she do use of that enormously expensive establish

( us no harm) when peace arrives, wish ment.----It is very much to be desired, to see her power extended. The that this matter should be fully investigatCongress has lately received a reported; that the parties should have a fair opfrom a Committee on the acts of Great- portunity of producing legal proofs; and Britain during the war ; and the Courier that the public should see clearly where the says, that it is quite sufficient to say of it, fault lies, if there be any fault. ----Mr. that it is wholly false. I do not think so; Mant is said to be preparing a publication .

a for, though it be really false, it demands a on the subject, to which, in all probability, contradiction by authority here.---The acts, Captain Campbell will reply, so that the charged upon us are so atrocious, that I, as truth will come out, and, be it on which an Englishman, cannot bring myself to be- side it may, the truth ought to come out. ** lieve, that they have been committed; but

WM, COBBETT, the same feeling, which makes me reject a belief in them; makes me anxiously wish to see them officially shown not to have


1. been committed; because I know, that the people of other nations may believe, though

FRENCH PAPERS. I cannot. There are persons, who sup

Tin two

Paris, Dec. 191h. pose, that, in consequence of the late events To day, Sunday, Dec. 19, his Majesty, on the Continent of Europe, we may do the Emperor and King, set off at one o'clock what we please with America. It is a great from the palace of the Thuilleries, to repair mistake, . We could do nothing with her in state to the Legislative Body, where, when her population amounted to only two having been received with the usual ceremillions of -souls; and now it amounts to monies, his Majestyy after taking his seats eight or nine millions. Besides, do we made the following speech: suppose, that we shall be ipermitted to “ Senators, Counsellors of State, Depuhave a word to say in the Continental ties from the Departments to the Legislative Peace without ipermitting the Continental Body:a í bei 13 os til din powers to have something to say about our Splendid victories have raised the glo. war with America ? All these powers rape ry of the French arms during this cammore or less interested in the independence paign: defections without parallel have of the American trade: Her:commerce is singularly beneficial to them all ; and, what turned against us... France itself would be is more, they must naturally wish to see in danger, but for the union and energy of her a great naval powers able to form the French In these weighty circum. somewhat of a balance against i England. stances,, it was my first thought to call you

-But, like the cock in Popels Essay on around me. My heart has need of the preMan, we think that the heavens and the sence, and of the affection of my subjectst



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- I have mever been 'seduced by prospe- energy, whichamay recommend your igenés rity. Adversity will always fand me superation to the generations to coine. Let iher rior to its attacks.Tirol have several times not say of us, b Theybave sacrificed the given peace to nations when they had lost best interests of their commtry! They have every thing. From a part of my conquests I ackdowledged the laws whicho England has haveraised thrones for Kings who had forsak- in vain ,sought, during four centuries, to en me.--I had conceived and executed great impose oui France !' My people cannot designs for the prosperity, and the happi- fear that the policy of their Emperor will ness of the world. A monarch and a fat ever betray the national glory. On my ther, I feel that peace adds to the security side, I feel the confidebce, that the French of thrones, and to that of familjes,' Nego: wilt be constantly worthy of themselves, ciations have been entered into with the and of me!"

*** Allied Powers. I have adhered to the 1.1.19.) 2.tu si!1. Paris. December 21. preliminary, bases which they had present Legislative Body, under the Presidency of ed. I had then the hope that before the 21 His Excellency the Duke of Massa. is the openjug of this session the Congress' of After the usual introductory business, Manheim would be assembled: but nėw Gount Regisaud de Saint Jean d'Angely delays, which are not to be ascribed to spoke as follows::As7610-D sveins France, have deferred this moment, which ** Gentlemen, in the two last campaigns, the wishes of the world eagerly call fon: ++ without having been abandoned by victory,

have ordered to be laid befone you all we have been betrayed by fortune. In the original documents which are in my the first, one of those twinters which aplict port-feuille of my departmentoof foreign nature tout fonce in a century, in the second affairs. You will make yourselves ad- an abandoument, defections, of which Em quaiuted with them by means of a Gom: rope offers fewexdipples have rendered mittee, The Speakers of my Council wilt stéril: the most brilliant successes. uud acquaint you with iny will on this subject. Happily, Gentlemen, the nation ciwhich

On my sides, there is no obstacle tb had enjuy.ed prosperity without being in the re-establishment of peace, q1 know and toxicated by itg; has supported misfortune partake all the sentiments of the French, - without dejection, and after having geu

say of the French, because there is not nerously in the preceding warsz defended one of them who would desire peace at the the territbties of our tullies from the evels of price of honourrs -lt is with regret that war, we are prepared douragtously ad preb I ask of this generous people new sacrifices, serve our own from them.Called round but they are commanded by its noblestrand the throne under weighty i circumstances, dearest interests. dr was necessary to re the Emperor has just assoeiäted you, Gencruit_ toy, armies by numerbus-leviés.: na tlemen, in the views of this policy, asiin tions cannot treat with security except by the efforts of his administration. I have displaying their whole strength. An ih said the views, and not the secrets, of his crease of taxes becomes u indispensables policy; and in short, this policy has als What my Minister of the Finance will ways been the defence, and the indepen propose to you is conformable to the system i denge, of the honour, of the industry, and of finance 'which I have established. We of the commerce of France and ther allies. shall meet every demand without a loan, But mations, like governments, deepwhich consumes the future, and without ly inipressed, strongly pre occupied by the paper money, which; is the greatest enemy more recent events, forget those more dist of social order.fol am satisfied with the tant, i keep faintly in their memory first sentiments which my people of Italy have causes, and lose sight of the links of that testified towards ng on this oecasion.

4179 historic chain which connects the past with Denmark and Naples ajone, have remained the present.God forbid, Gentlerwen, faithful to their alliance with me in Thebat should now describe here any past Republic of the United States of America grievances daleulaeed to itritáté any ininds, continues with success its war with Eng: to rekindle any resentmentsize. I do not land.--I have recognised the neutrality carry back my thoughts, I do not call of the nineteen Swiss Cantons. ) } {{ pour's to vtdde pasty but because that in each

"Senators Counsellors of States Deput of the pages in which the remembrance of ţies from the Departments to the Legislative it is preserved, 'one can discover with cerBody:

3 9.1 in 1000 tainty who have been the provokers of alle ** You are the ), natural organs of this war:-*War has existed in Europe for throne: it is for you to give an example of 20 years. The last was connected with


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