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37. (3) Aditi as the mother of the Adityas.

38. (4) Is Aditi ever identified with the sky?

40. (5) Aditi seems to be distinguished from the Earth.

42. (6) Aditi and Diti.

43. (7) Aditi may be a personification of universal nature.

46. (8) Aditi as a forgiver of sin.

47. (9) Aditi's position is sometimes a subordinate one.

48. (10) Creation as described in Rig-veda, z. 72; birth of Aditi,

Daksha, the gods, and the Adityas.

54— 57. SECTION IV. The Adityas.

58— 76d. SECTION V. Mitba And Vabuna.

58. (1) General idea of these two gods.

59. (2) Their chief characteristics.

61. (3) Functions and attributes of Varuna.

68. (4) Conjoint functions and attributes of Mitra and Varuna.

69. (5) Hymn addressed to Mitra alone.

69. (6) Professor Roth's remarks on Mitra and Varuna.

71. (7) The Indian Mitra and the Zoroastrian Mithra.

72. (8) Is there any historical connection between Varuna and

Ahura Mazda?

72. (9) Varuna connected with the element of water, even in the


75. (10) Explanations by Professors Roth and "Westergaard of the

process by which Varuna came to be regarded as the

regent of the sea.

76. (11) Correspondence of Varuna with the Greek Uranos.

76«. (1) Varuna, as represented in the hymns,—a metrical sketch.

77—139. SECTION VI. Ihdba.

77. (1) His origin and parents; his wife.

83. (2) His attributes, physical and mental.

84. (3) His chariot and horses.

86. (4) His thunderbolt and other weapons and instruments.

88. (5) His love of soma-juice; his combats with the cloud-demons:

explanation of the myth.

98. (So) Indra's greatness.

103. (6) His relations with his worshippers.

115. (7) Apparent mutual incongruity of some of the preceding

representations of Indra.

116. (8) Professor Eoth's theory of the supersession of the worship

of Varuna by that of Indra.

118. (9) Supersession of Dyaus by Indra according to Professors

Benfey and Breal.

120. (10) Opinions of Professors Roth, Whitney, Spiegel, and Dr. F.

Windischmann on the question whether Varuna and

Ahura Mazda are historically connected.

121. (11) Whether there are any passages in the hymns which de-

cisively show that Indra was superseding Varuna.

126. (12) Indra as represented in the hymns,—a metrical sketch.

(1) Invitation of Indra to the sacrifice. (2) His birth.

(3) His arrival. (4) Indra invited to drink the soma-

draught. (5) Praise of Soma. (6) Indra's drinking

song. (7) He drinks the libation. (8) Indra, attended

by the Marute, sets out to encounter Vritra. (9) His

conflict with Vritra. (10) His greatness. (11) His

relation to his worshippers.

140—142. SECTION VII. Pabjanta.

143—146. SECTION VIII. Vlru.

147—154. SECTION IX. The Mabtjts.

147. (1) Their parentage, epithets, characteristics, and action.

153. (2) Their relations to Indra, and the rival claims of the two


155—161. SECTION X. S5bta.

155. (1) The two sun-gods separately celebrated in the hymns.

157. (2) Surya's parentage, relations to the other gods, epithets, and


158. (3) Subordinate position sometimes assigned to him.

159. (4) Translations in prose and verse of a hymn to Surya.

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