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sire after a sight of Christ, even before Christ manifests himself to him. It is a hopeful thing, that some saving good is to follow, when a secret desire is wrought in the heart, after a sight, even of a yet uriknown Christ; and when the report of Christ, works in a people a desire of acquaintance with him. But here you may observe the impediments which hindred Zaccheus from getting a sight of Christ; and there are two mentioned: the first was outward from the people, namely, the press; the second was in ward from himself, namely, that he was of little stature. Hence we may observe, That when people desire to see Christ, and win near to him, there are manifold impediments to hinder it, both from without, and from within. From without, the hinderance may be a press; pressing business, pressing company, pressing crowds of worldly incumbrances, that tend to divert them from Christ, and spiritual things. From within; as, Zaccheus was of little stature, and could not get á sight of Christ; so in spirituals, they are of little stature, having little affection to Christ, little conviction of their need of Christ, little sense of sin and wrath, and of the dreadful curse they ly under, while they are without Christ: the stature of the good inclinations may be so little, and low, that they cannot see over the head of the pressing multitude of their outward worldly vocations; yea, from within, there are not only privative but positive impediments, not only little good about them, but much evil, especially an evil heart of unbelief. However, Zaccheus pursues his desire to see Christ, notwithstanding of the impediments. And so,

5. He is described by his endeavours that backed his desire, and the measures he took for attaining his desire, ver. 4. “ He ran before, and climbed up a sycamore-tree, to see Christ, because he was to pass that way." O but it is good for people to cast themselves in Christ's way! though there be no infallible certain connection, by divine promise, between natural and saving grace; yet the poor beggar, that keeps the way. side, where the king passes, is certainly wiser and nearer his purpose, than the man that should go up to a distant mountain 'where the king never comes. It is

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good to be about God's hand in the use of means, even though we should mistake the right manner of using them: for, the Lord may send a word of power to direct them to the right way of entertaining him, as here he did Zaccheus, who here manifests his ardent desires to see Christ, by climbing the tree that was in the way where Christ was to pass; his desires were attended with endeavours : “ The sluggard desires, and has not; for, his hands refuse to labour;" but here the desires of Zaccheus set both his hands and feet a work, to climb up the tree. Rich men are generally proud, and would scorn to climb up upon a tree before a multitude: and reckon it mean and below them to expose themselves at that rate : but here Zaccheus, though he was rich, and a kind of prince, and chief among these that were of his order and office; yet he is not ashamed to climb the tree like a child, which, perhaps he would have blushed to do, had any earthly prince been passing by ; but now, he values not the scorn of the multitude, might he get but a sight of Christ.

Remark, “ That they that truly desire a sight of “ Christ in ordinances, will not regard the reproach « and scorn of a wicked world.” Many in our days, especially of the rich sort, think shame to be seen climbing the trees of duties and ordinances, for fear their neighbours gaze and laugh at them, and mock them ; but that is an evidence that there is no secret heart desire to see Christ excited within them, otherwise they would

despise the reproach of fools. 6. Zaccheus is described, by his effectual vocation, ver. 5. where our text lies. Where you may observe two things. 1. The means. 2. The manner of his vocation, or effectual calling. [1.] The means thereof. And here

And here you may observe four powerful means.

(1.) The first mean was Christ's coming to the place : and, indeed, the day of effectual calling is the day wherein Christ comes by his gracious presence; it is not running nor climbing, nor using any endeavours that will be effectual, till the Lord himself come to the place. We may say of the place where we are met, What though people are come, and ministers are come; if Christ himself do not come, by his spiritual presence, nothing will be done. As Martha said to Christ, “ Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died;" so we may say, if Christ, be not here, we will remain dead in sin and security ; but if Christ be here, his presence will quicken us to a lively hope, to a lively faith, to a new and spiritual life.

(2.) The next mean was Christ's looking up. Zaccheus had climbed up the tree with his hands and feet; and, behold! Christ follows him with his heart and eyes : “ He looked up.” Observe here, That whereever any person is, that belongs to Christ, he will surely give a look of love, and cast an eye of pity toward that person, whether he be down among the crowd, or up among the branches of a tree; let him be a cripple on the ground, or a climber on the boughs, Christ will be at him; though he were as far down as Bartimeus, sitting by the way, side, begging; or as far up as Zaccheus, sitting on the tree, gazing : Christ will look over thousands, and give a look to him; “ He looked up." Most of these whom Christ is about to call to himself are in such circumstances, that Christ must, in a manner, look up to him; and, O! what amazing grace is this! It is a wonder when Christ condescends to look down from heaven to us on earth, but for him to come down to earth, to look up to us here, is a wonder of wonders! That he should put himself among the rank of worms, Psal. xxii. 6. “ I am a worm, and no man;" and that for this end, that he might look up to men, placing themselves upon, and pleasing themselves in their own heights and altitudes; this is wonderful! Christ and sinners are sometimes represented in such a situation as if the world were turned upside down, as indeed it is by sin; Christ is brought down so low, that, when he looks to the sinner, he must look

up and the sinner exalted so high, that when he looks to Christ, he must look down. High attempts, and lofty endeavours of our own will never do us any saving good, till Christ give us a saving look; and, as it were, look

up to us with pity and compassion, so as to cause us to look down with shame and confusion.

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3. Another mean was Christ's seeing him ; " He looked up and saw him." Christ not only looked the tree, but he saw Zaccheus there; he went there to see Christ, and Christ went there to see him: and so they behoved to see one another. Hence observe, That when a poor soul is seeking to see Christ, it is a happy omen that Christ is seeking to see that soul, and that they will not be long asunder. Here is a notable spur and incitement to diligence when we are seeking after Christ, Christ is seeking after us; when we would have communion with Christ, Christ would have communion with us; when we have an eye towards Christ, Christ hath an eye toward us: it is, notwithstanding, to be observed here, that as we do not read that Zaccheus saw Christ, till first we are told that Christ saw him; so it is sure, Christ's looking to us prevents our looking to him: no soul can look to him with an eye of faith and hope, till he look to that soul with an eye of pity and mercy. If any seed of spiritual desire after Christ, was now sown in Zaccheus's heart, it was a fruit of Christ's seeing him. Though exercised souls are not always sensible of this, but may be, sometimes, through ignorance, thus speaking with themselves; “O! how

willingly would I see Christ! but I know not if he be willing.” What, man! this is a piece of blasphemy; if you be truly willing, his will has prevented yours ; if your eye be towards him, his eye has prevented yours: “ He looked up and saw him " Zaccheus could not see him till he looked up and shewed his face to him: none can see him savingly till he shews and manifests himself. It is true, Christ saw the multitude about him, and they saw him ; but it was in another manner that Christ and Zaccheus saw one another : Christ conveyed himself into his heart with the look that he gave to him, and the word that he spake to him. Christ saw Nathaniel down below the tree, when he little thought that Christ was looking to bim: “ When thou was under the fig-tree, I saw thee.” And here, he saw Zaccheus upon the sycamore-tree, when he little though he would notice him.

(4.) The fourth means of this effectual calling was

Christ's speaking to him. Hence we may learn, That when Christ gives a merciful look; he gives a merci. ful word; where he gives a look of love, he gives a word of power ; his gracious looks and his gracious words go together : the ordinary means of effectual calling is by the word of Christ accompanied with the power of the Spirit of Christ : “ Faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God." But now, what said Christ to him? This leads me to the other part of the text, viz.

[2,] The manner of his vocation, or effectual calling. Here again we may observe these four things concerning it.

(1.) It was a particular call; he speaks to him by name, Zaccheus. It is said of Christ, John x. 3. “ He calls his own sheep by name.” Here remark, That the effectual call is a particular call; they that are thus called are dealt with particularly, as if God were speaking to them by name and sirname. I might hear observe the signification of the name, Zaccheus, which signifies, pure, clean, and undefiled; but surely he was never rightly called Zaccheus till now, that Christ called him so; and, by the particular call

, did effectually sow the seed of holiness and purity in his heart; and that it was effectual appears from the event, his joyful answering the call, ver. 6.; his repentance and reformation, verse 8.; and Christ's declaration concerning him, ver. 9.

(2.) It was a declarative call; special direction being given him with respect to his present duty, Come down ; as if he had said, That place, that situation you are in is too high and incommodious for seeing and entertaining me; come down from the height, that you may better see me. The nearest sight of Christ is best : while you are too high, you are too far from ine; Come down. Here observe, That these who desire to see Christ are ready to climb to such heights, and so take such ways of their own, as afterwards they will find themselves obliged to descend from, and abandon ; so it is vain to think of getting a saving sight, or a right view of Christ in a way of climbing up by our own

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